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FOR  THE  YEAR  1912. 




JOHN    WM.   CLAY,   F.S.A., 

Vice-President  of  the  Yorkshire  Archaeological  Society. 


£-7  o 



*  I  AHE  history  of  the  Suppression  of  the  English  Monasteries 
has  been  often  written,  and  diverse  opinions  have  been 
expressed  as  to  the  justice  and  advisability  of  that  great  under- 
taking. On  the  one  side  we  have  Dr.  Burnet  and  Mr.  Froude 
stating  that  they  had  got  into  a  very  wretched  state  and  it  was 
high  time  they  should  be  destroyed,  whilst  on  the  opposite  side 
other  historians,  including  Dr.  Jessop  and  Dr.  Gasquet,  take 
the  contrary  view  that  they  were  most  useful,  full  of  charity, 
and  that  it  was  a  great  crime  they  should  have  been  attacked. 

It  is  not,  however,  in  this  Volume  intended  to  enter  into 
the  discussion ;  we  may  only  venture  to  express  an  opinion 
that  if  the  dissolution  had  not  taken  place  in  the  reign  of 
Henry  VIII.,  it  would  have  come  about  sooner  or  later  on 
account  of  the  great  riches  the  monasteries  possessed  and  the 
rather  dangerous  quantity  of  land  they  held,  the  amount  of 
which,  although  not  exactly  known,  having  been  asserted  to 
have  comprised  a  third  or  perhaps  a  fifth  of  the  whole  land  of 
the  country. 

What  is  proposed  in  these  pages  is  to  print  in  full  all  the 
letters  in  the  State  Papers  now  existing  in  the  Record  Office 
concerning  the  Suppression,  with  abstracts  of  the  Acts  of 
Parliament,  and  a  short  account  of  what  happened  in  Yorkshire 
during  the  years  the  dissolution  took  place. 


The  Suppression  of  the  Monasteries  really  commenced  in 
1524,  when  Cardinal  Wolsey  had  authority  from  the  Pope  to 
dissolve  St.  Frideswide's  Monastery  at  Oxford,  and  in  1525  to 
take  some  smaller  houses  and  use  their  properties  towards  the 
building  of  Christ  Church  College,  Oxford.  The  only  abbey 
affected  in  Yorkshire  was  St.  Mary's,  York,  which  had  a  small 
cell  at  Romburgh  in  Suffolk.  This  was  seized,  although  the 
Abbot  of  York  protested  in  vain.  (See  letter,  p.  i.) 

About  this  time  Henry  VIII.  had  determined  to  divorce 
Queen  {Catherine  and  to  marry  Anne  Boleyn.  Much  litigation 
ensued,  and  because  he  did  not  please  the  King,  Wolsey  got 
into  disgrace  and  was  dismissed  from  his  offices.  He  died 

It  was  after  his  death  that  Thomas  Cromwell,  to  whom  the 
destruction  of  the  abbeys  is  chiefly  due,  came  upon  the  scene. 
Born  about  1485,  and  said  to  have  been  son  of  a  fuller  of  cloth, 
he  had  led  a  very  varied  life  till  he  was  taken  into  the  service  of 
Cardinal  Wolsey,  who  gave  him  the  management  of  the 
suppression  of  the  small  houses  and  appointed  him  his  secretary. 
Whilst  with  Wolsey,  Cromwell  seems  to  have  attracted  the 
notice  of  the  King,  who  on  the  Cardinal's  death  at  once 
employed  him,  and  in  the  beginning  of  1531  made  him  a  Privy 
Councillor,  in  1533  Chancellor  of  the  Exchequer,  and  in  1534 
the  King's  Secretary  and  Master  of  the  Rolls. 

Henry  VIII.  had  now  finally  quarrelled  with  the  Pope,  and 
it  is  probable  that  by  Cromwell's  advice  he  determined  to  be 
Supreme  Head  of  the  Church  of  England,  for  which  purpose 
an  Act  of  Parliament  was  passed  in  1534.  For  opposing  this 


policy  several  of  the  monks  of  the  Charter  House,  London, 
Bishop  Fisher,  and  Sir  Thomas  More  lost  their  lives. 

Cromwell  having  been  concerned  in  the  first  dissolution  no 
doubt  next  suggested  that  a  large  sum  of  money  might  be 
obtained  for  the  Royal  revenues  if  a  further  seizure  of  monastic 
property  could  be  made.  This  idea  must  have  so  pleased  the 
King  that  he  gave  a  commission  in  1535  to  Cromwell  for 
a  general  visitation  of  churches,  monasteries,  and  clergy  (p.  3). 

Having  obtained  this  commission  Cromwell  had  to  find 
persons  to  execute  the  work  of  visiting  the  monasteries;  he 
therefore  appointed  as  commissioners  Dr.  Richard  Layton, 
Dr.  Thomas  Legh,  Dr.  John  London,  and  John  ap  Rice.  The 
two  first,  Layton  and  Legh,  seem  to  have  had  the  chief 
management  in  Yorkshire,  and  it  is  to  them  the  great  and 
unfortunate  destruction  was  due.  The  following  opinion  about 
them,  by  Mr.  Froude,  can  hardly  be  accepted:  "  Legh  and  Layton, 
the  two  principal  commissioners,  were  young  and  impetuous  men 
likely  to  execute  their  work  rather  thoroughly  than  delicately, 
but  to  judge  by  the  surviving  evidence  they  were  as  upright  and 
plain  dealing  as  they  were  assuredly  able  and  efficient." 

Layton  soon  began  his  work,  proceeding  to  Oxford  in  July 
1535,  where  he  made  some  considerable  changes,  and  afterwards 
to  the  West  and  South  of  England.  About  this  time  he  wrote 
to  Cromwell  offering  to  visit  the  York  Diocese  (p.  3). 

This  offer  must  have  been  accepted,  as  he  and  Legh  set  off 
to  the  north  the  beginning  of  1536,  arriving  at  York  in  January. 
They  at  once  became  active,  ordering  about  the  Archbishop  of 


York,  getting  the  Abbot  of  Fountains  to  resign  and  appointing 
a  fresh  one,  persuading  the  Prior  of  Marton  to  surrender  his 
house  (p.  9).  They  then  set  off  to  make  a  hurried  visit  to 
most  of  the  monasteries  in  Yorkshire,  sending  a  report  to 
Cromwell  (p.  13).  In  the  short  space  of  time  they  spent  their 
enquiries  could  not  have  been  very  valuable,  but  they  drew  up 
a  list  of  the  crimes  and  superstitions  of  the  monks  and  nuns, 
which  went  by  the  name  of  "  Comperta."  This  list  is  not 
entirely  fit  for  publication,  and  was  no  doubt  greatly  exaggerated. 

Whilst  Layton  and  Legh  were  in  Yorkshire  a  bill  was 
brought  forward  in  Parliament  to  suppress  all  the  smaller 
monasteries  having  a  less  income  than  £200  a  year.  Very 
little  information  is  extant  as  to  the  proceedings  and  whether 
there  was  much  opposition,  but  there  is  no  doubt  that  the  King 
put  on  pressure,  so  the  Act  was  ultimately  passed  and  received 
the  Royal  assent.  (Abstract,  p.  19.) 

Another  Act  followed  to  establish  the  Court  of  Augmenta- 
tions and  appointing  officers,  and  24  April  1536  the  King  made 
commissioners  to  take  possession  of  the  priories  and  convents, 
to  sell  the  goods,  and  to  seize  all  the  jewels  and  plate,  which  were 
to  be  sent  up  to  London. 

It  seems  a  little  difficult  to  say  exactly  what  happened  to  all 
the  small  houses  during  the  year  1536,  as  they  were  not  treated 
in  the  same  manner,  some  few  having  special  licence  to 
continue.  Marrick,  Nunkeeling,  St.  Michael's,  Hull,  and 
Kirklees  are  mentioned  as  having  a  reprieve,  which,  however, 
did  not  last  very  long.  Arden,  Sawley,  Coverham,  Drax,  Nun- 
Monkton,  Easby  seem  to  be  among  those  that  were  earliest 

PREFACE.  vii 

attacked,  whilst  Arthington,  Basedale,  Esholt,  with  others,  were 
not  meddled  with. 

Many  applications  had  been  made  to  Cromwell  by  persons 
desirous  of  having  a  share  of  the  spoils  :  Sir  George  Darcy 
asked  for  preferment  of  Swine,  Sir  John  Nevile  of  Hampole, 
Sir  William  Gascoigne  of  Nun-Monkton,  the  Earl  of  West- 
morland of  Keldhome. 

The  dissolution  of  these  monasteries  was  not  generally 
popular;  the  people  objected  to  see  the  buildings  pulled  down 
and  the  lands  sold,  the  churches  destroyed,  and  the  monks  and 
nuns  oppressed.  There  may  have  been  other  reasons,  but  at 
any  rate  an  insurrection  commenced,  first  in  Lincolnshire,  which 
was  not  sufficiently  supported,  so  it  soon  collapsed.  In 
Yorkshire,  however,  there  was  greater  enthusiasm,  and  a  rising 
took  place  the  beginning  of  October  1536,  when  Robert  Aske 
was  appointed  leader.  It  is  not  necessary  to  go  into  the 
history  of  "  The  Pilgrimage  of  Grace,"  which  came  to  an  end 
in  the  early  part  of  1537. 

Several  of  the  abbeys  had  assisted  more  or  less  in  the 
insurrection,  so  they  consequently  suffered.  Bridlington  and 
Jervaulx  fell  into  the  hands  of  the  King,  who  ordered  the  Duke 
of  Norfolk  to  take  possession  of  them.  There  is  much  corre- 
spondence in  the  State  Papers,  which  is  duly  printed.  The 
Duke  destroyed  the  beautiful  shrine  at  Bridlington  and  sent  its 
contents  up  with  all  other  valuables  to  London.  Most  part  of 
the  buildings  were  pulled  down,  but  fortunately  a  small  part  of 
the  magnificent  church  still  remains,  which  is  now  used  as  the 
parish  church, 

viii  PREFACE. 

The  King  was  so  enraged  at  the  rebellion  and  opposition  to 
his  laws  about  the  smaller  monasteries  that  he  determined  to 
suppress  all  the  larger  ones,  which  had  remained  undisturbed. 
Layton  and  Legh  again  offered  their  services  to  Cromwell  to 
undertake  the  work  (p.  48).  As  no  Act  of  Parliament  had 
been  passed  for  this  purpose,  the  commissioners  were  instructed 
to  try  to  get  the  houses  to  surrender  voluntarily  and  great 
pressure  was  put  on  them.  This  was  slow  work,  and  a  long 
time  elapsed  before  they  were  finally  handed  over  to  the  Crown. 

In  December  1538  the  commissioners  reported  that  they 
had  dissolved  Monk  Bretton,  Byland,  Rievaulx,  and  other 
monasteries,  and  in  December  the  next  year  they  advertised 
another  batch,  including  Fountains  and  St.  Mary's,  York. 
An  Act  of  Parliament  was  passed  in  the  Session  of  1539  in 
order  to  make  it  legal  for  the  King  to  take  into  his  hands  all 
the  lands  and  goods  of  the  whole  of  the  houses  dissolved  (p.  78). 

There  were  further  Acts  of  Parliament  passed  in  1540  to 
seize  the  lands  of  the  Knights  of  St.  John,  and  in  1545  to 
suppress  all  the  hospitals,  chapels,  and  chantries. 

The  last  letter  in  the  State  Papers  is  in  the  year  1540. 
Cromwell,  the  great  correspondent,  had  got  into  disgrace  and 
was  attainted  and  executed  in  July  that  year.  After  then 
any  document  connected  with  the  monasteries  will  be  found  to 
have  been  transferred  to  the  Augmentation  Papers. 

The  second  part  of  this  volume  contains  a  short  account  of 
the  smaller  priories  in  Yorkshire,  which  were  suppressed  under 
the  Act  of  1536.  The  number  appears  to  have  been  about 


forty-four  equally  divided  betwixt  the  monks  and  the  nuns. 
Some  of  the  nunneries  were  very  small  and  of  little  value,  and 
were  so  completely  destroyed  that  at  the  present  day  they  are 
hardly  remembered. 

The  information  is  chiefly  taken  from  the  Augmentation 
Papers  at  the  Record  Office  in  London.  These  are  very 
voluminous,  and,  although  it  has  been  impossible  to  go  through 
the  whole  of  them,  enough  has  been  found  to  give  a  good  idea 
of  the  procedure  that  took  place  at  the  dissolution. 

As  soon  as  it  was  decided  to  suppress  a  priory  a  receiver 
was  appointed  to  take  possession  of  the  property.  In  a  good 
many  cases  Leonard  Beckwith  and  William  Blythman  had  the 
charge.  They  began  their  work  at  once,  and  we  have  their 
reports  dating  from  the  Feast  of  St.  Michael  the  Archangel 
1535  to  the  same  Feast  in  1536.  They  say  that  they  received 
the  rents  owing,  that  they  had  sold  all  the  cattle  and  moveable 
property,  taken  possession  of  the  jewels  and  plate,  and  had 
arranged  for  leasing  the  sites  and  lands.  Arden  was  leased, 
19  September  1536,  to  Thomas  Welles;  Drax,  20  July,  to  Sir 
Marmaduke  Constable.  These  leases  were  for  twenty-one  years. 
It  does  not,  however,  appear  that  all  the  nuns  were  expelled  at 
once,  though  we  find  at  Clementhorpe  Nunnery  the  com- 
missioners arrived  on  June  13,  and  on  31  August  1536  the 
nuns  were  turned  out  and  pensioned  (p.  172). 

This  course  of  leasing  the  lands  was  not  always  continued, 
as  after  the  time  of  the  Pilgrimage  of  Grace  a  different  plan 
was  adopted,  Cromwell  no  doubt  found  out  that  more  ready 


money  was  wanted,  and  probably  suggested  to  the  King  that 
it  would  be  more  profitable  to  sell  direct  than  to  lease. 
Bridlington  and  Jervaulx  had  been  seized,  and  no  doubt 
brought  much  money.  Applications  for  a  share  of  the  spoils 
had  come  in,  and  a  fresh  valuation  was  made  by  regular 
valuers.  The  officials  of  the  court,  and  even  the  commissioners, 
as  Layton  and  Legh,  probably  had  the  first  chance,  and  much 
favouritism  ensued.  It  is,  however,  a  mistake  to  suppose  that 
the  lands  were  given  away,  although  they  were  often  sold  very 
cheaply.  The  site  of  Kirklees  Nunnery,  with  part  of  the  lands, 
came  to  ^987  15.9.  'jd.  The  large  Priory  of  Bolton,  and  the 
chief  part  of  the  estates,  were  sold  to  the  Earl  of  Cumberland 
for  ^2490.  The  present  value  of  money  would  amount  to  ten 
times  that  sum. 

Soon  a  regular  traffic  commenced,  and  rich  persons  like  Sir 
Richard  Gresham,  William  Ramsden  of  Longley,  Sir  Arthur 
Darcy,  and  others,  became  speculators.  They  bought  large 
quantities  of  lands  and  then  divided  them  up  and  resold  at 
a  profit.  There  is  a  book  in  the  Augmentation  Papers  which 
contains  "  Requests  to  purchase."  Offers  were  made,  and  if 
satisfactory  to  the  commissioners  regular  grants  followed. 
Although  most  of  the  monasteries  had  been  surrendered  in 
1540,  good  parts  of  the  lands  were  kept  in  the  hands  of  the 
Crown  up  to  the  end  of  the  reign  of  Henry  VIII.  Of  the  smaller 
houses  we  find  that  Esholt  was  granted  to  Henry  Thompson 
i  Edward  VI.,  Hampole  to  the  Duke  of  Northumberland 

5  Edward  VI.,  Charter  House,  Hull,  to  the  Duke  of  Somerset 

6  Edward  VI.     It  might  have  been  supposed  that  the  alienation 


of  religious  lands  would  have  ceased  in  Queen  Mary's  reign, 
but  Ralph  Gower  had  a  grant  of  the  site  of  Easby  4  and  5 
Philip  and  Mary,  about  which  time  many  other  sales  were 
made,  and  others  were  made  by  Oueen  Elizabeth. 

It  had  been  intended  to  have  worked  out  how  the  grants  of 
the  sites  of  the  abbeys  had  descended  to  the  present  owners, 
but  it  was  found  to  be  an  impossible  task,  as  the  most  had  been 
repeatedly  sold  and  resold,  and  that  the  only  information  that 
could  be  obtained  would  be  out  of  private  title-deeds.  It  may, 
however,  be  noted  that  the  Duke  of  Devonshire  still  represents 
the  Earl  of  Cumberland  at  Bolton,  Sir  George  Wombwell  the 
Belasyse  family  at  Newburgh,  Colonel  Chaloner  Sir  Thomas 
Chaloner  at  Guisborough,  Sir  W.  Strickland  the  Cholmleys  of 
Whitby,  whilst  Sir  George  Armytage,  our  President,  owns 
Kirklees,  which  came  to  his  ancestors'  possession  in  1565. 

In  conclusion  I  have  to  say  that  I  am  much  indebted 
to  the  excellent  Calendar  of  the  "  Letters  and  Papers  of 
the  reign  of  Henry  VIII.,"  which  contains  abstracts  of  the 
letters  in  the  first  part,  and  references  to  the  leases  and 
grants  in  the  second  part.  I  have  also  to  thank  Mr.  Francis 
Darwin,  Mr.  F.  E.  Musson,  Mr.  F.  W.  Slingsby,  and 
Mr.  R.  B.  Turton  for  information  about  the  respective 
Priories  of  Arthington,  Sawley,  Skewkirk,  and  Handale; 
and  Mr.  S.  J.  Chadwick's  "History  of  Kirklees  Priory" 
in  the  "Yorkshire  Archaeological  Journal." 

If  it  was  considered  advisable  at  some  future  time,  a  second 

xii  PREFACE. 

volume  might  follow,  giving  a  similar  account  of  the  Greater 
Abbeys,  and  also  of  the  Preceptories,  Friaries,  and  Hospitals, 
about  which  the  present  printed  accounts  are  rather  scanty. 



P.  37,  third  line  from  top.     After  " lordshipe"  add:  "the 
sum  of  fortye  poundes  by  yere  whiche  I  have  of  youre  lordshipe." 



1524.  Cardinal  Wolsey  had  authority  from  the  Pope  to 
take  possession  of  some  monasteries  in  England  for  the  purpose 
of  obtaining  funds  for  establishing  his  college  at  Oxford.  There 
does  not  seem  to  have  been  any  house  in  Yorkshire  suppressed, 
but  Rumburgh  Priory,1  a  cell  belonging  to  St.  Mary's  Abbey, 
York,  was  seized.  The  Abbot  of  York  protested,  but  without 

The  Abbot  of  York  to  Cardinal  Wolsey. 

20  Sept.  1528.  Pleaseth  your  grace  to  understaunde,  that  I,  your 
pore  oratour,  have  lately  receyvid  certen  lettres  frome  our  priour  of 
Romeburgh,  with  other  of  our  brethren  there  beinge,  by  whose 
purpote  I  perceyve  that  your  graces  pleasure  ys  to  suppresse  the  said 
priory  of  Romeburgh,  and  also  to  unite,  annex  and  improper  the 
same  unto  the  churche  of  Saint  Peters  in  Ipiswiche ;  and  for  the 
accompleshment  of  the  same,  as  they  wryte  unto  me,  your  officers 
came  to  the  said  priory  the  xjth  day  of  the  present  moneth ;  and 
these,  after  the  redinge  of  certen  lettres,  commissionall  not  onely  of 
your  grace,  bot  also  of  our  holy  father  the  pope,  and  of  our  soveraigne 
lorde  the  kynge,  for  the  same  purpose  directed,  intered  into  the  same 
priory,  and  that  done,  toke  away  as  well  the  goodes  moveable  of  the 
said  priory,  beinge  a  membre  of  our  monastery,  and  gyven  unto  us 
by  Alen  Niger,  summe  tyme  erele  of  Richemound  and  our  secounde 
refounder,  by  whose  gyfte  next  unto  the  kinges  grace  we  have  had 
moost  benefyttes,  laundes  and  profettes  gyven  us,  by  reason  whereof 
we  be  most  notabily  charged  with  massez,  suflfragies,  and  other 
almouse  dedes  for  hys  benefyttes  to  us  most  charytably  exhibite,  bot 
also  certen  munimentes,  evidencez,  and  specialties,  tochinge  and 
apperteynynge  unto  our  monastery,  which  we  had  lately  sent  unto 

1  Rumburgh  is  in  Suffolk,  four  miles  from  FJalesworth. 



our  said  priour  and  brethren  there,  for  the  tryall  of  certen  laundes 
and  rightus  which  lately  did  depende  betwixt  us  and  certen  men 
of  worshipp  in  Cambridge  shyre  in  contraversie,  and  yet  doith 
depende  undecised,  and  for  none  other  purpose.  In  consideracion 
wherefore,  yf  yt  might  please  your  grace,  forasmuch  as  we  have 
a  greate  parte  of  our  laundes  graunted  unto  us  by  reason  of  the  said 
Alen  Niger,  whereby  we  be  daly  charged  as  doith  appere  by  com- 
passicion  made  betwixt  us  and  the  said  Alen  Niger,  and  also  confirmed 
by  Boniface  the  iijth  anno  sui  pont.  tercio  under  certen  censures  and 
paynes  with  clausis  dirogatorye,  as  most  largely  by  hys  said  graunte 
doith  appere,  that  the  said  pryory  might  consiste  and  abyde  as  a 
membre  unto  oure  monastery,  as  yt  haith  done  this  thre  hundred 
yeres  and  more,  with  your  graces  favour,  your  grace  shall  not  onely 
put  me  and  my  brether  to  a  greate  quietude,  hot  also  take  away  many 
sundry  doubties  and  greate  perels  of  the  residew  of  our  laundes 
graunted  unto  us  by  the  said  erele,  which  be  right  notable,  yf  the 
same  suppression  or  alienation  no  farther  precede ;  and,  besydes 
that,  ministre  unto  us  a  more  notable  acte  then  ye  had  gyven  us 
ten  tymes  more  laundes  then  unto  the  same  priory  doith  apperteyne 
and  belonge ;  for  of  trueth  the  rentes  and  revenuez  unto  the  same 
priory  belonging  doith  very  lytill  surmounte  the  sum  of  xxx1'  sterlinge, 
as  far  as  I  perceyve.  And  yet  towardes  your  speciall,  honourable, 
and  laudable  purpose  concernynge  the  erection  and  foundacion  of 
the  said  college  and  scole,  I  am  right  interely  contentid,  for  your 
tenderinge  of  the  premisses  to  gyve  unto  your  grace  ccc  markes 
sterlinge,  which  shall  be  deliverd  unto  your  grace  immediately. 
Most  hummely  desyring  your  grace  to  accepte  my  pore  mynde 
towardes  your  most  noble  acte,  which  shuld  be  far  better  yf  that  my 
lytell  pore  (estate)  thereunto  wolde  extende,  protestinge  ever  that  yf 
your  graces  pleasure  be  to  have  the  said  priory  to  the  purpose  above 
recyted,  that  then  with  all  my  study,  diligence  and  labour,  I  shall 
continually  indever  my  self  for  the  accompleshment  of  the  same, 
accordengly  as  my  dutie  ys.  Trustinge  ever  that  your  grace  will  se 
our  pore  monastery  no  farther  hyndred,  hot  that  we  may  in  tyme 
commyng  lyve  lyke  religiouse  men,  and  serve  Almighty  God  with 
our  nombre  determinate,  and  hereafter  avoide  both  in  law  and  good 
conscience  all  perells  that  thereby  may  ensue ;  and  also  pray  for  our 
founders,  benefactours,  and  your  good  grace,  accordingly  to  the 
foundacion  of  our  monastery,  as  our  dutie  ys  ;  and  so  knowith 
Jhesus,  who  preserve  your  most  noble  grace  in  high  honour  and 
greate  prosperytie  long  to  continew.  Frome  our  monastery  of  Yourke 
the  xxth  day  of  Septembre. 

Your  most  bownden  bedeman,  Edmond,  abbot  of  Yourke. 
To  my  lorde  legates  good  grace. 

(Cotton  MS.,  Cleopatra,  E.  ir.,  p.  58.) 

153Q>  Nov-  29-     Cardinal  Wolsey  died  at  Leicester  on  his 
way  from  Yorkshire  to  London. 


1534  (26  Henry  VIII.).  There  was  passed  by  Parliament 
An  Acte  concernynge  the  Kynges  Highnes  to  be  Supreme 
Head  of  the  Churche  of  England.  "  Albeit  the  Kynges  Majestic 
justely  is  head  of  the  Churche  of  England,  Be  it  enacted  that 
the  Kyng  his  heires  and  successors  shalbe  the  only  supreme 
Head  in  either  of  the  Churche  of  England." 

1534-5,  Jan.  21.  Commission  from  the  King  as  Supreme 
Head  of  the  Church  of  England  to  Thomas  Cromwell,  his 
chief  Secretary  and  Master  of  the  Rolls,  for  a  general  visitation 
of  the  churches,  monasteries  and  clergy  (Cleopatra,  F.  n,  131). 

1535.  A  commission  was  issued  for  a  general  visitation 
of  the  monasteries,  Doctor  Richard  Layton/  Thomas  Legh,2 
Doctor  John  London3  and  John  Ap  Rice4  being  appointed 

1535.  Lay  ton  was  visiting  Oxford  and  the  South  in  the 
autumn,  and  it  must  have  been  about  this  time  that  he  wrote 
the  following  letter  offering  to  visit  Yorkshire  : — 

No  date.  Please  yor  goodnes  to  understonde  that  forasmoche  as 
Yorke  dioces  was  not  visite  sens  my  Lorde  Cardinales  tyme  and 

1  Richard  Layton,  LL.D.,  son  of  William  Layton  of  Dalemain,  co.  Cumber- 
land, was  educated  at  Cambridge  and  took  orders.     He  had  given  him  the 
sinecure  rectory  of  Stepney,  and  after  that  of  Brington.     He  then  became 
Clerk  in  Chancery  and  Clerk  to  the  Privy  Council.     Cromwell  then  employed 
him  as   his  agent,  and  sent  him   to  make  a  visitation  of  the  University  of 
Oxford  in  July  1535.    He  offered  to  visit  Yorkshire  and  the  Northern  Counties, 
and  arrived  at  York  the  beginning  of  1536.     He  was  one  of  the  most  active 
and  unpopular  of  the  visitors  of  the  Yorkshire  monasteries.     In  July   1539 
he  became  Dean  of  York  and  had  other  appointments,  but  died  at  Brussels 
in  June  1544.     (See  "  Diet.  Nat.  Biog.") 

2  Sir  Thomas  Legh,  said  to  have  been  connected  with  the  family  of  Legh 
of  Lyme,  had  some  official  appointments  before  he  became  one  of  Cromwell's 
agents.     He  joined  Dr.  Layton  in  his  visitation  of  the  Northern  Monasteries 
in    1536,  when  he  was  most  active  in  that  and  the    succeeding  years.     He 
managed   to   get   for   himself   Nostell    Priory  at   the    Dissolution.      He   was 
knighted  at  Leith   n   May  1544,  and  died  25  Nov.  1545,  being  buried  in  the 
church  of  St.  Leonard,  Shoreditch.    His  widow  married  Sir  Thomas  Chaloner. 
(See  "  Diet.  Nat.  Biog.") 

3  John  London,  D.C.L.,  a  native  of  Hambleden,  co.  Bucks,  was  educated  at 
Oxford.     He  had  the  livings  of  Ewelme  and  Adderbury,  and  was  a  prebendary 
of  York  and  Lincoln.     He  became  one  of  Cromwell's  agents,  being  active  in 
suppressing  monasteries.     According  to  Gasquet  he  was  "the  most  terrible  of 
all  the  monastic  spoilers."     However,  in  the  end,  he  got  into  difficulties,  was 
convicted  of  perjury,  put  in  the  pillory  and  the  Fleet  prison,  where  he  died 
in  1543.     (See  "  Diet.  Nat.  Biog.") 

4  Sir  John  Ap   Rhys  or  Ap  Price,   of   Welsh   extraction,  was   originally 
a  lawyer,  was  employed  by  Cromwell  in   1535,  and  afterwards  in  1536  became 
one  of  the  visitors  of  the  monasteries,  though  it  does  not  seem  he  was  so  much 
engaged  in  the  North  as  Doctors   Layton   and   Legh.      He  had  a  grant  of 
Brecknock  Priory,  and  died  about  1573.     (See  "  Diet.  Nat.  Biog.") 


many  thynges  therbe  within  the  saide  province  nowe  muche  nedefull 
of  reform acion  and  worthy  redresse.  If  hit  myght  please  youre 
therfore  nowe  to  send  me  into  the  said  province  and  Blitheman  yor 
servant  to  be  regestre  we  myght  well  finisshe  all  that  province  by 
Michaelmas  or  sone  after. 

Richard  Layton. 
To  the  righte  honorable  Master  Thomas  Crumwell. 

(Cleopatra,  E.  iv.,  56.) 

1535.  In  consequence  of  the  idea  getting  about  that 
something  \vas  going  to  be  done  about  suppression  of  the 
monasteries  in  Yorkshire  the  following  letters  were  written: — 

Sir  George  Lawson  to  Cromwell. 

24  Sept.  1535.  Pleas  it  your  maistership  to  be  advertished  that 
wher  as  I  understande  your  commissaries  shall  shortly  reasortt  in 
thies  partyes  in  visitacon  by  your  auctoritie,  and  as  it  is  said  ther 
shalbe  temperall  persons  to  haue  the  surveyng  and  receipt  of  all 
landes  pertenyng  to  monasteries  and  religious  houses,  it  may  therfor 
like  you  to  be  so  goode  to  me  as  to  help  and  name  me  to  sum 
and  suche  of  those  rowmes  or  offices  as  ye  thynk  convenyent,  and  as 
it  may  stand  with  your  pleasor  to  have  me  in  remembraunce  in  this 
behalfe  wherby  I  shall  not  onely  emongst  all  your  manyfold  goode 
dedes  towardes  me  mayntene  the  contynuance  of  my  pore  lifting 
now  [in]  my  old  dayes,  but  as  I  am  most  bounden  shall  [daylie]  pray 
for  the  preservacon  of  the  kinges  most  royall  maiestie  and  of  your 
goode  mastership  long  to  endure.  At  York  xxiiij  daye  of  September. 

I  trust  of  your  goode  remembraunce  herin,  althose  I  am  not 
dayle  in  your  presence. 

George  Lawson.1 

To  my  right  honorable  Maister  Secretarye  to  the  Kinges  highnes. 

(Vol.  96,  p.  231.) 

The  Prior  of  Bridlington2  to  Cromwell. 

23  Oct.  1535-  Right  Wourshipfull,  my  dewtie  in  my  moste 
humble  maner  remembred,  I  recommende  me  to  your  gude  maister- 
shipe,  and  for  somuche  as  your  sayd  maistershipe  by  your  last  lettres 
to  me  directed  advised  me,  and  in  like  maner  counselled  me,  to 
recognishe  the  kynges  highnes  to  be  our  patrone  and  ffounder, 
forasmuche  as  noe  article,  worde,  sentence,  or  clause  in  our  originall 
graunte  to  hus  mayde  by  sir  Gilbert  de  Gaunte,  cosyne  to  our 
originall  ffounder,  appered  to  the  contrarie  whie  of  equitie  Ins  highnes 

1  Sir  George  Lawson  of  the  city  of  York,  knight,  Treasurer  of  Berwick, 
had  Thomas  of  York,  who  had  Peter  of  Poppleton.  See  Glover's  Visi- 
tation, 93. 

"  William  Wode,  last  prior  of  Bridlington,  hung  at  Tyburn  for  being 
implicated  in  the  Pilgrimage  of  Grace. 


owght  not  so  to  be,  or  elles  to  appere  before  your  maistershipe  and 
other  of  his  graces  counsell  the  laste  day  of  Octobre,  as  I  wolde 
awoide  his  graces  highe  displeasour.  In  this  matter,  even  so  humblie 
as  I  canne,  I  shall  besuche  your  gude  maistershipe  to  be  gude 
maister  to  me  and  your  poour  cotidiall  oratours,  my  bretheren ; 
for  notwithstondinge  the  kinges  grace  his  noble  progenitours  titles 
and  clames  hertofore  mayde  to  our  said  patronage  and  foundershipe 
(thoghe  all  one  are  and  ever  will  be  at  his  moste  graciouse  com- 
rnaundement  and  pleasour),  yet  we  have  ever  benne  dimissed  clere 
withowt  any  interruption  in  this  behalfe  nighe  this  two  hundreth 
yeres,  as  shall  appere  before  your  gudnes  under  substanciall  evidence 
of  recorde.  And  I  so  besuche  your  maistershipe  we  may  be  at  this 
tyme,  for  in  your  maistershipe  our  holle  truste  in  all  our  gude  causes 
remaneth.  And  where  as  I  ame  detenede  withe  diverse  infirmities  in 
my  body,  and  in  lyke  maner  ame  feble  of  nature,  so  that  withowt 
great  yeopardie  of  my  liffe  I  cannot  nor  ame  hable  to  labour  in  doinge 
of  my  dewtie  to  appere  befor  your  [gude]  maistershipe,  I  shall  right 
humblie  besuche  your  gudnes  to  haue  [me]  excused,  and  in  lyke 
maner  to  accept  this  berar  my  brother  as  my  lauful  deputie  in  this 
behalfe,  who  shall  mayke  your  maistershipe  aunswer  as  concernynge 
thes  premisses,  to  whome  I  besuche  your  maistershipe  yeve  firm 
credence,  of  whome  also  ye  shall  reseive  a  poour  token  frome  me 
whiche  I  eftsones  besuche  your  gude  maistershipe  to  accept,  thank- 
fullie  with  my  poour  hert  and  cotidiall  prayers,  of  which  ye  shal  be 
assured  enduringe  my  liffe,  as  is  my  dewtie,  God  willinge,  who  ever 
preserve  your  gude  maistershipe,  in  muche  wourshipe  longe  to  endure. 
Frome  our  monasterie  of  Bridlington,  the  xxiij™  day  of  Octobre, 
by  your  humble  and  cotidiall  oratour. 

William,  prior  of  the  same. 
(Cott.  MS.,  Cleopatra,  E.  iv.,  68.) 

1535-6.  Layton  and  Legh  arrived  at  York  the  beginning 
of  the  year,  when  the  following  correspondence  passed  : — 

Dr.  Layton  to  Cromwell. 

1535-6,  Jan.  13.  Hit  may  please  your  mastershipe  to  be  adver- 
tissede,  that  here  in  Yorkeshire  we  fynde  gret  corruption  emongiste 
persons  religiouse,  even  lyke  as  we  dyde  in  the  sowthe,  tarn  in  capite 
quam  in  rnembris,  and  wurse  if  wurse  may  be  in  kyndes  of  knaverie, 
as,  retrahere  membrum  virile  in  ipso  punctu  seminis  emittendi,  ne  inde 
fieret  prolis  generatio,  and  nunnes  to  take  potations  ad  prolem  concep- 
tum  opprimendum,  with  suche  other  kindes  of  offences  lamentable  to 
here.  This  day,  we  begyn  with  Saint  Mare  abbay,  whereas  we  sup- 
pos  to  fynde  muche  evile  disposition  bothe  in  thabbot  and  the 
convent,  wheroff,  Gode  willyng,  I  shall  certify  yowe  in  my  next 
letters.  The  dean  of  Yorke  was  never  fully  concludede  with  the 
treasarure  here  for  the  deanrie.  The  dean  wolde  not  resign  unto 
hym,  unleste  he  wolde  leff  hym  other  possessions  j  for  pension 


he  wolde  none  have,  fearyng  suche  lyke  debaytment  therof  as  was  of 
pensions  in  the  laste  Parliament.  To  have  takyn  the  tresareureshipe 
for  the  lieu  of  a  pension  he  was  once  content,  wherunto  the  tresareure 
wolde  not  agre,  unleste  he  myght  have  hade  his  prebende  also  with 
his  deanrie,  wiche  the  dean  wolde  not,  and  so  they  broke;  the 
tresareure  wolde  have  hade  the  dean  to  have  wryten  unto  yowe  of 
such  towardnes  in  the  premisses  at  suche  tyme  as  the  treasareure 
came  up  laste  to  London,  wyche  the  dean  then  refusede  to  do, 
bycause  therof  he  persauede  no  gret  towardnes  of  any  conclusion. 
This  is  the  deans  taile  to  me,  and  this  I  fynde  trewe ;  wherfore 
I  shall  desier  your  mastershipe  to  continewe  your  goode  mynd 
towardes  me,  and  in  the  mean  tyme  ye  shalbe  faste  assurede  of  my 
faithfull  servyce  in  all  suche  affaires  as  ye  commite  unto  me,  and  for 
no  corruption  or  lucre  from  my  loyaltie  to  swerve  in  doyng  my 
princes  commaundment  for  your  discharge,  whyche.hath  put  your 
truste  and  affiance  unto  me.  Frome  Yorke  xiij  Januarii,  by  your 
assurede  poire  preste. 

Richarde  Layton. 
(Cotton  MS.,  Cleopatra,  E.  iv.,  138.) 

Dr.  Legh  to  Cromwell. 

1 4  Jan.  1535-6.  Ryght  worshipfull  syr,  my  dewty  presupposid, 
this  is  to  advertise  you  that  master  doctor  Layton  and  I  the  xj  daye 
of  January  war  with  the  archebushope  of  Yorke,  whom  we  accordyng 
to  your  pleasure  and  preceptes  have  vysyte,  injoynyng  him  to  preache 
and  teache  the  word  of  God  according  to  his  bownd  dewty  to  his  cure 
committid  unto  hym,  and  also  in  the  knowlege  concernyng  the 
prerogatyve  poore  that  the  Kynges  grace  have,  and  to  see  other  here 
in  his  jurisdiction  being  enduyd  with  good  qualites,  havyng  any 
respecte  either  to  God,  goodnes,  vertue  or  godlynes,  to  performe  the 
same;  injoyning  moreover  to  hym  to  bring  up  unto  you  hys  fyrst, 
second  and  thyrd  foundations,  wherupon  he  enjoiythe  hys  office  and 
prerogatyve  poore,  with  the  grawntes,  privelegis,  and  concessions 
geven  to  hym  and  to  his  see  apperteynyng.  The  whiche  whan  that 
you  have  red  them,  and  knowen  in  all  poyntes  the  hole  effect  of 
them,  I  doo  not  dowte  but  that  you  shall  see  and  rede  many  thynges 
wordy  reformation,  by  the  knowlege  wherof  I  suppose  the  Kynges 
hygnes  and  you  wyll  be  glad,  and  to  thyncke  it  mete  that  every 
bushope  war  in  leke  wyse  orderyd,  then  shuld  they  thene  under  ther 
governauns  edyfye  moche  in  Christ,  in  his  doctrine  and  teachynges, 
and  then  the  poore  ignoraunte  persons,  now  by  blyndenes  and 
ignoraunce  sedusid,  myght  therby  be  browght  to  lighte  and  knowlege, 
wherby  they  should  profitt  moche  the  welthe  of  ther  owne  sowlys 
and  the  commynaltye.  And  it  shuld  be  gretly  expedient  to  the 
conservacion  of  ther  fidelite  toward  ther  prince,  and  to  hys  graces 
succession  now  begotten,  or  hereafter  to  be  begotten.  Now  that 
I  have  enformyd  your  mastership  of  our  actes  and  dedes,  doon 


to  a  good  ende,  as  our  opinion  serve  us,  yt  shall  lye  in  your  circum- 
specte  prudencye  and  wysdom  to  order  all  thynges  as  ye  shall  thyncke 
to  your  approvyd  dyscretion  most  mete  and  to  the  furderans  of  the 
glory  of  god  and  preservation  of  the  common  welthe  most  expedient 
and  necessary.  For  in  the  same  injunctions  geven  heretofore,  eyther 
augmentid  or  diminyshed,  to  be  mynystred  to  other  bushopys,  as 
shall  be  thowght  to  your  wysdom  most  convenyent.  I  doo  not 
dowght  but  it  shall  be  moche  profitable  and  commodius  bothe  to  the 
kynges  highnes  and  to  your  mastership,  as  knoweth  God,  who  ever 
preserve  your  mastership.  From  Yorke,  the  xiijth  daye  of  January. 

Yours  ever  assuryd, 

Thomas  Legh. 

To  the  ryght  honerable  master  Thomas  Cromwell,  chyeff  secretary 
unto  the  Kynges  highnes,  and  master  of  his  rollys,  this  be  delyveryd. 

(Cotton  MS.,  Cleopatra,  E.  iv.,  125.) 

1535-6,  19  Jan.  Acceptance  by  Richard  Layton  and 
Thomas  Legh  of  the  resignation  of  Wm.  Thyrske,1  Abbot  of 
Fountains,  on  which  was  granted  to  him  pension  of  100  marks. 
(Cotton  MS.,  Cleopatra,  E.  iv.,  289.) 

Layton  and  Legh  to  Cromwell. 

20  Jan.  1535-6.  Pleasit  your  mastership  to  understonde,  that 
thabbot  of  Fontance  hath  so  gretly  dilapidate  his  howse,  wastede  ther 
wooddes,  notoriously  kepyng  vj  hoores,  diffamede  here  a  toto  populo, 
one  day  denyyng  thes  articles  with  many  mo,  the  next  day  folowyng 
the  same  confessyng,  thus  manifestely  incurryng  perjurie ;  vj  days 
before  our  accesse  to  his  monasterie  he  committede  thefft  and  sacri- 
lege, confessyng  the  same.  At  mydnyght  causede  his  chapelaine  to 
stele  the  sextens  keis,  and  towke  owte  a  jewel,  a  crosse  of  gold  with 
stones.  One  Warren  a  goldsmith  of  the  Chepe  was  with  him  in  his 
chambre  at  that  owre,  and  ther  they  stole  oute  a  gret  emerode  with  a 
rubie ;  the  saide  Warren  made  thabbot  beleve  the  rubie  to  be  but 
a  garnet,  and  so  for  that  he  payede  nothyng,  for  the  emerode  but  xx11. 
He  solde  hym  also  then  plate  withoute  weyght  or  ownces  ;  howe 
moche  therfore  thabbot  therfore  therin  was  decevide  he  cannot  tell, 
for  the  trewith  ys  he  a  vara  fole  and  a  miserable  ideote.  We 
pronouncede  hym  perjurede,  and  willede  hym  to  shew  us  a  cause 
why  he  owght  not  of  ryght  and  justes  to  be  deprivede,  and  reheresyde 
and  rede  unto  hym  his  owne  rule,  wiche  deprivede  hym  for  the 
premisses,  with  other  many  his  transgressions  mo,  wiche  were  to  long 
to  write.  He  cowlde  not  denye  but  by  those  his  owne  rulles  he 
owght  to  be  deprivede,  if  ther  hade  bene  no  nother  lawe  made 
or  written  for  deprivation ;  and  for  a  conclusion  he  hath  resignede 
privelie  into  our  handes,  no  man  therof  yet  knowyng.  We  have 
acceptede  and  admittede  his  resignation,  et  declavimus  monasterium 

1  He  was  afterwards  implicated  in  the  Pilgrimage  of  Grace  insurrection, 
was  tried,  found  guilty,  and  executed  at  Tyburn  in  May  1537. 


jam  esse  vacans,  and  sufferith  hym  to  ministre  in  all  thynges  (for  the 
advoidance  off  suspicion)  evyn  as  he  dyde  before,  tyll  we  knowe  your 
further  pleasure.  Ther  is  never  a  monke  in  that  howse  mete  for 
that  rowme.  Yf  the  erle  of  Comerlande  knewe  that  hit  were  voide, 
he  wolde  make  all  labor  he  cowlde  possible  for  the  scelerer  ther, 
wiche  I  inseure  yowe  is  not  mete  therfore,  for  such  causes  as  I  knowe 
ye  will  alowe,  whan  I  shall  declare  them  unto  you.  There  is  a 
monke  of  the  howse  callede  Marmaduke,  to  whom  Mr  Timmes  lent 
a  prebende  in  Repon  churche,  now  abydyng  upon  the  same  prebende, 
the  wysyste  monke  within  inglonde  of  that  cote  and  well  lernede, 
xx11  yerres  officer  and  rewler  of  all  that  howse,  a  welthie  felowe, 
wiche  will  gyve  yowe  syx  hundreth  markes  to  make  hym  abbot  ther, 
and  pay  yowe  immediatly  affter  the  election,  withoute  delay  or 
respite,  at  one  payment,  and  as  I  suppos  withoute  muche  borowyng. 
The  first  fruttes  to  the  kyng  is  a  thowsande  powndes,  wiche  he  with 
his  pollicie  will  pay  within  iij  yerres,  and  owe  no  man  therfore 
one  grote,  as  he  saith,  and  his  reason  therin  is  vara  apparant.  Yf  ye 
have  not  therfore  providede  or  promisede  suche  a  rowme  for  any 
other  your  frendes,  this  man  we  thynke  were  mete  both  for  the 
kinges  honour  and  for  the  discharge  of  your  conscience,  and  the 
profett  of  the  howse ;  for  I  am  sure  all  thabbottes  of  his  religion  will 
thynke  hym  a  ryght  apte  man  hereunto,  and  the  most  mete  of 
any  other.  What  shalbe  your  pleasure  forther  in  this  behalfe,  other 
in  preferryng  ther  man,  or  other  ways  as  ye  thynke  beste,  we 
advertissede  of  your  pleasure  shalbe  glade,  with  all  diligence  and 
dexteritie  that  shall  ly  in  us,  to  accomplisshe  that  your  mynde, 
disieryng  yowe  that  by  this  bringer  my  servant  with  spede  hit  may 
please  yowe  to  certifie  us  of  the  premisses.  And  we  suppos  that 
many  other  of  the  beste  abbottes  mo,  affter  they  have  commonede 
with  your  mastershippe  and  us,  will  cum  to  lyke  preferment.  And 
wheras  we  have  herde  that  thabbot  of  Whitbie  hath  by  his  letters 
certifyed  yowe  heretofore  that  he  wolde  resigne,  if  he  be  so  myndett 
at  our  cumyng  thether  (wiche  shalbe  shortly)  or  if  we  fynde  any 
cause  of  deprivation,  whom  hit  shall  please  yowe  therunto  to 
prefere,  if  ye  be  prefixede  &  any  hit  may  also  please  yowe  to  certifie 
us,  or  if  ye  be  not  determined  of  any,  then  if  hit  be  your  pleasure 
to  commite  that  to  our  discretion  we  shall  fynde  yowe  a  man  habile 
both  for  the  Kinges  honoure  and  discharge  of  his  conscience  and  for 
your  wurshipe  and  also  profite.  This  monke  of  Repon  hath  a 
prebende  of  XL  powndes,  wiche  ye  may  bestowe  also  upon  your 
frende,  if  ye  make  hym  abbot. 

Ye  shall  do  well  to  sende  for  Warren  the  goldesmith,  and  lay 
unto  hym  thefft  and  sacrilege,  and  the  recept  therof,  and  to  know 
what  other  thynges  he  hath  hade  of  thabbot  this  viij  or  ix  yeres  paste. 
And  thus  I  pray  Gode  sende  you  as  goode  helth  as  yowre  hert 
desierith.  From  Richemont,  xx  Januarij,  by  your  assurede  poire 
prestes  and  faithful  servandes. 

Rycharde  Layton  and  Thomas  Legh. 

(Cleopatra,  E.  iv.,  136.) 


Richard  Layton  to  Cromwell. 

7  Feb.  1535-6.  Hit  may  please  your  goodnes  to  be  aduertissed 
that  this  vijth  day  of  Februarie  I  haue  bene  with  my  lorde  tharche- 
bisshope,  ther  I  delivered  your  letters  and  haue  recevide  an  other 
letter  of  hym  for  yowe  to  nominate  your  clarke  at  your  pleasure  for 
the  monkes  prebende  and  this  day  at  nyght  1  have  bene  at  fontance 
to  make  the  election  but  that  I  tarie  in  Yorke  sumwhat  to  cause  a 
lewide  chanon  &  his  floke  (yf  I  can  possible)  to  surrendre  up  his 
howse  into  the  kinges  handes  of  sevyn  score  powndes  good  Lordes 
and  but  xl  markes  of  that  in  spirituale  tethes.  I  had  contriuede  this 
matter  long  or  nowe  if  a  litle  fals  knave  here  in  Yorke  hade  not  bene 
a  doggerell  off  the  lawe  &  a  pursevant  of  westeminster  hale.  Doctor 
Leig  keppes  oute  our  appointement  in  visitation  &  goys  forwards 
styll  wels  I  go  aboute  this  matters  ye  shall  further  understonde  that 
the  prior  of  Gisborowe  a  howse  of  a  thowsande  markes  hath  resignede 
into  our  handes  priuely  if  ye  make  no  promes  of  that  howse  to 
noman  tyll  we  cum  up  to  London  we  shall  by  the  way  spy  one  for 
hit  mete  and  apte  bothe  for  the  kinges  honoure  and  discharge  of 
your  consciance  and  also  profitable  I  doubte  not,  but  if  the  Tresareure 
of  Yorke  knewe  hit  were  resignede  he  wolde  make  hoote  sute  unto 
yowe  for  a  yong  man  of  that  howse  one  of  smale  grauitie  for  suche 
an  office  and  a  vara  boy  whan  I  haue  made  the  election  at  fontance 
I  shall  gode  willyng  from  thens  write  unto  yow  my  further  pro- 
cedyng  in  the  premisses  octauo  februarij  we  make  an  ynde  of  all 
these  quartars  &  so  pas  towards  carlell'  we  haue  also  done  att  North- 
urnberlonde  at  Sherfftyde  we  truste  to  se  yowe.  From  Yorke  vij 
Februarij  by  the  speedy  hande  of  your  powre  preste  and  assurede 

Rycharde  Layton. 
(State  Papers,  vol.  108,  p.  18.) 

1535-6  (27  Henry  VIII.),  9  Feb.  Surrender  of  Marton 
Priory.1  Thomas  Yodson,  prior.  Signed  by  the  prior  and  five 
others.  Acknowledged  before  Ric.  Layton,  one  of  the  clerks 
of  chancery,  the  same  day  (Calendar,  vol.  ix.,  816). 

Dr.  Thomas  Legh  to  Cromwell. 

10  Feb.  15,45-6.  Right  worshipfull  Sir. — The  prior  of  Gys- 
borowghe  hathe  resined  to  our  handys  his  howse  the  whiche  hether 
to  we  haue  kept  close,  For  the  whiche  ij  of  the  house  The  Celerer 
and  the  burser  stand  for  and  for  whois  preferrement  Master  Treasorer 
hathe  (as  I  here  saye)  laboryd  for  Whiche  bothe  be  men  of  no  littera- 
ture  nor  other  qualites  worthy  the  govornaunce  of  suche  a  howse 
whiche  may  spend  better  then  a  Thowsand  marckes  by  the  yere. 

1  Marton,  an  Augustine  priory  in  the  wapentake  of  Bulmer,  five  miles  from 
Easingwold.  This  was  the  first  house  that  surrendered,  Dr.  Layton  having 
persuaded  the  prior  and  convent  to  resign. 


And  in  case  ye  be  not  provyded  of  a  frynde  of  yours  for  suche  a 
Roometh  Pleasith  it  you  to  staye  it  unto  our  cummyng  home  I  will 
provide  woon  of  suche  litterature  circumspect  prudency  and  wisdom 
experiens  and  other  qualites  as  you  shall  thincke  mete  and  worthy  to 
have  suche  a  Roometh ;  And  also  shall  be  as  profitable  unto  your 
mastership  as  any  other ;  Also  Master  Layton  Hathe  ben  with 
Tharchebushope  of  Yorke  and  hathe  doone  suche  thinges  accordyng 
to  your  pleasure  as  your  mastership  wrotte  And  hathe  taken  sur- 
rendre  of  Martyn  abbey  to  the  kynges  use  And  I  haue  ben  at 
mownte  grace  and  Hull  And  wher  as  in  all  other  places  I  fynde 
theym  all  redy  to  fullfyll  the  kynges  highnes  pleasure  And  now  he 
ys  at  the  monastery  of  funtayns  to  performe  your  mynde  and  pleasure 
in  leke  wise  ther  whom  I  loke  after  this  nyght  and  so  to  rnorowe  to 
goo  thorowgh  to  Caruyll  and  so  from  thens  to  retorne  homeward  to 
your  mastership  with  all  convenyent  spede.  From  Richemond  the 
xth  daye  of  february. 

Yours  euer  assureyd, 

Thomas  Legh. 

To  the  right  honerable  master  Thomas  Cromwell,  Chief  Secretary 
unto  the  kynges  highnes  and  mr  of  hys  Rollys  this  be  dd'. 

(Vol.  102,  p.  26.) 

The  abbot  of  Fountains  having  resigned,  Marmaduke  Brad- 
ley was  appointed  in  his  place.  He  was  the  last  abbot. 

The  Abbot  of  Fountains  to  Cromwell. 

6  Mar.  i  535-6.  Ryght  honorable  and  my  singulre  good  maister 
I  humble  commende  me  unto  youre  maistership  thankyng  yow  for 
my  promocion  unto  this  rowmeth  of  thabbotship  of  Fontaynes  for 
the  which  ye  shalbe  assured  both  of  my  continuall  praers  and  service 
at  all  tymes  when  ye  commaunde  me  to  be  redy,  and  to  advertyshe 
your  maistership  of  such  ordinaumes  as  maister  Layton  haith  taken 
in  this  monastery  at  myn  election  is  this ;  first  the  election  celebratyd 
and  I  confirmad  he  gaffe  Injunctions  in  wrytyng  to  my  predecessor 
by  his  own  holl  assent  &  consent  that  he  shuld  make  his  holl 
accomptes  frome  the  first  day  of  his  entree  in  to  the  Abbottship  unto 
the  xj"1  day  of  Februarij  last  past.  And  that  he  shulde  delyver  thame 
to  our  handes  afore  ye  thyrde  Sonday  in  lantyn,  Wher  unto  he  was 
verayly  agreed,  and  also  it  was  inioyned  hyme  to  pay  all  such  guddes 
as  remayned  in  his  handes,  undischarged  by  hys  accomptes,  unto  my 
handes  &  my  bredren  handes  afore  he  receved  eny  frutes  of  his  pen- 
sion. And  over  that  that  he  shuld  make  Redy  payment  of  all  suche 
summes  of  money  as  he  receyved  from  his  first  resignacion  unto  the 
day  of  myn  election  the  wyche  surmuntyth  neight  j  C  li ;  the  wych 
all  thynges  he  refusys  now  to  do  notwithstandyng  he  was  agreed  to 
the  same  before  maister  Layton  and  doith  nothyng  accordyng  aftir 
theis  iniunctiones  bot  labors  by  a  knyght  callyd  Sir  William  Malorey 
to  geytt  commaundment  from  the  kynges  heghnes  and  frome  your 
maisterschip  to  me  and  my  bredren,  to  haue  such  surty  as  he  shall 


devyse  by  lernyde  councell  for  the  suyrty  of  his  pension.  And  with 
owt  your  grette  helpe  he  purpossed  to  Resco  [sic]  with  all  the  howse 
guddes  that  he  haith,  the  wych  as  I  am  credible  informed  by  my 
bredren  is  abowe  j  M  ii  over  and  besyddes  the  gret  decay  bothe  in 
plant,  sheype,  woddes  and  odre  store  of  this  said  monastery  ;  so  that 
of  verey  trewth  I  fynd  neuer  one  peny  with  in  this  howse  nor  yet  to 
recevey  afore  May  day ;  and  therfore  both  I  and  all  my  bredren 
lauly  besuches  your  gud  maisterschip  to  be  our  socour  in  this  maytter 
so  that  in  no  wysse  he  haue  no  pension  unto  he  haue  maid  his 
accomptes  &  restored  all  the  money  that  remaneth  upon  hym  &  in 
his  handes.  And  that  done  then  that  he  may  haue  a  resonable  pen- 
sion but  not  xl  ti  for  he  haith  not  serued  xx11  markes ;  for  we  haue 
in  a  statute  in  our  Religion  de  AlVte  Resignante  and  that  is  this 
"Alias  qui  lene  rexerit  per  decennium  haleat  competentem  pensionem  " 
but  he  rulled  in  his  tym  nowghly  ;  and  all  theis  therfore  considered 
and  also  in  what  ruyen  he  leyft  this  monastery  in,  and  also  the  grett 
charge  that  we  be  charged  in  to  the  kinges  heghnes  for  our  fyrst 
fruttes  the  wich  is  j  M  li  and  also  the  xth  parte  the  wich  is  yerely 
j  C  ii  and  nothinge  her  is  to  make  money  of ;  wher  for  I  and  all  my 
bredren  trustes  in  yowr  gude  maistership  that  ye  will  luke  upon  us  & 
this  monast'y  with  your  ee  of  mercy  and  upon  my  predecessor  with 
youre  ryghtwisse  ee  of  Justice  that  he  shall  lyffe  no  mor  hyghly  then 
he  haith  deserved.  And  also  emonges  odre  his  enorme  actes  he  haith 
maid  unto  the  said  William  Malorey,  knyght,  one  patent  under  his 
seall  of  his  office  after  his  resignacion  wherby  he  haith  admyttyd 
hym  to  be  our  generall  receyvour  of  all  our  rentes  and  to  be  steward 
of  our  courtes  contrary  to  the  profett  of  this  monastery  of  Fontaynes. 
Wherthrugh  this  his  dede  the  said  Sir  William  Malorey  haith  labored 
to  maister  Norresse,  the  which  haith  sent  a  letter  to  me  &  my  bredren 
for  the  confirmacion  of  the  said  pateat.  Wherunto,  both  I  and  all 
my  bredren  haith  maid  such  answere  as  we  trust  the  said  maister 
Norresse  wilbe  content  with  all.  And  now  the  said  Sir  William 
Malory  intendes,  as  I  am  credibly  enformed,  cometh  up  to  London 
in  his  own  persone  to  labour  ye  kinges  heghnes  and  your  maistership 
to  commaunde  us  to  ratify  the  said  pateat.  Wher  for  we  all  the  holl 
convent  humbly  desireth  your  maistership  to  stoppe  that  the  said  Sir 
William  Malory  haue  no  comforth  nor  graunt  therin,  nor  in  lik  wysse 
that  my  predecessor  haue  no  graunte  of  eny  pension  unto  he,  of  his 
partie,  haue  holly  fulfillyd  the  iniunctions  that  maister  doctor  layton 
inioynyd  him.  Wherfore  bothe  I  my  selfe  and  all  my  bredren 
beseches  your  gude  maistership  to  make  no  graunte,  nor  suffer  euy 
thynge  to  passe  in  theis  mayters  nor  eny  odres  unto  suche  tyme  that 
maister  doctor  layton  and  maister  doctor  Leighe  and  maister  Blythman 
retorne  home  to  your  maistership  agayn,  for  they  can  instructe  yow 
of  verey  trewth  of  the  premisses  and  odre  thynges  concernyng  my 
said  predecessor  and  this  howse  of  Fountayns.  And  I  and  all  my 
bredren  shall  pray  &c.  At  Fountayns  this  sext  day  of  March  by 

Your  humble  and  obedient  Marmaduk  thabbott  of  Fountayns. 

(Vol.  102,  p.  164.) 


The  Abbot  of  Fountains  to  Cromwell. 

21  March    1.535-6.     Right  Worshipfull  and   my  synguler  gude 
Maister.      After  als  humble  recomendacions  As  1  can  I  commande 
me  to  your  gud  Maistership,  And  to  adu'tysse  the  same  this  xxjth  day 
of   Marche   1   haue   receyved  your  right  lovinge  ande  kynde  letters 
as  concernyng  the  resyngnacion  of  a  prebend   that   I   haue  in  the 
colligiate  churche  of  Ripoti ;  trewly  Sir  I   neuer  maid  promisse  to 
resigne  the  same  and  of  veray  trewthe  this  howse,  yl  I  am  preferred 
in,  is  so  farre  in  danger  all  maner  of  ways,  that  I  haue  raither  wyll  to 
resigne  the  Abbotship  then  my  prebend.     For  no  displeasour  to  your 
gud  maistership  I   haue  surficiant  dispensacion   to    haue    both    the 
Abbotship  and  the  prebend;   And  rather  or  I   resigne  the  prebend 
I  will  utterly  resigne  the  Abbotship.     Wherfor  boith  I  and  all  my 
bredern  humble  desireth  your  gud  Maistership  to  haue  me  excused 
in  this  bebalffe,  for  we  trust  in  consideracion  of  the  relacion  of  my 
gud   Maisters  your  commissioners   the  kynges  visitours   that  your 
maistership  will   be  so  gud  to  pardon  me  for  eny  resignacion  unto 
such   tyme  as  we  be  clerely  thrught   with   the   kynges    heightnes 
for  owr  first  frutes,  And  that  in  consideracion  that  I  haue  sufficiant 
dispensacion  for  the  same,  And  evyn  so  boith  I  and  all  my  bredern 
humble  desireth  your  gud  Maistership  to  be,  As  we  shall  be  trew 
beedmen  to  god  for  your  longe  presersuacion  &c.     At  Fountans  this 
xxj*  of  Marche.  Your  humble  beidman 

Marmaduk  thabbot  of  Fountayns. 

(Vol.  102,  p.  236.) 

Edward,1  Archbishop  of  York,  to  Cromwell. 

22  March  1535-6.     Righte  honorable  aftre  my  hertiest  commen- 
dation I  perceve  by  this  bearer  maister  Wynter's  servaunte  that  the 
abbot  of  ffountaynes  as  yet  hath  not  resigned.     True  it  is  that  afore 
the  comeng  of  Mr  Wynters  servaunte  he  told  me  that  he  had  a 
sufficient  dispensacon  alowed  by  the  visitors   Doctour   Layton   and 
Doctour  Leghe ;  the  dispensacon  I  did  never  see,  but  whan  so  ever 
his  resignation  shall  come  to  my  handes  I  shall  furthwith  give  to  his 
proctour  collation  and  iustitucon,  and  any  oother  thing  doo  for  him 
that  maye  lie  in  my  litle  power,  wiche  is  so  small  hidreto,  that  I  can 
almost  nothing  doo  for  anye  of  my  owne  chapleignes,  that  daylie 
serveme,  but  master  Winter  knowethe  my  good  mynde  towardes  him 
wiche  I  wold  gladlie  shewe  withe  effecte,  and  rather  at  the  contem- 
plation of  your  lettres.     And  thus  in  my  saied  hertiest  maner  ffare 
you  woll.     ffrom  Cawood  the  xxijth  of  March  1535. 

Yor  owne  ever  assured 

Edouarde  Ebor. 

To  the  right  honorable  my  speciall  goode  frend  Master  Secretarie. 

(Vol.  102,  p.  237.) 

1  Edward  Lee,  fifty-ninth  Archbishop  of  York,  consecrated  10  Dec.  1531; 
died  13  Sept.  1544;  bur.  in  York  Minster. 


Whilst  the  Commissioners  were  in  the  north  they  seem  to 
have  made  a  hurried  journey  through  Yorkshire  to  look  at  the 

The  following  account  of  their  "  Itinerary  "  is  what  they 
most  likely  sent  to  Cromwell.  They  also  made  a  list  of  all  the 
crimes  committed  in  the  various  houses  and  their  superstitions, 
called  "  Comperta."  This  is  of  such  a  character  that  it  is  not 
fit  entirely  for  publication.  Blythman  may  have  gone  with  them 
and  have  written  the  letter  28th  February. 

In  primis  from  Yorke  to  Newbrou  (Newburgh),  regular  chanons 
off  ye  order  oft'  seynt  Austeyne,  off  the  fyrste  fundacon  off  ye  lord 
Mowbrey,  which  monastery  was  fondyd  by  the  forseyd  lord  in  ye 
tyrae  of  Kyng  Stephen,  now  lord  Howard,  ducke  off  Northfolcke  ys 
ther  foundre  &  yl  ys  in  mylys  from  Yorke  xvj. 

It.  from  there  to  Bylond,  off  the  order  off  the  Cystercyensis,  of  ye 
same  fundacon  that  the  forsayd  monasterye  whas,  &  hys  off  &  yl  the 
second  yeer  after  ye  fundacon  off  Newbrarow  whos  sepulcre  ys  in  the 
chaptytrouss  wyndow  oft'thys  monastery  off  ye  forsayd  lord  Mowbray 
&  his  wyff  on  myle  from  [thence]. 

It.  to  Mountgrace  off  ye  order  oft'Charterhous  oft  ye  fundacyon  of 
Ynglylbyes,  Knyghtes  in  Kyng  Henry  the  iiij  tyme  xij  myle  from  ye 
forseyd  place.  It.  to  Gysbrow  chanons  off  ye  order  of  Seynt  Austeyn, 
of  the  fyrst  fundacon  oft"  ye  lord  Robert  Brus  hoos  body  wth  ys  wyffe 
bynn  byryed  in  ye  queer  ther  but  now  lord  Latymer  ys  ther  fondar 
&  yt  ys  xij  myle  from  ye  forsayd  place.  It.  to  Wytbye,  monkys  off 
ye  order  oft"  Seynt  Benedyct  of  ye  fundacon  off  ye  fyrst  lord  Wyllym 
Persey  aft1  ye  conquest  wych  dystedyd  beyond  the  sey  &  ther  ys  body 
ys  buryed  but  hys  harte  lyethe  in  Wyttby,  but  now  the  Kyng  ys  the 
fundar  &  yt  ys  xvj  myle  from  the  forsayd  place.  It.  to  Wyckam, 
nounes  of  the  Cystercyene,  off  the  Kynges  fundacon,  which  ys  xvij 
myle  from  ye  forsayd  place.  It.  to  Yedyngham,  nounes  of  Seynt 
Benedyct  order,  off  ye  fundacon  of  ye  lord  Latymer  iij  myle  from  the 
forsayd  place.  It.  to  Kelldhollme,  nounes  of  ye  Cystercyene  order,  off 
ye  fundacon  off  ye  lord  Westmorlande  x  myle  from  the  sayd  place.  It. 
to  Ryvalles,  monkys  off  the  Cystercyene  order  off  ye  fyrst  fundacon 
off  Walter  Especke,  now  my  lord  Rosse  ys  ther  fundnr,  vj  myle  fro' 
ye  other.  It.  to  Kyrkhame,  chanons  off  Seynt  Austeyne  order  of  ye 
same  fundacon  that  ye  forsayd  was  &  ys,  x  myle  from  ye  other.  It. 
to  Maltonne,  chanons  off  ye  order  off  Seynt  Gylberte,  oft'y6  funda- 
con of  the  lord  Vessey,  iiij  myle  from  ye  forsayd  place.  It.  to 
Warther,  chanons  of  Seynte  Austeynes  order  fundyd  furste  be  lord 
Water  Trusbutt,  but  now  lord  Rosse  ys  ther  fundar,  xij  myles  a  pre- 
dicto  loco.  It.  to  Brydlyngtonne  chanonsse  of  Seynt  Austeyne  order 
off  ye  furste  fundacon  off  lord  Wal[terJ  Gawntt,  woss  body  lyethe  in 
y*  myddes  off  ther  queer,  allso  ther  ys  shrynd  behyend  the  awlter  the 
body  off  Seynt  John  sum  tyme  prior  of  the  same  place,  xviij  mylles 


from  the  other.  It.  to  Wattone,  off  ye  order  off  Seynt  Gylbert, 
&  off  the  fundacon  off  ye  lord  Vessey  v  millys  from  ye  for  sayd 

It.  to  Beverley  wer  restythe  ye  body  off  the  holly  archebyshope 
Seynt  John,  furst  fundar  off  ye  same,  with  allso  the  bodyes  off  Seyntt 
Wynwalld  &  Brythewme,  &  allso  a  slayne  vyrgyn  callyd  Seynt 
Yolffryde,  v  myles  from  ye  other.  It.  to  Mewsse  Abbey  off  ye  Cys- 
tercyenes,  off  ye  fundacon  off  le  Grosse  sum  tyme  yerle  off  Albymarle, 
iij  myly  from  ye  other.  It.  to  Hull  towne  &  to  ye  monastery  off 
ye  Chaterhouss,  off  the  fundacon  off  the  lord  Wyllyam  Delapolle, 
baronne  in  Kyng  Edwarde  the  iij  days,  iiij  mylys  from  ye  other  & 
from  henss  we  went  to  Holdynes,  almost  to  Ravynspor,  but  I  yntende 
to  omyt  all  vyllagys  &  rekyn  only  relygyous  housys.  In  reverendo 
fro'  Hull.  It.  fro'  Hull  to  Haltermpryce,  regular  chanons  off  Seynt 
Austeyne  order  off  the  fundacon  off  lord  Thomas  Wake,  Knyght,  iij 
myles  from  predicto.  It.  to  Ferybye,  brytheryn  off  the  Jerosolym- 
tenne  order  &  off  the  furst  fundacon  of  ye  lord  Eustahe  Vessey,  a 
predicto  loco  iij  myles.  It.  to  Drax,  regular  chanonss  off  Seynt 
Austeynes  order,  of  the  fundacou  off  Master  Pannell,  knyght,  xvj 
mylys  fro'  the  for  sayd  place.  It.  to  Selbye  monastery  off  Seynt 
Benedyctes  order,  off  the  fundacon  off  Kyng  Wyllyam  Conquerour,  iij 
mylys  from  ye  other.  It.  to  Seynt  Oswaldes,  chanons  regular  of 
Seynt  Austeynes  order,  off  ye  fundacon  off  Kyng  Henry  ye  furst, 
xij  mylys  from  ye  for  sayd.  It.  to  Pontefract,  monkys  of  Seynt  Bene- 
dyctes order,  off  ye  furst  fundacon  off  lord  Robert  Lacye,  knyght, 
v  mylys  from  ye  other. 

It.  Pontefract  to  Hylley  (Healaugh)  monastery,  chanons  regular 
Seynt  Augustin,  off  ye  fundacon  off  John  Dryebdeynes,  knyghte, 
x  mylys  from  Pontfracte.  It.  to  Knaresbrow,  off  ye  order  oft'  Sancti 
Trinitatis  (?),  of  ye  furst  fundacon  oft'  lord  Rychard,  yerle  off  Coryn- 
wall  &  elect  &  chosyn  to  have  been  emprour  off  Allmaine,  ix  mylis 
from  ye  for  sayd. 

It.  to  Chrystall  abbey  of  the  Cystercyenes  off  the  furst  fundacyon 
off  Sr  Patffylld  Pictaviensis,  knyght,  x  mylles  from  ye  other.  It.  to 
Ardington,  nonnys  off  ye  order  of  Seynt  Bendyct  off  ye  fundacon  off  a 
gentyllmanne  namyd  Master  Ardyngtonne,  iiij  mylys  from  Chrystall. 
It.  to  Burtonne  Abbey  off  the  order  off  Seynt  Benet,  monkes  off  ye  furst 
fundacon  off  Sr  Adam  Swaynsonne,  knyght,  now  Lord  Mowntegle  ys 
the  fundar  &  ys  from  Chrystall  xv  mylys.  In  reverendo  ad  Chrystall 
&  from  predicto  to  Bolltonne,  in  chanons  off  ye  order  off  Seynt 
Austeyn  off  ye  furst  fundacon  off  ye  lord  Meschynne  &  lady  Cysley 
Rumiley,  ys  wjeff  &  ther  heyreys  inyeyeeroff  our  Lord  (1120)  in  ye 
second  yeer  of  Kyng  Henry  ye  furst  &  2°  anno  Thrustini  Epi,  now 
lord  ClyfEord  ys  ther  fundar,  xij  mylys  from  Chrystall. 

It.  to  Salley  Abbey  of  ye  Cystercyenes,  off  the  furst  fundacon  of 
lord  Wyllym  Percy  ye  thyrd  after  the  conquest,  in  ye  year  off  our  Lord 
(1140)  xiiij  miles. 

(Thence  to  Lancashire.) 



It.  to  the  monastery  of  Egylstonne  apoun  Tees  water  off  ye  order 
off  Premonstratensians  of  the  furst  fundacon  off  Mastr  Raffe  Multon, 
gentyllman,  &  Alis  hys  wyeff.  Gylbert  Phylype  &  Matyld  Delahaye 
&  yt  was  foundyd  in  Kyng  Stephyns  tyme,  now  lord  Dacres  ys 
ye  fundar. 

It.  to  Seynt  Agathees  chanons,  off  ye  Premonstratensian  order, 
apon  Swalle  flewd,  of  the  furst  fundacon  off  ye  lord  Rychmund  in 
Kyng  Stephens  tyme  yt  was  in  ye  yeer  of  our  Lord  (1152)  now  lord 
Schroope  off  Boltonne  ys  ther  fundar,  &  yt  ys  viij  mylys  from  y* 
other.  It.  to  Gervalles,  off  ye  Cystercyenes,  apon  Your  flewd,  fund)  d 
sumtyme  in  another  place  now  callyd  Wensdale  by  lord  Akar  but 
afterwardes  by  lord  Conanne,  sonne  to  Alanne,  yerle  off  Rychmond, 
ye  monkes  were  removed  fro'  that  place  onto  this  forsayd  Gervalles  by 
ye  forsayd  yeerles  sonne,  &  y*  by  the  lycence  off  the  sonn  of  ye  lord 
Akarre  callyd  Hervey  and  y'  was  in  ye  yeer  off  our  Lord  (115?)  ye 
xv.  yere  off  Kyng  Stephanne,  then  after  was  fundar  lord  Fytheus 
[Fitzhugh]  now  Master  Pare  ys  ther  fundar  viij  mylys  from  ye  other. 
It.  to  Coverham  or  Coram  of  ye  Premonstratensian  order  fundyd 
furst  at  a  towne  callyd  Swaynsby  by  a  lady  callyd  Elewysya  de  Gland- 
well  sumtyme  wyff  to  lord  Robarte,  lord  off  Mydlam  Chastell  with 
many  lordshyppes  yer  about  annexte  by  ye  consent  &  assent  off  Wal- 
brane  sonne  to  ye  forsayd  lord  Robert  and  yer  yeis  chanons  contynwyd 
att  Kyng  Henry  ye  second  &  Rychard  ye  furst  tyme  but  afterwards 
ye  chanons  ware  removyd  from  Swaynsbye  onto  Coverham  apon  the 
water  of  Covers  within  a  mylle  off  Mydlam  Chastell  and  yi  ye  xiiij 
yeer  off  Kyng  Johnys  Reyne,  ij  mylys  fro'  Gervalles. 

It.  to  Marycke  apoune  Swale,  nounes  off  Seynt  Benedyct  order  off 
the  fundacon  of  Roger  Aske,  gentyllman  in  Kyng  Johnnis  days 
vj  mylles  from  ye  other.  It.  to  Fountens  abbey  off  ye  cystercienes, 
off  the  fundacon  off  Threstonne  sumtyme  byschope  off  Yorke  whych 
were  in  the  yeer  off  our  Lord  (1132)  fro'  Yorke  xviij  mylles.  It.  to 
the  college  off  Ryponne  off"  the  fundacon  off  Seynt  Wyllfryed,  sum- 
tyme Archbyshope  off  Yorke,  in  ye  tyme  of  Kyng  Oswye  ij  myles 
from  the  forsayd. 

It.  to  Wylbyforce,  nounes  of  the  Benedyctes,  of  yc  furst  fundacon 
off  Sr  Kateryngtonne,  knyght  now  the  Kyng  hys  ther  funder.  It.  to 
Nunmongtonne  of  the  benedyctes  order  off  ye  furst  fundacon  off 
Sr  Wyllyam  Arche  (?)  knyght,  noo  Sr  Wyllym  Gasconne  ys  ther 
funder.  It.  to  Roche  Abbey  off  the  Cystercienes,  off  lord  Buell  & 
Turgett,  now  lord  Clyfford  ys  ther  fundar. 

In  Yorksheer  certeyn  moo  abbeys  wyche  we  have  been,  In  primis 
Marteyn  abbey,  chanons  woss  fundar  I  kno  nothing  off.  It.  Swyne 
by  Beverley  nonnes  &  allso  Nouneboranem.  It.  to  all  ye  Abbeys  in 
Yorke  Cytie  as  Seynt  Maryes  abbey,  ye  Trinytes.  It.  Seynt  Andrews 
&  Seynt  Leonardos  chanons  &  Clementes  (?). 

But  Sr  I  praye  you  yff  I  mysse  other  in  these  wrytyns  or  ellys  in 
the  datt  or  counte  off  Kynges  yeers  blame  my  presydes  &  not  me 


for  I  haue  nothing  off  yer  fondars  nor  off  ye  yeeres  of  ther  fundacyon 
but  by  other  mennes  report. 

In  all  theys  we  haue  been  in  be  syd  dyuersse  other  mo  bothe 
in  Durh.  (?)  byshopryke  &  allso  Carlyell  with  many  good  townes  & 
villages  as  well  in  my  lordys  grace  lyberties  as  in  others  yus  &  Jhesu 
preserve  your  mastershippe. 

It.  to  Hampolle  nonnes  off  the  cysterciennes  order  off  the  furst 
fundacon  off  master  Crescey,  Jentyllmanne,  now  Clyfford  &  Mark  am 
ther  f  undeers. 

(Underwritten.      "Theis   notes   belong   unto   me   Tho  :    Lovell 

Compendium  compertorum  per  Doctorem  Layton  et  Doc- 
torem  Legh  in  visitatione  regia  in  provincia  Eboracensi. 

Rupa  als.  Roche.  —  John  Robinson,  suspected  of  treason,  imprisoned 
at  York.  There  was  a  pilgrimage  to  an  image  of  Christ  crucified 
found  in  Rupa  &  had  in  veneration.  Founder  the  Earl  of  Cum- 
berland. Rents  i7ou,  debts  20". 

Sl  Oswalds.  —  There  was  a  pilgrimage  to  S*  Oswald.  Founder  the 
King.  Rents  i  roo  marks. 

Burton  als.  Monkbretton.  —  Founder  Lord  Thomas  Monteagle.    Rents 


Arthington.  —  Founder  Henry  Arthington.     Rents  20  marks.     Super- 

stition the  girdle  of  Sc  Mary. 
Hampall.  —  Founder  Gervase  Cliffton,  junior.     Rents  4O11.     Supersti- 

tion—there was  a  superstition  to  S*  Richard  not  canonized. 
Esholt.  —  Founder  uncertain  because  there  are  many  heirs  of  Christo- 

pher Warde,  the  founder. 
Kirklees.  —  Rents  2O11. 
Basedale.  —  Superstition  —  there  they  had  the  Virgin's  milk.     Founder 

Sir  Ralph  Everes.     Rents  i8h. 
Melsa  als.  Mewse.  —  Founder  the  King.     Rents  98".     Superstition  — 

here  singulum  of  S.  Bernard  is   sometimes  lent   for   pregnant 

Nonnelurnham.  —  Founder  Lord  Dakers.     Rents  7H.     Here  they  have 

part  of  the  Holy  Cross. 
North  Fereby.  —  Founder  the  Earl  of   Cumberland.     The  house  owes 

8ou.     Here  S*  Gratianus  is  worshipped. 
Ha/lemprise.  —  Founder  the  Duke  of  Richmond.     Rents  IO411.     Here 

is  a  pilgrimage  to  Thomas  Wake  for  fever  and  in  veneration  they 

have  the  arm  of  Sl  George  and  part  of  the    Holy  Cross  &  the 

girdle  of  Sl  Marie  healthful  for  childbirth  (as  is  thought). 
Warier.  —  Founder  the  Earl  of  Rutland.     Rents  lao11. 
Swinhey  (Swine).  —  Founder  Sir  John  Melton. 
Newluroh.  —  Here  they  have  the  girdle  of  "  Sci.  Solvatoris  "  which 

assists  lying-in  women,  also  they  have  the  arm  of  Sl  Jeremiah 

jn  veneration, 


Rivall. — Here  they  have  the  girdle  of  S*  Aired,  helpful  to  lying-in 
women.  Rents  300*'.  The  house  owes  200  marks. 

Keldham. — Here  they  have  part  of  the  Holy  Cross  and  a  finger  of 
Sl  Stephen  which  is  lent  to  lying-in  women. 

Arden. — Founder  the  Duke  of  Norfolk.  Rents  20  marks.  Here 
women  go  to  the  image  of  S*  Brigett  &  offer  for  cows  lost  and  ill. 

Gislurne. — Founders  Lord  Conyers,  James  Strangways,  Earl  of  Rut- 
land, William  Gascoigne.  Rents  700''. 

Handale. — Founder  Earl  of  Northumberland.     Rents  io1!. 

Middleslurgh. — Founder  Lord  Conyers.     Rent  zo11. 

IVhltly.  —  Here  St.  Hilda  is  worshipped.  Founder  the  King.  Rents 
700  marks. 

Grande  Monte  (Grosmont). — Founders  Sir  Francis  Bigote,  George 
Salwayn,  armiger.  Rents  13". 

Yedingham. — Founder  Lord  Latimer.     Rents  40". 

Rosedale. — Founder  the  King.     Rents  xliiij11. 

Wykeham. — Founder  the  King.  Rents  I311.  Here  S*  Sitha  is  wor- 

Nunheeling. — Founder  the  King.  Rents  361'.  Here  is  part  of  the 
Holy  Cross. 

Bridlington. — Here  John  of  Bridlington  is  worshipped  &  in  veneration 
have  "  tria  lamina  ligni  Sci  Crucis."  Founder  uncertain.  68211. 

Beverley  College. — Founder  the  King.     6811. 

Wilberforce. — Founder  the  King.     Rents  2811. 

Marlon. — Founder  the  King.     Rent  130^. 

Clemen thorpe. — Founder  the  Archbishop  of  York.  Here  also  they 
have  milk  (as  believed)  of  the  Blessed  Mary  in  veneration  & 
here  is  made  a  pilgrimage  to  Saint  Sitha.  Rents  5oh. 

Thichhenhede  (Thichhead). — Matilda  Chapman  seeks  release  from 
religion.  Founder  John  Aske.  Rents  23*'. 

Sf  Trinity,  York. — Robert  Parker  and  Brian  Bray  seek  release. 
Here  they  have  in  veneration  the  girdle  of  a  prior  formerly  of  this 
house,  and  it  is  believed  safe  for  lying-in  women.  Barbara 
Constable,  wife  of  Sir  Marmaduke  Constable,  senior,  foundress. 
Rents  160". 

Fountains. — Six  seek  release.  They  have  a  girdle  of  S4  Mary  (as  is 
believed).  Founder  the  Archbishop  of  York.  Rents  1200". 

Kirkstall. — They  have  a  singulum  for  pregnancy.     Founder  the  King. 

Jerivall  alias  Gerves. — Here  they  have  the  girdle  of  Se  Mary  (as  is 

believed)    safe   for   lying-in   women.       Founder    Sir   W.   Parr. 

Rents  45  511. 

S*  Agatha. — Two  seek  release.     Founder  Lord  Scrope.     Rent  200". 
Bolton. — Founder  the  Earl  of  Cumberland.     Rent  229U. 
Ellerton. — Cecillia  Swalle  seeks  release.     Founders  William  Aselby, 

William  Thnrresby,  Ralph  Spencer.     Rent  15". 
Coverham. — They  have  the  girdle  of  Mary  Nevell  of  iron,  good  for 

lying-in   women    (as  is  believed).     Founder    the  King.     Rents 



5'  Martin,  Richmond. — Founder  the  King.     Rent  43". 

Mowsly. — Founder  the  King.     Rents  .30'*. 

Mountgrace. —  Founder  the  King.     Rents  500  marks. 

Bylunde. — Founder  the  King.     Rents  400  marks. 

Pontffract. — Here  they  have  in  veneration  Thomas,  Duke  of  Lan- 
caster, and  his  girdle,  which  as  (is  believed)  safe  for  lying-in 
women  &  his  hat  for  pain  of  the  head.  Founder  the  King. 
Rent  3.30''.  The  house  owes  2oh. 

Selby. — Here  also  they  have  the  girdle  of  the  Blessed  Mary  as  is  pre- 
tended. Founder  the  King.  Rents  800  marks.  Owes  300''. 

Sinningthwaite. — Here  they  have  the  arm  of  Sl  Margaret  &  the  tunic  of 
Sl  Bernard  as  is  believed  safe  for  lying-in  women.  Founder  the 
Earl  of  Northumberland. 

Nun  Appleton. — Founder  the  Earl  of  Northumberland.     Rents  56''. 

Helagh. — Founder  the  Earl  of  Northumberland.     Rents  So1'. 

Drax. — Founder  Marmaduke  Constable,  senior.     Rents  loo1'. 

5'  Leonard's,  York. — Here  they  have  the  arm  and  finger  of  S*  Leon- 
ard in  reverence  &  his  image.  Founder  the  King.  Rents 
7  marks. 

S'  Mary's,  York. — Founder  the  King.     Rents  2500". 

Kirkham. — Founder  the  Earl  of  Rutland.  Here  also  they  have  the 
girdle  of  S*  Mary  (as  is  pretended)  safe  for  lying-in  women. 

Nun  Monkton. — Rents  So11.  The  house  owes  20".  Founder  Sir  Wm 

William  Blythman1  to  Cromwell. 

28  Feb.  1535-6.  In  mye  moste  lowlie  wyse  my  dewtie  premysed 
pleas  yt  your  honorable  mastershipe  too  be  advertised.  Aftere  the 
conclusion  of  the  visitacion  exercysed  fore  the  Kinges  maiestie  in  the 
province  of  Yorke  I  have  mayde  a  cleane  booke  of  the  compertes  and 
send  yt  too  yor  mastershipe  bye  your  commissaries  Doctor  Layton  and 
Doctor  Lee  and  shall  shortlie  bringe  you  a  duble  therof  mye  sylfe,  I 
departed  from  theym  at  Ludeloo  and  retournyd  too  Yorke  fore  receipt 
of  the  fyrste  payment  and  suerties  for  the  fyrste  fructes  of  the 
monasterie  of  Funtance  and  other  money  dewe  to  the  Kinges  maiestie 
and  shall  therwithall  repaire  too  London  withe  diligence  the  secund 
weeke  of  Lent  and  I  truste  in  God  at  that  tyme  too  bringe  withe  me 
sume  acceptable  comodite  fore  your  mastershippe  bye  the  grace  of 
Jhesus  whoo  preserve  you  too  his  pleasure.  At  Ludelowe  the  xxviij 
day  of  February. 

Your  humble  servaunt  and  moste  bounden  beedman 
William  Blithmanne. 

To  the  right  honorable  and  his  most  singulere  good  Master  Tho- 
mas Crumwell  principall  secretarie  to  thekinges  highnes. 

(Vol.  102,  p.  90.) 

'•  He  was  of  New  Lathes  and  had  a  grant  of  Monk  Bretton  Monastery. 
His  grandson  Jasper  Blytheman  sold  most  of  it  to  the  Earl  of  Shrewsbury. 


Whilst  these  things  were  proceeding  in  Yorkshire,  Parlia- 
ment assembled  in  London,  Feb.  4,  1535-6,  when  a  Bill  was 
brought  in  to  suppress  and  take  possession  of  all  the  monasteries 
which  had  a  less  income  than  j£zoo  a  year.  There  seems  to  be 
no  account  of  the  proceedings  extant  or  if  there  was  any 
opposition.  The  Bill  duly  passed,  the  following  being  an 
abstract: — 

An  acte  concernyng  the  suppression  or  dyssolucon  of  certeyne  Rely- 
gyous  houses  and  given  to  the  Kinges  highnes  &  to  his  heres 
for  ever. 

Forasmoche  as  manyfest  synne,  vycyous,  carnall,  and  abhomyn- 
able  lyvyng  ys  dayly  used  and  comytted  amonges  the  lytell  and 
smale  abbeys,  pryoryes  and  other  relygyous  houses  of  monkes,  chanons 
and  nonues,  where  the  congregacon  of  suche  relygyous  persons  ys 
under  the  nomber  of  xij  persons,  whereby  the  governours  of  suche 
relygyous  houses  and  ther  convent,  spoyle,  destroye  consume  and 
utterly  waste,  aswell  ther  churches,  monasterys,  pryorys,  principall 
houses,  fermes,  granges,  landes,  &c.,  to  the  high  dyspleasour  of 
Almyghty  God,  slaunder  of  good  relygyon  and  to  the  greate  infamy  of 
the  kynges  highnes  and  the  realme  if  redres  shuld  not  be  hadde 
therof ;  and  albeit  that  many  contynuall  vysytacions  hathe  bene  here- 
tofore had  by  the  space  of  two  hundreth  yeres  and  more,  for  an 
honest  and  charytable  reformacion  of  suche  unthrifty,  carnall  and 
abomynable  lyvyng,  yett  neuerthelesse  lytell  or  none  amendement  ys 
hytherto  hadde  but  ther  vycyous  lyvyng  shamelesly  encreasseth  and 
by  a  cursed  custome  soo  rooted  and  infested  that  a  greate  multytude 
of  the  relygyous  persones  in  suche  smale  houses  doo  rather  chose  to 
rove  abrode  in  apostasy  than  to  conforme  them  to  the  observaeicon 
of  good  relygyon ;  soe  that  without  such  smale  houses  be  utterly  sup- 
pressed, and  the  relygyous  persons  therin  commytted  to  greate  and 
honorable  monasteries  of  relygyon  in  this  realme,  where  they  maye  be 
compelled  to  lyve  relygyously  for  the  reformacion  of  ther  lyves  ther 
canne  elles  be  noo  reformacion  in  this  behalf  ....  And  therupon 
most  humbly  desire  the  kynges  highues  that  yt  may  be  enacted  by 
auctoryte  of  this  present  parlyament,  that  his  majestic  shall  haue  and 
enjoye  to  hym  and  his  heires  for  euer  all  and  synguler  suche  monas- 
teryes,  pryoryes  and  other  relygyous  houses  of  monkes,  chanons  and 
nonnes,  of  what  kyndes  or  dyuersyties  of  habyttes,  rules,  or  orders 
soo  ever  thei  be  called  or  named,  which  have  not  in  landes  and  tene- 
mentes,  rentes,  tythes,  porcions  and  other  heredymentes,  above  the 
clere  yerely  value  of  two  hundreth  poundes ;  and  in  lyke  maner  shall 
have  and  enjoye  all  the  scytes  and  circuytes  of  every  suche  relygyous 
houses,  and  all  the  manors,  granges,  meases  ....  churches,  chapelles, 
&c.,  &c.,  belongyng  to  every  suche  monasterye,  pryory  or  other 
relygyous  house,  not  havyng  as  ys  aforeseid  above  the  seid  clere  value 
of  two  hundreth  poundes  in  as  large  and  ample  maner  as  theabbottes, 
pryours,  abbesses,  pryoresses  now  have  or  ought  to  have  the  same 

<?  3. 


in  the  right  of  ther  houses.  And  that  also  his  highnes  shall  have  to 
hym  and  his  heires  all  such  monasteries,  abbeis  and  pryoryes  which 
at  eny  tyme,  within  one  yere  next  after  the  makyng  of  this  acte,  hath 
be  gevyn  and  graunted  to  his  majesty  by  any  abbot,  pryour,  abbes  or 
pryores,  under  the  covent  Seales,  or  that  otherwyse  hath  be  sup- 
pressed or  dyssolved.  To  have  and  to  holde  all  and  synguler  the 
premysses  with  all  ther  rightes,  profyttes,  jurysdyccions  and  com- 
modytyes,  unto  the  kynges  majestye  and  to  his  heires  and  assignes 
for  ever,  to  doo  and  use  therwyth  his  and  ther  owen  wylles  to  the 
pleasor  of  Almyghty  God  and  to  the  honor  and  profytte  of  thys 

And  yt  ys  also  enacted  by  auctoryte  aforseide  that  the  Kynges 
highnes  shale  haue  end  enjoye  to  his  owen  propere  use  all  the  orna- 
mentes,  jewel les,  goodes,  catalles,  and  dettes  which  apperteyned  to 
eny  of  the  chief  governours  of  the  seid  monasteryes  or  relygyous 
houses  in  the  right  of  ther  seid  monasteryes  or  houses  at  the  furst 
day  of  Marche  in  the  yere  of  our  Lorde  God  MDXXXV.  or  eny  tyme 
sythen,  whersoever  and  to  whose  possession  soever  they  shall  comme 
or  be  founde ;  except  onely  suche  beastes,  grayne  and  woodes,  and 
suche  other  lyke  catalles  and  revenues,  as  have  been  sold  in  the  said 
furste  day  of  Marche  or  sythen  for  the  necessarye  or  resonable  expences 
or  charges  of  eny  of  the  seid  monasteryes  or  nouses. 

In  consyderacon  of  which  premysses  to  be  had  to  his  highnes 
and  to  his  heires  as  ys  aforseid,  his  majestye  ys  pleasyd  and  contentyd, 
of  his  most  excellent  chary te,  to  provyde  to  every  chief  hed  and 
governour  of  every  suche  relygyous  house  duryng  ther  lyves,  suche 
yerely  pencions  or  benefyces  as  for  ther  degrees  and  qualytyes  shalbe 
reasonable  and  convenyent ;  wherein  his  highnes  wyll  have  most 
tender  respect  to  suche  of  the  seid  chief  governours  as  well  and  truly 
conserve  and  kepe  the  goodes  and  ornamentes  of  ther  houses  to  the 
use  of  his  majestic  without  spoyle,  waste  or  embeslyng  the  same,  and 
also  his  majestye  wyll  ordeyne  and  provyde  that  the  coventes  of  euery 
suche  relygyous  house  shall  have  ther  capacytes,  if  thei  wyll,  to  lyre 
honestlye  and  vertuously  abrode,  and  some  convenyent  charytie  dys- 
posed  to  them  toward  ther  lyvyng,  or  elles  shalbe  commytted  to 
such  honorable  greate  monasteryes  of  this  realme  wherin  good  re- 
lygyon  ys  observed,  as  shalbe  lymyted  by  his  highnes,  ther  to  lyve 
relygyously  duryng  ther  lyves. 

And  yt  ys  ordeyned  by  auctoryte  aforseid,  that  the  cheff  governours 
and  couentes  of  suche  honerable  greate  monasteryes  shall  take  and 
accept  into  ther  houses  from  tyme  to  tyme  such  nomber  of  the 
persons  of  the  seid  coventes  as  shalbe  assigned  and  appoynted  by  the 
Kynges  highnes,  and  kepe  them  relygyously  durynd  ther  lyves  within 
their  seid  monasteryes  in  lyke  maner  and  forme  as  the  coventes  of 
suche  greate  monasteryes  be  orderyd  and  kept. 

After  the  Act  of  Dissolution  came  into  force  a  further  Act 
for  establishing  a  Court  of  Augmentations  was  passed, 


An  acte  for  establyssyng  the  Courte  of  Augmentacons. 
27  Hen.  VIII.  (1535-6),  C.  27. 

Forasmoche  as  the  present  parleament  begon  at  London  in  the 
thirde  dayeof  November  in  the  xxist  yere  of  oure  Sovereigne  lorde  and 
adiourned  unto  Westminster  and  there  holden  and  from  that  tyme 
contynued,  by  dyvers  progacons  unto  the  iiijlh  daye  of  February  in 
the  xxvij111  yere  of  hys  Reigne,  itys  enactyd  that,  his  maiestie  shuld  have 
and  enjoye  to  hym,  his  heires  and  successours  for  ever  all  Monasteryes, 
Pryoryes  and  other  relygyous  houses  of  Monkes,  Chanons,  and  Nunnes 
of  what  kyndes  which  have  not  in  landes,  rentes,  tythes,  pencons 
and  other  heredytamentes  above  the  clere  yerly  value  of  twoo  hundreth 
poundes,  and  all  the  scytes  of  suche  howses,  &c.,  in  as  large  and 
ample  manner  as  the  Abbottes,  Pryoures,  Abbasses,  Pryoresses  then 
hadde.  And  further  that  the  Kynges  maiestye  shuld  have  all  orna- 
mentes,  jewelles,  goodes,  catalle  and  dettes  of  the  seid  houses  at  the 
firste  daye  of  Marche  1535.  Be  yt  enactyd;  First-the  Kyng  by 
auctorytie  aforseid  ordeyneth  a  courte  to  be  called  the  courte  of 
thaugmentacons  of  the  revenues  of  the  Kynges  crowne  which  shalbe 
a  courte  of  recorde  and  shall  have  one  greate  scale  and  one  pryvye 
scale  to  be  engraved  and  made  after  suche  forme  as  shalbe  approved 
by  the  Kyng.  Also  be  it  enactyd  that  ther  shalbe  one  certeyne 
person  which  shalbe  Chauncellor  of  the  Courte  and  shalbe  chief  and 
pryncypall  offycer  of  the  courte  and  shalbe  called  Chauncellor  of  the 
Courte  of  thaugmentacons  of  the  revenues  of  the  kynges  crowne. 
Also  that  ther  shalbe  one  person  called  the  Kynges  Treasorer  and 
shalbe  the  seconde  Offycer.  Also  ther  shalbe  one  person  lernyd  in 
the  lawes  of  the  londe  called  the  Kynges  Attorney  and  shalbe  the 
thirde  Offycer.  Also  that  ther  shalbe  one  person  called  the  Kynges 
Solycytor,  the  fourth  Officer.  Also  that  ther  shalbe  ten  Audytours 
and  xvj  Receyvours,  one  clerk,  one  huyssher,  one  messenger. 

Also  be  yt  enacted  that  all  the  seid  Monasteryes,  Pryoures  and 
other  relygyous  houses  which  be  dyssolvyd  and  come  to  the  Kynges 
Highnes  by  the  Acte  aforseid  and  all  the  manors,  londes,  £c.,  shalbe 
in  the  order  of  the  seid  Courte  and  of  the  Offycers  thereof  except 
alweis  suche  of  the  same  monasteryes  which  the  Kynges  Maiesteye 
by  his  letters  patentes  under  his  greate  seale  shall  declare  and  lymyte 
to  contynue. 

After  the  Acts  were  passed  the  King  appointed  Com- 
missioners to  examine  into  the  monasteries  by  the  following 
decree  (translated),  and  also  gave  instructions  as  to  taking 
possession  of  their  properties. 

24  April  1536.  Henry  the  Eighth  by  the  grace  of  God,  etc.,  to 
his  well-beloved  and  trusty  Sir  Ralph  Elarker  the  younger,  Kt., 
Sir  Marmaduke  Constable,  Kt.,  Sir  Geo.  Lawson,  Kt.,  and  Sir  Roger 
Chomley  the  elder,  Kt.,  and  to  his  well-beloved  Wm.  Babthorpe, 
Esq.,  Robert  Chalanour,  Esq.,  Leonard  Bekwith,  and  Hugh  Fuller, 


greeting.  Know  ye  that  wholly  relying  on  your  faithfulness  and 
prudent  discretion,  have  appointed  you,  7,  6,  5,  4  and  3  of  you, 
of  whom  we  will  you  the  aforenamed  Leonard  and  Hugh  to  be  two, 
giving  to  you,  7,  6,  5,  4  and  3  of  you,  of  whom  we  will  you  the  afore- 
named Leonard  and  Hugh  to  be  two,  full  power  and  authority, 
to  enquire,  search  and  examine,  in  the  ways  and  by  the  methods  and 
means  which  you  consider  best  and  most  convenient,  as  well  within 
the  county  as  the  city  of  York  and  the  co.  and  town  of  Kingston 
upon  Hull,  both  within  the  liberty  and  without,  concerning  all  and 
singular  the  articles  and  instructions  to  these  presents  annexed,  doing 
and  carrying  out  what  in  those  articles  is  contained.  And  therefore 
we  command  you,  firmly  enjoining  that  you  take  effectual  measures 
in  the  premises,  and  diligently  do  and  execute  them  so  that  we  may 
have  the  truth  concerning  these  articles  and  each  of  them  without 
favour,  fraud,  deceit,  corruption  or  artifice,  as  you  shall  answer  to  us 
therein.  And  whatsoever  you  shall  do  in  the  premises  and  in  all 
points  thereof  you  shall  certify  to  us  in  the  chancery  of  our  court  of 
the  augmentations  of  our  revenue,  distinctly  and  openly  written  in 
due  form  on  parchment,  sealed  with  your  seals  or  with  the  seals  of 
7,  6,  5,  4  and  3  of  you,  of  whom  we  will  you  the  aforenamed  Leonard 
and  Hugh  to  be  two  in  the  Octave  of  Michaelmas  next  to  come, 
according  as  the  said  articles  prescrible  and  require.  And  this  you 
shall  by  no  means  omit  under  peril  of  what  may  befall.  Moreover 
we  give  [power]  to  you,  7,  6,  5,  4  and  3  of  you,  of  whom  we  will 
you  the  aforenamed  Leonard  and  Hugh  to  be  two,  to  summon  and 
examine  witnesses  as  shall  seem  best  to  you,  7,  6,  5,  4  and  3  of  you, 
of  whom  we  will  you  the  aforenamed  Leonard  and  Hugh  to  be  two, 
for  the  better  execution  of  the  articles  aforesaid  in  all  their  points, 
by  the  tenor  of  these  presents  charging  all  and  singular  our  Justices, 
Sheriffs,  escheators,  reeves,  constables,  bailiffs,  and  other  our  trusty 
subjects,  to  attend  you,  7,  6,  5,  4  and  3  of  you,  of  whom  we  will  you 
the  aforenamed  Leonard  and  Hugh  to  be  two,  from  time  to  time  in 
the  execution  of  the  premises,  and  to  be  aiding  and  assisting,  and 
in  like  manner  answerable  in  all  things  as  behoves  them.  In  witness 
whereof  we  have  caused  these  our  letters  to  be  made  patent.  Witness 
myself  at  Westminster  on  the  24th  day  of  April  in  the  28th  year  of 
our  reign. 

(Harleian  MS.  364,  fo.  ai.) 

Henry  the  viijth.  To  our  trusty,  etc.  Forasmoche  as  we  under- 
stande  that  ....  ys  at  this  parte  in  such  state  as  the  same  ys, 
neither  used  to  the  honor  of  God  nor  to  the  benefite  of  our  comon 
weale,  we  late  you  wit  that  therfor  beyng  mynded  to  take  the  same 
into  our  owne  handes  for  a  better  purpose  like  as  we  doubte  not,  but 
the  hedd  of  the  same  wolbe  contented  to  make  his  surrender,  accord- 
ingly we  for  the  speciall  trust  and  confidence  that  we  have  in  your 
fidelities,  wisdome  and  discrecons  haue  and  by  these  presentes  doo 
auctorise,  name,  assigne  and  appointe  you  that  imediatly  reaparyng 
to  the  said  house  ye  shall  receyve  of  the  said  hedd  suche  a  writing 


under  the  convent  scale  as  to  your  discrecons  shall  seme  requisite, 
mete  and  convenient  for  the  due  surrender  to  our  use  of  the  same. 
And  therupon  taking  possession  therof,  and  of  all  the  goodes, 
catalles,  plate,  juelles,  implementes  and  stuff  beyng  within  or  apper- 
teynyng  therunto  ;  And  farther  causyng  all  the  goodes  and  imple- 
mentes to  be  indifferently  sold  either  for  redy  money  or  at  days  upon 
sufficient  suerties,  so  that  the  same  day  passe  not  one  yeare  and 
a  half,  ye  shall  delyver  to  the  said  hedd  and  brether  such  parte  of  the 
said  money  and  goodes  as  ye  by  your  descrecons  shall  thinke  mete 
and  convenient  for  their  dispache,  and  further  to  see  them  haue 
convenient  pencions  by  your  wisdomes  assigned,  accordfngly  which 
done,  and  moreover  seing  the  rightfull  and  due  debtes  there  paid  and 
satisfied  aswell  of  the  revenues  as  of  the  said  stuff  as  to  reason 
and  good  conscience  apperteyneth  and  your  own  charges  reasonably 
allowed,  ye  shall  precede  to  the  dissolucon  of  the  said  house.  And 
further  in  our  name  taking  possession  of  the  same  to  be  kepte  to  our 
use  and  prorfitt.  Ye  shall  furthermore  bring  and  convey  to  our  toure 
of  London  after  your  said  discrecons  all  the  rest  of  the  said  money, 
plate,  juelles,  and  ornamentes  that  in  any  wise  shall  come  to  your 
handes  by  meane  of  the  premisses  or  of  any  parte  therof  straitely 
charging  and  commanding  all  maires,  shirreffes,  bailiffes,  constables 
and  all  other  our  officers,  mynysters  and  subgettes,  to  whom  in  this 
case  it  shall  apperteign,  that  unto  you  and  euery  of  you  in  execucion 
herof  they  be  keeping,  aiding,  favoryng  and  assisting.  And  they 
woll  answer  unto  us  to  the  contrary  at  theyr  uttermost  perilles. 

(Cleopatra,  E.  iv.,  221.) 

There  is  a  list  in  the  Cottonian  MS.  of  the  monasteries 
under  the  value  of  £200  a  year.  It  embraces  a  few  not  York- 
shire— Wetherall  and  St.  Bees  in  Cumberland,  which  were  cells 
to  St.  Mary's  Abbey,  York,  Hyrst  in  Lincolnshire,  a  cell  to 
Nostell,  Bamburgh  and  St.  Mary  Magdalene,  Lincoln. 

Religious  Houses  under  the  value  of  £200  per  annum. 

£  s.    d. 

1.  Monast.  Sancte  Trinitatis  (York)  -  169  910 

2.  Prioratus  de  Andree  jux  Ci  vita  tern  Ebor.       -  -  4714     3  a 

3.  Prioratus  Monalium  de  dementis  (York)     -  -  55  1 1    1 1 

4.  Prioratus  Monalium  de  Apulton  (Nun  Apleton)  -  73  910 

5.  Prioratus  de  Helough  Parke  -  72  10     7 

6.  Prioratus  de  Synnythwayte  -  60  9     2 

7.  Cella  dee  Trinitatis  de  Wodeshall  -  117  10   TI£ 

8.  Cella  de  See.  Martin  jux  Rychemond  -  -  43  16     8 

9.  Cella  See.  Marie  Magdalene  jux  Lincoln        -  24  6     3 

10.  Cella  See.  Bege  in  com.  Cumbr    -  -  143  16  i\ 

11.  Prioratus  de  Drayx      -  -  104  14  9 

12.  Prioratus  Monalium  de  Arthyngton  -  -  n  8  4^ 

13.  Prioratus  Monalium  de  Essholt     -  -  13  5  4 


14.  Prioratus  Monalium  de  Ham  pall  - 

63     5     8 

15.  Cella  de  Bamburgh 

116  12     6 

1  6.  Cella  de  Skekirke 


17.  Cella  de  Hyrste  in  Jnsula  de  Axholme 

5  I0     I 

1  8.  Prioratus  Monalium  de  Kyrkeleys 

19     8     i 

19.  Prioratus  Monalium  de  Ardeyne  - 


20.  Prioratus  de  Gromonte 


21.  Prioratus  Monalium  de  Basedale  - 

20       I       4 

22.  Prioratus  Monalium  de  Handale  sive  Gryndale 

13   19     o 

_    _          TJ     *                .                   1          "\Jf          «. 

T  e  T        r       A 

24.  Prioratus  Monalium  de  Thyrkehed 

1J±       O       * 

20  18  10 

25.  Prioratus  Monalium  de  Yolsbye  (Molesby)   - 

26      2    IO 

26.  Prioratus  Monalium  de  Swyne 

82     3     9* 

27.  Monast.  Monalium  de  Kelyng  (Nunkeeling) 

35  15    5 

28.  Mon.  ordine  See.  Gylberti   - 

64  13     4 

29.  Prioratus  Cartusiens  (Hull) 

174  18     3 

30.  Prioratus  de  Waurter  - 

H3     7     8 

31.  Prioratus  de  Haltempryce    - 

100     o     3^ 

32.  Prioratus  de  Ellerton  (on  Spalding  Moor) 

62     8  10 

33.  Prioratus  de  Fryzebye  (Ferriby)  - 

6O       1       2 

34.  Prioratus  de  Noneborneholme       -         - 

8     i  ii 

35.  Monast.  Monalium  de  Wylberfosse 

21    l6    IO 

36.  Abbathia  de  Salley 

147     3   10 

37.  Monast.  de  Oldemalton       -         ... 

I97    I9      2 

38.  Prioratus  de  Yedingham       -                            -         - 

21  16    6 

39.  Prioratus  de  Rosedale  - 

37  I2    5 

40.   Abbathia  de  Agatha  (Easby) 

in  17  ii 

41.  Abbathia  de  Egleston  - 

3<5    8    3 

42.  Prioratus  Monalium  de  Morzby  (?  Marrick) 

48    17       2i 

43.  Abbathia  de  Coverham 

160  18    3 

44.  Prioratus  Monalium  de  Ellerton  (on  Swale) 

15  10     6 

45.  Domus  Scte.  Roberti  nup.  Knaresburgh 

35  I0    ° 

46.  Prioratus  Monalium  de  Nonemonketon 

75  I2     4i 

Houses  not  mentioned  in  the  above  list. 

47.  Keldholme  Nunnery   - 

29    6     i 

48.  Wykeham  Nunnery    - 

25  17     6 

49.  Woodkirk  cell  to  Nostell 

50.  Middlesborough  cell  to  Whitby    -  25  17     5 

There  soon  began  to  be  applications  for  preferment  out  of 
the  monasteries  which  were  going  to  be  dissolved. 

Thomas  Legh  to  the  Prior  of  Guisborough. 

8  Marche  i535-6-  Right  worshipfull,  in  my  hertie  maner  I  com- 
mende  me  to  you,  beinge  sorie  that  you  beinge  a  straunger  in  that 
contry,  haue  be  so  sore  troubled,  which  thankes  be  to  God  and  yor 


wisdome,  I  trust  you  haue  well  escaped,  marveling  that  I  have  not 
herd  from  you  of  so  longe  season,  and  where  yor  brethern  at  my  beinge 
ther  gave  me  one  advocation  of  the  parishe  churche  of  Barnyngham 
longing  to  yor  monasterie,  I  desire  you  to  cause  the  same  to  be  sealed 
with  yor  covent  seale  and  deliver  it  to  this  berer,  and  in  so  doing  you 
shall  deserve  thankes  and  suche  pleasiore  as  I  may  do  you.  Thus 
or  Lorde  kepe  you.  At  London  the  viijth  daie  of  Marche. 

Your  freynd  assureyd 

Thomas  Legh. 
To  my  singuler  friend  my  lord  prior  of  Guysboroughe. 

(Vol.  102,  p.  193.) 

Sir  George  Darcy1  to  Cromwell. 

1  April  1536.    After  my  most  dewe  and  humble  recommendations 
unto  your  honourable  maistership,  pleasith  it  yow  to  be  advertised. 
I  have  wrytten  to  the  Kynges  maiestie  to  be  good  and  gracious  lorde 
unto  me  as  concernyng  the  preferrement  of  the  nonery  of  Swyne 
Abbay,  wherof  my  wif  is  foundres  after  the  decesse  of  hir  father, 
besechyng  your  honorable  maistership  of  yowr  lovyng  favour  therin 
that  I  may  haue  the  preferrement  therof  either  in  ferme  or  otherwise 
as  may   stand  with   your   pleasure  and  help,  and  if  there  be  any 
pleasure  or  service  I  may  doo  yow  commaunde  me  as  yowr  owyn. 
Syr,  I  require  yow  to  gyve  credence  to  my   brother   Syr  Arthure 
Darcie  therin.     Wrytten  at  Gayforthe  the  first  day  of  Aprile 

By  your  assured  &  most  feythfull  frend  and  his  poor 

George  Darcy,  KA 

To  the  right  honorable  and  his  especial  good  maister  Mr  Crum- 
well,  cheif  Secretarie  to  the  Kynges  highnes,  be  this  delyuered. 

(Vol.  103,  p.  65.) 

Christopher,2  Lord  Conyers,  to  Cromwell. 

2  April  1636.     In  moste  humble  maner  I  recomende  me  unto 
yor  maistership,  beseching  the  same  as  my  speciall  good  maister  for 
to  be  good  maister  unto  me  and  to  the  poore  brethern  of  the  house 
of  Giseburn,  and  that  by  yor  high  wisdome  ye  wolde  be  meane  for 
the  same  house  of  Giseburn  unto  the  Kynges  grace  that  thei  may 
have  to  ther  prior  suche  one  able  man  of  their  owne  house  as  shall 

1  Eldest  son  of  Thomas,  Lord  Darcy,  who  was  executed  for  participation  in 
the  Pilgrimage  of  Grace.  He  was  restored  and  became  Lord  Darcy  of  Aston. 
He  died  26  Sept.  1558;  bur.  at  Brayton.  M.I.  His  wife  was  Dorothy,  dau.  of 
Sir  John  Melton,  Knt.,  of  Aston,  who  brought  that  estate.  The  Meltons  were 
descendants  of  the  Hiltons,  lords  of  Swine. 

-i  Third  Lord  Conyers  of  Hornby  and  Skelton  near  Guisborough.  He 
married  Anne,  dau.  of  Thomas,  Lord  Dacre,  and  died  14  June,  30  Henry  VIII. 
(1538).  His  son  John,  4th  Lord,  was  the  last  in  the  male  line,  but  the  peerage 
has  descended  through  females  to  the  Countess  of  Yarborough,  who  has  lately 
become  Baroness  Conyers. 


stande  withe  the  Kynges  graciouse  pleasor  and  yours,  and  that  it  will 
please  yow  the  rather  at  my  request  to  help  the  said  house  and 
brethern,  that  they  for  for  so  moche  as  I  am  heire  unto  Erase  ther 
funder  by  title  of  inheritaunce  may  be  admitted  and  have  of  the 
Kinges  grace  his  graciouse  grauntes  and  confirmations,  and  to  have 
and  enyoie  suche  liberties  as  thei  and  my  said  auncetors  have  had 
within  the  said  monasterie  and  the  landes  of  the  same.  And  I  and 
the  said  monastery  will  therfor  at  the  uttermost  of  owre  powre 
andevor  us  to  performe  the  Kinges  graciouse  pleasor  and  yowrs. 
I  have  no  man  but  onely  yor  maistership  in  whome  I  truste. 
Wherfor  I  aftsones  beseche  yow  be  as  good  with  them  and  me 
as  may  stande  with  the  Kinges  pleasiour  and  yours  and  other  wais 
I  desire  not,  as  knowith  God,  who  preserve  yor  maistership  in  honor. 
Writen  the  seconde  daye  of  Aprill  by  yours  to  his  litle  powre. 

Christofer  Conyers. 
(Vol.  103,  p.  67.) 

Sir  Henry  Everingham1  to  Cromwell. 

4  April   1536.     Ryght  Wyrshypfull  .  .  .  .  yff  ther  be  or  shalbe 
eny  suche  direcon  takyn  for  abbays  that  temporall  men  shall  have  eny 
comodyte  therby  I  desyer  yor  maystershyppe,  for  my  preferment  in 
thatt  behalfe,  to  conclude  ther  be  also  dyvers  abbays  in  thys  centre 
whyche  haue  had  certayn  landes  goven  theym  by  myn  ansytorys  for 
certayn  dewtyes  whyche  they  haue  omytted  &  neclecytt,  wherin  also 

1  desyer  yor  maystershypp  off  yor  gud  and  favorable  helpe,  &  I  shall 
gladly  accordyng  my  lyttyll  power  desire  yor  gentyll  kyndnes  therin 
&  yor  further  pleasur  ....  from  Byrkyn  ye  iiijth  day  of  Aprill. 

Henry  Everingham. 
(Vol.  103,  p.  96.) 

Sir  John  Neyvell,2  Knt.,  to  Cromwell. 

8  April  1536.  Ryght  honerabull  my  speciall  and  singuler  good 
Mr  I  hertely  comende  me  to  you,  desyryng  to  her  of  your  good 
prossperes  helthe,  of  the  wyche  I  besych  Jhesu  long  to  contenew  to 
hys  plesur  your  hartye  desyre  and  cumford,  thankyng  your  mrshyp 
for  your  kyndnes  shewyd  to  me  at  altymes,  for  the  wyche  I  am  bond 
to  hon  to  you  my  services  so  long  ows  leyff,  ser,  plesys  hyt  your 
mastershyp  to  understand  that  wer  ows  hyt  hys  let  me  to  be  acertenyd 

1  The  Everinghams  of  Birkin  had  been  there  for  several  generations. 
Sir  Henry  was  son  of  Sir  John  Everingham  by  Margaret  Scargyll,  and  married 
Elizabeth,  dau.  of  Thomas  Lynley  of  Lynley  according  to  Tonge's  Visitation. 
In  Glover's  Visitation  it  states  he  also  married  Anne,  dau.  of  Sir  William 

5  Sir  John  Nevile  was  a  younger  son  of  Sir  John  Nevile  of  Liversedge  by 
Maude   Rither,  and  founded  the   branch    at    Chevet,   which    he   obtained   by 
marrying  Elizabeth,  dau.  and  heir  of  William  Bosvile,  Esq.,  of  Chevet.     He 
was  High  Sheriff  of  Yorkshire  1518,  1523,   1527.     His   inq.   p.m.  was  taken 

2  Edward  VI.  (1546).    (See  pedigree  Dugdale's  Visitation  continued,  ii.  154.) 


that  Ser  Thomas  Wyntwort,  knyght  marscall,  hathe  grant  of  the 
kyngys  hyghnes  of  the  priore  of  Ampall  for  hys  monay,  Ser,  in 
the  honor  of  God  be  so  good  mr  to  my  son  Gerves  Clyfton,  on  of  the 
kyngys  wardys  wyche  I  hade  of  the  kyng  for  on  of  my  doghters,  that 
he  may  have  hyt  for  hys  monay,  ows  a  noder  man  schall,  and  he 
schal  fynd  sufficiant  surete  for  the  perfyrmacion  of  all  syche  comandys 
ows  you  schall  demand  of  hym,  for  hys  ancetors  have  beyn  euermor 
fonders  of  that  plaise,  wer  for  in  the  honor  of  God  be  so  good  Mr  to 
me  and  to  my  son  that  he  may  have  hyt,  doyng  for  the  kyngys 
avanteg  so  larghe  ows  a  nother  man  wyl  do,  and  you  schalbe  ows  sure 
of  hym  and  me  next  unto  the  kyng  ows  to  one  man  levyng  the  deys 
of  owr  lyeff.  Ser,  I  umbly  desyre  you  to  pardon  me  that  I  am 
so  bold  to  besyche  your  mastershyp  to  haue  me  in  rememberans 
emonges  all  other  for  Wallyng  Welly  s  ows  I  wrot  to  Mr  Rechard 
your  (nephew),  or  some  thyng  hellys  that  hyt  schall  plesse  your 
maystershyp  to  help  me  to,  ows  as  knowys  Jhesu  so  have  you  in  hys 
blessyd  kepyng.  From  Chette  the  viijth  day  of  Aprell  by  yr8  at 

John  Nevyell,  K*. 

(Vol.  103,  p.  101.) 

The  Archbishop  of  York  to  Cromwell. 

23  Apr.  1536.  Right  honorable,  aftre  my  hertiest  commenda- 
tion, accordeng  to  your  requeste  made  to  me  in  your  lettres,  I  have 
furthwith  upon  the  receipte  of  the  same  sent  commauridement  to 
certayne  monasteries  beeing  nie  to  Yorke,  where  I  was  than,  and 
nowe  I  have  given  comandment  to  all  archdeacons  to  warne  all 
monasteries  of  lesse  yerlie  valewe  than  nc  li.,  being  within  their 
archdeaconries,  that  they  shall  nothing  imberille  ne  alien ;  and  if 
theye  have  that  theye  shall  agayne  call  suche  thinges  aliened  or 
imperilled  to  their  handes.  Some  that  were  noted  to  have  received 
some  goodes  of  such  monasteries  I  called  and  warned  that  they  shold 
in  no  wiese  meddle  with  anye  suche  goodes,  and  that  if  they  had  any 
suche,  that  they  shold  restore  them,  and  forthermore  if  anye  suche 
goodes  shalbee  off  red  to  them,  that  they  shold  give  me  warneng. 
And  for  bicause  most  resorte  for  suche  propose  is  to  the  citie  of 
Yorke,  I  have  warned  the  maiour  of  Yorke  and  other  of  his  brodren 
therof,  and  speciallie  the  maister  of  the  mynte  upon  their  peril  and 
daunger,  that  theye  receive  no  goodes  of  anye  suche  monasterie,  and 
ferther  herin  I  entend  to  doo  from  tyme  to  tyme,  as  I  shall  see  neede, 
and  dailie  doo  warne  suche  as  doo  resorte  to  me,  that  they  meddle 
not  with  anye  suche  goodes,  that  by  them  this  commawndment  maye 
bee  the  more  published,  as  I  trust  it  shalbe  nowe  by  th'archdeacons 
officially  wiche  bee  nowe  all  abrode,  and  haue  speciall  commawnd- 
ment to  sett  furthe  this  propose. 

Sr  I  entierlie  praye  you  to  bee  good  to  me  for  ij  places  of  the 
patronaige  of  the  Archbusshoppes  of  Yorke,  that  if  you  shall  thinke 
opon  suche  considerations  as  I  shall  alledge,  that  I  haue  reason  to  sue 


for  them,  that  you  will  helpe  me  with  your  good  word,  that  theye  bee 
not  suppressed.  The  tone  of  them  named  Saincte  Oswaldes  is  not 
of  foundation  a  monasterie  of  religiouse  men  but  is  "  libera  capella 
archiepiscopi."  No  man  hathe  title  in  it  but  the  archbusboppe ;  the 
prior  therof  is  removable  at  my  pleasure  and  accomptable  to  me,  and 
the  archbushoppe  maye  put  ther,  if  he  woll,  secular  prestes,  and  so 
wold  I  have  doone  at  my  entre,  if  I  had  not  ther  founde  oone  of  myne 
acquayntaunce,  whome  I  iudged  meete  to  bee  ther  undre  me.  And 
morover  tharchbushoppes  of  Yorke  had  it  given  to  them  by  William 
Rufus  in  exchaunge  tor  recompense  aswell  of  landes,  as  jurisdiction 
taken  from  them  at  the  commeng  of  William  Conquerour,  as 
apperethe  in  my  registres  and  odre  old  bookes,  and  in  the  same  it 
apperethe  that  the  saied  chapell  enioyethe  all  privilaiges,  lieke  as  all 
oother  the  kinges  free  chapelles,  for  it  was  some  tyme  "  libera  capella 
regia,"  and  for  the  defense  of  the  saied  privilaiges,  and  iurisdictions 
ther,  my  predecessours  have  alwaies  had  writtes  from  the  king 
agaynst  all  disturbers,  bicause  it  is  no  oodrewiese  but"  libera  capella" 
and  some  tyme  was  the  Kinges. 

The  toodre  is  called  Hexham  upon  the  borders  of  Scotland. 

Yor  owne  ever  assured 

Edouarde  Ebor. 
(Cleopatra  E.  iv.,  239.) 

Sir  Ralph  Ellerker,1  the  younger,  and  others  to  Cromwell. 

28  May  1536.  Pleasith  it  yowr  maistership  to  be  aduertysed, 
that  apon  Saturday  the  xxvjth  day  of  May  we  were  at  the  monastery 
of  the  Charterhows  bysyde  Hull,  and  there  by  vertue  of  the  kyng 
our  soueraigne  lorde  his  commyssion  and  artycles  to  the  same 
annexed  to  us  and  other  dyrected  we  surveyed  the  said  monastery 
accordyng  to  his  most  drad  commandment.  And  the  priour  of 
the  same  hows  and  his  bretherne  were  conformable  to  accomplysshe 
the  said  Articles  in  euery  thyng.  And  Furthermore  signyfieng  unto 
your  maistership  that  the  said  priour  and  bretherne  are  right  well 
favored  and  commended  by  the  honest  men  of  Hulle,  and  other 
neighbowrs  there  abowtes  for  their  good  lyvyng  and  great  hos- 
pitalite  by  theym  dayly  kepte,  whiche  men  of  Hulle  and  other 
their  neighbowrs  made  great  request  unto  us  to  desyer  your  maister- 
ship to  be  good  maister  unto  the  said  priour  and  bretherne.  And 
that  it  wold  please  yow  of  your  goodnes  to  be  meane  for  theym  to 
the  kynges  highnesse  that  they  myght  contynew  in  their  said  hows. 
And  they  will  dayly  pray  to  God  for  yowr  maistership  in  worship 

1  There  were  two  Sir  Ralph  Ellerkers  of  Risby,  both  knighted  at  Flodden 
Field.  The  writer  would  most  probably  be  the  younger.  He  was  on  several 
commissions,  and  was  marshal  of  the  army  in  Boulogne,  and  died  and  was  buried 
there  April  1546.  He  had  a  son  Sir  Ralph.  (See  "  Diet.  Nat.  Biog.") 


long  to  contynewe.     From  the  monastery  of  Swyne  the  xxviij  daye 
of  Maye. 

Yours  at  commandmente 

Rauf  Ellerker  ye  yong'. 

M.  Constable. 

Leonard  Bekwith. 

Hugh  Fuller. 

(Vol.  104,  p.  64.) 

Sir  William  Gascoigne1  to  Cromwell. 

17  June  1536.  Syr,  in  my  most  humbliest  maner  I  recomend 
me  unto  yon,  and  if  it  please  yor  mastership  to  call  to  remembraunce 
that  wher  I  am  bounden  to  pay  the  Kynges  grace  nowe  at  the  feast  of 
Pentecost  one  hundrethe  markes  which  I  have  sent  to  you  by  the 
bryngers  herof  my  servaundes  wherfor  I  besech  your  mastership 
that  they  may  know  yor  pleasur  whoo  shall  performe  yl  &  that  I  may 
haue  a  suflycent  acquyetence  for  my  discharge  for  the  same,  and  I 
humbly  wold  desyr  yor  mastership  to  be  good  master  unto  me  as 
tuchyng  matters  betwext  me  and  Sir  Nicholas  Fairfax,  knight,  my 
nephoo  for  he  clamyth  of  me  as  well  of  v  markes  rent  goyng  forth  of 
my  mylnes  calyd  Thorparche  as  oder  old  dettes  of  which  I  payd  his 
grandfather  xlli  yeres  sens,  wherin  I  desyr  yo1'  mastership  to  be  gwod 
to  me,  seyin  thatt  I  may  have  yor  favorable  letters  to  my  lord  Darcy 
to  be  good  to  me  therin,  for  ther  ys  one  comission  coinyd  down  so 
to  my  lord  &  oder  for  the  seyd  matters  betwext  hym  and  me,  and 
I  most  humbly  desyr  yor  mastership  to  be  good  master  unto  me  that 
if  the  abbay  callyd  Nonmonkton,  which  is  a  nunnery  &  of  my 
ancestors  fondacon,  goo  to  the  Kinges  Augmentacon  thatt  I  may  haue 
the  preferment  therof,  paying  to  the  Kynges  grace  as  muych  as  oder 
wyll,  And  also  I  humbly  desyr  yor  mastership  to  be  good  master  to 
me  in  all  my  causes,  &  if  ther  be  any  service  that  I  can  do  yor 
mastership  I  shalbe  att  yor  commaundement  att  all  tyme  as  knoweth 
Almighty  God  whom  kepe  you  long  in  helth. 

From  Gawkthorp  the  xvijth  day  of  June 

By  yours  at  all  your  comandement 

William  Gascoigne. 

To  the  Right  Worshipfull  &  his  singular  good  Maister  Secretary 
on  of  the  kinges  most  honorable  consell  this  be  delyuered. 

(Vol.  104,  p.  1 86.) 

1  There  were  many  Sir  William  Gascoignes  in  succession  at  Gawthorp. 
This  writer  seems  to  be  the  son  of  the  Sir  William  who  married  Lady  Margaret 
Percy.  He  was  married  four  times,  and  his  will  was  proved  at  York  23  March 
1551-2.  He  must  not  have  been  successful  in  his  application  for  the  nunnery 
of  Nun  Monkton,  as  it  was  granted  to  Lord  Latimer, 


The  Earl  of  Westmorland1  to  Cromwell. 

?  1536.  Sir,  I  beseche  you  haue  me  in  remembruns  touching 
thabbay  of  Blaunchlond  and  the  pryorye  of  the  nonnes  of  Keldhom, 
and  my  olde  suyte,  and  I  wolle  do  therfor  as  any  other  wolle. 

(Vol.  102,  p.  131.) 

It  is  rather  difficult  to  make  out  exactly  what  happened  to 
the  monasteries  during  the  rest  of  the  year  1536,  after  the 
passing  of  the  Act  of  Suppression.  The  commissioners  who 
had  been  appointed  seem  to  have  visited  all  the  houses  and 
taken  possession  of  them,  though  they  were  not  exactly  sup- 
pressed. Leonard  Beckwith  was  instituted  receiver  of  the 
finances,  and  he  began  to  collect  the  rents.  His  first  account 
dates  from  the  Feast  of  the  Archangel.2  He  appears  to  have 
had  authority  to  sell  the  plate,  cattle,  and  other  moveable 
property.  He  mentions  in  several  cases  that  the  sites  and 
lands  had  been  leased.  Some  few  of  the  priories  were,  however, 
allowed  to  continue. 

1536,  28  August.  The  Carthusian  Priory  of  St.  Michael,  Hull, 
to  continue  with  Ralph  Malquerere,  prior.  (Patent  Roll.) 

1536,  y  Sept.     House  of  Marrick  to  continue. 

1536,  14  Dec.  Benedictine  Priory  of  St.  Mary  and  St.  Helen 
Nunkeeling  to  continue  with  Joan  Alenson  as  prioress.  (Patent  Roll.) 

1536,  13  June.     Commissioners  arrived  at  Clementhorpe. 

'53°\  31  Aug.  Nuns  turned  out.  (R.O.  Exch.  Augt.  Off., 
Mins.  Acct.,  178,  m.  I4d.) 

The  dissolution  of  the  monasteries  was  not  all  popular  in 
the  north  of  England,  and  great  dissatisfaction  arose,  as  it  was 
not  known  what  other  events  would  follow.  On  October  ist 

1  Ralph  Nevile,  4th  Earl  of  Westmorland.     He  seems  to  have  been  ulti- 
mately successful  in  his  suit,  as  the  site  of  Keldhome  nunnery  was  granted  to 
him  in  1538. 

2  Account  of  Leonard  Bekwith,  particular  receiver  of  the  Lord  the  King, 
as  well  of  all  and  singular  the  lordships,  manors,  lands,  and  tenements,  and 
other   possessions   and    revenues    whatsoever,    to   all   and   singular   the   late 
monasteries  or  priories  there  belonging,  which  came  to  the  King's  hands,  and 
are  in  his  hande  and  annexed  to  his  crown  and  the  crown  of  his  heirs  and 
successors,  Kings  of  England,  in  augmentation  of  the  revenues  of  the  same 
crown  of  England,  by  virtue  of  a  certain  act  provided  thereupon  in  his  parlia- 
ment begun  at  London  3  November,  21  Henry  VIII.,  and  from  there  adjourned 
to    Westminster,   and    continued    by    several    prorogations    to   4   February, 
27  Henry  VIII.  (1535-6).    In  the  same  act,  amongst  other  things,  is  contained, 
as  of  the  sums  arising  from  the  value  of  all  the  goods  and  chattels  belonging 
to  the  said   late  monasteries  or  priories,  and  coming  in  like  manner  to  the 
King's   hands   by   virtue   of   the   act    aforesaid,    to    wit,    from    the    Feast   of 
St.  Michael  the  Archangel,  27  Henry  VIII.  (1536),  to  the  same  feast  in  the 
28th  year,  to  wit,  for  one  entire  year. 


an  insurrection  began  in  Lincolnshire,  but  not  being  adequately 
supported  lasted  not  more  than  a  fortnight. 

A  much  more  serious  rising,  however,  occurred  in  Yorkshire 
the  beginning  of  October,  called  the  Pilgrimage  of  Grace,1  when 
Robert  Aske,  who  was  on  his  way  to  London,  was  persuaded 
to  become  the  leader,  and  a  large  force  assembled,  which  after- 
wards increased  so  much  that  nearly  all  Yorkshire  was  in  a 
blaze.  It  was  not  till  the  King  had  made  many  promises  that 
the  insurrection  came  to  a  standstill. 

Many  of  the  monasteries  became  implicated,  the  chief  of 
them  being  Sawley,  Bridlington,  Jervaulx,  Watton. 

It  seems  probable  that  Sawley  had  been  leased  to  Sir  Arthur 
Darcy.  The  two  following  letters  will  shew  that  the  Earl  of 
Derby  had  been  ordered  to  look  after  Sawley,  and  that  the 
monks  there  had  appealed  to  Sir  Thomas  Percy  for  assist- 
ance : — 

Henry  VIII.  to  the  Earl  of  Derby.3 

19  Oct.  1536.  Right  trusty  and  right  welbelovedd  wegrete  youe 
well,  And  wheras  by  our  former  letters  addresed  unto  you  we  gaue 
youe  specelly  our  comaundment  not  only  to  put  your  forces  in 
redynes  but  also  uppon  advertisement  from  our  cousin  of  Shrewsbury, 
our  lieutenant  for  the  repression  of  the  rebellion  in  the  north  parties, 
with  all  your  said  forces  spedily  to  addresse  yourself  unto  him  where- 
ever  he  shuld  chance  to  be  understanding,  sithens  that  there  hath 
been  like  insurrections  and  assemblies  lately  attempted  in  the  bordres 
of  Lancasher  specially  that  the  abbey  of  Salley  and  other  partes 
therabout  so  moche  as  th'abbot  and  monkes  be  again  by  the  traitors 
of  thar  assemblie  restored  to  the  possession  of  the  said  Abbey  as 
we  be  enformed,  We  have  determyned  and  resolved  any  thing  in  our 
said  former  lettres  and  the  contrary  herof  notwithstanding  to 
comaunde  your  that  gathering  all  your  said  forces  together  and  calling 
unto  you  all  the  gentlemen  in  the  countrey  theraboutes  you  shall 
immediately  uppon  the  sight  herof  proceede  with  the  same  to  the 
repression  of  the  said  assemblye  in  the  said  bordures  of  Lancasher, 
or  elles  where  within  or  near  the  same  if  any  such  do  yet  contynue 
as  semblably  to  the  repression  of  all  such  like  attempts  that  shalbe 
enterprised  in  those  parties,  and  to  travayl  to  th'  attempt  of  your  power 
to  apprehende  the  capitaynes  and  chief  doers  of  the  same,  and  eyther 
to  cause  these  like  traitors  to  be  then  executed  or  elles  to  sende  them 
uppe  hither  unto  us  in  sure  and  sauf  custody,  specially  going  in  the 

1  It  is  not  proposed  to  enter  into  an  account  of  the  "  Pilgrimage  of  Grace." 
There  are  many  letters  and  accounts  of  the  trials  of  Aske  and  other  persons 
implicated  in  the  State  Papers,  which  it  is  hoped  will  some  time  be  printed 
in  full. 

2  Edward  Stanley,  3rd  Earl  of  Derby.     He  would  be  brother-in-law  to  the 
Duke  of  Norfolk. 


partes  with  all  your  said  forces  to  the  said  abbey  of  Salley  in  case 
ther  be  not  more  nede  of  redresse  in  other  places,  in  which  case  you 
shall  first  redresse  that  which  hath  most  nede  and  after  the  other. 
And  yf  you  shall  fynde  the  late  abbot  and  monkes  therof  remayning 
in  the  possession  of  the  house,  having  receyved  it  again  at  the  handes 
of  such  traitors  and  rebelles,  we  woll  that  you  shall  take  the  said 
Abbot  and  monkes  with  their  assystantes  fourth  with  violence,  and 
without  any  maner  of  delaye,  in  their  monkes  apparail  cause  them 
to  be  hanged  upp  as  right  arrant  traitors  and  movers  of  insurrection 
and  sedition,  accordingly  having  speciall  regard  througheout  all  the 
countrey  and  partes  about  you  that  no  towne  or  village  begynne  to 
assemble  or  gather  together,  but  that  they  maye  with  the  sworde  be 
imediatley  repressed  to  the  terrible  example  of  all  others  ....  And 
doubt  you  not  but  we  shall  so  remember  your  charges  and  consider 
your  services  that  you  shal  have  cause  to  be  satisfied  and  contented. 
And  for  your  sufficient  auctoritie  for  the  purpose  to  levye  a  force  and 
people  in  those  partes  about  you  we  send  unto  you  herewith  a  com- 
mission under  our  privy  scale  which  shalbe  your  discharge  at  all 
tymes  in  that  behalf.  (Vol.  108,  p.  205.) 

Monastery  of  Sawley  to  Sir  Thomas  Percy,1  Knt. 

(?)  Christmas  1536.  In  most  humble  wise  sheweth  and  com- 
playneth  unto  your  most  noble  Mastership,  your  day  lie  oratours  and 
beydemen  th'abbot  and  convent  of  the  monasterie  of  our  blessed  ladie 
of  Saley  of  your  most  anciente  and  noble  auncetours  fundacon  .... 
And  therfore  in  our  right  harty  maner  desirethe  your  especiall  good 
....  to  consider  our  most  urgent  causes  and  nede  at  this  tyme  by 
reason  of  the  suppression  of  oure  Monasterie  as  well  of  all  ornaments, 
gooddes,  catailles.  [The  MS.  so  torn  that  the  following  abstract  is 
taken  from  the  Calendar.]  The  whole  country  supports  them  in 
entering  their  house  and  is  ready  to  extend  the  pilgrimage  of  Christ's 
Faith  and  the  commonwealth,  because  it  is  rumoured  that  the  captain 
has  resigned  his  captainship,  and  that  order  is  made  for  the  farmers 
of  suppressed  houses  to  enter  and  occupy,  and  the  religious  to  avoid 
possession  until  the  Parliament,  whereof  neither  place  nor  time  is  yet 
fixed,  and  this  has  given  rise  to  suspicion.  They  mistrust  their  most 
sinister  back  friend  Sir  Arthur  Darcy,  and  are  advised  by  the  commons 
to  remain  in  their  house.  Beg  to  know  his  pleasure  for  the  succour 
of  their  house,  which  has  been  well  helped  by  the  right  worshipf  ull 
Sir  Stephen  Hamertou,  Knight,  and  Nicholas  Tempest,  esquier. 

To  the  Honorable  and  our  moste  speciall  good  master  Sir  Thomas 
Percy,  Knyght.  (Vol.  108,  p.  212.) 

1  Sir  Thomas  Percy  was  younger  son  of  Henry  Algernon,  5th  Earl  of 
Northumberland,  and  brother  of  Henry,  6th  Earl.  For  his  actions  in  assisting, 
with  his  brother  Sir  Ingelram  Percy,  "The  Pilgrimage  of  Grace,"  he  was 
attainted  and  executed  2  June  1537  at  Tyburn,  being  buried  at  Crutched  Friars 
Church.  He  married  Eleanor,  daughter  of  Guiscard  Harbottle,  and  left  two 
sons,  who  became  successively  7th  and  8th  Earls  of  Northumberland,  his  elder 
brother  the  6th  Earl  having  died  without  issue, 


When  the  year  1537  began  there  was  still  great  excitement 
in  Yorkshire,  although  Aske  had  been  to  London  to  see  the 
King,  who  promised  forgiveness  for  all  who  had  been  implicated 
in  the  last  rebellion.  Aske  returned  the  beginning  of  January, 
and  seems  to  have  tried  to  quiet  the  people.  He  was  not, 
however,  successful,  as  a  fresh  insurrection  arose  under  the 
leadership  of  John  Hallom,  Sir  Francis  Bigod,  and  Sir  John 
Bulmer.  The  towns  of  Hull  and  Scarborough  were  attacked, 
but  the  attempt  to  take  them  failed,  and  the  leaders  were  taken 

In  the  meantime  the  Duke  of  Norfolk,  having  been 
appointed  the  King's  Lieutenant  in  the  North,  set  out  to  come 
to  Yorkshire.  He  arrived  the  end  of  January,  and  soon  began 
to  exercise  severity  on  the  offenders  according  to  the  King's 
orders,  as  the  following  letter  will  shew  : — 

The  Duke  of  Norfolk1  to  Cromwell. 

1536-7,  13  Feb.  My  veray  good  Lorde  ....  Also  with  this  ye 
shall  receyve  a  bill  of  the  namys  of  such  as  be  nowe  cast  and  where 
execution  shalbe  done  ....  From  Yorke  the  xiijth  daie  of  Febr. 

Yours  assewredly 

T.  Norfolk. 

[Addressed  :  — ]  To  the  ryght  honorable  and  my  singuler  good 
Lorde  my  Lorde  previe  seale. 

It'm  ij  Chanons  of  Warter  to  bee  hangid  in  Chaynes  at  Yorke, 
of  whome  oon  was  sometyme  Supprior2  of  the  hous,  and  thother 
kechynner,  and  alsoo  ij  yemen,  the  oon  called  Fenton  and  thother 

It'm  the  Supprior  of  Watton  to  be  hangid  yn  Chaynes  at  Watton. 

1  Thomas  Howard,  3rd  Duke  of  Norfolk,  was  son  of  Thomas,  2nd  Duke. 
He  was  born   1473,  and  married  ist  Lady  Anne,  3rd  daughter  of  Edward  IV., 
who  died  young  without  issue  ;  2ndly,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Edward  Stafford, 
Duke  of  Buckingham.     He  fought  at  Flodden,  and  filled  many  offices,  being 
Lord  Admiral  and  Lord  Lieutenant  of  Ireland.     When   the  "  Pilgrimage  of 
Grace"  began  he  commanded  the  army  for  its  suppression,  and  after  had  to 
take  possession   of  Bridlington  and  other  abbeys  and  punish  the  offenders. 
He  became  Lord  President  of  the  Council  of  the  North  from  April  1537  to 
Oct.   1538.     Notwithstanding  all  his  services  he  narrowly  escaped  execution, 
Henry  VIII.  dying  the  night  before  the  day  that  was  fixed  for  it.     He  was 
buried  at  Framlingham.     His  eldest  son,  the  celebrated  Earl  of  Surrey,  was 
executed  by  Henry  VIII.,  and  his  son,  the  4th  Duke,  suffered  the  same  fate  in 
the  reign   of  Elizabeth  for  his  intrigues  with   Mary   Queen    of   Scots.     The 
present  Duke  is  their  direct  descendant. 

2  Henry  Gyll  was  sub-prior  of  Watton.     In  the  first  insurrection  the  monks 
wanted  to  elect  a  new  prior  "because  the  prior  had  fled  to  the  Lord  Cromwell, 
being  one  of  his   promotion,  and  had  left  three  or  four  score  brethren  and 
sisters  of  the  same  house  without  405.  to  succour  them."     Aske  deputed  the 
sub-prior  to  manage  the  house  in  the  prior's  absence  (Calendar,  xii.,  6).     He 
had,  with  the  monks,  been  very  active  in  the  second  rebellion.     There  is  an 
account  of  his  examination  when  apprehended  (Calendar,  xii.,  98). 



Others  kepte  yet  in  prisone. 

A  frere  for  sedicous  preching  whiche  the  lerned  mene  here  woll 
not  determyne  to  be  treasone  withoute  aduertisemente  of  the  Justices 
from  tliens  whos  Confession  signed  with  his  owne  hande  shalbe 
with  this. 

Such  Ringleders  as  cannot  yet  bee  gotten  but  as  we  thinke  here 
bee  fled  oute  of  thies  parties  .... 

the  frere  of  Knaresborugh  .... 

As  concernyng  the  Monk  is  of  Sawley  and  thother  Abbeys  I  can- 
not yet  speke  of  their  offences,  but  on  sundaye  I  doubte  not  to  doo. 

(Vol.  1 1 6,  p.  20.) 

Henry  VIII.  to  the  Duke  of  Norfolk. 

1536-7,  22  Feb.  Right  trusty  etc.  cousin  ....  Fourth  our 
pleasour  is  that  you  shall  with  diligence  sende  uppe  in  perfite  suertie 
unto  us  the  traitors,  Bygode,  the  fryer  of  Grasboroughe,1  Leche,  if  he 
may  be  taken  ....  and  oon  doctor  pykering,  a  chanon  of  birdlington 
....  Finally  forasmoche  as  all  these  troubles  haue  ensued  by  the 
sollicitac'on  and  traitorous  conspiracyes  of  the  monkes  and  chanons 
of  those  parties,  we  desire  and  pray  you  at  yo  repair  to  Salleys, 
Hexam,  Newmynster,  Leonerd  Coste,2  Saincte  Agithe,8  and  all  suche 
other  places  as  haue  maid  any  maner  of  resistence  or  in  any  wise 
conspired  or  kept  their  houses  with  any  force  sithens  thappointement 
at  Dancaster  you  shall  without  pitie  or  circumstance  nowe  that  our 
baner  is  displayed  cause  all  the  monkes  and  chanons  that  be  in  any 
wise  faultie  to  be  tyed  up  without  further  delaye  or  ceremony  to  the 
terreble  exemple  of  others. 

[Endorsed  : — ]  The  Mynute  of  the  lettre  sent  to  my  lorde  of 
Norff.  the  xxij  of  February. 

(Vol.  1 1 6,  p.  92.) 

Henry  VIII.  to  the  Duke  of  Norfolk. 

1536-7,   17   March You  are  also  to  proceed  against  the 

abbot  of  Gervaise  and  the  quondam  of  Fountains,  for  whose  appre- 
hension we  heartily  thank  you  ;  also  against  the  abbot  of  Salley4 
if  you  can  find  matter  worthy  of  it,  as  we  doubt  not  you  shall.  You 
may  remember  the  letter  sent  by  him  to  Sir  Thomas  Percy.  We  refer 
the  arraignment  and  execution  of  the  persons  bailed  by  Sir  Ralph 
Ellerker  and  others  to  your  discretion.  The  rest  we  are  content 
to  take  to  mercy.  From  my  lord  of  Durham's  declaration,  and  other 
evidences,  we  see  that  the  Friars  Observats  are  disciples  of  the  bp.  of 
Rome  and  sowers  of  sedition.  You  shall  therefore  do  your  best 

1  Knaresborough.  J  Lanercrost.  3  Easby. 

4  The  abbot  of  Sawley  was  not  tried  with  his  brother  abbots  in  May.  He 
is  said  to  have  been  hung  at  Carlisle  at  an  earlier  date. 


to  apprehend  the  friars  of  that  faction,  and  place  them  in  other  houses 
of  friars  as  prisoners,  without  liberty  to  speak  to  any  man,  till  we 
shall  determine  our  further  pleasure  about  them.  Finally,  we  shall 
within  a  few  days  send  for  Lord  Darcy,  as  you  advise. 

(Calendar,  xii.,  i,  293.) 

Sir  Arthur  Darcy  writes  about  Sawley  Abbey. 

Sir  Arthur  Darcy1  to  Cromwell. 

25  Feb.  1536-7.  Ytt  schall  lyke  yowr  guid  lordschip  to  be 
aduertyssed  ylt  att  barnacastell  aftter  y"  my  lord  off  Norfolke  hadd 
herid  off  ye  dysscomfytur  off  the  canons  of  Westmorland  ylt  Sir 
Rycherd  Tempest  hadd  delyuered  to  ye  abbott  &  covent  off  Sawley  my 
sayd  lordes  letter  in  ye  kynges  name  to  aduoyd  ther  possession  off 
Sawley  uppon  ye  payn  to  be  reputtyd  as  ye  Kynges  Rebells,  to  whyche 
letter  the  Abbott  &  monkes  obbeyd,  &  then  my  lord  badd  me  choze 
whether  I  wolld  go  to  Sawley  or  to  send  thedd',  &  seing  the  jorney 
broken  in  effect  by  ye  dyscomfyture  off  ye  sayd  canons  I  toke  my 
leffe  &  went  by  Couerdalle  &  Wensledale  to  Sawley,  where  I  found 
iij  seruantes  off  Syr  Ryca  Tempestes  yl  hadd  resseyuydyepossessyon 
with  oon  of  my  tenauntes,  for  offtrewthe  they  haue  wastyd  in  effect 
all  ye  lyttyll  gooddes,  catalles,  schepe  &  haue  takyn  upp  my  hallf 
yeres  rentes  off  my  holl  landes,  so  I  dyd  asske  for  ye  Abbott  &  no 
I  herd  priuyly  where  he  was,  &  I  dydd  send  there  a  xij  off  my 
seruanttes  &  dyd  take  hym,  &  he  makes  hymssellff  as  thoff  he  can 
neyther  rydd  nor  goo  &  holly  dothe  lay  all  ye  blame  to  ye  canons  yft 
contrary  hys  wyll  they  putt  hym  in,  so  I  trust  schortly  to  trye  ye  hall 
trewthe  wherin  I  do  labor  as  I  cam  awey  from  sawley  I  dyd  here  ylt 
Leche,  &  other  hys  lyke  were  in  Lonyssdall  &  theyr  I  dyd  send  for 
them,  &  I  went  mysellff  to  Kettyllwell  where  I  herd  yu  the  sayd 
owtlaws  were,  where  they  were  nott,  &  as  yett  I  here  nott  from  my 
sayd  men  yu  went  for  Leche  &  his  fellos  butt  lyttyll  is  fois  (?)  off  them, 
for  blessyd  be  god  ye  contreyes  here  are  well  steyed  to  good  obbess- 
ance  hyerly  (?)  thankyng  ye  kynges  grace  for  hys  pardon,  &  by  ther 
mysdemeanors  off  ye  acctes  of  themselffes  they  arr  well  instrucctyd 
to  know  ye  kyng  &  hys  lawes,  my  lord  lewtenant  lettes  for  no  paynes 
to  purssew  ye  correccyon  off  ye  otfendyrs,  no  thyng  regardyng  euyll 
seassones  off  weddyres  nor  ye  fowlle  wayes  butt  sty  11  appon  them 
as  he  heres  wher  any  byssynes  scholld  aryze  so  as  by  hys  polycey  & 
cure  the  contrey  is  in  a  very  good  frame,  my  good  lord  I  requyrs  yow 
to  be  my  good  lord  yu  I  be  nott  chargyd  with  my  surtes  for  ye  abbey 

1  He  was  a  younger  son  of  Lord  Darcy,  who  was  beheaded  for  his  share  in 
"  the  Pilgrimage  of  Grace."  Sir  Arthur,  however,  was  not  at  all  implicated  with 
his  father.  He  was  rewarded  by  a  grant  of  Sawley  Abbey  and  other  monastic 
possessions.  He  died  3  April  1560,  and  was  buried  in  the  same  church,  St. 
Botolph  without  Aldgate,  as  his  father.  From  his  son  Thomas  descended 
Conyers  Darcy,  created  Lord  Darcy  and  Conyers,  ancestor  of  the  Earls  of 
Holderness  of  Hornby, 

D    2 


is  gooddes  ytt  I  neuer  reyceyffyd  (?),  I  haue  payd  an  Clx  ii  yett  off  ye  rest 
I  wolld  y"  ye  kynges  grace  wolld  releas  me,  I  haue  wryttyn  to  Mearrs  to 
putt  yow  in  remembrance,  my  father  is  in  Pomfrett  by  ye  kynges 
lett'  &  commaundment  &  surly  whatt  so  eu'  ye  kynges  hyenes 
comands  hym  to  do  he  sayth  yatt  he  is  redy  to  obbey,  ylt  off  a  surtye 
his  deseas  growes  appon  hym  &  he  determinyng  hymsellft'  after  thes 
byssynes  to  drawe  him  to  quyettnes  &  to  break  hys  howses  &  to  lyff 
with  a  small  company  tyll  he  be  owt  off  dett  he  dyd  putt  awey 
Strangwysse  at  rny  first  cornyng  my  lord  I  am  calld  to  wrytt  to  yow 
thoff  ye  schull  harddly  rede  my  hand. 

Att  my  farewell  ye  comandyd  me  to  wryt  to  yow  whiche  I  do 
obbey,  my  lord  I  do  send  to  yow  an  examynacyon  off  oon  off  my 
seruantes  whyche  apperes  ytt  ye  relygoos  persoones  dyd  styrr  & 
procure  thys  pestelent  sedicyon  &  nott  only  thatt  butt  wolld  haue 
eftsoones  quyckend  &  revyffyd  the  same,  oonles  off  my  fay  the  as 
I  thynke  ytt  my  lord  lewtenant  with  all  ye  gentyllmen  doo  stopp  ye 
cawsores  &  brewtores,  I  haue  said  ye  lyke  to  my  lord  lewtenant  to 
whom  schortly  I  schall  resort  affter  ytt  my  horssyes  be  any  thyng 
refressched  lyke  ytt  your  lordschip  to  gyf  orders  to  my  seruaut  thys 
berer  &  ye  holygost  presserue  yow,  From  Pomfrett  this  xxv  day  off 
February  att  yowr  lordschypes  comandment,  my  lord  I  bessyche  your 
lordschypp  ylt  I  may  know  yor  pleasur  in  wryttyng  whatt  ye  wyll 
command  me  to  whiche  I  schall  follow  to  my  power 

Arthur  Darcy. 

[Addressed :]  To  ye  Ryght  honerabyll  &  my  very  good  lord  my 
lord  preuy  seall. 

[Endorsed  :]  Sir  Arthure  Darcy  the  xxv  of  February  shewinge  the 
pacyfyinge  of  the  Reb'ells  in  the  Northe  &  howe  he  tooke  possessyon 
of  Sawley  Abbaye.  (Vol.  116,  p.  117.) 

At  this  date  there  were  three  letters  from  Sir  William 
Musgrave,  Thomas  de  la  River,  and  Sir  Brian  Hastings,  asking 
for  gifts  of  the  monasteries  and  for  Ham  pole  Priory  not  to  be 

Sir  William  Musgrave1  to  Cromwell. 

1536-7,  17  Mar.  To  the  Right  Honorable  myn  espesall  good 
lorde  my  lorde  Prevey  Sealle. 

Right  honorable  and  my  espeschall  good  Lord.  This  shalbe  to 
advertis  youre  lordschipe  that  wher  ther  is  a  vere  small  priore  of 
nonys  callyd  Esholt  within  a  lordshipe  of  my  lait  graunfather  Sir 
Christopher  Ward,  who  lyeth  ther,  callyd  the  manner  of  Esholt,  which 
standeth  vere  commodyuslye  for  me,  the  holle  valew  thereof  by  yere 
xix  li.  or  there  about,  wherfore  my  request  shalbe  unto  youre  lordshipe 
that  it  may  pleas  yow  to  be  so  much  my  good  lord  as  to  helpe  me  to 

1  Sir  William  Musgrave  of  Hartley  Castle,  co.  Westm.,  was  son  of  Sir 
Edward  Musgrave,  who  married  Joan,  dau.  and  coheir  of  Sir  Christopher 
Ward  of  Guiseley,  who  died  1521. 


the  sayme  of  the  Kings  Highnes  for  me  and  my  heres,  not  only  for 
suche  puer  servyce  as  I  have  downe  unto  his  Grace  but  also  for  the 
same  I  am  content  to  release  unto  youre  lordshipe  during  the 
mynorite  of  John  Tamworth  and  also  shall  accompte  myself  therby 
by  youre  lordeshipe.  Which  is  my  speciall  dissiare  and  request  yf 
this  may  stand  with  your  pleasure.  That  I  may  have  the  Kinges 
Highnes  letter  in  breff  tyme  Unto  the  Pryores  and  convent  for  the 
premysses  commaunding  them  to  ssaye  all  ther  gudes  and  ther 
commoditise  ffrom  any  further  saill  or  other  grauntes.  And  thus  I 
pray  God  to  preserve  youre  good  lordshipe  in  myche  honor  and 
comfurts  such  as  youre  nobill  harte  requyerith.  Wrytten  at  Yourke 
this  i;111  day  of  Marche. 

Youre  Lordshipes  to  command 

William  Musgrave. 

(Vol.  117,  p.  29.) 

Thomas  Dalaryvere1  to  Cromwell. 

1536-7-  I  humblie  beseche  your  good  lordshipe  to  have  me  in 
remembrance  to  the  king  hys  highnes  of  the  monastery  of  Bastall  in 
the  countie  of  Yorke  within  the  Northe  Ryding  of  the  same  countie, 
now  in  the  handes  of  Sir  John  Bomere,  knight,  by  rasone  of  a  leasse 
which  he  bought  oon  Thomsone,  merchaunt  Taylor  of  Londone, 
which  sayd  leasse  is  nowe  in  the  custodie  of  Sir  Rauf  Evers, 
knight,  and  the  said  Sir  Rauf  Evers  contented  that  I  shall  have  the 
leasse  therof  if  it  be  your  lordshipes  pleasure.  And  if  it  be  not  your 
lordshipes  pleasure  that  I  shall  have  this  I  beseeche  your  lordshipe 
to  remember  me  of  the  offyce  of  the  keping  of  Ffosse,  being  in  the 
sayd  countie  and  in  the  sayd  countie  Ryding  nowe  in  the  handes  of 
the  Lord  Darcy. 

Your  S'uunt  and  Daylie  Oratoure 

Thomas  Dalaryvere. 

(Vol.  1 1 6,  p.  174.) 

Brian  Hastings2  to  Cromwell. 

J537>  13  Apr.  To  the  Ryght  Honorable  and  my  especiall  good 
lorde  my  lord  Prevey  Scale  be  this  lettere  delyvered. 

Plesythe  youre  honorable  lordshipe  at  this  my  pore  instance  to  be 
so  good  lorde  unto  one  pore  house  of  Nunes  called  Hampole,  whiche 
are  neare  neighburs  unto  me  and  of  good  name,  fame,  and  rule,  and 
so  reputed  and  taken  amonges  all  the  Cuntrey  aboute  me,  to  the  whiche 
house  the  kynge  is  so  good  and  gracious  lorde  unto  the  sayd  house 

1  There  is  a  pedigree  of  the  De  La  Ryvers  of  Brandsby  in  Glover's  Visitation, 
Foster's  Ed.,  601.     The  monastery  referred  to  is  probably  Basedale,  a  Cistercian 
nunnery,  which  was  granted,  36  Hen.  VIII.  (1544),  to  Sir  Ralph  Bulmer  and 
John  Thinde. 

2  Sir  Brian   Hastings,  Knt,  of  Fenwick,    mar.    Agnes,   dau.    of   Thomas 
Portington  of  Barnby  Don.     He  made  his  will  2  Aug.  1537,  proved  at  York 
8  Oct.  1540.     His  son  Sir  Francis  Hastings,  Knt.,  who  died  in   1558,  left  only 
three  daughters. 


by  the  order  and  direccion  of  youre  lordshipe  and  others  of  the  kynges 
most  honorable  councell  shall  not  be  suppressed  bot  to  remayne  and 
stande  and  have  more  religious  women  assigned  unto  them.  And 
as  yet  they  have  not  ther  confirmacione  that  that  they  have  not  bene 
of  abilitie  for  to  serve  for  the  same.  Wherfore  I  shall  estsones 
desyre  youre  honorable  lordshipe  to  be  so  good  lord  unto  the  said 
pore  house  that  they  may  have  theyre  sayd  conrirmaccion  for  the 
whiche  they  have  moved  me  to  write  unto  your  seyd  lordship,  and 
they  wylbe  your  daily  bedwomen,  and  further  that  it  will  please  youre 
good  lordshipe  to  call  to  youre  remembrance  that  at  my  last  being 
with  youe  at  London  the  kynge  was  a  good  and  gracious  lorde  unto 
me  to  graunte  me  the  parsonage  of  Campsall  fore  terme  of  one 
hundreth  yeres,  and  I  have  the  kynges  bylle  assigned  for  the  same. 
And  also  the  Prevey  Scale  of  the  same  and  now  master  Chaunceler 
of  the  Augmentacyons  wyll  not  suffer  it  to  pass  the  seale  for  what 
cause  I  knowe  not.  Wherein  I  shall  desire  you  to  be  so  good  lorde 
unto  me,  for  insomuche  as  it  is  commoved  and  namyd  in  my  countrey 
that  I  shulde  have  it  and  now  letted  I  will  rather  lese  more  then 
I  will  speke  of.  Wherfore  good  my  lorde  as  my  especiall  truste  is 
in  youre  lordeshipe  be  good  to  me  herin  and  ye  shall  have  my  servyce 
as  I  am  bounde  to  doo,  and  that  ye  will  gyffe  ferther  credence  to  my 
frende  this  berer  herein.  And  thus  owre  Lorde  God  preserve  you 
longe  with  honoure.  Stristhorpe  this  13th  day  of  Aprill. 

Your  Lp's  bonden 

Brian  Hastings. 
(?Vol.  1 1 8,  p.  1 68.) 

On  May  15,  1537,  the  trial  of  "the  Northern  men"  who 
had  been  apprehended  for  rebellion  began. 

Indictment  charging  that  Thomas,  Lord  Darcy,  of  Tempel- 
hirst,  Robt.  Constable  of  Flamburgh,  Sir  Fras.  Bygott  of 
Sedryngton,  Sir  Thomas  Percy  of  Seymer,  Sir  John  Bulmer 
of  Wilton,  Margaret  Cheyne  (wife  of  William  Cheyne,  late  of 
London,  esquire),  Sir  Stephen  Hamerton  of  Wyggylsworth, 
Geo.  Lumley  of  Thwynge,  Ralph  Bulmer  of  London  (son  and 
heir-apparent  of  the  said  Sir  John  Bulmer),  Rob1  Aske  of 
Awghton,  James  Cokerell,  clerk,  rector  of  Lythe,  quondam 
prior  of  Gysborough,  Nic.  Tempest  of  Baschehalle,  William 
Woode,  prior  of  Bridlyngton,  John  Pykeryng  of  Lythe,  clerk, 
John  Pykeryng  of  Bridlington,  friar  of  the  order  of  Friars 
Preachers,  Adam  Sedbar,  abbot  of  Jerveulx,  and  William 
Thirske,  clerk,  of  Founteyns,  quondam  abbot  of  Founteyns, 
did,  10  Oct.,  28  Hen.  VIII.  (1536),  as  false  traitors,  with  other 
traitors,  at  Shyrbourn,  Yorks,  conspire  to  deprive  the  King 
of  his  title  of  Supreme  Head  of  the  English  Church,  and  to 
compel  him  to  hold  a  certain  Parliament  and  convocation  of 


the  clergy  of  the  realm,  and  did  commit  divers  insurrections, 
etc.,  at  rountepelj  divers  days  and  times  before  the  said  ioth  of 
October.  And  at  Doncaster  20  Oct.,  28  Hen.  VIII.,  traitor- 
ously assembled  to  levy  war,  and  so  continued  a  long  time. 
And  although  the  King  in  his  great  mercy  pardoned  the  said 
Darcy  and  others  (named)  their  offences  committed  before 
10  Dec.,  28  Hen.  VIII.  (1536),  nevertheless  they,  persevering 
in  their  treasons,  on  17  Jan.,  28  Hen.  VIII.  (1536-7),  at 
Sedryngton,  Tempylhyrst,  Flamboroughe,  Beverley,  and  else- 
where, after  the  same  pardon,  again  falsely  conspired  for  the 
above  said  purposes  and  to  annul  divers  wholesome  laws  made 
for  the  common  weal,  and  to  depose  the  King ;  and  to  that  end 
sent  divers  letters  and  messengers  to  each  other  18  Jan., 
28  Hen.  VIII.  (1536-7),  and  at  other  days  and  times  after  the 
said  pardon.  And  that  Sir  Francis  Bygod  and  George  Lumley 
2i  Jan.,  28  Hen.  VIII.  (1536-7),  and  divers  days  and  times 
after  the  said  pardon,  at  Sedryngton,  Beverlay,  and  Scarborough, 
and  elsewhere,  with  a  great  multitude  in  arms,  did  make  divers 
traitorous  proclamations  to  call  men  to  them  to  make  war 
against  the  King,  and  having  thereby  assembled  500  persons 
did,  22  Jan.,  28  Hen.  VIII.  (1536-7),  levy  war  against  the 

And  thus  the  said  jury  say  that  Bygot  and  Lumley  conspired 
to  levy  cruel  war  against  the  King.  And  moreover  the  said 
jury  say  that  the  others  above  named,  22  Jan.,  28  Hen.  VIII. 
(1536-7),  etc.,  falsely  and  traitorously  abetted  the  said  Bygott 
and  Lumley  in  their  said  treasons. 

In  margin  :  Bella  vera.  (Calendar,  xii.,  i.,  555.) 

Many  of  the  prisoners  who  had  been  found  guilty  were 
speedily  executed,  though  some  were  kept  longer  in  prison. 

Robert  Holdsworth,  the  vicar  of  Halifax,  seems  to  have 
been  in  London  at  the  time,  and  to  have  sent  the  following 
information  to  his  friend  Sir  Henry  Savile,  Knt. : — 

Robert  Holdsworth,1  priest,  to  Sir  Henry  Savile.2 

26  May  1537.  As  ys  Fryday  in  Whytson  day  wook  Sr  John 
Bomer  (Bulmer),  Sr  Stephan  Hamerton,  Nicolles  Tempest,  ye  Abbot 

1  Robert  Holdsworth,  the  vicar  of  Halifax,  was  a  strong  supporter  of  the 
King,  and  had  a  troublous  life.     He  was  at  last  murdered  by  thieves  in  his 
vicarage,  being  buried  in  Halifax  Church  10  May  1556.    There  is  an  excellent 
life  of  him,  by  Mr.  John  Lister,  M.A.,  in  the  Halifax  Antiquarian  Society's 

2  Sir  Henry  Savile  of  Thornhill  and  Sothill,  which  latter  estate  he  had  by 
his  wife.     He  was  High  Sheriff  1537 — 41,  and  died  in  1558. 


of  Gerves,1  y*  Abbot  quondam  of  Fontaunce2  (th'abbott  quondam  of 
Rievaus— this  crossed  out3),  and  of  Bryddylton4  wher  drawne  to 
Tyborae  and  yr  put  to  exicucon,  and  y6  lady  ye  wyffe  of  Sir  John 
Bomer  at  yl  tyme  with  them  was  drawne  with  out  Newgatt  and 
thens  to  Smythffeld  and  yr  burned  ....  At  London  ye  even  of  ye 
Trinite  after  myde  day  1537. 

Yors  holly 

R.  H.,  pryst. 

To  ye  Ryght  Wor[shipf]ull  and  interly  belouyd  Sr  Henry  Sayvel, 
Kl,  y««  be  dd.  at  Soytthyl  Hall. 

(Vol.  1 20,  204.) 

Sir  William  Parr6  writes  to  Cromwell  about  Jervaulx  Abbey. 

Sir  William  a  Parr.      To  the  Right  Honorable  and  verey  singler 
goode  lorde,  my  lorde  Privey  Seall,  be  theis  delyvered. 

1537,  28  May.  Right  honorable  and  my  verey  singler  good 
lorde  my  dutye  remembred  unto  youre  lordeshipe  in  my  hardest 
maner  I  commend  me  unto.  And  where  as  my  late  being  withe 
youre  lordeshipe  at  London  I  shewed  you  that  I  had  moved  the 
Kings  Highues  to  be  good  and  graciose  lorde  unto  me  for  the  prefer- 
ment of  Gervaxe  Abbey  in  Yorkeshire,  Whereof  I  am  ffownnder, 
in  cace  it  weyre  suppressed.  And  at  that  tyme  it  pleased  youre 
lordeshipe  of  your  goodnes  to  assure  me  of  your  flavor  and  ffurthera- 
mire  in  the  same  my  sute.  Theis  shalbe  to  beseke  youre  good 

1  Adam  Sadber,  the  last  abbot  of  Jervaulx,  was  mixed  up  in  both  insur- 
rections. For  his  actions  in  the  second  one  he  was  apprehended  and  sent  to 
the  Tower.  There  is  an  account  of  his  examination  and  confession  in  the 
State  Papers  (Calendar,  i.,  1035,  1269). 

J  William  Thyrske  had  been  compelled  to  resign  the  abbotship  of  Foun- 
tains, as  will  be  seen  on  p.  7.  He  seems  to  have  been  living  at  Jervaulx  at  the 
time  of  the  second  rebellion  and  to  have  got  mixed  up  in  it. 

3  Edward    Kirkby   was   abbot   of    Rievaulx,   but    had  been   deprived  and 
pensioned,  a  fresh  abbot,   Roland    Blyton,   having  been    appointed.     Kirkby 
must  have  been  found  to  have  been  implicated  in  the  rebellions.     He  was  put 
in  the  Tower,  and  there  was  a  charge  for  his  maintenance  there  for  six  weeks 
at  6s.  8d.  a  week.     He  was  sentenced  with  the  other  abbots,  but  probably  got 
reprieved,  as  there  is  a  mention  of  him   in  October  1537  as  moving  about 
his  pension.     See  the  article  on  Edward  Kirkby,  abbot  of  Rievaulx,  by  Mr. 
Wm.  Brown,  F.S.A.,  in  the  "  Yorkshire  Arch.  Journal,"  xxi.,  44. 

4  William  Woode,  the  last  prior  of  Bridlington.     He  and  his  monks  appear 
to  have  supported  the  rebellions.     His  examination  and  confession,  24  April 
!537>  are  in  the  State  Papers  (Calendar,  xii.,  I,  1019-20). 

5  Sir  William  Parr  was  son  of  Sir  Thomas  Parr,  K.G.,  of  Kendal.     His 
grandmother  was  daughter  of  Lord  Fitzhugh.     The  members  of  that  family  in 
succession  were  patrons  of  Jervaulx,  consequently  Sir  William  Parr,  having 
succeeded  to  their  inheritance,  was  considered  the  founder  of  the  abbey.     He 
was  born  about  1513,  and  was  one  of  the  persons  appointed  to  try  the  Lincoln- 
shire rebels,  seeing  many  of  them  executed.     For  his  services  he  was  created 
Lord  Parr  of  Kendal,  and  subsequently  Marquis  of  Northampton.     His  sister 
Katherine  became  the  last  of  Henry  the  VIII.'s  wives. 


lordeshipe  to  have  my  said  sute  in  remembrance,  ffor  I  am  informed 
there  is  instant  labor  made  by  others  in  theis  behalf.  Wiche  I  dowbte 
not  youre  lordeshipe  being  good  lorde  unto  me.  I  wolde  be  verey 
lothe  to  be  disapointed  herein  considering  I  moved  the  matter  not 
onely  to  the  Kings  Highnes  but  allso  to  your  lordeshipe.  And 
ffurther  I  am  ffownnder  of  the  saide  howse,  by  reason  whereof 
yf  I  weyre  smallye  regarded  and  litle  estemed  and  that  shulde 
redownnde  to  my  dishonestye  and  greate  reproche,  wiche  I  troste 
youre  lordeshipe  shalbe  assured  of  me  at  all  tymes  to  be  at  youre 
Commaundement  to  the  uttermost  of  my  powier.  As  knowethe  the 
Lorde,  who  preserve  youre  lordeshipe  in  moche  honor.  ffrome 
Benington  the  xxviiith  day  of  this  present  monthe. 

Yours  to  commande 

William  Parr. 

The  monasteries  of  Bridlington  and  Jervaulx,  having  assisted 
the  leaders  of  the  Pilgrimage  of  Grace,  were  seized  upon  by  the 
King,  and  the  Duke  of  Norfolk  was  ordered  to  take  possession 
of  them  and  their  properties. 

The  Duke  of  Norfolk  to  Henry  VIII. 

10  May    1537 If  your  highnes  pleasure  be  to  haue  the 

howses  of  Brydlington  and  jerves  to  be  suppressed,  uppon  your 
pleasure  knowen  theryn  I  shall  with  diligence  ryde  thither  and 
accomplisshe  your  commawndement,  and  under  your  highness1  cor- 
rection I  thinke  most  convenient  for  dyuerse  causes  that  I  shold  be 
at  the  suppressing,  aswell  bycause  the  cuntrees  abowtes  them  be 
popelouse  and  the  howses  greatlie  beloued  with  the  people,  and  also 
as  I  think  well  stored  of  Cataill  and  other  thinges  profitable  that  woll 
not  come  all  to  light  so  well  if  I  be  absent  as  if  I  be  present,  and,  Sir, 
if  it  be  your  pleasure  that  J  shalbe  there  let  me  haue  with  me 
Mr  Magnus,  Sir  George  Lawson,  Leonarde  Beckwithe  and  Blitheman, 
And  I  shall  appoynte  with  them  Vuedale  and  Anthony  Rous 
treasowur  of  my  house  to  survey  the  landes  and  to  take  inventaries 
of  the  gooddes  and  cataill  and  to  see  the  same  well  praysed,  these 
men  I  thinke  loke  to  haue  none  of  the  fermes  of  your  maiestie,  and 
therefore  woll  loke  for  your  profight,  where  as  others  that  wold  haue 
them  peradventure  wold  not  so  do.  The  said  Mr  Magnus  and  my 
servaunt  be  perfightely  skylled  men  in  Surveying  of  londes,  and  I  am 
sure  woll  do  trewlie.  Jerves  is  right  well  furnisshed  with  lede  in  the 
coveryng  of  their  houses,  but  as  for  Brydlington  I  thinke  hathe  none 
like  it  in  your  hole  realme  for  it  hath  a  barne  covered  all  with  lede, 
the  lengest,  the  wydest,  and  the  depest  roved  that  ever  I  sawe. 
I  cannot  thinke  the  lede  of  all  the  house  can  be  so  litle  worthe  as  iij 
or  iiij  Mu  and  dothe  stande  nere  the  see,  yeasilie  to  be  caryed.  If 
I  may  knowe  your  pleasure  hereyn  by  tewesday  nyght  I  wolbe  there 
or  Whitsontyde  and  put  eu'y  thing  yn  order  and  retourne  hither  on 
Saturdaye.  The  defferryng  therof  may  turne  your  highnes  in  besiling 


of  many  things  to  some  losse,  Sir,  in  myne  opinion  the  howsehold 
stuff  or  at  the  lest  as  moche  as  is  good  &  woll  serue  aswell  of  the 
Lord  Darces  Sir  Robert  Constables  Culm's  loi  the  abbayes  if  ye  woll 
haue  them  suppressed  and  of  others  of  thiese  p'ties  that  shall  now 
forfet  the  same  to  your  majestic  wer  best  to  be  browght  hither  and 
by  one  appoynted  by  you  to  haue  the  Rowle  therof  to  be  receyved  by 
Indenture,  and  the  same  to  kepe  here  as  in  one  of  your  wardrobys 
both  to  serue  for  your  Cownsaill  of  these  p'ties  if  ye  woll  haue  any 
suche,  or  if  ye  woll  hereafter  send  any  noble  man  to  come  and  lye 
here  for  a  tyme,  havyng  the  house  before  furnisshed  with  stuff  may 
the  Souer'  make  hast  hither  withowte  taryeng  for  sendyng  for  his 
owen.  And  also,  Sir,  if  god  shall  hereafter  send  youe  so  many  Sones 
(as  I  shall  daylie  pray  he  may)  that  your  pleasure  shalbe  to  haue  one 
of  them  dwell  in  thiese  p'ties,  your  charges  shalbe  the  lesse  to  fur- 
nysshe  hym.  And  surely  if  the  saide  stuff  shold  be  sold  here  ye  shold 
not  haue  the  therde  parte  for  it  that  it  shall  cost  youe  to  bye  suche 
newe.  Finallye,  Sir,  if  it  may  stond  with  your  pleasure  with  diligence 
to  commawnde  me  shortely  to  dispeache  the  servantes  of  such  as 
shall  nowe  be  cast  at  London,  ye  shall  the  more  alleviate  your 
charges,  for  unto  that  tyme  ye  shalbe  at  no  small  charge.  And  if 
your  pleasure  be  I  shall  so  dispeache  them  I  beseche  your  highnes 
I  may  knowe  your  pleasure,  what  I  shall  yeve  to  euery  of  them 
aswell  servauntes  as  Religiouse  persones.  And  also,  Sir,  if  it  shall 
stonde  with  your  pleasure  in  the  Whitsonwek  I  woll  ryde  to  Jervas, 
to  put  lyke  order  there  ....  From  Shrifhoton  the  xth  daye  of  Maye. 
Your  most  humble  seruant  and  Subiect 

T.  Norfolk. 
[Addressed  : — ]  To  the  kinges  highnes.  (Vol.  120.) 

Henry  VIII.  to  the  Duke  of  Norfolk. 

J537>  J3  May.  By  the  king.  Right  trusty  and  right  entierly 
beloued  Cousen  we  grete  you  well.  And  haue  as  well  receyved  your 
seuerall  1'res  addressed  unto  us  by  our  seruaunt  Will'm  Maunsell  thone 
declaring  the  rindyng  of  thindictamentes  the  condempnacions  of  the 
two  Monkes  of  Charterhouse  withe  certain  other  thinges  touching  our 
affaires,  thother  conteynyng  the  particular  causes  whiche  moved  you 
soo  instantly  to  desire  licence  for  your  repaire  into  these  parties  as  at 
good  lenght  harde  the  credence  comyttyd  to  the  said  Maunsell.  For 
aunswere  wherunto  Furst  you  shall  undrestand  that  we  take  your 
procedinges  in  as  good  parte  as  your  selfe  coulde  wishe  and  for  the 
same  give  unto  you  oure  most  hartie  thaukes.  Secunde  as  con- 
cernyng  the  hous  of  Bridlington  and  Gerves  wch  shall  come  to  our 
handes  by  thatt  ende  of  the  gouernors  of  the  same  Like  as  we  entend 
to  take  and  use  our  right  therin  soo  approving  your  devyse  for  the 
direction  therof  we  desire  and  praye  you  conformably  therunto  to 
take  the  payne  in  person  to  Repair  to  those  houses  and  to  ensewe 

1  These  two  words  seem  to  have  been  written  over  an  erasure. 


suche  ordre  bothe  for  the  taking  of  the  Inventories  of  the  goodes  of 
the  same,  the  survey  of  the  landes  belonging  unto  them,  and  the 
bestowing  of  suche  stuff  as  appertaynethe  to  the  same  and  to  such 
other  as  be  indicted  there  is  mete  for  our  use  as  your  selfe  hathe 
diuised,  not  doubting  but  you  will  see  euerye  thing  done  in  suche  sorte 
and  with  suche  dexteritie  as  shall  appertaigne.  And  as  concerning 
the  discharge  of  the  servantes  of  the  said  persons  indicted  and  of  the 
Religious  in  the  said  houses  we  be  content  you  shall  give  unto  eu'y 
of  them  after  theire  qualities  and  degrees  suche  money  at  their 
departing  as  your  wisdomes  shall  thinke  mete  for  our  honor  and  the 
better  satisfaction  of  them  in  that  behaulf,  trusting  neuertheles  that 
you  no  further  charge  us  therin  thenne  with  good  consideration  shalbe 
convenient  and  necessarie. 

[Endorsed  : — ]  the  mynitte  of  the  kynges  1're  sent  to  my  lord  of 

Norfolk  the  xiiith  of  May.  /Tr  , 

J  }  (Vol.  120.) 

The  Duke  of  Norfolk  to  Henry  VIII. 

X537)  J6  May.  May  it  pleas  your  maiestie  to  be  aduertised  that 
yesternyght  I  receyved  your  lettres  of  the  xiijth  of  this  monethe,  And 
notwithstanding  that  I  have  been  this  night  sore  handeled  with  my 
disease,  yet  with  goddes  grace  I  shalbe  this  night  at  bridlington,  and 
haue  appointed  to  be  there  with  me  for  the  sure  surveyyng  of  the 
Londes  and  gooddes  Maister  Magnus,  Sir  George  Lawson,  Leonard 
Beckwith,  William  Blytheman,  Fuller  your  highnes  auditour  of 
thaugmentacon  in  thiese  parties,  and  my  servant  Anthony  Rous, 
So  that  I  doubte  not  your  maiestie  shalbe  trewly  served  there.  And 
on  this  day  Seven  nyght  I  woll  ryde  god  willing  to  Jervaise  with  like 
persons  for  like  intent  .... 

[Endorsed : — ]  My  Lord  of  Norfolks  lettres  to  the  Kings  highnes 

xvi'J  ™y-  (Vol.  120.) 

The  Duke  of  Norfolk  to  Henry  VIII. 

1537>  J8  May.  My  veray  good  Lorde  with  most  herty  recom- 
mendations Thies  shalbe  taduertise  you  that  I  haue  caused  all  the 
gooddes  of  this  house  to  be  vyewed  and  wryten,  and  the  best  of  it  to 
be  caryed  to  Shrifhotou.  And  forbycause  ther  is  many  thinges  to  be 
done  here  wheryn  is  veray  requisate  to  know  the  kinges  highnes 
pleasure  howe  the  same  shalbe  ordered,  whiche  wold  be  veray  Long 
to  be  wryten,  I  haue  sent  Leonerd  beckwith  to  your  good  Lordshippe 
to  declare  all  the  said  matiers  unto  you  to  thentent  that  all  things 
may  be  ordered  here  and  at  Jervase  according  to  the  kinges  highnes 

Yours  assewredly 

T.  Norffolk. 

[Addressed : — ]   To  my  veray  good  Lord  my  Lord  Pryvey  Scale. 
[Endorsed  : — ]  my  lord  of  Norfolks  lettres  to  my  lord  xviij  maij 
with  a  remembrance  3d  by  Bekwh. 

(Vol.  120,  f.  144.) 


Matthew  Boynton1  to  Cromwell. 

1537,  20  May.  Pleas  it  your  goode  Lordeshipe  to  be  aduertissed 
that  it  haithe  liked  my  Lord  of  Norffolkes  grace  to  be  so  goode 
Lorde  unto  me  as  to  write  unto  your  Lordeshipe  in  my  favour 
concernyng  the  Stewardeshipe  of  the  Landes  belonging  to  the  House 
of  Bridlington,  nowe  newly  suppressed,  wherfore  I  humbly  beseche 
your  Lordeshipe  to  be  so  goode  unto  me  as  to  move  the  kinges 
highenes  therof.  And  if  thoroughe  your  lordeshipes  meanes  I  mought 
opteyn  the  same  I  truste  to  doe  unto  the  kinges  saide  maiestie  as 
goode  seruice  as  any  man  of  my  poor  degree  in  theis  parties.  My 
lorde  it  is  a  thing  whiche  liethe  verey  nye  unto  me  and  within 
the  space  of  three  myle,  Wherfor  eftesoones  for  the  same  I  hartely 
desir  and  praye  your  goode  Lordeshipe,  And  truste  your  Lordeshipe 
wolbe  as  good  lorde,  &c.,  &c.  At  Bridlington  the  xx11  daie  of  Maie. 

Yours  at  commandment,  &c., 

Matho  Boynton. 

(Vol.  120.) 
Cromwell  to  the  Duke  of  Norfolk.2 

22  May  1537.  Pleasith  it  yor  grace  to  be  advertised  that  the 
Kinges  highnes  having  received  yor  lettres  dated  at  Birlington  the 
xviijth  day  of  this  moneth,  wherby  his  grace  perceveth  yor  order 
takyn  for  the  same  Burlington  and  the  howse  of  G-erves,  his  highnes 
giving  unto  you  alwaies  his  most  harty  thankes,  hath  commaunded 
me  to  advertise  you  of  his  graciouse  pleasor  bothe  touching  the 
effecte  of  the  same  yor  lettres,  and  also  to  the  matters  expressed 
in  yor  lettres  to  me  with  certain  remembrances  delivered  unto  me  by 
Leonard  Bekwith.  And  as  touching  yor  said  order,  surely  the  kinges 
highnes  liketh  it  veray  well.  And  albeit  that  he  doubteth  not  but  the 
persons  whom  ye  have  appointed  woll  do  every  theing  to  the  best, 
yet  nevertheless  forasmoch  as  by  Acte  of  Parliament  all  landes 
atteynted  must  passe  by  th'andes  of  the  kinges  generall  surveyors, 
and  certaun  thinges  by  the  order  of  the  lawe,  bothe  in  fynding  of 
offices  &  other  thinges,  is  to  be  observed,  ye  shall  understande  that 
the  kinges  highnes  at  this  tyme  dothe  send  down  certain  of  his 
counsel  to  take  order  in  that  matter,  as  well  touching  the  fynding  off 
orlessis  as  also  to  make  certayn  &  perfect  bokes  of  all  thinges 
belongyng  to  the  same,  not  for  that  they  shall  attempt  to  adnull 
or  infringe  any  thing  that  shalbe  done  by  you  ne  by  the  persons 
appointed  by  your  lordship,  but  that  they  all  togeder  may  so  conferre 
that  euerything  may  be  perritely  and  duely  done  to  the  Kinges 
honour  &  resonable  proffect,  his  grace  thinking  that  after  the  same 
shalbe  directely  &  perfectly  accomplished,  considering  the  tyme  of 
the  yere  nowe,  and  that  fermors  commonly  entre  not  but  aboutes 

1  Matthew  Boynton  of  Barmston,  Esq.,  married  Anne,  daughter  of  Sir 
John  Bulmer,  Knt.  From  him  descended  the  Baronets  of  Barmston  and 
Burton  Agnes. 

-  This  letter  appears  to  be  a  draft  of  one  sent  to  the  Duke  of  Norfolk. 
It  contains  other  matter  not  appertaining. 


michaelmas,  it  shuld  not  be  for  his  graces  proffict  to  make  any 
graunt  of  any  part  of  the  said  landes  unto  the  said  tyme,  and  also 
that  the  same  may  be  well  surveyd,  when  his  at  which  tyme  his  [sic] 
highnes  woll  not  onlye  haue  suche  a  respect  bothe  unto  the  poremen 
Inhabeting  abowt  bridlyngton  &  Jervaux,  but  also  forse  for  som 
substanciall  person  mete  and  necessary  to  staye  the  cuntrey  &  kepe 
good  hospitalite  to  dwell  in  the  pryncypall  parte  of  the  monastery, 
wherein  his  highnes  is  mynded  to  folowe  moch  your  lordships  advice 
and  counsul,  and  doth  require  you  to  aduertise  hym  fullye  of  your 
oppynyon  touching  the  same.  And  as  to  the  haven,  wherof  yor 
lordship  writes,  the  Kinges  highnes  upon  suche  consideracons  as  be 
mencioned  in  yor  said  lettres  is  contented  that  if  xx1'  woll  annend  it 
that  ye  shall  cause  the  same  to  be  done  this  somr  in  all  hast  possible. 
As  for  the  shryne  the  Kinges  highnes  to  the  intent  that  his  people 
shuld  not  be  seduced  in  the  offring  of  their  money,  his  grace  wold 
have  takyn  down  whiche  and  all  other  plate  and  jewelles  apper- 
teynyng  to  his  highnes,  except  suche  as  you  desire  to  haue  for 
yor  money  which  his  highnes  is  content  with  his  pleasor  is  shall  be 
sent  up  hider  as  yor  lordshipe  thinketh  most  convenient  with  all 
speede  ....  And  also  the  corn  and  catall,  specially  suche  as  be  mete 
to  be  sold,  and  the  landes  likewise  at  this  tytne  of  the  yere  being 
bothe  sown,  his  highnes  doubteth  not  but  ye  wyll  order  the  same 
as  shalbe  most  for  his  hignes  profitt.  And  the  pleasor  of  his  highnes 
is  that  the  due  dates  of  the  said  howses  shalbe  contented  of  the 
goodes  of  the  same.  And  as  to  the  lead  and  all  other  theinges 
wherin  ye  be  willing  to  knowe  the  kinges  pleasor  yor  lordship  shall 
understand  that  upon  it  vieu  and  survey  therof  nowe  at  theis  tyme  by 
your  grace  and  his  commissioners  to  be  eftsones  sent  unto  his 
highnes  in  all  thinges  he  woll  uppon  the  sight  of  the  same  determyn 
his  further  pleasure. 

(Vol.  120,  p.  165.) 

William  Blithman  to  Cromwell. 

23  May  1537.  Mye  moste  Singulere  good  lorde  mye  dewtie 
lowly  premised.  Pleas  yt  your  good  lordeshippe  too  be  aduertised 
I  have  receyved  bye  this  berer  Mr  Warmyngton  advertisment  bye 
worde  of  mowthe  from  Doctor  Layton  too  come  uppe  with  speede 
convenyent  too  rehers  suche  wordes  as  I  at  my  last  beynge  at  London 
anempst  the  treesorer  of  Yorke,  and  I  (intendinge  too  have  soo  doon), 
supposinge  yt  too  be  yor  lordeshippes  pleasure  as  he  affermyd  too  the 
messinger,  was  of  ane  howres  warnynge  comaunded  bye  mye  lord  of 
Northfolke  to  waite  uppon  hyme  to  the  dissolvinge  of  the  monasteries 
of  Brydlington  and  Jerves.  Brydlingeton  is  dissolved,  and  too  morow 
his  grace  goothe  towardes  Jerves.  Als  soone  as  the  busynes  thereof 
ys  perfytelye  fyneshed  I  will  waite  uppon  yor  lordeshippe  mye  selfe, 
and  in  the  measne  tyme  yt  maye  lyke  yor  lordeshippe  to  call  to 
yor  remembrance  howe  that  I  affermyd  the  treasorer  of  Yorke  too  be 
the  fyrste  mane  that  enterd  mye  howse  ther  and  tooke  forthe  therof 


the  beste  bedde  I  hadde  and  a  coote  of  plaite  and  what  moore  God 
knowethe,  manye  bookes  and  writinges  I  wante,  and  parte  were 
in  his  howse  and  delyverd  agayne  sens  mye  comynge  hoome  ;  mye 
bed  ys  delyverte  agayn  bye  hyme  and  the  coote  of  playte  reternyd, 
yet  albe  yt  he  confessyd  the  takinge  therof  and  promysed  restitution. 
I  said  forther  to  yor  lordeshippe  that  he  receyved  the  commons  with 
procession  at  the  churche  doore  with  all  the  minesters  ther  in  there 
habytes,  and  so  in  deed  yt  was  opynelye  brutyd,  whiche  theye  nowe 
qualefy  and  saye  that  theye  beynge  at  a  direge  in  the  queor  in  ther 
habytes  came  to  doore  and  met  theym,  bot  not  with  procession,  bot 
well  I  woote  bye  the  common  fame  the  belles  were  solemplye  rongen 
at  that  same  tyme.  And  forther  I  said  that  he  pullyd  down  the 
kinges  armes  standing  above  hys  hall  doore,  whiche  ys  evidente  and 
notoreiowse,  I  se  theym  mye  selfe  within  this  fower  dayes  in  settinge 
uppe  agayn  whiche  was  in  the  fyrste  commotion,  and  sence  the 
Kinges  graciouse  pardon  T  here  nothinge  of  hime.  And  fore  that 
I  told  yor  lordeshippe  anempste  Mr  Bowes  yt  is  undowbtydelye  trewe 
and  muche  moore,  wold  to  God  ye  hard  the  bruyte  of  the  cuntreye 
therin,  bot  sens  the  pardon  I  heeve  nothinge  againste  hyme  bot  that 
he  haith  stayed  to  hys  power.  Shortelye  I  intend,  God  willinge, 
to  wayte  uppon  yor  lordeshippe  with  the  Kinges  moneye  fore  fyrste 
fruetes,  as  I  wold  have  doon  ore  nowe  bot  fore  this  busines  of 
Bridlington  and  Jerves,  as  the  Holye  Gooste  knowethe,  whoo  preserve 
yor  lordeshippe  in  helthe  and  honor.  At  Yorke  the  xxiij  daye 
of  May. 

Yor  humble  boundon  beedman 

Willm  Blitheman. 
(Vol.  120,  p.  175.) 

The  Duke  of  Norfolk  to  Cromwell. 

1537, 3 1  May.  My  veray  good  Lorde  with  most  herty  recommen- 
dacons  ....  The  house  of  Jerueaulx  is  suppressed,  and  1  haue  left 
there  to  put  all  thinges  in  order  to  the  kinges  most  profight  Sir 
George  Lawson,  Robert  Bowys,  Blytheman  the  Auditour,  And 
Anthony  Rous,  And  when  they  shall  haue  don  there  charges  then 
the  saide  Robert  and  twoo  other  honest  gentlemen  shall  remayne 
there  unto  the  cummyng  of  Maister  Pollard. 

Yours  assewredly 

T.,  Norfolk. 

[Addressed  : — ]  To  my  verray  good  lord  My  lord  pryvey  scale. 

A  remembrance  of  certayne  artycles  to  be  shewed  unto  the 
Kynges  highnes  : — 

Imprimis,  Bryrdlyngton  standythe  in  a  faire  corner  of  the  shire 
adioynynge  to  the  see,  where  no  resorte  is  of  strangers  except  suche 
as  dwellyth  abowte  the  same  that  corny th  to  the  market  there. 

Item  The  priorye  cherche  is  the  parysshe  cherche. 

Item  there  is  a  thowsand  and  an  half  people  within  the  said 


Item  there  is  a  great  part  of  the  inhabitants  of  Byrlyngton  that 
haue  their  lyvyng  within  the  same  hows. 

Item  they  kepe  tenne  plowghes. 

Item  that  the  inhabitantes  of  the  same  towne  may  haue  all  the 
demayne  landes  in  ferme  euery  man  seuerally  to  hym  soo  that  he 
shall  not  alyen  ne  put  awaye  the  same  by  his  grant,  wherby  it  shall 
not  come  to  one  mans  handes,  and  therby  many  men  shalbe  relyved. 

Item  the  pere  or  haven  there  is  in  great  decay  and  lyke  to  be  loste 
if  in  case  twenty  poundes  be  not  spent  abowte  the  mendyng  of 
yt  bytwyx  this  and  Michelmas,  whiche  is  the  great  succour  of  that 

Item  if  the  corne  be  sold  nowe  it  wilbe  the  most  profyte  to  the 
Kynges  grace. 

Item  all  the  catall  to  be  sold  to  theym  that  shall  haue  the 

Item  if  in  case  that  the  inhabitantes  haue  the  arable  land,  then 
they  must  haue  the  gresse  grounde  with  the  same,  or  elles  they  can 
not  tyll  their  lande. 

Item  concerny ng  the  shryne  there  called  saynt  John  Shryne  it  is 
of  small  value,  And  the  people  wilbe  desyrous  to  haue  it,  And  then 
suche  Oblations  as  shalbe  made  there  shall  come  to  the  Kynges 

Item  in  case  that  the  inhabitantes  haue  it  in  this  mauer  it  is 
thowght  by  my  lordes  grace  that  all  the  people  wilbe  glad  & 

Item  how  the  dettes  shalbe  payd,  which  as  is  supposid  will 
amounte  to  CC  li. 

Item  to  shewe  that  the  saide  pere  or  haven  of  Byrdlyngton 
is  moche  more  dangerous  than  is  Flamburghe,  for  my  lordes  grace 
hath  viewde  and  sene  bothe. 

Item  in  lyke  maner  to  knowe  for  Gerves. 

Item  the  lande  can  not  be  surveyed  suerly  this  fourtene  dayes, 
therfor  my  lordes  grace  mynde  is  that  some  be  sent  downe  for 
the  same. 

Item  the  cherche  is  all  covered  with  lead,  and  the  better  half  of  it 
perteynyth  to  the  parochians,  and  it  wyll  please  the  parysshe  better  to 
haue  the  part  that  the  priour  and  convent  had. 

Item  if  the  demaynes  be  lessed  to  one  man,  then  the  berne 
couered  with  lead  whiche  is  of  a  good  valewe  can  not  well  be  sold. 

Item  to  remembre  my  lordes  grace  for  the  rynge. 

Item  the  Church  stuf  for  my  lordes  grace. 

Item  aft'  this  man'  all  men  wilbe  desirous  to  see  dissolucion. 

Item  a  crosse  of  silu',  a  paire  of  censors  for  my  lord. 

Item  for  the  plate  to  be  sold  here  &  valued  by  some  goldsmyth. 

Item  a  commission  with  an  antedate  for  ye  suppression  .... 

Item  to  shew  my  lord  p'vey  seall  y*  Gregory  Conyers  commyth 
with  the  goods  of  the  quondam. 

Item  to  gyf  the  kynges  grace  this  ston,  which  is  callyd  the 
best  ston.  (Vol.  120,  p.  237.) 


The  Duke  of  Norfolk  to  Cromwell. 

2  June  1537.  My  veray  good  Lorde  ....  forasmoche  as  I  do 
nowe  wryght  to  the  Kinges  maiestie  I  shall  not  molest  you  with 
nothing  conteyned  in  my  lettre  sent  to  his  highnes.  And  where  I  do 
understand  his  maiestie  hath  now  sent  1'res  to  thiese  parties  con- 
cernyng  vacabonds,  your  good  lordship  shall  perceyve  by  copies  of 
lettres  wich  I  have  a  good  tyme  past  sent  to  all  the  iustice  of  pease 
and  religiouse  houses  in  thies  parties,  that  I  haue  not  neglected  that 
matier  surely  1  neuer  sawe  so  many  as  be  in  thiese  cuntrees.  And 
the  almes  that  they  haue  in  religious  houses  is  the  great  occasion 
therof,  and  also  the  slackenes  of  the  Justice  of  pease,  for  not  doyng 
ther  dewties.  I  haue  and  shall  so  order  thiese  cuntrees  under  my 
rewle  that  I  thinke  ye  shall  shortely  here  of  no  small  nomber  of  them 
that  shall  drawe  Southewards.  My  lord,  the  sooner  that  Mr  Pollard 
do  come  into  thies  parties  the  better,  for  therby  the  Kinges  charges 
shalbe  the  soner  releved ;  the  house  of  Jerueaulx  was  moche  in 
debte,  but  the  movables  woll  fully  discharge  that,  and  in  likewise  at 
bridlington,  with  a  better  peny.  And  surely  if  ye  sende  downe 
plommers  hither,  both  to  take  downe  the  ledde  of  the  houses  and  to 
cast  the  same  in  sowes,  with  one  trewe  over  seer  of  them,  it  woll 
acquite  the  cost.  And  thus  our  lord  haue  you  in  his  blessed  tuytion. 
From  Shrifhoton  the  ijde  daye  of  June. 

[Addressed  : — ]  To  my  veray  good  lorde  my  Lord  Pryvey  Scale. 

[Endorsed  :— ]  My  1.  of  Norff.  to  my  lord  P.  S. 

Item  Thempors  1'res  to  the  Duke  of  Norfolk. 

Item  the  copyes  of  my  lord  of  NorfF.  1'res  for  the  punishment 
of  vagabunds. 

(Vol.  121,  p.  25.) 

Henry  VIII.  being  offended  at  the  late  insurrections,  and  at 
the  part  that  some  of  the  monks  had  taken  in  them,  determined 
that  in  addition  to  the  small  priories  under  the  value  of  £ 200 
per  annum  which  had  been  ordered  to  be  suppressed  by  the 
recent  Act  of  Parliament,  the  whole  of  the  abbeys  should  be 
dissolved.  Dr.  Layton,  who  had  made  the  previous  year  a 
short  expedition  through  Yorkshire,  now  considered  that  he 
should  like  to  be  engaged  in  this  further  work,  and  therefore 
proposed  to  Cromwell  that  he  and  Dr.  Legh  should  be  allowed 
to  have  a  second  and  complete  visitation. 

Dr.  Layton  to  Cromwell. 

Friday  the  iiiith  day  of  June  (?  15.37).  Pleasit  yowe  to  under- 
stonde,  that  whereas  ye  intende  shortly  to  visite,  and  be  lyke  shall 
have  many  sutlers  unto  yowe  for  the  same  to  be  yor  commissares, 
if  hit  myght  stonde  with  your  pleasure  that  doctor  Lee  and  I  myght 
have  committyde  unto  us  the  North  contre,  and  to  begyn  in 
Lincolne  dioces,  northwardes  here  from  London,  Chester  dioces, 


Yorke,  and  so  furthe  to  the  borders  of  Scotlande,  to  ryde  dowue 
one  syde  and  to  cum  up  the  other,  ye  shalbe  well  and  faste 
assuryde  that  ye  shall  not  her  fynde  monke,  chanone,  frear,  prior, 
abbott,  or  any  other  of  what  degre  so  euer  be  be,  that  shall  do  the 
kynges  hyghnes  so  goode  servys  in  this  matter  for  thos  parities, 
nether  be  so  trusty,  trewe,  and  faithfull  to  joine  in  the  same,  doyng 
all  thynges  so  diligently  for  your  purpos  and  your  discharge.  And 
forasmuche  as  the  Kynges  hyghnes  hath  put  his  onely  truste  in  yowe 
for  the  reformacion  of  his  clergie,  gyvyng  yowe  therunto  onely 
auctoritie  and  power,  ye  must  have  suche  as  ye  may  trust  evyn 
as  well  as  your  owne  self,  wiche  must  be  unto  yowe  as  alter  ego. 
Doctor  Lee  and  I  have  onely  bene  preferryde  to  the  Kynges  servys 
by  yowe,  et  te  solum  ab  eo  tempore  in  huncusque  diem  haluimus 
Mcecenatem  et  unicum  patronum,  nee  alium  unquam  habituri.  Oure 
desier  is,  therfor,  now  to  declare  unto  yowe  owre  trewe  harttey  and 
faithfull  mynde,  owre  faste  and  unfaynede  servys  that  we  bere 
towardes  yowe,  and  owe  unto  yowe,  as  ye  haue  of  ryght  bownde  us. 
Ther  ys  nother  monasterie,  selle,  priorie,  nor  any  other  religiouse 
howse  in  the  north ;  but  other  doctor  Lee  or  I  have  familier  acqwayn- 
tance  within  x  or  xij  mylles  of  hit,  so  that  no  knaverie  can  be  hyde 
from  us  in  that  contre,  nor  ther  we  cannot  be  over  fayssede  nor  suffer 
any  maner  injurie.  We  knowe  and  haue  experiens  bothe  of  the 
fassion  off  the  contre  and  the  rudenes  of  the  pepull,  owre  frendes  and 
kynsfookes  be  despersyde  in  thos  parties  in  evere  place  redy  to 
assyste  us  if  any  stoborne  or  sturdy  carle  myght  perchaunce  be 
fownde  a  rebellous.  If  ye  hade  leisure  to  overlooke  the  booke  of 
articles  that  I  made  for  your  visitacion  this  tyme  xij  monethes,  and 
to  marke  evere  sondrie  interrogatorie  therin  wryttyn,  dowtles  ther  is 
matter  sufficient  to  detecte  and  opyn  all  coloryde  sanctitie,  all  super- 
sticiouse  rewlles  of  pretensyde  religion,  and  other  abusys  detestable  of 
all  sorttes,  hether  (to)  clokyde  and  coloryde  by  the  reformitors 
(so  namede)  of  evere  religion  wiche  ever,  by  frendeshipe,  tyll  this 
day  hath  founde  craffty  meanys  to  be  ther  owne  visiters,  therby  no 
reformacion  intendyng  nother  goode  religion  (if  any  be)  to  incresse, 
but  onely  to  kepe  secrete  all  matters  of  mischeffe,  with  muche  priuey 
murmuryng  emong  them  selffes,  sellyng  ther  jewelles  and  plate  to 
take  half  the  valew  for  redy  money,  with  gret  rewyne  and  dekay 
of  ther  howsis  wiche  muste  nedes  yet  continewe  and  indure  dayly 
more  and  more  with  incresse,  unleste  ye  nowe  sett  to  yowr  helpyng 
hande,  and  with  expedicion  spedy  and  efftsones  tendre  the  premisses. 
Moste  humble  desieryng  yowe  to  take  no  despleasure  with  this 
my  rude  and  playne  letter,  thus  boldely  utteryng  unto  yowe  my  intire 
mynde  and  consayte,  referryng  all  to  your  wisdom  and  goodnes, 
by  the  hasty  hande  of  your  moste  assuryde  poir  preste, 

Rycharde  Layton. 

(MS.  Cotton,  Cleopatra,  E,  iv.,  fol.  10.) 


William  Gascoigne  to  Cromwell. 

5  June  1537.  Ryght  Honorable  and  my  moste  especyall  good 
lorde  &c.  that  it  may  please  youe  to  be  so  good  lorde  unto  me  to  helpe 
me  to  the  preferment  of  eyther  Bridlington  Abbay  or  Jervax  abbay  with 
the  demayns  of  eyther  of  thaym  as  shall  stande  with  your  lordships 
pleasur  which  are  nowe  suppressed  and  at  the  kyng  our  sou'aigne 
lord  hys  pleasur  as  I  am  Informed.  And  I  shall  not  only  gyffe  as 
myche  as  eny  other  wyll  for  the  preferment  theirof  but  also  do  unto 
your  lordship  suche  pleasur  and  seruyce  as  at  eny  tyme  heir  after 
shalbe  in  me  to  do  to  your  lordship,  my  lorde  as  yeknawe  aszit  I 
haue  but  small  lyffyng  in  my  handes  duryng  the  terme  of  my  Father 
lyffe.  Wheirfore  eftsones  I  shall  desire  youe  to  be  good  lorde  unto 
me  in  the  said  p'ferment  of  one  of  the  said  abbays,  for  withoute  your 
lordship  helpe  I  haue  but  small  Frendes  for  optenyng  their  of  as 
knawyth  our  lord  god  who  preserue  your  lordship  long  with  honour. 
From  Cusworth  ihys  Fyfte  day  off  June.  Yours  ever  at  Com'ande- 

Will'm  Gascoygne,  yonger. 

[Addressed : — ]  To  the  right  honerable  and  my  most  especiall 
good  lorde  my  lorde  prevey  Seale  be  this  lettur  delyuerd. 

[Endorsed: — ]  Will'  Gaskyn  the  yongr  for  to  haue  the  prefer- 
ment of  Byrlington  or  Jervaux. 

(Vol.  121,  p.  56.) 

The  Duke  of  Norfolk  to  Cromwell. 

5  June  15.37.  My  veray  good  lorde  with  moste  herty  recom- 
mendations. Thies  shall  be  tadwertise  youe  that  by  Tristram  Tashe1 
this  berer  I  do  nowe  sende  to  the  kinges  highnes  in  twoo  boxes  all 
suche  gold  stuff  as  was  nppon  the  Shryne  at  Brydlyngton,  and  with 
the  same  one  1're  to  his  maiestie  to  knowe  his  pleasure  what  shalbe 
done  with  the  rest  of  syluer  as  by  the  saide  lettre  your  good  lord- 
shippe  shall  perceyve.  My  lord  I  require  you  to  be  good  lord  unto 
the  saide  Tashe,  assuryng  youe  I  pitie  hym  most  of  any  man  that 
hath  been  spoyled,  for  fewe  others  ar  at  this  houre  withowt  restitucon 
or  agrement  made  with  them.  And  unto  him  I  can  not  see  the 
meanys  howe  it  shalbe  possible  to  bryng  hym  to  so  moche  of  his 
gooddes,  but  that  he  shall  largely  susteyne,  bycause  that  he  can  not 
prove  who  were  his  spoylers,  and  in  this  cace  he  onely  doth  remayne 
eftsones  requiring  youe  to  be  his  good  lorde  ....  Also  I  require  youe 
to  be  good  Lorde  to  Thabbot  of  Saincte  Mary  abbay  who  hath  of 
late  receyued  a  lettre  from  youe  in  the  favour  of  Fulbery  for  a  Ferme, 

1  l  May,  29  Hen.  VIII.,  1537.  Tristram  Tesshe  to  be  general  receiver  of 
the  possessions  of  Co.  York  in  the  King's  hands  by  the  attainder  of  Adam 
abbot  of  Jervaulx,  William  prior  of  Bridlington,  Sir  Thomas  Lord  Darcy,  Sir 
John  Bulmer,  Sir  Robert  Constable,  Sir  Stephen  Hamerton,  Sir  Francis 
Bigod  and  John  Wyvel,  with  fees  of  £40  a  year  and  20s,  in  every  ,£100  of  the 
issues  of  his  office  (Patent  Roll), 


assuryng  your  good  lordeshippe  that  the  said  Ferme  is  so  necessary 
for  the  saide  abbay  that  withowte  the  same  it  is  not  possible  to  con- 
tynewe  their  hospitalitie  as  they  doo  for  and  they  shold  goo  withowte 
it,  they  shold  be  inforced  to  bye  ther  provisions  in  the  Market.  And 
pitie  it  were  that  for  one  Mans  profight  So  many  persons  shold  want 
ther  lyvinge.  I  am  sory  I  haue  so  moche  recommended  hym  to  you 
in  my  lettres  consideryng  his  ill  procedinges  in  this  matier ....  From 
Shrifhoton  the  vth  day  of  June. 

Yours  assewredly, 

T.  Norfolk. 

[Addressed: — ]  To  my  veray  good  Lorde  my  lorde  pryvey  Scale. 
[Endorsed: — J  My  1.  Norff.,  vth  Junij,  1537. 

(Vol.  121,  54.) 

The  Duke  of  Norfolk  to  Henry  VIII. 

5  June  1537.  May  it  piece  your  maiestie  to  be  aduertised  that 
by  ....  Tashe  this  berer  who  doth  bryng  uppe  to  your  highnes  your 
mony  dewe  in  thiese  parties  of  the  tenthe.  1  do  send  to  your 
maiestie  all  such  thinges  of  golde  as  were  on  the  Shryne  at  Bryd- 
lington  wich  I  caused  Maister  Magnus  to  take  of  the  saide  Shryne 
at  my  beyng  there  to  suppress  the  house,  the  saide  gold  werke  is  in 
twoo  boxes  sealed  with  my  scale  and  the  saide  Mr  Magnus.  And  I 
dare  well  saye  ther  dothe  not  lacke  the  vaylewe  of  one  ....  ryng. 
In  the  lesse  box  is  three  proper  ....  wrought  Tablettes.  And  if  I 
durst  ....  be  a  theff  I  wold  haue  stolen  them  to  haue  sent  them  to 
the  quenys  grace,  but  nowe  your  highnes  havyng  them  may  geve 
them  unto  her  withe  owte  offence  if  it  be  your  pleasure. 

In  the  great  box  is  one  proper  thing  of  radix  iesse  to  be  set  uppon 
an  aulter,  and  in  the  same  box  is  all  the  rest  of  the  gold  werke.  All 
the  rest  of  syluer  geare  that  was  on  the  saide  shryne  doth  remain 
here  with  the  plate  of  Sir  Robert  Constables  .  .  .  .  f  that  was  be- 
longyng  to  brydlington,  and  I  ....  and  some  litle  thing  ....  wich 
is  ....  or  to  ....  parties  or  to  be  sold  ....  moste  advantage  here 
as  it  shalbe  your  ....  to  comawnde  of  trouthe  ther  is  verie  litle 
therof  ....  convenient  to  be  kepte  to  serue  an  honest  man  with  all 
but  veray  old  Stuff  and  to  be  broken  rather  than  kepte.  The  hole 
vaylewe  therof  by  estimacon  woll  extend  abowtes  iijml  iiijc  Ixx  oz. 
I  can  not  wryght  the  trowthe  by  cause  all  is  not  yet  come  yn. 
Other  newes  I  haue  none,  &c.,  &c.  From  Shrifhoton  the  .... 
Your  most  humble  seruant  and  subiect, 

T.  Norfolk. 

(Vol.  121,  p.  52.) 

Sir  Arthur  Darcy  to  Cromwell. 

8  June  1537.  It  schall  lyke  your  honourabyll  lordschypp  to  be 
advertyssyd,  that  I  was  with  my  lorde  Lewtenant  att  the  suppresyon 
off  Gervayes,  whyche  howes  within  the  gatt  ys  coveryd  wholly  with 

E  3 


leadd,  and  ther  is  oon  off  the  ffayrest  chyrches  that  I  have  sseen, 
ffayr  medooze,  and  the  ryver  runnyng  by  ytt,  and  a  gret  demayne. 
The  kynges  hyenes  is  att  greatt  charge  with  hys  sstoodes  off  mares, 
att  Thornbery  and  other  placys,  whyche  arr  ffyne  growndes,  and  I 
thynke  thatt  att  Gervayes  and  in  the  grangyes  incydent,  with  the 
hellp  oft"  ther  grett  large  commones,  the  kynges  hyenes  by  good 
oversseers  scholld  have  ther  the  most  best  pasture  thatt  scholld  be  in 
Yngland,  hard  and  sownd  off  kynd ;  ffor  ssurly  the  breed  off  Ger- 
vayes ffor  horses  was  the  tryed  breed  in  the  northe,  the  Stallones  and 
marees  well  assortyd,  I  thynke  in  no  reallme  scholld  be  ffownd  the 
lykes  to  them,  ffor  ther  is  large  and  hye  growndes  ffor  the  ssomer, 
and  in  wynter  wooddes  and  low  growndes  to  serve  them.  My  lord, 
by  my  lord  lewtenant  I  haue  restytucyon  off  a  gret  part  of  my  goodes 
att  Coverham.  From  Gervayes  I  went  to  Sallay,  wher  I  inqueryd 
owtt  a  chalyce  thatt  was  brybbed  ffrome  the  kyng  affor  the  ssup- 
pressyon  off  the  howes,  and  allso  I  haue  ffownd  a  booke  off  dettes 
belongyng  to  the  howes,  and  ther  is  a  barkhawes  stoord  with  leddyr. 
I  requyre  yowr  lordschypp  to  send  to  me  your  pleassure  whatt  I 
schall  doo  therm. 

My  good  lord,  I  requyre  yow  to  gett  me  lycenes  ffor  xiiij  dayes  to 
cum  upp  to  dysspache  me  off  dettes  thatt  I  ow.  Off  my  ffaythe  I 
never  brake  so  muche  credence  as  I  have  lattly  doon.  I  haue  dessyrd 
Mr  Jolymentt  to  remember  yowr  lordschypp  ffor  my  cawssys.  Off 
trewthe,  my  lord,  I  doo  wast  the  kynges  money  here  att  Pomffrett ; 
ffor  off  a  trewthe  the  contreyes  in  the  northe  was  never  in  a  moore 
dredeffull  and  trew  obbeysance. 

My  lord,  I  bessyche  you  be  good  lord  to  me ;  ytt  is  schewd  to  me 
that  the  Kynges  hyenes  wolld  ageyn  survey  my  landes,  and  that 
fferther  Mr  chanssler  dyd  send  to  me  thatt  ytt  was  thoght  thatt  I 
had  dysseyvyd  the  kyng.  My  lord,  ye  know  thatt  I  myght  have  hadd 
seynt  Lenardes,  whiche  is  better  by  iijc  markes  then  my  landes  in 
the  ffyrst  survey.  I  dyd  reffuze  thatt,  and  on  my  ffaythe  I  never 
knew  whatt  Salley  was,  tyll  ytt  was  grauntyd.  M.  Fermer  and 
M.  Montagew  wolld  have  gyffyn  syx  c.  markes  yerly  ffor  Greness- 
norton ;  and  in  consideracyon  theroff,  and  with  my  wyffe  in  maryage, 
the  kynges  hyenes  gave  me  my  landes  unssurveyd.  Yff  ytt  be  the 
kynges  pleasure  to  haue  my  rentalles,  uppon  my  lyft"  I  schall  not  lye, 
butt  bryng  them  my  sellfe,  and  hys  grace  schall  haue  all  thynges  att 
hys  conssyence  and  pleasure,  as  knowythe  God,  who  ever  presserve 
you  with  myche  honour.  The  viij  day  off  Juyn. 

Yowrs  humbly  till  comandment, 

Arthur  Darcy. 
(Cott.  MS.,  Cleopatra,  E,  iv.,  287.) 

Richard  Pollard  to  Cromwell. 

12  June  1537.  Pleas  it  your  good  lordship  to  be  advertished 
that  at  this  present  tyme  I  am  at  byrdlington  as  well  for  surveying 
of  the  same  as  for  other  suche  ordors  as  is  to  be  taken  there.  And 


at  my  being  at  Yorke  I  was  at  Maister  Lawsons  house  where  I  had 
good  chere,  whom  did  acompanye  me  to  Shirefhoton.  And  because 
1  perceyued  that  he  did  attend  upon  my  lord  of  Norffolkes  grace  at 
the  suppressin  of  byrdlington  and  Jervaulx,  and  about  the  orders  of 
suche  thinges  as  is  ther  taken  by  my  said  lordes  grace,  he  did  right 
diligent  and  acceptable  seruice  unto  the  kinges  highnes  as  by  the 
reaport  and  other  apparaunce  of  his  seruice  I  haue  good  knowlege. 
I  desired  the  said  Maister  lawson  to  kepe  me  company  to  byrdling- 
ton at  this  my  cumyng  theder.  Where  I  assure  your  lordship  he 
dothe  his  deutie  and  sheweth  hym  self  as  a  true  subgiett  shuld  and 
ought  to  do  to  his  sou'aigne  lord  in  all  the  seruice  he  can  do  to  the 
profuit  and  aduauntage  of  the  kinges  highnes. 

And  forasmoche  as  now  ther  is  no  receyuor  apointed  to  haue  the 
receiptes  for  the  Kinges  maiestie  of  thies  forfaitt  landes  commytted 
to  my  surveye  at  this  tyme.  If  it  may  stand  with  the  kinges 
pleasure  and  your  good  lordships  I  think  the  said  Maister  Lawson 
verey  able  and  meytt  for  that  rowme  not  onely  for  his  good  and 
diligent  s'uice  butt  also  can  and  may  discharge  the  same  rowme  sub- 
stanncially.  To  whom  I  becech  your  good  lordship  to  be  good  lorde 
in  thoptenyng  therof  so  that  it  may  please  you  he  may  be  accepted 
unto  the  same  rowme.  And  the  rather  at  this  my  poer  request,  &c. 
From  Bydlington  this  xijth  daye  of  Juyn. 

Your  assuryd  att  commandement, 

Rychard  Pollard. 
(Vol.  121,  p.  112.) 

Richard  Pollard  to  Cromwell. 

14  June  1537.  Pleasith  yt  your  good  lordship  to  be  advertised 
that  my  lorde  of  Norffolke  had  byn  at  Bridlyngton  afore  my  comyng 
into  these  parties,  and  there  he  had  all  the  Juells  of  the  Churche,  the 
vestymentes,  the  plate,  oxen,  &  a  great  parte  of  the  shepe,  so  that 
at  my  comyng  thether  there  was  but  little  stuff  remaining.  But 
notwithstondyng  I  haue  gotton  muche  more  syluer  &  summe  gold 
in  the  Churche  whiche  I  haue  sent  to  my  lorde  of  Norff.  grace  to  the 
entent  that  may  be  sent  to  london  with  the  resydue  that  my  lorde  of 
Norff.  hathe.  And  suche  shepe,  cattail,  Corne,  &  household  stufte 
as  dyd  remayne  at  Bridlyngton  at  my  comyng  thether  I  haue  solde 
by  the  advyse  of  Syr  Marmaduke  constable  thelder  &  Richard 
Bellyces,  the  whiche  stuff  I  assure  you  was  the  worst  that  euer  I 
sawe  in  eny  house  of  reputation  as  yt  shall  appere  by  my  bookes, 
and  a  great  part  therof  was  stolyn  by  the  poore  people  afore  my 
commyng  thether.  And  as  for  the  churche  &  the  landes  of  the 
churche  &  houses  I  haue  done  nothing  therewith  as  yet  untyll  I 
know  what  the  kynges  graces  pleasure  shalbe  done  therin  for  that  yt 
standyth  within  half  a  myle  of  the  see.  But  I  assure  you  the  house 
and  Churche  is  farr  in  dekay,  the  most  profyt  therof  ys  to  be  made  of 
the  leades  for  there  was  offered  to  me  for  the  ledes  of  a  Barne  fyve 
hundred  m'kes  ou'  &  besydes  the  residue  of  the  houses  &  churche 


there  the  which  wyl  amounte  to  a  great  sume  of  money.  And  there 
remayneth  muche  Glasse  as  yet  for  I  haue  solde  noo  parte  therof  nor 
the  bells  for  I  can  haue  no  merchaunt  for  the  same.  And  as  con- 
cernyng  the  demaynes  I  haue  offered  the  same  unto  the  inhaby- 
tanntes  of  the  towne  betwene  this  &  Michelmas  and  right  so  the  corne 
in  the  feylde  but  they  offer  nothyng  lyke  for  the  same.  Wherfor 
as  yet  I  haue  sett  no  parte  therof.  And  herewith  I  haue  sent  to 
your  good  lordship  a  boke  whereby  ye  may  perceyve  the  discripcyon 
of  the  churche  &  late  Monastery.  I  assure  your  lordship  1  never 
saw  so  nedy  people  in  my  lyve  as  arr  in  these  parties,  for  they  haue 
made  theare  afore  my  comyng  great  spoyle  &  rob'y-  And  to  the 
entent  your  lordship  shall  perceyve  my  doyng  in  survey  I  have 
therfor  also  sent  you  herewith  a  survey  that  I  haue  made  of  the  man' 
of  Bulmer,  sumtyme  the  inheritannce  of  Syr  John  Bulmer,  to 
thentente  that  yf  yt  be  not  well  &  accordyng  to  your  mynde,  that 
then  yt  wyll  please  your  lordship  to  send  me  your  pleasure.  And  to 
my  power  I  shall  doo  accordyngly.  I  assure  you  your  servant  Mr 
lentall  takyth  great  paynes  and  doth  the  kynges  magestie  right  good 
true  &  dylygent  servyse,  as  yt  shall  appere  at  our  retorne  signyfying 
your  lordship  that  the  country  as  far  as  I  have  labored  be  in  good 
obbedyence  to  our  sou'eign  lorde  the  kynge,  and  be  right  gladde  that 
they  ben  the  kynges  graces  tennantes  ....  And  as  farr  as  I  haue 
surveyed  yet  there  shalbe  due  to  the  kynges  Magestie  at  Mychelmas 
one  hole  yeres  rent,  &  so  ys  lyke  to  be  in  all  Yorkeshere,  but  they 
haue  not  used  to  pay  untyll  Seynt  Martyns  day  then  next  followyng. 
From  brydlyngton  the  xiiij  day  of  June. 

Your  assuryd  att  commandement, 

Ry chard  Pollard. 

(Vol.  i a i,  p.  122.) 
The  Duke  of  Norfolk  to  Cromwell. 

19  June  f537-  My  veray  good  lord,  my  herty  comendacons 
unto  your  good  lordshippe.  fforasmoche  as  it  is  necessarie  that 
James  Rokebye  and  Willm  Blithman  shold  be  present  with 
Maister  Pollerd  at  the  survey  of  Jervaulx  (who  I  veryly  thinke  wolbe 
there  abowte  a  three  wekes  hens)  to  thentent  they  may  instructe 
hym  in  dyverse  thinges  towching  the  kinges  highues  profight  in  the 
same.  This  shalbe  therfore  to  require  youe  to  see  them  expedited 
with  diligence,  and  to  be  retourned  hither  agayne,  so  as  they  faile 
not  to  be  there  at  the  survey  of  the  said  mon(astery).  And  if  not  I 
verely  thinke  the  kinges  highnes  shall  susteyne  great  losses  by  the 
sane  ther  absence.  And  thus  most  hertely  fare  ye  well,  ffrom 
Sherifhoton  the  xixth  daye  of  June. 

And  my  lord  I  requyre  you  to  be  gode  lord  unto  them  for  I  fynd 
them  both  diligent,  well  willyng  and  very  honest  men  in  all  their 
services.  Yrs  assewredly, 

T.  Norffolk. 

To  my  veray  good  Lorde  my  Lorde  privey  Scale. 

(Vol.  121,  146.) 


The  Duke  of  Norfolk  to  Cromwell. 

28  June  1537.  My  veray  good  Lord.  After  my  right  herty 
commendations  unto  your  good  Lordeshippe.  The  same  shall  receive 
by  thies  berers  James  Bowser,  Thomas  Gary  and  my  servaunt  John 
Scoler  all  such  plate  as  was  of  the  houses  of  Bridlington  and  Jerveaulx, 
and  of  all  such  others  that  were  attainted  as  came  to  my  hands  with 
a  boke  conteynyng  all  the  parcells  of  the  saide  plate  sealed  with  my 
scale  and  Mr  Magnus,  who  contynewally  had  all  the  saide  plate  in 
his  kepyng  sithen  thattayndre,  and  I  never  medled  with  any  parte  of 
the  same. 

Also  your  good  lordshippe  shall  receive  by  the  saide  berers  in  a 
bagge  sealed  with  my  Seal,  the  Convent  Scales  of  Sainct  Agathes, 
and  of  Jerueaulx.  And  aswell  the  Convent  Scale  of  Bridlington,  as 
the  scale  of  office  of  the  same  wich  I  haue  caused  to  be  hatred. 

Your  lordshippe  shall  also  understonde  that  I  haue  paied 
thexpenses  for  the  cariage  of  the  saide  plate  alredy  ....  From 
Shrifhoton  the  xxviij  day  of  June. 

Yours  assewredly, 

T.  Norfolk. 
(Vol.  121,  p.  183.) 

Richard  Pollard  to  Cromwell. 

9  July  1537.  I  haue  surveyd  the  demeans  of  the  late  monastery 
of  Whalle  &  granges  of  the  same,  but  as  yet  not  all  the  landes,  for  hyt 
lyyth  fer  assunder  yn  dyvers  shires,  and  1  have  lettyn  the  demeans 
&  granges  unto  the  power  Inhabytantes  therabowtes  untyll  Michel- 
mas,  which  ys  to  ther  great  comfort  &  releyff,  and  moche  to  the 
kynges  avantage  yerely  heraft',  so  that  hys  grace  wyll  make  no  grant 
untyll  suche  tyme  as  hys  grace  may  be  ac'tenyd  of  my  survee  the 
cause  of  my  wrytyng  hcrof  to  your  lordship  ys  for  that  I  haue  hard 
dyvers  men  sea  that  they  trust  to  haue  it  of  the  kynges  grant 
accordyng  to  the  oold  rents.  And  as  concerning  the  leades  of 
Whalle  &  byrlyngton  I  do  not  mell  therwith  ne  with  the  leads 
of  other  monastaries  lately  attentyd  untyll  suche  tyme  as  I  may  be 
ac'tynyd  of  the  kynges  pleasure  what  I  shall  do  therwith,  for  yf  hyt 
may  be  handelyd  by  suche  as  hathe  knolyge  ther  yn  hyt  wyll  yeld  a 
great  some  of  mony,  for  I  had  offeryd  to  me  for  the  concryng  of  on 
berne  at  byrlyngton  fyue  hundred  merkes  wherfor  I  most  humble 
desyre  your  lordship  to  ac'tyn  me  of  the  kynges  pleasure  theryn  & 
ryght,  so  what  shalbe  don  with  the  wallys  of  the  howses  and  for  all 
other  thynges  I  trust  your  lordship  shall  perceve  at  my  retorne  to 
youe  that  I  haue  and  shall  do  my  dutye  theryn  and  to  the  kynges 
honor  and  profyt.  Maie  hyt  also  pleace  your  lordship  to  be  aduer- 
tysed  that  as  concernyng  the  tythes  which  wher  appropryat  to  the 
said  late  Monastares  I  haue  grantyd  them  to  dyvers  men  of  worship 
&  honeste  untyll  crystysmas,  and  then  they  to  yeld  accompt  to  me  or 
to  suche  other  as  the  kynges  maieste  wyll  appoynt  for  the  same  of  & 
for  all  the  profittes  of  oon  hoyll  yere  as  a  procter  to  the  kyuges  use 


&  profytt  so  that  therby  the  yerely  profyt  may  be  knoyn  for  hyt  ys 
unc'tyn  as  yet  tho  which  I  suppose  to  be  the  best  was  to  knowe  the 
hoyll  profyt  therof,  and  as  your  lordship  shall  command  me  to  do 
lerder  theryn  or  yn  any  other  thyng  1  shall  not  feyall  god  wyllyng 
but  to  do  the  same.  Wrytyn  at  Whalle  the  ix  day  of  July. 
Your  assuryd  at  commandement, 

Rychard  Pollard. 

(Vol.  122,  p.  220.) 

[Addressed:—]  To  the  Ryght  honorable  &  hys  synguler  good 
lord  my  lord  priuye  Seale  thys  be  dd. 

Richard  Pollard  to  Cromwell. 

3  Aug.  1537.  May  hyt  pleace  your  good  lordship  to  be  adu'tysed 
that  of  late  I  resevyd  your  letter  wherby  I  percevyd  that  the  kynges 
maiestes  pleasure  and  commandement  whas  that  I  shuld  cause  all  the 
leads  yn  my  survee  to  be  meltyd  &  made  in  sowys  &  set  the  kynges 
merke  apon  them  &  so  to  kepe  them  to  the  kynges  use.  And  so 
accordyngly  I  began  at  the  late  monestarye  of  Jervaux,  but  I  whas 
sowan  wery  thorof  as  well  for  as  J  percevyd  the  Fynor  kowde  but 
lytyll  skyll  thorof  for  the  kynges  profyt  as  also  for  that  I  shuld  haue 
had  a  long  tyme  yn  the  doyng  therof,  for  I  taryed  ther  yn  meltyn  of 
the  leades  of  the  Cladost'  v  days  which  ys  but  lytyll  to  the  value  of 
the  hoyll  leades,  for  I  am  sure  the  leades  ther  ben  oorthe  m1  li  &  I 
thynk  lytyll  worse  at  byrlyngton,  but  at  Whalle  ther  ys  but  small 
leades  bysydes  the  churche,  and  for  that  I  haue  not  don  all  the  leades 
I  most  humble  beseche  your  good  lordship  to  make  myne  excuse  to 
the  kynges  maieste  for  I  suppose  hyt  had  not  ben  best  for  hys  profit 
without  a  good  fynor  ....  thys  is  also  to  ac'tyn  your  lordship  that  I 
haue  left  all  the  leades  as  well  melt  as  also  unmelt  yn  saue  kepyn  as 
your  lordship  shall  perseve  ferder  at  my  returne  which  I  trust  shall 
be  shortely  for  this  day  I  make  an  yend  yn  Yorkeshire  &  take  my 
iorney  towardes  berlynges  yn  lyncolshire.  Wrytyn  at  Dancaster  the 
thyrd  day  of  August. 

Your  assuryd  at  commandement, 

Rychard  Pollard. 
(Vol.  123,  p.  198.) 

Sir  Ralph  Eure,1  Jun.,  to  Cromwell. 

14  Aug.  1537.  My  dewite  remembered  unto  your  gud  lordchep 
umble  bisuchyng  your  gud  Lordchepe  to  haue  in  rememberans  my 
long  and  continewall  Suet  for  the  preferment  of  my  byll  unto  the 
kynges  heyghnes,  for  in  gud  faythe  my  gud  lorde  it  is  so  that 
necessayte  movithe  me  to  cawle  so  haystely  apone  you  at  this  tyme 

1  He  defended  Scarborough  Castle  for  the  King  at  the  time  of  the 
Pilgrimage  of  Grace  ;  was  killed  at  the  battle  of  Ancrum  Moor  with  the  Scots 
6  March  1544-5. 


for  the  expidition  of  the  sayme  &  most  instantly  I  requier  your 
lordchepe  to  be  so  gud  lord  unto  me  as  to  exteynd  your  gudnes 
and  petye  in  this  behalyf,  and  also  that  it  wolde  pleayse  you  that  I 
myght  be  your  deputy  of  your  Stewerschip  of  Whytby  or  gusburne1 
or  of  any  other  offyce  under  your  lordchip  wher  it  schulde  pleayse 
you  to  apoynt  me  for  I  ame  disyerus  for  this  cawse  that  your 
lordchepe  shall  knawe  my  delygence  &  trewithe  in  any  thyng  that 
you  shall  put  me  in  trust  of  and  in  the  premisses  herin  I  hertily 
requier  your  gud  lordchepe  to  haue  me  in  rememberance,  &c  ,  &c. 
From  my  powre  howse  at  Forrbryg  this  xiiijth  day  of  August  by  your 
eu'  at  commandment,  Rauff  Eure. 

(Vol.  124,  p.  42.) 

Richard  Bellycys  to  Cromwell. 

14  Nov.  1^37.  Pleasithe  yor  good  lordship  to  be  aduertysed  I 
haue  taken  down  all  the  leade  of  Jarvaye  and  maid  it  in  pecys  of  half 
foders,  whyche  leade  amoyntythe  to  the  nombre  of  eghten  skore  and 
fyve  foders  wyth  thryttye  and  foure  foders  and  a  half  that  were  there 
byfore,  and  the  said  leade  may  not  be  conved  nor  caryed  unto  the 
next  sombre  for  the  ways  in  that  cowntre  are  so  foule  and  steipe  that 
no  caryage  can  passe  in  wyntre.  And  as  concerninge  the  rasing  and 
takyn  down  the  howse  if  it  be  yor  lordships  pleasour  I  ame  myndet 
to  lat  it  staunde  to  the  sprynge  of  the  yere  by  reason  the  days  ar  now 
so  short  it  wolde  be  doble  charges  to  doo  it  now.  And  as  con- 
cerninge the  sellyng  of  the  belles,  I  can  not  sell  them  abov  xvs  the 
houndrethe,  wher  in  I  wolde  gladly  knowe  yor  lordshipe  pleasor 
whether  I  shuld  sell  them  after  that  pryce  or  sond  them  up  to 
London,  and  if  they  be  sent  up  surely  the  caryage  wolbe  costly  from 
that  place  to  the  water.  And  as  for  Byrdlington  1  have  doyn 
nothing  there  as  yet  but  sparythe  it  to  Marche  next,  bycause  the  days 
now  are  so  short,  and  frome  suche  tyme  as  I  begyn,  I  trust  shortly 
to  dyspache  it  after  suche  fashon  that  when  all  is  fynished,  I  trust 
yor  lordship  shall  think  that  I  have  been  no  evyll  howsband  in  all 
suche  thinges  as  yor  lordship  haithe  appoynted  me  to  doo.  And 
thus  the  holye  gost  euer  preserue  your  lordship  in  honor.  At  Yorke 
this  xiiijth  daye  of  Nouembre  by  yor  most  bounden  beademan, 

Richard  Bellycys. 
(Cleopatra,  E,  iv.,  288.) 

A  remembrance  to  my  Lord  privye  Seals  good  Lordshipp  for 
Richard  Bellycis. 

No  date.  That  it  myght  please  hys  good  Lordshyp  to  be  a  mean 
unto  the  Kynges  Hyghtnes  for  the  sayd  Rychard  Bellycis  to  have  in 
ferme  the  pryory  of  Brydlygton  in  the  Countey  of  York  paying 
therefor  syche  yeerly  rentt  as  shall  stand  withe  the  kynges  most 
gracyus  pleasure.  (Vol.  120,  176.) 

1  Guisborough. 


In  the  beginning  of  1538  there  were  more  applications 
to  receive  benefits  out  of  the  spoils  of  the  monasteries.  Arch- 
bishop Cranmer  wants  some  preferment  for  John  VVakefield 
out  of  Pontefract,  the  Earl  of  Westmorland  again  writes  about 
Keldhom  and  has  a  longing  for  Rosedale,  Sir  John  Nevile  tries 
to  get  something  out  of  Nostell  or  Monk  Bretton,  Robert 
Ferrar  desires  Nostell,  Sir  Richard  Gresham  offers  for  Fountains, 
whilst  the  Abbot  of  York  and  Sir  George  Lawson  wish  for  the 
cell  of  St.  Martin's,  Richmond.  They  all  write  fulsome  letters 
to  Cromwell. 

Cranmer  to  Cromwell. 

1537-8,  28  Feb.  My  veray  singuler  good  Lorde  in  my  most 
hartie  wise  I  commende  me  unto  your  Lordeshipe.  And  whereas 
diverse  tymes  I  haue  ben  desirous  and  mynded  to  sue  unto  the 
kinges  maiestie  for  some  prefermente  for  John  Wakefelde,  gentil- 
man,  Controller  of  my  houshold,  a  man  of  goode  Judgement  and 
affection  towardes  God's  worde  whiche  I  haue  knowne  hyme  for  the 
space  of  theis  xij  yeares,  alwayes  redie  to  promote  in  his  countrey, 
not  rashely  nor  seditiously  but  gentely  and  soberly  so  that  his  owne 
countraye  coulde  nether  gretly  hate  hym  nor  loue  hym.  Thei  coulde 
not  hate  hym  for  his  kindenes  and  gentilnes,  being  redie  to  do  euery 
manner  goode  moche  as  in  his  power  was.  And  yett  thei  coulde 
not  hartely  loue  hym  by  cause  he  euer  commended  the  knowledge  of 
God's  worde,  studied  it  him  selfe  diligently  ande  exorted  theme  unto 
the  same  and  spake  many  tymes  againste  the  abusions  of  the  clergie 
for  whiche  he  hade  all  the  hate  that  most  of  the  clergie  coulde 
procure  againste  hym.  And  partely  for  his  sincere  mynde  whiche  he 
bereth  towardes  Gode's  wowrde,  partely  for  his  trew  and  faithfull 
hart  whiche  he  hath  borne  towardes  his  prince  and  suche  thinges  as 
frome  tyme  to  tyme  his  highnes  haith  set  forthe,  and  specyally  in 
this  last  commotion  in  the  northe  partes,  forsomoche  as  he  so 
unsaynedly  declared  his  treu  and  faithfull  alleigaunce  unto  the  kinges 
highnes,  refusing  the  confederacye  of  the  lorde  Darcye  and  other 
being  gatherd  together  into  the  Castell  of  Pomfret  where  lord  Darcie 
had  trayned  hym  theder  as  forther  yor  lordshipe  shall  proyve  by  the 
saide  lord  Darcy's  lettres  herein  enclosed.  And  yet  that  notwith- 
standing after  that  my  saide  Controller  by  conaton  with  the  said 
Lord  Darcie  had  provd  that  ther  was  no  towerdnes  of  iidelitie  in 
hyme,  he  withdrew  hym  selfe  out  of  the  said  Castel  to  his  greate 
iopdie  and  losse  of  all  his  goodes  which  at  that  tyme  were  specyally 
spoyled  because  he  was  so  unobediente  unto  their  myndes,  for  the 
whiche  spoille  of  his  goodes  he  haithe  ben  partely  recompensid  by 
my  lorde  of  Norfolke  but  not  in  comparison  to  his  losse.  I  say 
therfore  for  this  cause  of  his  vexation  &  other  the  premisses  I  was 
many  tymes  mynded  to  sue  for  his  preferment  saving  that  hederto  I 
sawe  nothing  mete  for  his  comoditie,  and  now  for  asmoche  as  I  am 
enformed  that  the  priorie  of  Pomfrete  and  the  demayne  landes  of  that 


howse  lyeth  very  comodiously  for  hyme  specyally  in  the  towne 
wheare  he  dwelleth,  theis  shalbe  to  beseche  your  lordshipe  to  be  so 
goode  lorde  unto  hym  as  to  be  a  meane  unto  the  kinges  maiestie  that 
he  may  haue  the  preferment  of  the  saide  priorie  with  the  demaynes 
inferme  doing  in  that  behalf  as  any  other  will  do  for  the  kinges  grace 
advauntage,  it  is  no  man  so  met  as  for  hym  and  I  think  ther  will  be 
be  but  small  suete  for  it  by  reason  that  the  landes  ar  valewed  to  the 
uttermost  and  not  onely  lieth  in  tellage  saving  certen  pasture  for  the 
mayntenance  of  the  tythe  but  also  no  common  pasture  ne  woodes 
belonging  to  the  same  for  the  which  cause  also  my  saide  Controller 
wolde  not  sewe  saving  that  it  lithe  so  nygh  unto  hym.  Beseching 
your  lordeshipe  that  yf  hereafter  he  espie  any  better  thing  in  the 
contrye  that  he  may  haue  your  favour  therin.  And  I  doubt  not  in 
this  his  small  preferment  but  that  his  neighbours  perceyue  that  the 
kinges  maiestie  doth  not  forget  thos  that  bere  his  grace  thair  true 
hartes  and  fideletie.  If  your  lordshipe  wold  be  so  good  as  to  shew 
theis  my  lettres  unto  the  kinges  maiestie  declaring  the  consideracons 
therof  I  trust  his  highnes  will  tender  my  suete  yf  it  were  a  greater 
matier,  for  his  highnes  will  gladely  helpe  his  faithfull  subiectes  yf  his 
grace  have  information  of  them,  and  excepte  his  grace  be  informed  of 
theym  he  cannot  helpe  the  trustie  subiecte  he  hath.  Thus  my  lorde 
most  hartely  fare  youe  well.  At  fford  the  xxviijth  of  ffebruarye. 

Yor  ever  to  commaunde, 

T.  Cantuarien. 
(Vol.  129,  157.) 

Elizabeth  Ughtred  to  Cromwell. 

1 8  March  1536-7  (?).1  Myn  especiall  goode  Lorde  after  mooste 
hartie  recommendacon  pleas  it  youe  to  be  soe  goode  unto  me  as 
thoroughe  your  meanes  I  mought  be  holpen  to  obteigne  of  the  kinges 
grace  to  be  farmer  of  oone  of  these  abbays,  yf  thay  fortune  to  goe 
downe.  The  names  wherof  I  doe  sende  unto  yor  Lordeshipe 
herynne  incloosed ;  and  as  for  payment  for  the  same  I  truste  to 
discharge  as  well  and  surely  as  anny  livinge  personage.  My  Lorde 
insomyche  as  my  husbande  whose  soule  God  pardone  dide  bere  ever 
unto  yor  Lordship  boothe  his  harte  and  service  next  under  the  kinges 
grace  I  am  therfor  the  moor  bolder  to  write  and  sue  unto  youe  for 
your  goode  helpe  and  furtheraunce  herynne,  besides  that  I  doe  putte 
myn  oonely  truste  in  yor  Lordeship  for  the  goode  expedicon  herof, 
and  entende  not  to  sue  to  noon  other  but  oonely  to  your  Lordeship  ; 
further  at  my  laste  being  at  the  Courte  I  desired  your  Lordeshipe, 
that  1  mought  be  soe  boolde  as  to  be  a  sueter  to  youe,  at  whiche 
tyme  yor  Lordeshipe  gave  unto  me  a  verey  goode  aunsuer,  praying 
youe  soe  to  contynue  my  goode  Lorde.  I  was  in  Maister  Ughtreddes 
daies  in  a  good  howse  of  myn  owne  and  ever  syns  have  bene  derven 
to  be  a  seriornor  by  cause  my  living  is  not  able  to  welcome  my 

1  The  exact  date  of  this  letter  is  doubtful. 


frendes  whiche  for  my  husbandes  sake  and  myn  owne  wolde  some 
tyme  come  and  see  me.  Wherfor  if  it  pleas  yor  Lordeshipe  nowe  to 
helpe  me  soe  that  I  mought  be  able  to  kepe  some  poor  poorte  after 
my  degree  in  myn  oune  howse,  nowe  being  a  poor  woman  a  lone  I 
wer  the  mooste  bounde  unto  youe  that  anny  livinge  woman  mought 
be  and  moor  with  a  litell  helpe  nowe  thenne  if  ye  a  vised  me  to  be 
hounde  to  thing  of  a  thousande  marke  a  yer.  And  for  the  same 
eftesoones  I  hartely  desir  your  goode  Lordship.  Desiring  youe  further 
to  geve  credence  to  Maister  Darcy  concernyng  suche  causes  as  he 
shall  move,  and  thus  Almighty  Jhesu  euer  preserve  your  goode 
Lordeshipe.  At  Yorke  the  xviijlh  daye  of  Marche.  By  your  mooste 
bounden  Elysabeth  Ughtred. 

The  right  honorable  and  myn  especiall  goode  Lorde  my  Lord 
Privea  Scale. 

(Vol.  117,  39-40.) 

The  Earl  of  Westmorland  to  Cromwell. 

26  March  1538.  My  verye  goode  lorde  in  my  moste  harty 
manner  I  recommend  me  unto  your  lordship,  thinkyng  yowe  sir 
hartelie  for  the  grete  goodenes  that  I  alweis  fynde  in  yowe,  and  for 
that  ye  ar  so  goode  lorde  unto  my  sone  as  I  perceyve  ye  be  whiche  is 
to  my  grete  comfforte  to  heve,  whereby  next  unto  the  king  my  master 
and  my  lorde  prynce  ?  I  and  all  myne  ar  youres.  My  lorde  I 
trowble  yowe  alweis  with  my  olde  suyte  concernyng  the  suppressed 
bowses  and  londes  of  Rossedale1  and  Keldhom  that  it  pleased  the 
kinges  grace  by  youre  goode  meanys  to  graunte  me,  desiring  yowe  my 
lorde  to  be  so  goode  unto  me  as  that  I  may  haue  all  the  same  under 
the  kingis  highnes  brode  scale.  I  am  the  more  bolder  to  wryte  unto 
yowe  herein  becaus  ye  were  so  goode  lorde  unto  me  as  to  promesse 
me  that  I  sholde  by  your  goode  meanys  haue  all  the  same  so  made 
sure  unto  me  wheche  were  to  my  grete  comfforte  as  to  have  it,  and 
where  as  I  am  youre  lordships  dettor  I  pray  you  think  nothing 
therein  though  I  haue  not  send  it  yowe  up  or  nowe,  but  it  shall  not 
be  long  or  it  be  sent  yowe.  And  for  youre  goodenes  in  that  my 
lorde  and  in  all  other  thinges  I  moste  hartelye  thanke  you.  And 
Jeshu  preserue  youre  lordship.  At  Brancepeth  this  xxvi  day  of 

Your  lordship  to  my  best  power, 

Rauff  Westmerland. 

(Vol.  130,  p.  143.) 

Sir  John  Nevile  to  Cromwell. 

1538,  June.  My  verey  specyall  and  singular  good  lord,  my 
duytie  is  I  humbly  recomend  me  unto  your  lordship.  I  humbly 
beseche  your  lordshypp  to  pardon  me  that  I  come  nott  to  gyve  my 

1  He  had  a  grant  of  Rosedale  6  July  1538. 


attendance  off  the  kyng  and  off  your  lordshypp  accordyng  to  my  hert 
and  duyte,  and  my  good  lord  synce  I  was  with  your  lordshypp  last  I 
have  beyn  in  grett  p'ayn  and  be  the  reason  of  yl  I  was  cast  in  to  a 
grett  fever  of  an  agewe  that  I  am  now  abyll  to  gyve  my  attendance 
acordyng  to  my  duytie,  nevertheless  I  gyfe  hereafter  to  dowe  his 
grace  and  your  lordshipp  as  ever  I  was  as  good  servyce  or  better, 
humbly  besechyng  your  lordshypp  to  be  good  and  gracious  lord  unto 
me  and  to  pardon  me  that  I  ame  so  bold  to  preventt  any  off  thes 
howses  off  relygyon  be  ffor  they  come  in  to  the  kynges  graces  hands 
and  your  lordshypp,  and  yff  itt  wold  please  youe  to  be  so  good  and 
gracious  lord  unto  me  as  to  gett  me  the  preferment  off  the  howse  off 
Selbey  or  Sanntt  Oswaldes  or  Monkburton  with  the  demaynes  yff 
they  hereafter  come  into  his  handes  and  your  lordshyppes  be  per- 
suatyon  or  other  ways,  for  I  suppose  verely  they  have  dysservyd  as 
well  to  come  in  and  submytt  them  selves  as  others  haythe  doyn,  and 
this  and  all  other  I  comytt  unto  your  Lordshypps  goodnes,  and  thus 
the  holle  trinete  haue  youe  in  his  blyssyd  kepyng  long  to  endure, 
ffrome  Stepnay  by  your  pore  orator, 

John  Nevyll. 

To  the  ryght  honorabyll  my  good  lord  my  lord  privey  sell  this  be 

(Vol.  132,  p.  249.) 

Sir  John  Nevile  to  Dr.  Lee. 

3  June  1538.  Ryght  worshypfull  Sir  in  my  hertelyst  maner  y1  I 
cane,  I  hertely  recomend  me  unto  you,  humbly  thankyng  youe  oft"  all 
goodnes  toward  me,  and  Sir  nowe  itt  is  yl  you  may  helpe  me  yf  itt 
be  your  pleasur  for  your  good  word  to  my  good  Lords  grace  my  lord 
privey  selle  for  itt  is  so  yl  itt  hatthe  pleasyd  God  to  call  unto  his 
mercye  the  prior  off  the  monystery  off  Santt  Oswaldes  off  whos  sowll 
God  pardon,  &  as  I  understand  they  ar  determyned  to  kepp  itt 
segrett  iij  or  iiij  days  for  whatt  intent  God  knowythe  as  I  hane 
certified  my  Lordes  grace  in  his  letter,  and  yff  there  be  any  servys  y* 
I  can  dowe  my  lords  grace  or  youe  in  that  behalff  or  any  other  I  ame 
redy  &  shall  be  redy  duryng  my  lyric  by  the  grace  of  Jesu  who  haue 
youe  in  his  blyssed  kepyng.  From  Chett  the  thurd  day  off  June. 

I  haue  beyn  with  the  prior  off  Munksburton  and  he  is  almost  att 
a  poyntt  for  the  resynatyon  off  his  howse  into  the  handes  off  the 
kynges  hienes  and  my  good  gracious  lordes  and  yours,  trystyng  in 
my  good  and  gracious  lord  and  youe  to  helppe  hyme  and  his  brethren 
to  some  resonabyll  pensyon  that  they  may  pray  for  the  kynges  henes 
and  my  lordshypes  and  yours,  &  Sir  yff  itt  please  youe  to  gowe  to 
my  lordes  in  my  behalff  to  be  so  good  lord  unto  me  that  I  myght 
haue  the  said  hows  with  the  demanys  and  the  parsonage  off 
Royston  whiche  is  in  the  parishe  I  dwell  in,  for  I  shall  never  sue  to 
the  kyngs  henes  nor  to  my  good  lord  for  no  offys  nor  ffe  nor 
promosyon  more  duryng  my  lyff,  and  Sir  yff  itt  please  my  lord  to  be 
good  lord  unto  me  in  this  behalff,  toyk  whatt  youe  thynke  I  shuld 


gyve  unto  my  good  lord  in  way  of  reward  I  hertely  requyer  youe  to 
nomynytt  itt  to  his  lordshyppe  in  my  behalffe  and  I  shall  performe 
and  kepe  itt  in  wytnes  whereof!  I  have  subscrybyd  my  name.  Sir, 
as  for  the  abbott  off  Royche  is  comye  upp,  use  hyme  nowe  as  youe 
thynk  best  your  selffe  notwithstandyng  we  haue  resavyd  your  lesse, 
butt  itt  cane  nott  be  sealyd  to  he  come  down,  desyryng  youe  to  take 
credance  to  the  berrer  hereoff. 

John  Nevyll. 
To  the  right  worsheppffull  Mastr  Docter  Lee. 

(Vol.  132,  p.  249.) 

Robert  Ferrar,1  Prior  of  S.  Oswald's,  to  Cromwell. 

5  Sept.  1538.  Right  honorable  and  my  most  singuler  goode 
lorde  to  whome  I  knowlege  me  moste  bounden  under  Godde  and  the 
kynge,  I  interlie  commende  and  committe  me  unto  yor  goodnes, 
humblie  besuching  the  same  even  as  my  hoole  trust  restes  in  yor 
lordeshipe  next  under  Godde  to  haue  me  in  yor  benigne  remera- 
braunce  and  to  be  intercessor  to  the  kinges  magestie  for  the  howse 
of  Sainct  Oswalde  whereunto  by  the  goodnes  of  Godde  it  hath 
pleased  his  highnes  at  yor  mediation  to  preserve  me  that  it  might  be 
establesshed  a  colledge  for  the  norishement  of  yowth  in  vertue  and 
learnynge  to  thincrease  and  advauncement  of  the  lyvelie  worde  of 
Godde,  diligentlie,  sincerelie  and  trewlie  to  be  preached  to  Goddes 
people  and  the  kinges  in  thees  parties,  whiche  thankes  be  to  the 
Lorde  are  right  diligent  and  with  gladde  hartes  desirous  to  heare  and 
learne  the  same ;  euer  besuchinge  your  goodnes  to  be  continued 
towarde  me  and  my  poor  brethren  in  that  behalfe  accordinge  to  the 
trust  and  expectacon  we  have  in  the  same,  and  further  that  it  might 
please  yor  good  lordshipe  to  advertis  me  in  som  parte  of  yor  pleasor 
herin  by  youre  lettres  or  otherwise  by  this  berar  my  chaplen  of  whome 
ye  shall  receyue  a  poor  token  frome  me  besuchinge  yor  goode 
lordshipe  thankfullie  to  accept  the  same,  not  exteamynge  the  valewe 
of  the  thinge  whiche  is  but  litle,  but  the  hartie  affection  of  the  gever 
who  is  hoolie  yors  withe  his  hoole  harte  and  service  unto  deth  as 
knowith  the  lyvinge  Godde,  who  euer  preserve  yor  lordeshipe  in 
highe  honor  longe  to  continue ;  from  Sainct  Oswaldes  the  fyveth  day 
of  Septembre  by  youre  most  humble  orator, 

R.  Ferrar,  prior  of  the  same. 

(Vol.  136,  p.  93.) 

1  Robert  Ferrar,  said  to  have  been  born  at  Ewood  in  Midgley,  parish  of 
Halifax,  during  the  reign  of  Henry  VII.  He  became  an  Augustinian  canon  ; 
was  appointed  prior  of  St.  Oswald's  (Nostell)  monastery,  probably  only  to  make 
surrender  of  that  house  to  the  Crown.  This  took  place  20  Nov.,  31  Henry  VIII. 
(1539).  In  1548  Ferrar  became  Bishop  of  St.  David's  ;  but  when  Queen  Mary 
came  to  the  throne  he  was  imprisoned,  deprived  of  the  bishopric,  and  ulti- 
mately burnt  30  March  1556  (See  "  Diet.  Nat.  Biog.") 


Sir  Richard  Gresham1  to  Cromwell. 

22  Oct.  1538.  Myn  homble  dewty  to  yor  goode  lordeshype, 
maye  yt  please  you  to  be  aduertyssed  that  where  1  have  movyd  the 
kynges  magiste  to  parches  of  his  grace  certen  laundes  be  longyn  to 
the  howsse  of  Fowntens  to  the  vallewe  of  thre  hundred  and  fyvty 
poundes  by  yere  aftyr  the  rate  of  xx11  yeres  purches  the  som  of  the 
mony  amownting  unto  7000  li  wher  of  to  be  dessallyd  1000  li 
whiche  I  delyuered  by  the  comawndment  of  the  lorde  cardenale  to 
the  Ducke  of  Bokyngham  on  his  goynge  to  Guynes  and  the  seyd 
cardenale  receyvyd  of  the  sayde  Ducke  ij  obligacons  where  I  staunde 
boundyn  he  and  S1'  Thomas  Woodehowsse  with  other  to  the  kynges 
usse  for  payment  of  the  sayd  1000  li  and  the  same  obligacons  wher 
de  delyuered  by  the  seyd  cardinale  to  Master  Mekelowe  beynge 
thresaurer  of  the  kynges  chamber,  onely  to  thintent  that  I  shoulld  be 
recompenced  to  the  some  of  1000  li  in  customes  whiche  yet  I  am 
not  as  yor  lordsheppes  do  knowe,  and  for  the  reste  of  the  mony 
for  the  sayde  laundes  whiche  ys  6000  li  I  wylle  paye  in  hande 
3000  li  and  the  other  3000  li  ....  to  paye  yerlly  500  li  tyll  yt  be 
payed,  besechynge  yor  goode  lordeshipe  to  be  soo  goode  lorde  unto 
me  that  I  may  knowe  the  kynges  gracious  pleassor  that  yf  I  shold 
have  the  sayde  laundes  that  I  maye  prepare  the  mony  to  be  in  a 
rydenes.  And  thus  ower  lorde  preserue  yor  goode  lordeshyppe  with 
helthe.  Att  London  the  xxij  daye  of  Octobr. 

Yor  owne  at  yor  lordeshepes  commawndment, 

Rye.  Gresham. 

To  my  lorde  Prevy  Seale. 

(Vol.  137,  p.  253.) 

William,  Abbot  of  York,  to  Cromwell. 

3  Nov.  1538.  Pleasit  your  honorable  good  lordship  to  advertisith 
that  I  haue  receved  your  lordship  lettres  in  the  preferment  of  your 
servaunde  Sr  Georg  Lawson  to  be  the  fermor  of  one  of  our  cells 
called  Sanct  Marty ns  besides  Richmond,  and  if  it  lyek  your  good 
lordship  to  call  to  your  rememrance  of  former  lettres  send  by  your 
lordship  to  me  in  the  favor  of  Sir  Roger  Chamley,2  Knyght  and 
recorder  of  the  citie  of  London  for  the  same  cell  wherin  I  and  my 
brethren  took  such  order  in  the  said  your  honorable  lettres  that  your 

1  Sir  Richard  Gresham,  probably  born  about  1485,  was  an  eminent  merchant 
in  London.  He  advanced  money  to  the  King  and  Court,  having  many  financial 
transactions  with  Wolsey  and  Cromwell.  He  was  Lord  Mayor  of  London 
1537,  and  knighted  the  same  year.  He  obtained  many  grants  of  abbey  lands. 
At  this  date  he  must  have  been  proposing  to  purchase  Fountains  Abbey,  which 
he  succeeded  in  finally  obtaining  when  the  dissolution  took  place. 

•  Sir  Richard  Cholmeley,  a  natural  son  of  Sir  Richard  Cholmeley  of 
Thornton-on-the-Hill,  co.  York,  was  Lieutenant  of  the  Tower,  Recorder  of 
London  1535,  Chief  Justice  of  the  Common  Pleas  1552.  He  seems  to  have 
had  a  grant  of  St.  Martin's,  Richmond,  1540-1. 


lordship  shalbe  ....  in  the  same  shortly,  and  thus  disyering  your 
good  lordship  to  continue  your  goodnes  toward  this  monastery,  me 
and  my  bethern,  and  we  shall  daly  pra  to  preserve  your  good  lordship 
with  myche  honor  from  overton. 

Yowre  humble  beadsman, 

Wiftm,  Abbott  of  Yorke. 

(Vol.  138,  p.  96.) 

Sir  George  Lawson  to  Cromwell. 

5  Nov.  1538.  Pleas  it  your  good  lordship  to  accept  my  hertie 
thankes  for  the  contynuall  goodnes  by  you  dayle  shewed  unto  me 
and  my  poor  sonne  your  servaunt.  And  where  it  hath  pleased  you 
to  wryte  to  thabbott  of  Saynt  Maries  in  his  favor  for  to  have  in 
farme  the  cell  of  S.  Marteyns  wherin  the  said  abbott  hathe  maid  a 
slender  answer  and  geveth  fayr  wordes,  the  remedy  of  this  mater 
restith  all  in  your  lordship,  most  humble  beseching  you  to  be  good  to 
your  said  servaunt  in  the  same,  for  I  think  the  said  abbott  doth 
dissimble  in  this.  I  was  so  bold  as  to  wryte  to  Maister  Gostwyk1 
and  my  sone  Peter  to  move  your  lordship  to  be  so  good  lord  unto  me 
as  that  I  might  have  the  scyte  of  the  Fryar  Augustines  in  Yorke, 
whiche  is  butt  a  small  ground  in  compas  on  circuite,  without 
comoditie  of  orchard  or  garden  saving  a  litil  kitchin  garden,  butt  it  is 
most  meyt  for  me  and  ioyneth  to  the  walles  of  my  poor  howse. 
Most  hartely  praying  your  lordship  to  remembyr  me  in  this  mater 
and  that  I  may  know  your  pleasor  therin,  and  as  I  am  most  bounden 
I  shall  dayle  pray  to  our  Lord  for  the  preservation  of  your  good 
lordship.  At  Yorke  the  Vth  day  of  Novembr. 

Yor  assured  man  euer, 

George  Lawson. 
(Vol.  138,  p.  151.) 

Robert  Ferrar  to  Cromwell. 

15  Nov.  1538.  My  right  singuler  goode  lorde,  in  my  moste 
humble  wise  I  do  thanke  your  goode  lordeshipe  for  your  most 
favorable  benignitie  continually  exhibited  to  me,  so  poor  and 
unworthie  a  person,  whiche  I  owght  never  to  forgett,  but  rather  to 
acknowledge  by  my  poor  service  unto  deth.  And  where  as  I  am 
enformed  the  kinges  moste  graciouse  pleasure  is  that  the  priourie  of 
Sainct  Oswaldes2  whereunto  by  your  lordeshipe  his  goode  mediacon  I 
was  preferred  shall  emongst  others  be  dissolved.  Lesse  I  cannot  doe 
for  the  declaracon  of  myn  honestie  and  truthe  in  this  behalfe,  then  to 
certifie  your  lordshipe  not  onelie  of  suche  speciall  debtes,  and  other 
gooddes  as  appteane  to  the  said  priourie,  but  also  of  the  hoole  extent 
of  the  landdes  belonginge  to  the  same  as  I  have  done  by  this  berar, 
besuchinge  your  goode  lordeshipe  nowe  to  be  goode  lorde  to  me  your 

1  Cromwell's  Secretary.  *  Nostell. 


servaunt  and  orator,  and  also  to  my  poor  bredren  and  '  servauntes 
accordinge  to  the  trust  I  have  ever  hadde  and  yet  have  in  your  goode 
lordshipe  and  speciallie  to  that  said  berar  who  has  taken  great  paynes 
for  me  at  all  seasons,  to  whome  may  it  please  you  to  geve  further 
credence  of  my  behalfe,  of  whom  also  ye  shall  receyue  a  poor  token 
frome  me  whiche  I  besuche  your  lordshipe  to  accept  in  good  parte, 
for  if  my  power  hadde  been  better  I  wolde  with  goode  harte  haue  sente 
a  better  as  knowith  our  Savior  Crist  Jesus,  who  ever  preserve  youre 
goode  lordshipe  in  highe  honor  longe  to  endure.  From  the  aforesaid 
priourie  of  Sainct  Oswalde  the  xvth  day  of  Novembre  by  your  most 
humble  orator  with  his  service, 

Robert  Ferrar. 
(Vol.  154,  p.  169.) 

Sir  John  Nevile  to  Cromwell. 

23  Nov.  1538.  Ryght  honorabyll  &  my  good  lord  I  humbly 
recomend  me  unto  your  good  lordship  humbly  besechyng  your 
lordship  to  pardon  me  that  I  ame  so  bold  ....  and  wher  as  itt  haythe 
pleasyd  the  kynges  henes  and  your  lordshypp  to  apontt  Sr  George 
Lawson  &  Master  Bellows,1  Master  Bryethman2  and  other  for  the 
subpressions  off  certeyn  howsys  in  our  parties,  and  wher  as  itt  shall 
please  your  lordshupp  to  understand  that  the  said  commysyeners 
was  att  the  hows  off  Muncke  Burton8  this  day  the  xxij  day  off  this 
presentt  monethe  off  November  and  att  the  for  said  hows  of  Burton 
ther  the  prior  and  all  his  brether  haythe  surrendered  upp  the  hows  in 
to  the  kynges  henes  handes  and  yours,  and  yff  itt  wold  haue  pleasyd 
your  good  lordshipp  to  have  beyn  so  good  lord  unto  me  as  to  graunt 
me  the  preferment  off  the  parsonage  off  Royston  wythe  the  town  off 
Cudworthe  and  Caryllton  whiche  the  prior  haid  in  his  handes  and 
itt  is  off  this  paryshe  I  dwell  in,  as  this  howse  off  Munk  Burton  is. 
I  ame  bownd  to  pray  for  your  good  lordshypp  duryng  my  lyff  and 
my  good  lord  yff  itt  myght  haue  staid  with  your  lordshypps  pleasur 
that  I  myght  baue  haid  the  preferment  off  the  said  hows  off  Munke 
Burton  with  the  demayns  and  suche  goodes  as  therto  belongythe  itt, 
yff  ther  be  no  farther  grant  mayd  by  the  kynges  henes  &  your 
lordshupp  that  the  comysyoners  may  knowe  theire  lordships  pleasur 
herein  and  thus  Almyghtfully  Jeshu  preserve  youe  in  good  helthe 
long  to  end  ....  Frome  Chett  the  xxiij  day  of  November  by  your 
trellie  and  faythfull  suggett  to  the  uttermost  off  his  lyttyll  power. 

John  Nevyll. 
(Vol.  139,  p.  132.) 

After  the  termination  of  the  "  Pilgrimage  of  Grace "  in  the 
spring  of  1537  (as  stated  p.  48),  the  king  determined  that  in 

1  Bellasis.  2  BIytheman. 

3  Monk  Bretton  was  dissolved  21  Nov.  1538. 


addition  to  the  smaller  priories  the  whole  of  the  abbeys  and 
friaries  should  be  dissolved.  Commissioners  were  appointed 
for  the  work,  and,  as  there  was  no  Act  of  Parliament  to  compel 
a  legal  suppression,  they  were  instructed  to  negotiate  and  try  to 
get  the  monks  and  friars  to  agree  to  give  up  peaceably  their 
buildings  and  possessions,  receiving  pensions  for  so  doing. 
This  course  of  procedure  continued  during  the  remaining  part 
of  1537  and  during  1538.  The  following  letter  shews  how 
these  negotiations  had  so  far  succeeded  and  what  monasteries, 
&c.,  had  been  lately  surrendered : — 

The  Commissioners  of  the  North  to  Cromwell. 

15  Dec.,  30  Hen.  VIII.  (1538).  Owre  most  singulere  goode 
lorde  owre  bownden  dewties  lowlie  premysede,  pleas  yt  youre 
honorable  lordeshippe  too  be  advertisede,  we  have  laytlye  receyvede 
youre  letters  conteigninge  the  kinges  majesties  pleasure  anempsce 
the  ordere  of  leed  and  belles  apperteanynge  to  suche  howses  off 
religeon  contenanyde  in  the  Kinges  graces  letters  commissionall  to 
us  addressed,  wherof  we  have  allredye  commytte  the  salve  custodie  to 
substanciall  honeste  persons  liable  too  answer  therefoore,  and  have 
not  solde  ne  intended  to  sell  anye  percell  thereof.  We  have  quyetlye 
takine  the  surrenders  and  dissolvyd  the  monasteries  of!  Wyeresoppe,1 
Monckebreton,2  Sancte  Androos3  at  Yorke,  Byland,4  Ryvaille,5 
Kyrkeham,6  and  Ellerton,7  the  ffreers8  at  Tykhill,  Doncastere,  Ponte- 
fracte  and  the  citie  or!'  Yorke,  where  we  perceyved  no  murmure  or 
gruge  in  anye  behalfe,  bot  were  thanckefullye  receyvede,  as  we  shall 
within  vj  dayes  more  playnlie  certifye  your  lordeshippe.  And 
wheere  yt  haithe  pleasyd  youre  lordeshippe  too  wryte  fore  reservinge 
of  leed  and  belles  at  Bolton  in  chauns  ther  ys  as  yet  noo  suche 
commission  cummyne  to  owre  handes,  as  Jhesus  knowethe,  whoo 
preserve  your  lordeshippe  in  helthe  and  honor.  At  Yorke  the 
xvthe  daye  of  Decembere. 

Youre  lordshippes  humble  boundon  orators, 

George  Lawson. 

Rycherd  Bellassez. 

Willm.  Blithman. 

James  Rokeby. 
(Cotton,  Cleop.  E,  iv.,  fol.  242.) 

1  Worksop.  2  Monk  Bretton,  dissolved  21  Nov.  1538. 

3  St.  Andrews,  dissolved  28  Nov.  1538. 

4  Byland,  dissolved  30  Nov.  1538. 
*  Rievaulx,  dissolved  3  Dec.  1538. 

6  Kirkham,  dissolved  8  Dec.  1538. 

7  Ellerton,  dissolved  u  Dec.  1538. 

'  The  house  of  Austen  Friars  at  Tickhill,  the  three  houses  of  Friars  of 
Doncaster,  the  house  of  Black  Friars  at  Pontefract,  and  four  houses  of  Friars 
at  York  were  all  dissolved  in  November  1538. 


Sir  George  Lawson  and  William  Blithman  to  Cromwell. 
18  Dec.  15.38.  Pleas  yt  your  honorable  lordeshippe  to  be  adver- 
tysed  the  priors  of  Pontefracte,  Newburghe  and  Maltone  be  mynded 
to  surrendere  there  bowses  in  to  the  kynges  handes  yf  there  were 
anye  commissione  directe  fore  to  receyve  theym  as  the  Holye  Gooste 
knowethe  who  preserve  your  lordeshippe.  At  Yorke  the  xviijth  daye 
of  Decembre. 

Yor  lordeshippes  bounden  beedmen, 

George  Lawson. 
Willm.  Blithman. 
(Vol.  140,  p.  129.) 

Sir  Nicholas  Fairfax  to  Cromwell. 

22  Jan.  1538-9.  In  my  mooste  lowelie  maner  I  humblie  besyche 
youre  lordeshipe  to  be  goode  lorde  unto  me  as  in  case  Maister 
Bellasses  do  leve  the  prefermente  of  Bylande  for  anye  other  thinge 
that  I  maye,  by  youre  lordeshippe  meanes,  have  the  preferment  of 
the  demaynes  theire,  whiche  be  comodiouse  for  me,  by  cause  they  be 
neare  adioininge  to  my  poor  house.  And  if  the  kinges  maiestie  haue 
otherwise  disposed  the  same,  that  yt  maye  pleas  youre  lordeshipe  to 
be  meane  for  me  to  the  kinges  maiestie,  that  I  maye  haue  the 
preferment  of  the  demesnes  of  Newbroughe  or  elles  of  Whitbye 
when  they  shalbe  surrenderede,  and  for  youre  lordeshippe  and  for 
youre  benevolence  and  furtheraunce  in  that  behalf  to  be  had  I  will 
geue  unto  youre  lordeshipe  XL  li  to  bye  one  gelding  with  my  prayer 
and  service  as  the  holie  Goste  knoweth  who  preserve  your  lorde- 
shippe. Scribled  at  Gilling  the  xxij  daye  of  Januarye. 

Your  humble  bounden  bedeman, 

Nicholas  Farefaxe. 

To  the  most  honorable  and  his  moste  especiall  good  lorde  my 
lorde  Privie  Seale  this  be. 

(Vol.  142,  p.  141.) 

Robert  (Ferrar)  to  Cromwell. 

No  date.  My  specialle  goode  lorde,  please  hytte  yowr  goodnesse 
to  be  assartaynde  thatte  I  receyvydde  yowr  honorable  letters  in 
favowr  offe  Wyllm  Pykrynge  to  obtayne  &  haue  a  leasse  offe  the 
celle  offe  Wodkyrke,  percelle  offe  thys  monasterie  callyd  Sancte 
Oswalde,  wherunto  by  yowr  lordeshypis  mear  favowrable  means 
hytte  hathe  pleasyde  Godde  &  the  Kynges  hyghnesse  to  praeferr 
me  ryghte  unhable  botte  oonly  offe  his  gratiose  benignitie.  Whyche 
yowr  pleasur  showydde  to  me  by  benigne  requestes,  albehytte  ye 
myghte  offe  goode  ryghte  haue  comandydde  the  same  ....  Theyrfor 
I  humbly  beseyche  yowr  lordeshyppe  to  suffer  benignely  thys  my 
dyffermente  offe  yowr  pleasur  concernynge  Wodkyrke,  unto  I  be 
comandydde  to  take  the  chanons  therhens,  &  I  promesse  to  yowe 

F  2 


thatte  I  shalle  thaune  notte  fayle  to  praesente  unto  yowr  lordshyppe 
with  as  conveniente  speydde  as  I  caune  a  leasse  theroffe  to  dyspose 
atte  yowr  pleasur,  by  the  grace  of  Chryste  iesu,  who  keype  yowe  in 
heylthe  &  honor  for  euer.  Atte  Sancte  Oswald,  wrytten  by  the 
handys  offe  yowr  owne  atte  commande. 

Roberte.     theer. 

To  the  Ryghte  honorable  my  syngular  goode  lorde  offe  the  pry  vay 

(Vol.  141,  p.  184.) 

Dr.  Richard  Ingworth1  had  been  previously  commissioned 
to  visit  all  the  houses  of  friars  in  England. 

6  Feb.,  29  Henry  VIII.  (1537-8).  Henry  VIII.  to  Ric., 
Suffragan  of  Dover.  Commission  to  visit  all  houses  of  Friars, 
Preachers,  Minors,  Carmelites,  Augustines,  and  Crutched  Friars 
in  England,  with  power  to  examine  into  and  correct  abuses,  the 
said  Bishop  of  Dover  having  been  deputed  to  the  above  by 
Thos.  Cromwell,  K.G. 

5  May,  30  Henry  VIII.  (1538).  Henry  VIII.  to  Ric., 
Suffragan  of  Dover.  Commission  (issued  because  whereas  the 
King  gave  him  a  commission  to  visit  all  houses  of  friars,  and 
he  has  already  commenced  his  visitation,  it  is  reported  that 
many  of  the  heads  of  these  houses  pending  the  visitation  have 
wasted  and  alienated  the  goods  of  their  houses)  to  put  the 
goods  of  the  houses  he  has  visited  into  safe  custody,  and  to 
take  inventories  of  the  same. 

Richard,  Bishop  of  Dover,  to  Cromwell. 

10  March  1538-9.  My  syngular  good  lorde,  plesyth  ytt  your  good 
lordeshype  to  understonde  that  I  haue  receyvyd,  sythe  I  departyd 
from  you,  xvj  coventes  of  frers  into  my  handes  to  the  kynges  use, 
and  there  be  yett  styll  standynge  aboute  x  houses  in  these  partes, 
besyde  iij  or  iiij  houses  in  Barwyke,  the  wyche  I  knowe  nott 
whether  Master  Lawson  haue  receyvyd  them  or  no,  &  yff  I  shulde 
ryde  thether,  ytt  were  aboue  an  hunderyd  myle  owte  of  my  waye,  so 
that  I  shulde  nott  be  able  to  come  home  before  Ester,  wherfor  I  pre- 
supposynge  they  be  downe.  I  entende  nott  to  ryde  there,  butt  yff 
they  styll  stande,  then  1  beseche  your  lordeshype  that  ye  wolde  dyrecte 
your  letter  to  master  Laweson,  that  he  may  receyve  them  in  to  the 
Kynges  handes  as  that  he  hathe  done  other,  he  hathe  occasyon  moche 
to  be  ther. 

Further,  my  good  lorde,  in  these  partes  within  the  dyocese  of 
Yorke  the  pore  man  that  make  surrender  of  ther  houses  be  hardely 

1  The  renegade  prior  of  the  richest  house  of  the  Black  Friars  in  England, 
(Hibbert's  "  Dissolution  of  the  Monasteries.") 


orderyd  by  the  byschop's  offycers,  att  the  byschops  comandement,  so 
that  they  can  nott  be  sufferyd  to  synge  nor  saye  in  any  paryshe 
churche  withoute  they  shewe  ther  letters  off  ther  orderes,  my  letters 
or  ther  capacytes  notwithstandynge,  and  the  charges  of  these  letters 
off  ther  ordres  be  so  grett  that  the  pore  men  be  not  abull  to  bere  ytt, 
some  muste  goo  an  hunderyd  myle  to  seke  them,  and  when  they 
come  ther  the  cherges  off  for  givyng  the  regyster  ys  so  grett  that 
they  be  not  able  to  pay  ytt,  so  they  come  home  ageyne  confowndyd. 
I  haue  bene  with  my  lorde  of  Yorke  &  shewyd  to  hym  your  lorde- 
shyps  letter  that  your  comandemente  ys,  that  they  wyche  so  haue 
surrendryd  ther  houses  shulde  be  sufferyde  withoute  interrupton  to 
synge  &  saye  in  anye  churche.  The  byshope  made  many  obiecons 
&  sayd  that  ytt  muste  be  knowed  whether  they  ware  prystes  or  no, 
&  I  certefyde  hym  that  wee  that  receivyd  the  houses  make  dewe 
serge  wyche  ware  prystes  &  wheche  ware  none,  &  so  made  certy- 
fycate  to  your  lordeshype  &  your  lordeshype  to  the  Kynges  grace,  so 
that  by  that  meane  ther  capacytes  ware  grauntyd,  wherfor  I  desyred 
hym  to  accepte  ther  capacytes  from  the  Kynges  grace  with  so  moche 
favor  as  the  byshops  off  Romes  capacytes  before  had  ben  receyvyd, 
for  the  wyche  ther  was  neuer  serche  made,  butt  streyghte  obeyd. 
He  att  the  laste  grauntyd  that  so  many  as  shewyd  my  hande  shuld 
be  allowyd  tyll  that  ther  capacytes  myghte  come,  butt  ther  be  many 
that  be  putte  owte  by  other  comyssyons  that  haue  not  my  hande. 
Wherfor  your  lordeshype  sholde  do  a  charytable  dede  to  wryghte 
your  letters  to  the  byshope,  that  he  streyte  att  the  syghte  off  your 
letters  myghte  sende  thoroughe  hys  dyocese  that  all  curates  myghte 
haue  warnynge  to  suffer  soche  pore  men  that  haue  gyffe  upe  ther 
houses  to  synge  in  ther  churches,  for  they  all  haue  before  comande- 
ment off  the  byshope  that  they  shall  uott  suffer  them  to  synge  with- 
oute they  shewe  ther  letters  off  ther  ordres,  the  wyche  ys  nott  possyble 
for  them  to  doo.  These  ij  letters  my  goode  lorde  I  beseche  you  to 
remember,  one  to  Mr  Laweson  for  certen  coventes  in  Barwyke,  the 
othe  to  the  byshope  of  Yorke,  for  pore  men  to  synge  in  paryshe 
churches  within  hys  dyocese  with  owt  shewynge  of  letters  off  ther 

My  good  lorde,  I  nowe  am  in  Skarborowe,  where  I  haue  receyvyd 
iij  pore  houses  off  frers  to  the  Kynges  use,  blake,  whyte,  &  greye,  so 
pore  that  they  haue  solde  the  stall  and  partclossys  in  the  churche  so 
that  nothynge  ys  lefte  butt  stone  and  glasse,  yett  there  ys  metely 
good  lede  in  these  iij  places  I  thynke  amonge  them  xl*1  foder,  for  the 
more  parte  in  euery  house  sythe  that  I  cam  from  you  ys  good  lede, 
the  wyche  I  haue  to  the  Kynges  grace  &  bellys  &  pore  chalyses  for 
other  plate  I  fynde  none.  I  shall  nowe  ryde,  so  sone  as  the  weder 
wyll  suffer  me,  to  Carlelyll  &  Lancaster,  &  other  houses  yff  any  be  in 
the  waye  or  that  I  may  here  off,  &  I  truste  to  see  your  lordeshype  on 
palme  Sondaye  be  Goddes  grace,  who  preserve  your  good  lordeshype. 
Thys  x  daye  off  Marche,  wrytten  be  your  servaunt  and  oratour, 

Richard  Dover. 

(Vol.  144,  p.  85.) 


Richard,  Bishop  of  Dover,  to  Cromwell. 

I  April  1539.  My  singuler  good  lord,  pleseyht  ye  yor  good  lorde - 
schyp  to  understood  I  baue  don  your  commandementt  in  all  the 
northe  &  receyved  all  of  howses  of  freers  so  far  as  I  can  know  to 
the  nomber  of  xxvj  howses,  in  the  which  were  ix  schor  faders  &  more 
the  poorest  howses  that  ever  I  came  in.  All  the  best  thorow  all 
Ynglond  were  taken  by  other  vesytors,  for  that  I  haue  done  all  the 
poreest  &  few  of  any  substans  war  lefte  for  me.  I  am  rebuked  in 
myselfe  that  I  can  bryng  no  more  substans  to  the  Kynges  grace. 

Besecheyng  yow  in  ye  way  of  charyte  to  be  good  lorde  to  me  for 
sum  suarans  of  ye  leueyng  in  Langley. 

Thys  fyrst  day  of  Aprill.  Richard  Dover,  Bishop. 

(Vol.  146,  p.  236.) 

Richard  Pymond  to  Cromwell. 

9  April  1539.  Please  it  your  good  lordship  to  be  aduertysed  that 
where  as  that  Sir  Rychard  Gresham  made  a  request  unto  your  lord- 
ship for  a  small  farme  belongyng  unto  the  pryor  of  Seynt  Oswaldes, 
Now  it  maye  please  your  good  lordship  to  be  advertysed  that  the 
saide  pryor  is  come  up  to  London,  and  mooste  humblye  desyryng 
your  good  lordshyppe  to  haue  me  in  remembrans  whan  that  the  said 
pryor  shall  come  be  for  your  good  lordship  for  the  saide  pryor  hath 
grauntyd  me  his  good  will  so  farforthe  as  that  I  myght  attayne  the 
good  will  of  your  lordeshipe.  As  knowythe  the  Lorde,  who  preserve 
your  good  lordeship  in  helthe.  Frome  Wakeffeld  the  ix  daye  of 
Aprill  An0  1539. 

Your  poor  orator  and  servaunte, 

Rychard  Pymond. 
(Vol.  150,  p.  108.) 

Sir  George  Lawson  to  Cromwell. 

15  May  1539.  It  may  pleas  your  lordship  to  call  toyowr  remem- 
braunce  that  ye  directed  your  letters  to  the  Kinges  Commissioners  of 
the  surrendred  monasteries  and  houses  of  freyrs  in  thies  parties  in 
my  favor,  that  I  shuld  haue  the  preferment  of  the  Awsten  Freyrs  in 
Yorke  and  the  White  Freyrs  in  Newcastell,  whiche  adioyneth  to  my 
two  poor  houses  in  the  same  and  now  haue  them  in  possession. 
Most  humble  I  besech  your  good  lordship  to  be  so  good  lorde  unto 
me  as  to  speke  to  Maister  Chauncellor  of  thaugmentacon  that  I  may 
haue  a  lease  of  the  said  houses  accordinglye  as  other  persons  hathe 
ther  leases  of  suche  like  houses  of  freyrs. 

And  our  Lord  God  preserue  your  good  lordship  long  in  honor 
and  prosperitie.  At  Berwik  this  holy  thursday  at  night. 

Your  bounden  beadman, 

George  Lawson. 
(Vol.  151,  p.  205.) 


Sir  Ralph  Ellerker  the  younger  to  Cromwell. 
19  June  1539.  May  it  pleas  your  gude  and  honorable  lordshipe 
to  be  aduertisid  that  where  it  pleasyd  youe  to  be  so  gude  Lorde  to 
me  at  my  laste  beynge  with  yowre  lordshipe  as  to  advisse  your  moste 
favorable  letters,  as  well  to  my  lorde  abbote  of  Yorke  for  the  farme 
of  his  parsonage  with  all  that  belonges,  the  sayme  of  Hornse  in 
Holdernesse,  the  which  he  dyde  refusse  to  graunte  me  apone  the 
resayte  of  your  lordshippes  letters,  wherfore  I  moste  humbly  beseche 
yowre  gude  lordshipe  to  be  so  gude  lord  to  me  as  to  moue  the  abbotte 
your  self  for  me  for  the  sayme  farme,  whiche  I  triste  he  will  note  say 
your  lordshipe  nay,  or  els  that  the  sayd  abbotte  myghte  be  farder 
advertessyd  of  your  pleasure  in  wrytynge  for  me  in  that  behalf,  and 
as  for  Maister  Mangnus  whome  your  lordshipe  dyd  writte  at  that  tyme 
in  lyke  for  me  who  dyde  acomplesse  your  lordshipes  requeste,  for  the 
whyche  yf  it  wolde  pleas  yowe  to  be  so  gud  lorde  to  me  as  that  I 
myghte  haue  yowre  lordshipes  letter  of  thankes  to  the  sayde  Mayster 
Mangnus,  or  els  your  lordshipe  to  geue  hyme  thankes  for  me  at  syche 
tyme  as  he  is  presente  with  your  lordshipe,  I  ware  meche  bowndine 
to  your  lordshipe  for  the  sayme,  and  farder  my  lorde  as  I  dowe  here 
say  thayre  shall  cume  to  the  Kynges  maygistees  handes  all  the  landes 
whiche  was  the  lady  Salysberis,  for  the  whiche  yf  it  wolde  please  yowe 
to  be  so  gude  lord  to  me  as  to  gitte  me  of  the  Kynges  magiste  the 
manor  of  Cottyngam  with  the  demayne  of  the  same  whiche  belongide 
to  hir  for  the  yerly  rentte  as  it  hays  gone  here  to  fore,  whiche  is 
xlv  li.  xi",  and  it  ly  in  my  power  to  dowe  your  lordshipe  service  or 
any  other  pleasur  yowe  shall  command  me,  whiche  I  slialbe  as  redy 
in  gude  harte  to  dowe  as  any  man  shalbe,  and  farder  yf  it  staunde 
not  with  your  honorable  lordshipes  pleasur  to  sewe  to  the  Kinges 
Magiste  for  me  that  I  humbly  dessyere  your  gude  lordshipe  to  be  so 
gud  lord  to  me  as  to  gytte  me  the  graunte  of  the  demaynes  of  Nun- 
keyllynge  in  Holdernesse,  whiche  is  by  yere  xxj  li.  xij3  iiijd  to  haue 
it  for  the  rente  payinge.  Your  lordshipe  were  so  gud  lord  to  me  at 
my  laste  beynge  with  youe  that  ye  commandyd  me  to  weyte  to  yowe 
fro  tyme  to  tyme,  wherfore  it  maykes  me  bowlde  to  trowble  youe 
with  my  rudnes  wher  in  I  humbly  desyere  yowe  to  holde  me 
exscussyd,  for  onder  the  Kynges  Magiste  in  youe  is  my  triste  as 
knawis  Gode,  who  presarue  your  lordshipe  in  honor  longe  to  con- 
tenewe.  From  York  this  xix  day  of  June,  by  hyme  that  is  your 
lordshyppes  assuryde  to  command. 

Rauft0  Ellerker,  younger,  Kt. 

(Vol.  152,  p.  83.) 

Sir  John  Nevile  to  Cromwell. 

27  Sept.  1539.  My  especiall  gode  lord,  I  humelye  beseche  your 
gode  lordshipe  to  be  gode  &  gracious  lorde  unto  me  and  I  myght 
haue  your  gode  &  favorabul  letter  unto  Syr  Bryan  Henke,  tresurer, 
unto  the  Kynges  honorabull  Chaumbre,  to  withdraw  hys  accion  (?) 


agaynste  me  tyll  your  lordeshipe  may  see  a  conuenyent  tyme  with 
the  Kynges  grace ;  furder  more  my  lord  hys  hyghnes  hath  comaunded 
me  to  send  a  rememberaunce  to  your  lordship  for  the  suppression  of 
the  house  of  Gysseburgh  and  the  demaynes  to  the  same  with  the  par- 
sonage, besechyng  your  honorabul  lordship  that  I  myght  haue  oute 
the  Kynges  gracious  corny ssion  for  the  suppression  of  the  same,  & 
your  gracious  &  favorabull  letter  for  the  prefarment  of  the  godes 
moueabull  &  on  moueable,  wherbye  I  myght  be  the  mor  abull  to 
maynten  the  farme,  and  I  shall  pray  dayly  for  your  gode  helth  long 
to  endure.  From  Chett1  the  xxvijth  day  of  Septembre,  be  your  poor 

John  Nevyell. 
(Vol.  153,  p.  162.) 

William  Abbot  of  York  to  Cromwell. 

9  Nov.  1539.  Right  honorable  and  my  synguler  good  lord,  in 
my  most  humble  maner  I  recommend  me  to  your  good  lordshipe, 
evenso  thankyng  the  same  for  your  synguler  goodnes  towardes  me 
and  this  poore  house  at  all  tymes,  besechyng  the  same  of  contynuance 
in  this  my  greate  necessitie,  and  if  myght  please  the  Kynges  most 
graciouse  maiestye  that  this  his  monasterye  myght  stande  with 
alterations  to  serue  his  highnes,  as  I  trust  the  situations  of  the  same 
and  trew  seruyce  in  tymes  past  wyll  apere  to  his  sayd  maiestye  and 
your  lordshipe  convenyent.  I  wold  be  glad  not  onely  as  your  sayd 
lordshipe  shall  thynk  good  to  be  orderyd  but  evenso  to  tak  so  myche 
payues,  and  those  that  shall  remayn  there,  as  is  to  us  possible,  and 
if  his  graces  pleasor  be  determyned  that  we  shall  all  avoyde,  than  I 
humblye  bescyche  you  to  be  so  good  lord  to  me  as  to  assigue  me  a 
good  pensione  and  a  honest  house  to  dwell  yn  in  this  my  age  and 
weyknesse  of  bodye,  yf  it  may  be  the  maner  of  Overton,  with  thap- 
portenances,  to  be  had  to  me  as  parcell  of  my  pensione  as  the  valor 
therof  shall  extende,  and  as  I  am  boundon  I  shall  contynually  pray 
for  your  good  lordshipe  long  to  contynow  in  myche  honor.  At  York 
the  ixth  day  of  November. 

Yowr  lordshippes  humble  Beadsman, 

William  Abbott  ther. 

(Vol.  154,  p.  147.) 

Robert  Ferrar  to  Cromwell. 

ij5  Nov.  1539.  Ryghte  honorable  and  my  ryghte  effectuose 
goode  lorde,  affter  humble  reuerence  &  intier  thankes  (accordynge  to 
my  bownden  deubtie)  for  yowre  honorable  goodnesse  moste  largely 
exhibyte  to  me  atte  alle  seasons,  hearwythe  I  do  assertayne  yowre 

1  Chevet,  near  Wakefield. 


lordshyppe  thatte  (furste  my  conscience  playnly  utterydde  unto  the 
ryghte  worshyppfulle  mayster  Henley  &  hys  associats)  I  dydde 
humbly  subm)  tte  my  seylfe  to  the  Kynghes  pleasure,  wythawte  any 
conditione  or  requeste  for  tnyne  awne  parte,  beseychynge  thayme 
eyven  as  I  hartyly  beseyche  yowre  lordshyppe  to  be  goode  and  favor- 
able to  my  poore  feloose  servauntes  &  other  poore  people  whyche 
hadde  releyffe  &  socowre  offe  me  theare,  and  veryly  I  fownde  Mayster 
Henley  moste  worshyppfulle,  most  gentle,  playne,  ryghtwyse  & 
charitable,  takynge  alle  thynghes  to  the  beste,  thatte  eyver  I  kneywe 
in  any  orfice  hear,  specially  towardes  me  in  alle  thynghes,  He  that  for 
yowr  sake.  I  fownde  mayster  Belasses  lykewyse  faste  &  freyndly, 
mayster  Watkyns  freyndly,  my  lorde  deane  &  mayster  doctor 
Legh  sumwhatte  straytte,  neuerthelesse  gentle  in  wordes.  Mayster 
doctor  hathe  taken  possessions  yn  yowre  ferme  of  Huntwyke, 
myndynge  so  to  haue  doone  atte  the  poor  celle  offe  Stokyrke1  whear- 
unto  I  hadde  putte  (by  the  hoole  consente  &  deydde  offe  the  con- 
vente)  a  veyry  poore  manne  whyche  maryedde  my  syster,  havynge 
many  smalle  chylder  &  no  howse  to  dwelle  yn,  botte  goode  mayster 
Henley  consyderynge  the  poor  mans  neydde  &  also  yowre  honorable 
letters  concernynge  my  mansione  hathe  referrydde  the  matter  to 
yowre  lordshyppe.  Whearyne  bycause  bothe  my  poor  brother  ys 
destitute  off  an  howse  &  I  also,  I  beseyche  yowre  lordshyppe  offe 
yowre  favorable  helpe,  &  forther  to  be  goode  lorde  to  my  faythfulle 
brother  Syr  loan  Gybsone,  who  hathe  taken  moste  payns  offe  alle 
that  to  me  belongydde.  Soche  poor  servyse  under  Godde  &  the 
Kynge  as  I  may  or  caune  doo  atte  alle  tymes  ys  my  bowndon  deubtie 
to  yowre  lordshippe,  whome  I  pray  Godde  for  the  love  offe  Chryste 
Jesu  to  save  &  mayntayne  in  heylthe  &  honor  to  Goddes  glorie. 
Wryttne  atte  Hoghton  By  yowre  awne  in  the  Lorde, 

Roberte  Ferrar,  laitte  offe  S.  Oswaldes. 

(Vol.  155,  p.  13.) 

Walter  Handle  &  Commissioners  of  the  North  to  Cromwell. 

19  Nov.  1539.  In  our  moste  humble  maner  we  commende  us 
to  your  goode  lordship,  and  for  asmoche  as  in  thexecutinge  of  our 
moste  souerayne  lorde  the  Kynges  highnes  commission  at  the  lait 
monasterye  of  Saincte  Maryes  at  Yourke  we  did  fynde  the  lait  abbott 
ther  verey  obedient  and  all  his  covent  to  accomplishe  the  Kynges 
most  graciouse  pleasor  in  all  thinges,  and  also  his  house  in  suche 
ordre  and  staye  as  we  do  nott  doubte  butt  att  our  repay[ring]  to 
London  with  our  certificate  itt  shall  be  to  his  highnes  contentacon. 
We  therfor  perceyvinge  his  honestye  in  all  his  doinges,  ar  so  boulde 
nott  onlie  to  maike  relacon  unto  your  lordship  accordinglie,  butt  also 
to  desyer  the  same  in  his  sutes  unto  youe  to  be  goode  and  favorable 

1  Skewkirk,  a  cell  to  Nostell  Abbey,  which  was  granted  to  Dr.  Legh. 


lorde  unto  him,  and  likewise  to  reporte  him  to  the  Kynges  Maiestie. 
And  thus  our  lorde  euer  preserue  your  goode  lordship  in  moche  honor. 
Att  Montegrace  the  xixth  day  of  December. 

Yor  att  commaundment, 

Walter  Hendle. 

Thomas  Legh. 

Richard  Watkyns. 

Leonerd  Bekwith. 

Hugh  Fuller. 

(Vol.  155,  p.  153.) 

The  Commissioners  of  the  North  to  Cromwell. 

8th  Decembre  (1539).  After  meest  humble  commendacions  to 
your  good  lordship,  pleaseth  it  the  same  be  aduertiesed  that  we  haue 
altered  Burton-upon-Trent,  and  accordinge  to  the  Kinges  highnes 
commission  and  iustruccions  we  haue  dissolued  the  howses  of  Ham- 
pole,1  Sancte  Oswaldes,-  Pountefracte,3  Fontaunce,4  Sancte  Maries  in 
Yowrke,5  Nonappleton,6  and  Selbye,7  and  also  altered  the  howse  of 
Sancte  Leonerdes  in  Yowrke,  after  such  ordre  and  fassion  as  we  trust 
shall  appeir  to  your  lordship  to  be  to  the  Kinges  honour  and  con- 
tentacion.  Albeit,  we  could  natt  make  despeche  in  parte  of  the  said 
places  without  some  dirficultie,  as  yor  lordship  shall  perceyve  at  or 
repayer  to  London,  ffurther  certitienge  yor  lordship  that  we  haue 
takyn  the  shrynes  in  all  such  places  as  we  haue  yett  hetherto 
repayrede  unto  the  Kinges  use ;  and  for  asmoche  as  we  haue  no  com- 
mission in  that  behalf,  we  beseiche  youe  that  we  may  haue  a  com- 
mission for  that  purpouse,  beringe  date  of  the  other  commissions,  to 
shewe  if  neede  shall  requier.  And  thus  or  Lorde  euer  preserue 
youre  goode  lordship  in  moche  honor.  At  Selbie  the  viijtu  day  of 

Yours  at  commandement,  Waltere  Hendle,  Richarde  Layton, 
Thomas  Legh,  Rychard  Bellassys,  Richard  Watkyns. 

(Cleopatra,  E,  iv,  290.) 

Sir  John  Nevile  to  Cromwell. 

26  Dec.  1539-  Plessythe  your  gude  lordshyppe  that  I  haue 
recyvyd  your  gud  lordshypp  gud  letters,  and  a  letter  from  Maistr 
Chanselar  of  Augmentacyons  to  Maisf  Walter  Hyntielay  &  other 
of  the  Kynges  comysioners  in  my  favor  for  the  possessyon  of  Stanar 
and  Thorppe,  belongyng  to  the  monestery  of  Selbe,  and  wher  that  yt 
hawthe  pleasyd  your  gud  lordshyppe  to  derect  a  letter  unto  the  said 
comysioners  for  the  staying  off  my  possescyon,  be  cause  that  yt  was 
informyd  the  Kynges  highenesse  &  your  gud  lordshyppe  that  they 

1  Dissolved  19  Nov.  1539.  2  20  Nov.  1539.  3  23  Nov.  1539.  4  23  Nov. 
I539-  '  29  Dec.  *539-  6  5  Dec.  1539.  7  6  Dec.  1539. 


were  thwo  princypall  keys  off  the  howsse  for  gud  hospytalyte 
kepyng,  and  my  gud  lorde  I  suppose  that  he  that  heyth  takyn  yt  off 
the  right  worshyppfull  Mr  Saddelar  wyll  kep  but  small  hosppytalyte 
ther.  Neuerthelesse,  my  gud  lord,  I  am  and  ever  wyll  be  wyll  con- 
tent as  y*  shall  plesse  the  Kynges  hightnesse  &  your  gud  lordshypp. 
And  also  my  gud  lord  yf  yt  plesse  your  gud  lordshypp  to  understond 
as  for  the  ferm  of  Thorpe  is  no  parcelles  of  the  demanes,  but  that  the 
Abbot  dyd  lait  it  owt  the  last  yer  to  on  Rauffe  Bawyd,  stuard  to  the 
lait  Lord  Darcy,  and  to  other  two  by  covent  seall  humbly  besuchyng 
your  gud  lordshypp  to  remember  me  and  to  call  to  your  gud  remem- 
berance  of  the  Kinges  heghtnesse  gud  &  gracyous  grant  for  the  pre- 
ferment of  the  howse  of  Gyssburthe  &  Selby,  trustyng  in  your 
honorabyll  lordshypp  &  in  the  way  off  charyte  to  remember  me  in 
some  recompence  of  the  same,  an  I  may  dayly  pray  for  your  most 
nobyll  eystayt  long  to  endur.  From  my  power  howse  att  the  Cheytt, 
the  present  Sanct  Steven  day,  by  your  orator, 

John  Nevyll. 
(Vol.  155,  p.  178.) 

The  Commissioners  of  the  North  Parties  to  Cromwell. 

7  Jan.  1539-40.  Pleasith  youre  good  lordship  to  be  advertised 
that  upon  the  dissolucon  of  the  late  monasterye  of  Egliston  in  the 
Countie  of  York  we  ther  receyved  youre  letters  dated  in  Marche  last 
past  wherby  it  appered  the  Kynges  pleasor  to  be  that  Edward 
Aglamby  of  Karlell  shuld  haue  the  preferment  of  the  same  house. 
And  also  we  recevyd  at  the  same  tyme  frome  M1  Chancellor  one 
letter  dated  in  the  moneth  of  Octobr  last  past  by  which  it  appered 
the  Kinges  Maiesties  pleasor  to  be  that  Alen  Kyng1  suld  have  the 
preferment  of  the  same  house,  And  for  so  moche  as  it  was  doubtfull 
to  be  unto  whether  of  the  saide  parties  the  Kynges  Maiesties  pleasor 
is  that  the  possession  and  custodye  of  the  same  house  shuld  be 
delyuered,  We  therfore  by  the  consent  of  bothe  partyes  haue  com- 
mitted the  custody  of  the  same  house  and  demesnez  unto  one 
Thomas  Rokeby,  esquier,  dwellinge  nere  the  same  savely  and  indif- 
ferently to  be  kept  unto  the  Kynges  Maiesties  pleasor  be  further 
knowne  by  youre  good  lordship  whoose  honor  we  besuche  Almighty 
God  longe  to  contenew.  At  Eglestone  the  vij  day  of  January. 
Yor8  at  commaundment. 

Walter  Hendle. 

Richarde  Layton. 

Thomas  Legh. 

Richard  Watkyns. 
(Vol.  157,  p.  30.) 

1  Alan  Kynge  of  London  had  a  lease  of  lands,  etc.,  belonging  to  Eggleston 
Abbey  28  Feb.  1540-1.  (Augmentation  Books,  vol.  213.) 


Thomas  Legh  to  Cromwell. 

16  Jan.  1539-40.  My  bounden  duetie  in  most  humble  wise  unto 
your  goode  lordship  promised,  wheras  the  same  att  all  tymes  sens 
our  coming  furth  frome  London  haue  continually  beyn  occupied  and 
had  so  great  matters  uppon  hande  I  wold  nott  be  so  bould  afor  this 
tyme  to  make  my  sute  unto  your  lordship,  butt  nowe  trusting  the 
most  parte  of  the  same  to  be  over  passed  I  ame  so  bould  as  to  reduce 
unto  your  lordshippes  goode  memorye  my  sute  of  Sanct  Oswaldes, 
whiche  it  pleased  the  Kinges  highnes  I  shuld  haue  in  recompense 
of  Croxton,  beseiching  youe  of  your  moost  especiall  goodnes 
towardes  me  to  be  [moving]  in  my  behalf  that  I  may  haue  the  said 
Sanct  Oswaldes1  according  as  I  had  Croxton,  and  your  lordship  in  so 
doing  shall  bynd  me  att  all  tymes  to  render  unto  the  same  my  true 
hert  and  faithf ull  service  next  under  the  Kinges  Maiestie.  I  beseiche 
your  lordship  to  se  expedicon  had  in  this  behalf,  and  that  itt  wold 
pleas  the  same  to  to  be  goode  and  favorable  lorde  unto  Syr  John 
Lowther,  Knight,  in  his  sute  unto  youe  for  the  preferment  of  Shappe. 
And  thus  our  Lord  euer  preserue  youre  goode  lordship  in  moche 
honor  and  hertes  comforthe.  Att  Kendall,  in  hast,  the  xvjth  day  of 

Your  lordship  att  all  comandment, 

Thomas  Legh. 

(Vol.  157,  p.  63.) 

Robert,  Bishop  of  Llandaff,3  to  Cromwell. 

18  March  1539-40 My  suytt  is  to  your  good  lordshipe  to 

be  a  meane  to  the  Kinges  maiestie  for  the  signyng  of  the  by  11  for  the 
assurans  of  Watton  for  terme  of  my  lyffe,  and  thus  I  am  euer  bolde 
to  molest  yow  with  my  suyttes  and  can  neuer  deserue  noo  parte  of 
your  goodnes  as  knawyth  the  blyssyd  Trinite  whoo  euer  haue  you  in 
his  governance  my  most  singuler  good  lorde.  From  Yorke  the 
eighteyn  daie  of  Marche. 

Your  lordshippes  assuryd  orator  att  comandmentt, 

Rob1  Landaff. 
(Vol.  158,  p.  72.) 

1  It  was  afterwards  granted  to  him. 

8  Robert  Holgate,  born  at  Hemsworth  1500,  a  canon  of  the  order  of 
St.  Gilbert  of  Sempringham,  prior  of  the  house  of  Watton,  created  Bishop  of 
Llandaff  19  March  1536-7,  being  empowered  to  retain  the  mastership  of  Sem- 
pringham and  priory  of  Watton,  which  was  surrendered  9  Dec.  1539.  He  was 
elected  Archbishop  of  York  10  Jan.  1544-5,  ant*  was  Lord  President  of  the 
Council  of  the  North,  but  was  deprived  of  his  see  16  March  1553-4.  He 
founded  free  schools  at  York,  Hemsworth,  and  Old  Malton  (of  which  latter 
abbey  he  had  a  grant),  and  a  hospital  at  Hemsworth.  (See  Athenae  Canta- 
brigienses,  164.) 


John  Uvedale1  to  Cromwell. 

14  April  1540.  Pleas  it  youre  good  and  honorable  lordship  to  bee 
aduertised,  that  according  unto  your  right  kynde  and  honorable 
promyse  made  unto  me  at  my  late  being  at  London  with  your 
good  lordshyppe  I  haue  receiued  frome  the  same  a  right  feyr  bare 
stoned  hors  for  a  stallande,  for  the  whiche  in  my  mooste  humble 
wise  I  hartily  thanke  your  good  lordship,  and  truste  within  iij  or  iiij 
yeres  frome  hens  to  presente  youre  good  lordship  with  some  colte  of 
his  owne  getting.  Wold  God  that  euery  countie  in  this  realme  had 
but  0011  suche  a  fayre  stallande  for  the  increas  of  our  brede  of  horsses, 
whiche  is  sore  decayed  in  thies  parties,  and  all  for  wante  of  good 

And,  because  I  haue  alwayes  knowne  youre  good  lordship  indued 
with  a  honorable  and  vertuous  mynd  and  purpos  towardes  the 
Comonweale  of  this  realme,  I  haue  bene  soo  bold  to  pene  oon  acte 
againste  the  make  merchauntes  of  Yorke,  whiche  by  making  of 
malte  within  the  same  haue  almoost  destroyed  the  same  goodly 
aunciente  citie  and  alsoo  consumed  all  the  woodes  growing  within 
xxli  myles  of  the  same,  wherefore  mooste  humbly  I  beseche  your 
good  and  honorable  lordship  to  take  the  payne  to  reforme  the  said 
acte  where  it  is  amys,  and  to  preserve  the  same  soo  as  it  may  reforme 
thofFenders,  or  elles  this  citie  wolbe  brought  yeuen  to  nought  within 
fewe  yeres,  for  they  haue  almoste  clery  forsaken  all  honeste 
mysteries  and  handy  occupacons  and  dayly  doo  practise  this  feate 
of  malte  making  by  means  whereof  malte  hath  bene  and  is  con- 
tynually  derer  at  Yorke  thene  it  is  in  all  other  the  northe  parties  of 
this  realme.  My  lord  presidente  of  the  northe  cane  further  declare 
this  incomodie  thus  mysused  if  it  woll  pleas  youre  good  lordship  to 
here  his  opynyon  therein. 

I  doo  sende  my  servaunte  William  Strikland,  this  berer,  at  this 
tyme  unto  your  good  lordship  as  well  for  your  good  and  honorable 
loving  aide  for  opteynyng  of  my  leasse  of  Marrike  at  thandes  of 
Maister  Chancellor  of  the  Augmentacons,  who  yet  hidderto  (I  knowe 
not  for  what  purpos)  hathe  and  dothe  delay e  me  of  the  same,  as  for 
sundry  his  owne  pursuytes  for  such  pore  thinges  as  he  of  late 
opteyned  at  thandes  of  his  kynnysman,  the  late  abbot  of  Whitby, 
wherein  I  mooste  humbly  beseche  your  good  lordship  to  be  his  good 
lorde,  and  the  rather  to  despatche  hym  at  this  my  humble  pursute, 
he  being  a  pore  yong  man  and  having  litle  to  leve  on  or  to  spende, 
but  oonly  suche  pore  thinges  as  what  his  pene  he  gettethe  under  me. 
I  see  a  great  nombre  of  leasses  passed  to  divers  men  of  thies  parties 
by  the  said  Mr  Chauncellor  and  my  leasse  deferred,  of  soo  small  a 
thing  I  marvaile  what  he  meanethe  by  it.  They  and  I  were  of  con- 
trary opynnyons.  I  ame  well  assured  in  tyme  of  the  late  comocen 
me  thinketh  of  equytie  the  said  Maister  Chancellor  shuld  fauor  me 

1  Secretary  to  the  Council  of  the  North,  Treasurer  of  Garrisons  on  the 
Border.  He  had  a  grant  of  Marrick  priory. 


as  well  as  theym  and  somewhat  considre  my  service  here,  though  it 
bee  done  farre  of  and  not  in  dayly  sight.  I  mooste  humbly  beseche 
your  good  lordship  to  helpe  to  further  me  oouys  againe  in  this  my 
long  pursute,  and  thus  the  holie  Trynytie  evermore  haue  you  in 
gouernance  my  mooste  singuler  good  lorde.  Written  at  Yorke  the 
xiiij  daye  of  Aprill 

By  your  oldeste  disciple, 

Jo.  Uvedale. 
(Vol.  159,  p.  84.) 

Although  it  had  been  intended  that  the  monks  and  nuns  of 
the  monasteries  not  included  in  the  first  Act  of  Parliament 
should  surrender  their  houses  by  their  own  free  will,  there  is  no 
doubt  that  great  compulsion  was  used  to  accomplish  the  work. 
It,  however,  seemed  necessary  that  there  should  be  another  Act 
passed  to  enable  the  King  to  take  possession  of  all  the  lands 
and  goods  into  his  own  hands.  An  Act  was  therefore  passed 
in  the  session  of  1539,  of  which  the  following  is  an  abstract: — 

31  Hen.  VIII.  (1539),  c.  13. 
An  Acte  for  dissolution  of  Abbeys. 

Where  diverse  and  sundrie  Abbottes,  Priours,  Abbesses,  Prior- 
esses, and  other  Eccliasticall  Governours  and  Governesses  of  diverse 
Monasteries,  Abbathies,  Nonries,  Colleges,  Hospitalls,  Houses  of 
Friers,  and  other  religuous  and  eclesiastical  Houses  and  places  within 
this  our  Soveraigne  Lorde  the  Kinges  realme  of  Englande  and  Wales 
of  their  owne  free  and  voluntarie  myndes,  good  willes  and  assentes, 
without  constraynte,  coaction,  or  compulsion  of  any  manner  of  person 
or  persons,  sythen  the  fourth  daye  of  February  the  xxvijth  yere  of  the 
raigne  of  our  nowe  most  dred  Soveraigne  Lorde,  by  the  due  order 
and  course  of  the  comen  lawes  of  this  his  realme  of  Englande,  and 
by  their  sufficient  writinges  of  recorde  under  their  covent  and  comen 
scales,  haue  severally  geven,  graunted,  and  by  the  same  their  writinges 
confirmed  all  their  saide  Monasteries,  Abbathies,  Priories,  Nonries, 
Colleges,  Hospitals,  Houses  of  Friers,  &c.,  and  all  their  scites,  cir- 
cuites,  and  precynctes  of  the  same,  and  all  and  singuler  their  mannors, 
lordshipps  landes,  tents,  meadowes,  pastures,  rentes,  condicons, 
comons,  leetes,  courtes,  libertyes,  privileges,  and  franchesies  apper- 
teyning  or  in  any  wise  belonging  to  any  suche  Monastery,  &c.,  by 
whatsoever  name  or  corporacon  they,  or  any  of  them,  were  then 
named  or  called,  and  of  what  order,  habit,  religion,  or  other  kinde  or 
quality  soever  they,  or  any  of  them,  then  were  reputed,  knowen,  or 
taken  ;  To  have  and  to  holde  all  the  saide  Monasteries,  &c.,  to  our 
saide  Soveraigne  Lorde,  his  heirs  and  successors,  for  ever ;  and  the 
same  their  saide  Monasteries,  &c.,  voluntariely,  as  is  aforesaide,  have 
renunced,  lefte,  and  forsaken  and  everie  of  them  hathe  renounced, 
lefte,  and  forsaken ;  Be  it  enacted  by  the  King  and  the  Lordes 


Spiritual!  and  temporall  and  the  Comons  in  this  present  parliament 
assembled  and  by  auctoritie  of  the  same,  That  the  Kinge  shall  haue, 
holde  (possesse),  and  enjoye  to  him,  his  heires  and  successors  for 
ever,  all  suche  late  Monasteries,  £c.,  of  what  kindes  they  were 
named,  which  syth  the  said  fourth  daye  of  Februarye  the  xxvijth 
yere  of  the  reigne  of  our  saide  Lorde,  haue  been  dissolved,  suppressed, 
renounced,  relinquyshed,  forfeyted,  given  upp,  or  by  any  other  meane 
come  to  his  Highnes  ;  and  by  the  same  auctoritie  shall  have  all  the 
scites,  manners,  landes,  &c.,  which  apperteyned  to  the  saide  late 
Monasteries,  &c.,  in  as  large  and  ample  manner  as  the  late  Abbottes, 
&c.,  had  held  or  of  right  ought  to  haue  holden  in  the  rightes  of  the 
saide  late  Monasteries,  &c.,  at  the  time  of  the  saide  dissolucon,  or  by 
any  other  manner  of  meane  comyng  of  the  same  to  the  Kinges 
Hignes  sythen  the  fourthe  day  of  February  above  specified. 

And  it  is  further  enacted  that  not  onlye  the  saide  late  Monasteries, 
Abbathies,  Priories,  &c.,  but  all  other  Monasteries,  &c.,  which  here- 
after shall  happen  to  be  dissolved,  or  by  any  other  meane  come 
unto  the  Kinges  Highnes,  shalbe  vested  by  auctoritie  of  this  parlia- 
ment in  the  possession  of  the  Kinge  our  Lorde. 

And  be  it  also  enacted  that  all  the  saide  late  Monasteries,  &c., 
which  bene  dissolved  and  which  hereafter  shall  be  dissolved  shalbe 
in  thorder  and  governance  of  our  Lorde  the  Kinges  Court  of  Aug- 
mentacons  of  the  Revenues  of  his  Crowne,  and  of  the  Chauncelor, 
Officers,  and  Ministers  of  the  same,  and  all  the  revenues  shall  be 
ordered  to  the  Kings  use  in  suche  manner  as  the  Monasteries,  &c., 
late  apperteyninge  or  belonginge  unto  the  Monasteries,  &c.,  late  by 
auctoritie  of  parliament  suppressed,  bene  ordered,  surveyed,  and 

An  Act  of  Parliament  was  passed  in  1540  to  take  possession 
of  the  houses  and  lands  of  the  Knights  of  St.  John  of 

32  Hen.  VIII.  (1540),  c.  24. 

The  Possessions  of  Thospitalles  of  S*  Johns  of  Hierusalem. 

The  Lordes  spirituall  and  temporall  and  the  Comons  in  this 
present  parliament  assembled,  having  credible  knowledge  that  divers 
the  Kinges  subjectis  called  Knightes  of  [the]  Rodes,  otherwise 
callid  Knightes  of  Sainct  Johnes,  otherwise  called  Freers  of  the 
Religion  of  Sainct  John  of  Jerusalem  in  England,  and  of  a  like 
house  being  in  Ireland,  abiding  in  the  parties  of  beyonde  the  See,  and 
having  aswell  out  of  this  Realme  as  out  of  Irelaund  and  other  the 
Kinges  Dominions  yerelye  greate  somes  of  money  for  maytenance 
of  their  lyvinges,  have  unnaturally  and  contrarie  to  the  duety  of 
their  allegeaunces  susteyned  and  maynteynid  the  usurped  powre  and 
auctoritie  of  the  Bishop  of  Rome,  lately  used  and  practised  within 
this  Realme  and  other  the  Kinges  Dominions,  and  have  not  onely 
adhered  theymselfis  to  the  said  Bishop  being  comon  ennemye  to  the 


King  and  to  his  Realme,  untruely  upholding,  knowleging  and 
affirmyng  maliciously  and  traitorously  the  same  Bishop  to  be 
supreme  and  chef  hed  of  Christes  Churche  by  Goddes  holy  wourde, 
intending  thereby  to  subvert  the  good  lawes  of  this  Realme,  their 
naturall  Contrey,  made  and  grounded  by  auctoritie  of  Holy  Churche 
by  the  most  excellent  Wisedome,  polycy'e,  and  goodnes  of  the 
Kinges  Majesty  with  the  hole  assent  and  consent  of  the  Realme  for 
the  abolishing,  expulsing,  and  utter  extincting  of  the  said  usurped 
power  and  auctoritie,  but  also  have  diffamed  and  sclaundred  aswell 
the  Kinges  Majesty  as  the  noble  men,  prelates,  and  other  the  Kinges 
true  and  loving  subjectis  of  this  Realme  for  their  good  and  godly 
preceding  in  that  behalf;  have,  therefore,  deepely  pondered  and 
considered  that,  like  as  it  is  and  was  a  mooste  godly  acte  of  the 
Kinges  moste  roiall  Majesty  and  the  said  noble  men,  prelates,  and 
comons  of  this  Realme  utterly  to  expulse  and  abolishe,  not  only  from 
this  Realme  but  also  from  other  the  Kinges  Dominions,  the  said 
usurped  power  and  auctoritie  of  the  Bishop  of  Rome,  by  expulsing 
wherof  Goddes  holy  worde  necessarie  for  increace  of  vertue  and 
salvation  of  Christen  soules  is  not  onely  purely  and  sincerely 
avaunced  and  set  furth,  but  also  the  extorte  exactions  [and]  innumer- 
able somes  of  Money  craftely  exhausted  out  of  this  Realme  and  of 
other  the  Kinges  Dominions  by  the  Color  of  the  said  usurped  auc- 
toritie is  removed  and  taken  away,  to  the  inestimable  benefite  and 
comoditie  of  the  Kinges  loving  subjectis ;  So  like  maner  of  wise  it 
shulde  be  mooste  daungerous  to  be  suff red  or  permitted  within  this 
Realme  or  in  any  other  the  Kinges  Dominions  any  Religion  being 
sparkis  leaves  or  ympes  of  the  said  roote  of  iniquitie;  Consideryng 
also  that  the  Isle  of  [Rhoodes],  wherby  the  said  religion  toke  their 
olde  name  and  foundation,  is  surprised  by  the  Turke,  and  that  it 
were  and  is  muche  better  that  the  possessions  in  this  Realme  and  in 
other  the  Kinges  Dominions  appertayning  to  the  said  religion  shulde 
rather  be  employed  and  spent  within  this  Realme  and  in  other  the 
Kinges  Dominions  for  the  defence  and  suertie  of  the  same,  than  con- 
verted to  and  amongest  suche  unnatural  subjectis  which  haue  declyned 
not  only  from  their  naturall  duetye  of  obedience  that  they  ought  to 
bear  unto  the  King  their  Lorde,  but  also  from  the  good  lawes  of  this 
Realme,  their  naturall  Countrey,  daily  doing  all  they  can  to  subvert 
the  good  and  godly  Policye  in  the  whiche  thanckis  be  to  God  and  to 
our  most  dradde  Lorde  this  Realme  and  other  the  Kynges  Dominions 
now  stande  in ;  In  consideracon  wherof  the  said  Lordes  and  the 
Comons  in  this  parliament  most  humbly  besechin  the  Kinges  moste 
Roiall  Majesty  that  it  may  be  enacted  by  his  Highnes  and  by  thas- 
sent  of  the  Lordes  and  the  Comons  that  the  corporation  of  the  said 
Religion  aswell  within  this  Realme  as  within  the  Kinges  Dominions 
and  lande  of  Ireland,  by  whatsoeuer  name  or  names  they  be  founded, 
incorporatid,  or  knowen,  shalbe  utterly  dissolued  &  voyde  to  all 
intentis  and  purposes  5  And  that  Sir  Wiftm  Weston,  Knyght,  nowe 
being  Priour  of  the  said  Religion  within  this  Realme  of  England, 
shall  not  be  named  or  callid  from  hensfurth  Prior  of  Sainct  Johnes 


of  Jerifn  in  England,  but  shalbe  callid  by  his  propre  name  of  Wiftm 
Weston,  Knight,  without  further  addition  towelling  the  said  Religion; 
And  that  likewise  John  Rawson,  Knight,  now  being  Priour  of  Kil- 
maynam  in  Irelande,  shall  not  be  callid  Priour  of  Kylmaynam  but 
onely  by  his  propre  name  of  John  Rawson,  Knight ;  nor  that  any  of 
the  bretherne  or  confreres  of  the  said  Religion  shalbe  called  Knightes 
of  the  [Rhoodes],  nor  Knightes  of  Sainct  Johnes,  but  shalbe  called 
by  their  owne  propre  Christen  names  and  surnames  of  their  parentis 
without  any  other  additions  towching  the  said  Religion. 

And  be  it  further  enacted  that  the  Kinges  Majestic,  his  heires 
and  successours,  shalhave  all  that  Hospitall,  Mansion  House,  Churche, 
and  all  other  houses,  buyldinges,  and  gardeines  being  nereunto  the 
Citie  of  London,  called  the  House  of  Saincte  John  of  Jerim,  and  all 
that  Hospitall  Churche  of  Kilmaynam,  and  all  Castellis,  Honours, 
Mannours,  landes,  commaunderies,  preceptories,  wheresoever  they  be, 
which  belonged  to  the  said  religion  or  to  the  Priours,  Maistres  or 
Gouernours,  Knightis,  and  all  goodes,  catallis,  dettis,  &c.,  to  have 
and  to  holde  to  our  saide  Soveraigne  Lorde  and  to  his  heires  and 
successours  foreuer  to  use  and  employ  at  his  owne  free  will  and 

The  last  letter  that  there  is  in  the  State  Papers  regarding 
the  suppression  of  the  monasteries  appears  to  be  the  one  from 
John  Uvedale  in  April  1540,  printed  above.  In  two  months 
after  that  date  Cromwell's  career  ended,  and  he  came  to  an 
untimely  end.1 

Not  being  content  with  the  surrender  of  the  monasteries 
the  King  determined  in  1545  to  suppress  in  addition  all  the 
hospitals,  chapels,  and  chauntries,  so  a  fresh  Act  was  passed. 

37  Henry  VIII.  (1545),  c.  4. 

In  their  moste  humble  wise  shewen  unto  your  roiall  Majestie 
your  lovinge  subjectes  the  Lordes  spirituall  and  temporall  and  the 

1  Thomas  Cromwell  is  said  to  have  been  born  about  1485,  and  to  have 
been  the  son  of  a  blacksmith  or  fuller  of  cloth.  He  went  when  young  to  Italy, 
and  is  supposed  to  have  been  in  the  French  service.  He  returned  to  England 
in  i5!3)  when  he  became  a  lawyer  and  money-lender.  He  was  appointed  1514 
by  Cardinal  Wolsey  as  a  collector  of  his  revenues,  and  in  1524  assisted  him  in 
his  suppression  of  the  monasteries  for  the  endowment  of  Christ  Church  College 
at  Oxford,  and  became  his  trusted  servant.  He  afterwards  attracted  the  notice 
of  Henry  VIII.,  and  in  1531  was  made  a  Privy  Councillor,  and  in  1533 
Chancellor  of  the  Exchequer,  and  in  1534  Vicar-General.  He  had  in  1535 
a  commission  as  general  visitor  of  the  monasteries,  and  had  full  control  of 
their  surrenders.  He  was  created,  9  July  1536,  Lord  Cromwell  of  Oakham, 
and  had  a  grant  of  the  monastery  of  Lewes.  He  negotiated  the  marriage  with 
Anne  of  Cleves,  and  17  April  1540  became  Earl  of  Essex;  but  shortly  after, 
on  10  June,  was  accused  of  treason,  imprisoned  in  the  Tower,  and  executed 
28  July.  His  son  Gregory  had  been  summoned  in  his  lifetime  as  Baron  Crom- 
well, which  peerage  lasted  till  1709. 



Commons  of  this  present  Parliament  assembled,  That  where  there 
haue  bene  diverse  Colleges,  Freechappelles,  Chauntries,  Hospitalles, 
Fraternities,  Brotherheddes,  Guyldes,  and  Stipendarie  Prestes  having 
perpetuity  for  ever,  Sithens  which  tyme  dyvers  of  the  Donors, 
founders,  or  patrones,  or  suche  as  pretende  to  be  of  the  same  Col- 
leges, &c.,  of  their  avarouse  and  covetouse  myndes  and  of  their  owne 
auctoritie  without  your  graciouse  licence  have  of  late  entred  into  the 
mansion  houses,  manners,  landes,  &c.,  to  the  same  colleges,  &c., 
belonginge  and  have  expulsed  the  Prestes,  Wardeyues,  Maisters, 
Ministers,  Rulers,  Governors,  and  Incumbentes  of  the  same  out  and 
from  the  possession  thereof,  and  they  and  their  heirs  and  assignes 
doe  occupye  the  saide  Mansion  Houses,  &c.,  and  doe  receyve  and 
converte  the  rentes  to  their  owne  proper  uses,  and  some  of  the  saide 
Prestes,  &c.,  by  covyne  betwene  them  and  the  Patrons,  donors,  or 
founders  of  the  same  have  also  of  their  owne  auctority,  withou\t  your 
Grace's  licence,  bargayned  and  soulde  all  or  parte  of  their  manners, 
&c.,  annexed,  unyted,  or  belonginge  to  the  saide  Colleges,  &c.,  and 
some  of  the  saide  Prestes,  &c.,  of  their  owne  auctoritie  without  thas- 
sent  of  their  Patrons  have  nowe  of  late  made  Leases  for  terme  of  lief 
of  their  saide  Frechappelles,  chauntries,  hospitalles,  &:c.,  and  have 
not  reserved  the  accustomable  rent  that  the  same  hath  bene  used  to 
be  letten  for ;  and  some  of  them  by  covyne  have  suffered  recoveries, 
levyed  fynes  and  made  feoffamentes  of  all  or  parte  of  their  posses- 
sions ;  by  reason  whereof  diverse  of  the  said  Frechappelles,  &c.,  ben 
clerely  dissolued  contrarye  to  the  willes  and  purposes  of  the  founders, 
&c.,  and  to  the  greate  contempte  of  your  Majestie  j  And  we  your 
Graces  most  lovinge  humble  subjectes  right  well  knowing  and  per- 
ceyving  thexcedinge  greate  charges,  costes,  and  expences  which  your 
Majestie  hathe  had  and  susteyned  and  dayly  doeth  susteyne,  aswell 
for  the  mayntenance  of  theis  present  Warres  againste  the  Relmes  of 
Fraunce  and  Scotlande  and  for  the  preservacon  and  defence  of  us 
your  subjectes  againste  the  invasions  and  malice  of  your  enemyes 
the  Frenchmen  and  Scottes,  who  dayly  do  studdy,  devise,  and 
attempte  to  greine,  annoy,  and  hurte  your  lovinge  subjectes ; 
Doe  therefore  with  our  hole  voice  most  humblie  beseche  your 
Majestie  that  it  may  be  enacted  by  your  Hignes  withe  thassent 
of  the  Lordes  spirituall  and  temporall  and  the  Commons  in  this 
Parliament  assembled,  that  all  the  saide  Colleges,  Frechappelles, 
Chauntries,  Hospitalles,  Fraternities,  Brotherheddes,  Guyldes,  and 
other  the  same  promocons,  had  or  made  to  have  contynuaunce  in 
perpetuite  for  ever,  and  beinge  or  that  hathe  or  ought  to  be  contribu- 
torie  to  the  payment  of  the  First  Frutes  and  Tenthes  accord inge  to 
the  Lawes  in  that  behalfe  had  and  made,  by  what  name  they  were 
founded,  and  all  the  mansion  houses,  manners,  orchardes,  gardens, 
londes,  tents,  churches,  chappelles,  advowsons  whatsoever  they  be 
belonginge  to  any  such  College,  &c.,  shall  from  hensforth  by  auc- 
toritie of  this  Acte  be  adjudged  and  demed  and  also  be  in  the  very 
actuall  possession  &  seisin  of  the  Kinge  our  Soverayne  Lord  and  of 


his  heires  and  successours  for  ever  in  as  large  and  ample  a  manner  as 
the  said  Prestes,  &c.,  or  the  Patrons,  &c.,  at  any  time  sichens  the 
said  fourthe  daye  of  Februarie  in  the  xxvijth  yere  aforesaid  had  occu- 
pied or  nowe  hathe  enjoyethe  the  same  and  as  though  all  the  saide 
colleges,  &c.,  were  in  the  present  acte  specially  named. 

And  be  it  further  enacted  that  all  the  saide  Chauntries,  Hospitalles, 
Colleges,  &c.,  and  all  the  Mansion  Houses,  Mannors,  and  Lands 
shalbe  in  the  order  of  our  Soveraigne  Lorde  the  Kinges  Court  of 
Augmentacons  of  the  Revenues  of  his  Crowne,  and  to  be  graunted 
by  the  Chauncellor,  Officers,  &c.,  of  the  same  Courte  in  suche 
manner  as  other  mannors,  &c.,  appoynted  to  the  said  courte  of  Aug- 
mentacons bene  to  be  graunted. 

PART    II. 



Dedicated  to  Sl  Andrew. 

Founded  by  Peter  de  Hoton,  who  gave  the  site,  which  his 
daughter  Elizabeth  and  Roger  de  Mowbray  confirmed.  At  the 
dissolution  the  Duke  of  Norfolk  was  called  the  Founder.2 

SUPPRESSION. — In  the  list  as  under  2oo/.  per  annum. 
VALUATION. — i2/.  os.  6d.  (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  vol.  v.,  86). 
SURRENDER. — 1536,  there  being  9  nuns. 

PENSION. — Margery  Danby,  the  last  Prioress,  had  a  pen- 
sion of  4/.  (Augmentation  Books,  vol.  232,  p.  575.) 

ACCOUNT  of  the  Receiver,  Leonard  Beckwith,  from  the 
Feast  of  St.  Michael  the  Archangel  27  Henry  VIII.  (1535) 
to  the  same  Feast  28  Henry  VIII.  (1536). 

He  charges  himself  with  i2/.  185.  zd.  of  the  issues  of  the 
Priory  due  at  St.  Martin  (as  above),  as  appears  by  the  account 
of  Robert  Hill,  collector  of  the  rents  there.  Also  with 
7/.  135.  6d.  due  at  Whitsuntide,  received  and  expended  by 
Dame  Margery  Danby,  late  Prioress  there,  with  345.  8d. 
received  at  the  time  of  the  removal.  Also  with  4^.  us.  $d. 
received  from  the  said  Robert  Hill  of  the  issues  of  his  office 
this  year.  Total,  25^.  4?.  id. 

He  charges  himself  with  765.  Sd.,  the  price  of  "  le  plate" 
and  other  jewels  there,  as  appears  by  the  inventory  subscribed 
by  the  abovesaid  Margery  Danby,  late  Prioress.  Also  with 
1 67.  135.  4^.  for  the  lead  on  the  roof  of  the  church  and  of  the 
other  houses.  Also  with  IQS.  for  two  small  bells  hanging  in 
the  belfry.  Also  with  235.  qd.  for  the  grain  in  the  granary  at 
the  time  of  the  survey,  expended  in  the  priory.  And  with  n/., 
the  price  of  sundry  beasts  expended  there  between  the  survey 
and  the  suppression,  viz.,  i  horse  6s.  8d.,  30  wethers  6os. , 
26  ewes  345.  Sd.,  30  other  sheep  305.,  40  lambs  265.  Sd.} 

1  Eight  miles  from  Thirsk  and  ten  miles  from  Helmsley;  in  the  Deanery 
and  Archdeaconry  of  Cleveland.  "  In  a  narrow  valley  in  the  Hambleton  hills  ; 
only  a  chimney  remains  "  (Grainge's  "  Vale  of  Mowbray  "). 

1  Dugdale,  Tanner,  Burton. 


9  cows  725.  Also  with  425.  4^.,  increase  of  price  on  the 
above,  viz.,  on  the  wethers  6s.  Sd.,  on  the  ewes  2.*.,  on  the 
lambs  J25.,  on  29  sheep  called  "  hoggerelles  "  charged  at  295., 
95.  Sd.,  on  the  8  cows  or  heifers  12?.,  which  increase  was 
received  by  the  Prioress  and  expended  in  her  inn.  Also  with 
8/.  125.  received  by  the  Prioress  for  things  sold  by  her  in  the  said 
time  and  expended  in  the  said  inn,  not  charged  in  the  inventory, 
viz.,  i  young  horse  55.,  i  cow  125.,  34  wethers  565.  8d., 
236  fleeces  of  wool  at  5^.,  4/.  185.  4^.  Also  with  45/.  35.  nd., 
the  value  of  the  rest  of  the  goods,  etc.,  according  to  the  inven- 
tory, sold  by  the  Commissioners  to  John  Banks,  farmer,  of 
the  site  of  the  priory,  with  the  demesne  lands,  with  665.  Sd. 
increase.  Total,  89/.  igd.,  with  I4/.  izd.  increase. 

19  Sept.,  28  Henry  VIII.  (1536). 

LEASE  to  Thomas  Welles  of  the  household  of  the  site  of 
the  late  Priory  of  Arden  for  21  years  at  the  rent  of  SI.  gs.  Sd. 

This  indenture  made  between  the  most  excellent  prince  and 
lord,  the  Lord  Henry  the  Eighth,  by  the  grace  of  God,  etc.,  of 
the  one  part,  and  Thomas  Welles,  gentleman  of  the  household 
of  the  said  Lord  the  King,  of  the  other  part,  witnesseth  that 
the  said  Lord  the  King  by  the  advice  and  consent  of  the  council 
of  the  court  of  the  augmentations  of  the  revenues  of  his  crown, 
has  given,  granted  and  to  farm  demised  to  the  same  Thomas 
the  site  of  the  house  or  late  priory  of  Ardern  in  the  county  of 
York,  by  authority  of  parliament  recently  suppressed  and  dis- 
solved, together  with  all  the  houses,  buildings,  barns,  dove-cots, 
yards,  orchards,  gardens,  demesne  lands,  meadows,  feedings 
and  pastures  under-written  to  the  same  site  or  late  priory 
belonging  or  pertaining,  to  wit,  the  Rye  feld,  the  Hoode  feld, 
the  Hethermerbrodefeld,  the  Mylne  Carre,  with  the  Freer 
house  garthe,  the  Stany  flatt,  one  close  called  the  Cowhouse 
Ynges,  the  West  feld,  one  close  called  the  Cow  Yng,  one 
other  close  called  the  Homylhome,  the  Homylfeld,  the  Wethur- 
cote  Yng,  the  Northmore  close,  the  Throwdale  close,  one  other 
close  called  the  Rygge,  another  close  called  Cowhill,  another 
close  called  Holyng,  another  close  called  Hasteling,  another 
close  called  Elleryng,  another  close  called  Crosse  flatte, 
another  close  called  LJncote  hill,  another  close  called  Rams- 
flatte,  the  Rughe  croft  feld,  another  close  called  Thomas  Busk, 
the  Horseclose,  one  watermill  with  one  acre  of  meadow  to  the 
same  adjacent,  one  other  acre  of  meadow  called  Hemme  acre, 
one  house  called  the  deyryhouse,  with  one  close  called  Kowe 
Wathe  and  another  enclosure  called  Gate  Cote  (all  escheats, 


reliefs,  great  timber  trees  and  woods  to  the  same  belonging 
excepted  and  wholly  reserved  to  the  said  Lord  the  King,  his 
heirs  and  successors).  To  have  and  to  hold  the  site  aforesaid 
and  all  and  singular  other  the  premises  with  the  appurtenances 
(except  the  before-excepted)  to  the  aforenamed  Thomas  and  his 
assigns  from  the  feast  of  the  Annunciation  of  the  B.  V.  M. 
last  past  to  the  end  and  term,  and  for  the  term  of  21  years 
then  next  following  and  fully  to  be  completed,  paying  therefor 
yearly  to  the  said  Lord  the  King,  his  heirs  and  successors, 
8/.  95.  Sd.  of  the  lawful  money  of  England,  payable  in  equal 
portions  at  the  feasts  of  St.  Michael  the  Archangel  and  the 
Annunciation  of  the  B.  V.  M.,  or  within  one  month  after 
each  of  those  feasts,  at  the  court  aforesaid  during  the  term 
aforesaid.  And  the  aforesaid  Lord  the  King  wills,  and  by  the 
presents  grants,  that  the  said  Lord  the  King,  his  heirs  and 
successors,  will  well  and  sufficiently  repair,  keep  up  and  main- 
tain, all  the  houses  and  buildings  of  the  premises,  as  well  in 
timber  as  in  roofs  of  ' tile'  and  'sclate/  from  time  to  time  so 
often  as  it  may  be  necessary  and  fitting,  during  the  term  afore- 
said. And  the  aforesaid  Thomas  and  his  assigns,  at  their  own 
costs  and  charges,  will  well  and  sufficiently  keep  up  and  main- 
tain the  roofs  of  straw  and  all  other  necessary  repairs  of  the 
premises,  excepting  the  timber,  ftile'  and  'sclate'  aforesaid, 
from  time  to  time  so  often  as  it  may  be  necessary  and  fitting 
during  the  term  aforesaid.  And  the  aforesaid  Lord  the  King 
further  wills  and  by  the  presents  grants,  that  it  shall  be  lawful 
to  the  same  Thomas  and  his  assigns  from  time  to  time  to  take 
and  have  competent  and  sufficient  '  hegebote,  fyerbote,  plough- 
bote'  and  'cartbote/  from  and  upon  the  premises  there  yearly 
to  be  expended  and  occupied  during  the  term  aforesaid.  In 
witness  whereof  to  the  one  part,  etc.,  and  to  the  other  part, 
etc.  Given  at  Westminster  on  the  19th  day  of  September  in 
the  a8th  year  of  the  reign  of  the  said  Lord  the  King. 

By  the  council  of  the  court  aforesaid. 

(Augmentation  Books,  vol.  209,  p.  10.) 

GRANT   to  Thomas    Culpeper,   the   site   of  the    Priory   of 
Arden  with  lands  pertaining. 


")  The    King,    to    all    to    whom,    etc., 
For    I  homas   Culpeper  /  greeti          Whereas  by  a  certain  in- 

J  denture   made  under  the  great  seal 

of  the  court  of  the  augmentations  of  the  revenues  of  our  crown, 
bearing  date  at  Westminster  on  the  second  day  of  June  in  the 


thirtieth  year  of  our  reign  ....  we  demised  ....  to  Sir  Ralph 
Ellerker  of  Rysby,  co.  York,  knight,  the  house  and  site  of  the 
late  priory  of  Haltamprice  in  the  said  county  ....  And 
whereas  also  by  another  indenture  made  between  us,  of  the 
one  part,  and  Thomas  Welles,  gentleman  of  our  household, 
of  the  other  part,  dated  at  Westminster  on  the  i9th  day  of 
September  in  the  28th  year  of  our  reign  [here  recited]  we 
demised  to  the  aforenamed  Thomas  Welles  the  site  of  the 
house  or  late  priory  of  Arden  in  the  said  county  ....  Know 
ye  that  we,  in  consideration  of  the  good,  true  and  faithful 
service  which  our  well-beloved  servant  Thomas  Culpeper, 
esquire,  has  heretofore  rendered  to  us,  of  our  special  grace, 
certain  knowledge  and  mere  motion,  have  given  and  granted, 
and  by  the  presents  do  give  and  grant  to  the  same  Thomas  the 
reversion  and  reversions  of  all  the  aforesaid  houses  and  sites  of 
the  said  late  priories  of  Haltamprice  [and  Arden],  and  of  the 
aforesaid  messuages,  lands,  meadows,  pastures,  and  all  and 
singular  other  the  premises  above  expressed  and  specified  .  .  .  : 
and  to  the  abovesaid  Ralph  Ellerker  [and]  Thomas  Welles 
....  by  the  several  indentures  aforesaid  [as  is  set  forth  above] 
severally  demised.  Moreover  we  give  and  by  the  presents  do 
grant  to  the  aforenamed  Thomas  Culpeper  ....  all  the  .... 

annual  rent  of  8Z.  95.  8d to  us  reserved  ....  Also  we  do 

give,  and  for  the  consideration  aforesaid  confirm,  to  the  afore- 
named Thomas  Culpeper  the  whole  house  and  site  of  the  said 
late  priory  of  Arden  in  our  said  county  of  York,  now  dissolved, 
and  all  the  church,  belfrey  and  churchyard  of  the  same  late 
priory,  and  also  all  our  messuages,  houses,  buildings,  dovecots, 
ponds,  fish-stews,  yards,  orchards,  gardens,  lands  and  soil, 
being  as  well  within  as  without,  and  near  and  close  to  the  site, 
enclosure,  ambit,  circuit  and  precinct  of  the  same  late  priory, 
and  also  our  watermill  with  its  appurtenances  [and  the  parcels 
of  land  as  set  forth  in  the  minister's  account  under  the  heading 
of  demesne  lands]  and  the  reversions,  rents  and  annual  profits 
of  all  and  singular  the  premises  in  Arden  aforesaid  and  of  every 
parcel  thereof,  as  fully  and  wholly,  and  in  as  ample  manner 
and  form,  as  the  last  prior(ess)  of  the  said  late  monastery  or 
priory  of  Arden,  or  any  of  his  (her)  predecessors,  priors  thereof, 
in  right  of  their  priory,  at  any  time  before  the  dissolution  of 
the  same  late  priory,  had  held  or  enjoyed  the  aforesaid  site, 
mill  [etc.,  etc.],  or  ought  to.  have  had,  held  or  enjoyed  the 
same,  and  as  fully  and  wholly,  and  in  as  ample  manner  and 
form,  as  all  and  singular  these  things  came  or  ought  to  have 
come  into  our  hands,  and  now  are  in  our  hands,  by  reason  or 
pretext  of  the  aforesaid  act  of  parliament  or  in  any  manner, 


the  which  site  of  the  said  late  monastery  or  priory  of  Arden, 
and  the  aforesaid  messuages  [etc.]  in  Arden  aforesaid  are 
valued  at  8/.  9$.  Sd.  a  year,  and  not  more  ....  To  hold  .... 
the  site  of  the  said  late  monastery  or  priory  of  Arden  aforesaid 
[etc.],  paying  yearly  therefor  to  us,  our  heirs  and  successors, 

lys payable  to  our  court  of  the  augmentations  of  the 

revenues  of  our  crown  at  the  feast  of  St.  Michael  the  Arch- 
angel every  year,  for  all  rents,  services  and  demands  whatsoever 
to  be  rendered,  paid  or  done  for  the  premises  or  any  of  them. 
And  moreover,  of  our  further  grace,  we  do  give  and  by  the 
presents  grant  to  the  aforenamed  Thomas  Culpeper,  all  the 
issues,  rents,  revenues  and  profits  of  all  the  aforesaid  sites, 
messuages,  [etc.,  etc.]  above  expressed  and  specified  from  the 
feast  of  the  Annunciation  of  the  B.  V.  M.  last  past  up  to  the 
present  coming  or  growing,  to  have  to  the  same  Thomas  of  our 
gift,  without  any  account  or  other  thing  to  be  therefor  rendered, 
paid  or  done  in  any  way  to  us,  our  heirs  or  successors. 
Although  express  mention,  etc.  In  witness  whereof,  etc. 
Witness  the  King  at  Westminster  on  the  twelfth  day  of  June. 

By  the  King  himself. 
Patent  Roll,  32  Henry  VIII.     Part  2,  m.  27  (15). 

20  Nov.,  36  Henry  VIII.  (1544). 

REQUEST  by  Thomas  Culpeper  to  purchase  the  farm  of 
the  site  and  lands  of  the  Priory  of  Arden.  (9th  Report  of  the 
Deputy  Keeper.)1 



Dedicated  to  the  Virgin  Mary. 

Founded  in  the  latter  end  of  the  reign  of  King  Stephen  or 
the  beginning  of  Henry  II.,  by  Peter  de  Ardington.  At  the 
dissolution  Mr.  Arthington  was  called  the  Founder. 

1  Arden  Priory  came  after  to  the  family  of  Tancred.     Ralph  Tancred  is 
called  of  Arden  in  the  Visitation  of  1584.     He  was  son  of  William  Tancred  of 
Boroughbridge.     From  him  descended  a  long  line,  possessors  of  the  Priory 
till  quite  recently,  when  it  has  been  sold  to  Hon.  William  Saville.     (See  the 
pedigree  of  Tancred  in  Foster's  "  Yorkshire  Families.") 

2  In  the  parish  of  Adel,  wapentake  of  Skyrack,  seven  miles  from  Leeds. 
There  is  a  description  of  the  buildings  in  "  Twelve  small  Yorkshire  Priories," 
where  it  is  called  a  Cluniac  nunnery,  by  William  Brown,  F.S.A.    ("  Yorks 
Arch.  Journal,"  ix.,  211).     An  interesting  building,  now  a  farmhouse,  is  on 
the  site. 


POSSESSIONS. — The  Church  of  Maltby. 
VALUATION. — ill.  8s.  ^d.  (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  vol.  v.,  16.) 
SUPPRESSION. — In  the  list  as  under  2oo/.  per  annum. 



Elizabeth  Hall  to  be  prioress.     (Calendar,  xiii.,  242.) 

SURVEY  OF  RENTAL. — 26  Nov.,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539). 
Site  with  orchard,  gardens,  etc.,  is  worth  5,$.     Total  value 
of  the  demesne  lands,  loSs.  4^.     (Paper  Surveys,  No.  401.) 

26  Nov.,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539). 

SURRENDER  by  Eliz.  Halle,  Prioress,  and  the  convent  of  the 
monastery  of  Ardyngton  and  all  its  possessions.  Acknow- 
ledged same  day  before  Ric.  Layton,  one  of  the  Clerks  of 

PENSIONS  assigned.  Eliz.  Hall,  Prioress,  5^.,  Eliz.  Moore 
33,?.  4.d.,  Eliz.  Vavasour,  Kath.  Cokyll,  Janet  Tompson,  Eliz. 
Wormewall,  Agnes  Pettye,  Dorothy  Porter,  Effam  Ratclyff, 
Isabel  Whytehed,  and  Joan  Hayles,  26s.  8d.  each.  Signed  by 
Hendle  Legh,  Bellasys,  and  Watkyns,  commissioners.  (Aug- 
mentation Misc.  Books,  vol.  234,  p.  357.) 

ACCOUNT  of  Leonard  Bekwith,  Esq.,  the  King's  particular 
Receiver,  Mich.  33  (1541)  to  Mich.  34  Henry  VIII.  (1542). 

He  answers  for  2i/.  2s.  received  from  Henry  Mason,  col- 
lector of  the  rents  and  farms  belonging  to  the  said  priory,  for 
this  year. 

He  credits  himself  with  payment  of  annuities  of  26s.  Sd.  to 
Leonard  Bekwith,  Esq.,  2os.  to  John  Riddyall,  and  265.  8d.  to 
Robert  Arthyngton  and  his  brother  Laurence,  with  pensions  to 
the  nuns,  and  with  33$.  4^.  to  Margaret  Wormewell  for  a 
corrody.  (Minister's  Account,  4644.) 

6  March,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539-40). 

LEASE  to  Peter  Johnson  of  Arthington,  yeoman,  of  the 
house  and  site  of  the  nuns  of  Arthington,  lately  dissolved, 
with  lands,  etc.,  for  21  years,  at  the  rent  of  1085.  4^.  (Aug- 
mentation Misc.  Books,  vol.  212,  p.  93.) 


7  June,  34  Henry  VIII.  (1542). 

GRANT  of  the  site  and  its  demesnes  to  Thomas  Cranmer, 
Archbishop  of  Canterbury,  in  exchange.1  (Calendar,  xvii.,  256.) 

20  March,  i  Edward  VI.  (1547). 

GRANT  to  Thomas  Cranmer,  Archbishop  of  Canterbury, 
of  the  site  of  the  Priory  and  sundry  lands  in  the  parish  of 
Arthington.  Rent  to  the  crown  12s.  (Calendar  of  Deeds, 
Edward  VI.,  2.) 

The  Estate  was  sold  to  Robert  Mitchell2  of  Arthington 
Grange,  whose  descendant  Sarah  Mitchell  married  in  1668 
Thomas  Fawkes,  Esq.,  M.P.,  in  whose  family  it  remained  till 
its  sale  by  Walter  Fawkes,  Esq.,  to  Lord  Harewood,  the 
present  owner. 

Dedicated  to  the  Virgin  Mary. 

Founded  by  Ralph  de  Nevile  at  Hoton,  then  removed  to 
Thorpe,  afterwards  to  Nunthorp,  but  in  the  latter  part  of 
Henry  II.  settled  at  Basedale. 

VALUATION. — 2O/.  is.  4^.   (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  vol.  v.,  87.) 
In  the  SUPPRESSION  LIST  as  under  2ooZ. 

24  Aug.,  31  Hen.  VIII.  (1539). 

RENTAL,  SURVEY  OF. — Site,  with  orchard,  garden,  etc.,  is 
worth  325.  ^d. 

Total  of  demesne  lands,  665.  Sd. 

Rent  of  messuage  or  grange  called  "  The  Nunnehouse  "  in 
Nunnethorp,  6/.  13.$.  ^d.  (Paper  Surveys,  No.  401.) 

SURRENDER. — 24  Aug.,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539),  when 
there  were  9  nuns  and  a  prioress. 

1  The  amount  of  the  money  to  be  paid  for  the  purchase  is  said  to  have 
been  429^.  145.  2d.,  but  whether  this  sum  is  solely  for  the  nunnery  does  not 
seem  quite  certain,  as  he  had  other  grants  in  Yorkshire,  Nottinghamshire,  and 

*  We  have  not  the  exact  date  of  the  sale,  or  if  it  was  from  Thomas  Cranmer 
:he  Archbishop's  son  or  from  the  Crown.  Robert  Mitchell,  however,  was  in 
possession  in  1614. 

3  In  the  parish  of  Westerdale,  11  miles  from  Stokesley.  The  buildings 
lave  been  converted  into  farmholds.  There  is  a  description  of  them  in 
'  Twelve  small  Yorkshire  Priories,"  by  William  Brown,  F.S.A.  ("  Yorks 
Vrch.  Journal,"  ix.,  327). 


1 6  March,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539-40). 

PENSIONS. — Elizabeth  Rowghton,  Prioress,  61.  ly.  ^d., 
Alice  Stable  i6s.  Sd.,  Eliz.  Couper,  Marg1  Couper,  Agnes 
Nellis,  Agnes  Addeson,  Barbara  Bromeley,  Agnes  Turtylby, 
and  Joan  Fletcher,  nuns,  2os.  each.  (Augmentation  Misc. 
Books,  vol.  234,  p.  267.) 

ACCOUNT  of  Leonard  Bekwith,  Esq.,  the  King's  particular 
Receiver,  Mich.  33  (1541)  to  Mich.  34  Henry  VIII.  (1542). 

He  answers  for  261.  i  is.  received  from  Thomas  Yoward, 
collector  of  the  rents  and  farms  belonging  to  the  said  late 
priory,  for  this  year. 

He  credits  himself  with  an  annuity  of  4/.  (not  to  be  allowed 
hereafter)  to  James  Dukke,  chaplain.  (Minister's  Account, 

26  Nov.,  3(  Henry  VIII.  (1539). 

LEASE  to  William  Snowball  of  the  Household,  of  the  house 
and  site  of  the  Priory  of  Basedale,  lately  dissolved,  and  lands 
in  Nunthorp,  parish  of  Ayton,  for  21  years  at  the  rent  of 
665.  Sd.  (Augmentation  Books,  vol.  212,  p.  15.) 

20  Nov.,  36  Henry  VIII.  (1544). 

GRANT  in  fee  for  538/.  19.?.  yd.  to  Sir  Ralph  Bulmer,  jun.,1 
and  John  Thynne  of  the  reversion  of  the  house  and  site  leased 
to  William  Snowball ;  also  the  house  and  site  of  the  priory  and 
lands  which  were  in  the  Prioress's  own  hands.  (Calendar, 
xix.,  n,  413.) 

1  According  to  "  Glover's  Visitation,"  Sir  Ralph  Bulmer  would  be  son  of  Sir 
John  Bulmer  who  was  executed  for  his  share  in  the  Pilgrimage  of  Grace.  Sir 
Ralph,  however,  was  restored  in  blood  and  had  eight  daughters,  of  whom  Joan 
married,  first,  Francis  Cholmley,  secondly,  Francis  Hildesley;  Frances  mar- 
ried Marmaduke  Constable  of  Cliffe  ;  Millicent  married  Thomas  Grey  of  Bar- 
ton. There  were  also  Dorothea,  Brigetta,  Barbara,  Mary,  Anne. 

The  eight  daughters  and  coheiresses  held  it  in  6th  Philip  and  Mary.  After 
divers  grants  and  alienations  it  became  the  property  of  the  Fotherleys  of 
Castleton,  and  about  1729  was  purchased  by  Ann,  daughter  of  William  Pier- 
son,  Esq.,  of  the  Middle  Temple,  but  dying  unmarried  her  brother  Bradshaw 
Pierson,  Esq.,  succeeded  to  her  estate.  (Graves'  "  Cleveland,"  268.)  It  seems 
uncertain  if  Graves  is  perfectly  correct,  as  the  Yoward  family  appear  to  have 
been  connected  with  Basedale.  In  6  Eliz.  (1564)  there  is  a  fine  between 
Robert  Yowart,  gent.,  and  Ralph  his  son,  plaintiffs,  and  Thomas  Grey,  Esq., 
and  Melucina  his  wife,  of  moiety  of  lands  and  water-mill  in  Basedale,  and  in 
1582-3  another  between  Ralph  Yoward,  gent.,  and  Francis  Cholmley,  Esq.,  and 
Johanna  his  wife,  and  Anthony  Welburye,  gent.,  and  Ann  his  wife,  of  part  of 
messuages  and  mill  in  Basedale  and  Westerdale  (Yorks  Inquisitions,  Rec.  Ser.). 
However,  it  passed  into  the  hands  of  the  Pierson  family,  and  after  by 
purchase  to  the  Russells  of  Brancepeth.  By  marriage  it  has  descended  to 
Viscount  Boyne,  the  present  owner. 


Dedicated  to  the  Virgin  Mary. 

Helewisia,  daughter  and  heiress  of  Ranulph  de  Glanville, 
lord  chief  Justice  of  England,  founded  an  abbey  in  the  reign  of 
Henry  II.  at  Swainby  in  the  parish  of  Pickhall.  But  in  the 
i4th  of  John  it  was  removed  by  her  son  Ralph  Fitz  Robert, 
lord  of  Middleham,  to  Coverham,  he  being  buried  there. 

POSSESSIONS.  —  Churches  of  Coverham  given  by  Ralph, 
lord  of  Middleham;  of  Downholme  given  by  the  Lord  Scrope; 
half  Kettlewell  by  the  Lords  Grey  of  Rotherfield,  and  Sedbergh 
by  Sir  Ralph  le  Scrope. 

VALUATION.  —  i6o/.  iSs.  $d.  (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  vol.  v., 

PENSION.  —  Christopher  Roxby  or  Raper  24^.,  the  last  abbot. 
(Augmentation  Misc.  Books,  vol.  232,  p.  34.) 

SURVEY  OF  RENTAL.  —  Site  with  "  le  fermery  garth"  is 
worth  45.  Total  value  of  the  demesne  lands,  i$l.  195. 

ACCOUNT  of  William  Blytheman,  the  King's  Receiver  in 
the  Archdeaconry  of  Richmond,  from  4  Feb.,  27  Henry  VIII. 
(1535-6),  to  Michaelmas,  29  Henry  VIII.  (1537). 
[Arrears  :  none,  because  this  is  the  first  account.] 
He  answers  for  980^  i8s.  Sd.  for  goods  sold,  etc.,  viz., 
27  oxen,  78  cows,  and  other  stock,  corn  and  old  hay,  sold  by 
the  commissioners  to  Sir  Arthur  Darcy,  Knight;  sheep  on  the 
pasture  of  Bellerby,  sold  to  Ralph  Rokeby  and  Rowland 
Pudsey  ;  33  stones  of  wool,  tithes  of  the  Rectory  of  Kettillwell  ; 
live  stock  and  grain  sold  to  Launcelot  Marton,  William  Riche, 
John  Warde  of  Meddeham,  and  Sir  William  Malory,  Knight; 
236  stones  of  wool  from  Sedbergh  Rectory,  sold  to  Marmaduke 
Wyvell,  Esquire;  61.  for  lambs  from  the  same,  sold  to  James 
Rokeby;  I9/.  145.  $d.  for  divers  church  ornaments  and  furni- 
ture of  the  chambers  there  and  of  other  houses,  sold  by  retail  to 
divers  persons;  $61.  os.  8d.,  the  estimated  value  of  the  orna- 
ments in  the  vestry  and  choir,  remaining  in  the  King's  hands 

1  In  the  Wapentake  of  Hang  West,  two  miles  from  Middleham. 


reserved  to  his  use;  i$6l.  is.,  the  estimated  value  of  781  oz. 
of  silver  plate,  and  3  oz.  of  gold  reserved  in  like  manner;  4O3/. 
65.  8d.  for  I2i  fothers  of  lead  obtained  in  pulling  down  the 
said  late  monastery,  with  3  fothers  in  the  ashes;  i6/.  135.  ^.d., 
the  value  of  6  bells  there,  weighing  2000  Ibs.  For  old  timber 
and  other  stuff  obtained  in  pulling  down  the  buildings,  besides 
that  used  in  firing  and  milling  the  lead,  8/.  us.  4^. 

He  has  recovered  22/.  iSs.  in  debts  due  from  Ralph  Wither, 
Thomas  Newell  of  Massam,  Michael  Metkalf,  Bryan  Whithow, 
and  John  Masson,  chaplain,  late  Vicar  of  Sedbergh. 

In  issues  of  lands,  etc.,  for  the  28th  year  1O5/.  135.  3%d., 
and  for  the  2gth  year  lyg/.  155.  6d.,  including  farms  and  rents 
of  a  tenement  in  Bellerby  from  Ralph  Rokeby,  the  rectory  of 
Ketillvvell  from  Launcelet  Marton,  the  rectory  of  Sedbergh 
from  Marmaduke  Wyvell,  the  rectory  of  Downeham  from 
Christopher  Lasselles,  the  rectory  of  Seeham  from  Robert 
Bowes,  Esq.,  and  the  rectory  of  Coverham  from  Leonard 
Bekeweth.  (Minister's  Account,  7467.) 

8  Oct.,  28  Henry  VIII.  (1536). 

LEASE  to  Christopher  Lasselys  of  Brakenburgh,  armiger, 
of  the  site  of  the  Monastery  of  Coverham  for  21  years  at  the 
rent  of  13^.  195.  lod.  (Augmentation  Books,  vol.  209,  p.  71.) 

10  June,  29  Henry  VIII.  (1537). 

LEASE  to  Leonard  Beckwyth  of  the  Rectory  of  Coverham 
for  21  years  at  the  rent  of  2O/.,  and  to  Marmaduke  Wyvell  of 
Little  Burton  of  the  Rectory  of  Sedbergh  at  the  rent  of  5O/. 
(Augmentation  Books,  vol.  209,  p.  gob.) 

1 6  March,  32  Henry  VIII.  (1540-1). 

LEASE  to  Robert  Darknall  of  the  household  of  the  King, 
the  Rectory  of  Downham,  belonging  to  Coverham,  for 
21  years  at  the  rent  of  14^.  35.  4^.  (Augmentation  Books, 
vol/213,  p.  470.) 

26  March,  30  Henry  VIII.  (1539). 

LEASE  to  Ralph  Rokeby  of  Lands  in  Bellerby  belonging  to 
the  late  Monastery  of  Coverham,  for  21  years  at  the  rent  of 
265.  8d.  (Augmentation  Books,  vol.  211,  p.  60.) 


30  May,  3  P.  and  4  M.  (1557). 

GRANT  to  Humphrey  Orme,1  gen.,  and  Cecilia  his  wife,  the 
site  of  the  Monastery  of  Coverham,  to  be  held  of  the  Queen 
in  cap'ite.  (Palmer's  Index,  p.  139.) 

31  July,  4  P.  and  5  M.  (1557). 

GRANT  to  Thomas  Loftehouse  and  John  Beck  of  Lands  in 
Swyneshead,  Melmerby  Carleton,  belonging  to  Coverham. 
(Palmer's  Index,  p.  140.) 

1 6  June,  4  Elizabeth  (1562). 

GRANT  to  Thomas  Allen  and  Thomas  Freeman  of  the 
Rectory  Church  of  Coverham,  in  the  tenure  of  John  Warde, 
gen.,  late  Abbot  of  Coverham.  (Palmer's  Index,  p.  185.) 

5  Eliz.  (1563). 

FINE. — Ralph  Crofte  and  Ann  his  wife,  Plaintiffs,  and 
Humphrey  Orme  and  Cecilia  his  wife,  Deforciants ;  2  mes- 
suages and  a  water-mill  with  lands  and  free  fishing  in  the  water 
of  the  Cover  in  Coverham,  etc.  (Yorks,  Rec.  Ser.,  i.,  278.) 


Dedicated  to  St.  Nicholas. 

Founded  by  William  Paganel  in  the  time  of  Henry  I. 
POSSESSIONS. — Wressle,  Bingley,  and  Drax  Churches. 
SUPPRESSION. — In  the  list  as  under  2OO/.  per  annum. 
VALUATION. — 104^.   145.  gd. 
SURRENDER. — 1536. 

1  13  May  1557.     Valuation  by  me  Antho.  Rowe,  Auditor,  rated  for  Hum- 
phrey Orme  :  "  The  clere  yerly  value  of  the  premisses  xiij1  xix8  xd,  which  rated 
at  xxx"  yeres  purchase  amountethe  to  cccc1  xix9.     The  mony  to  be  paid  before 
the  xxv j   of  May   1557.     The   King  and  Quenes  Majesties  to  discharge  the 
purchaser  of  all  fees  and  reprises  goyng  out  of  the  premisses.     The  purchaser 
to  have  the  issues  from  the  fest  of  the  Annuncyacon  of  our  Lady  last  past. 
The  purchaser  to  be  bound  in  a  thousand  poundes  for  the  woodes.     The  leade 
and  belles  and  the  advowson  to  be  except."     Willm  Petre,  Frances  Inglefeld, 
John  Bakers.     (Harl.  MS.  606.) 

2  In  the  Wapentake  of  Barkston  Ash,  five  miles  from  Snaith.     It  is  now 
only  identified  by  a  farm  house.     (Lawton.) 



PENSION. — William  Emson,  Prior,  i8/.  (Augmentation 
Books,  vol.  232,  p.  33.) 

ACCOUNT  of  the  Receiver,  Leonard  Beckwith,  from  the 
Feast  of  St.  Michael  the  Archangel,  27  Henry  VIII.  (1535), 
to  the  same  Feast  28  Henry  VIII.  (1536). 

He  charges  himself  with  49/.  i2s.  ^d.  of  the  issues  of  the 
Priory  due  at  St.  Martin  (as  above),  as  appears  by  the  account 
of  Richard  Brelby,  collector  of  the  rents  there.  Also  with 
59/.  TJS.  S^d.  due  at  Whitsuntide,  received  and  expended  by 
Sir  William  Empson,  late  Prior  there.  Also  with  8/.  8s.  4^. 
received  by  Sir  John  Scolaye  as  Rector  of  the  Rectory  of 
Byngelcy,  appropriate  to  this  late  Priory.  Also  with  gl.  gs.  gd. 
due  from  Sir  Marmaduke  Constable,  the  elder,  knight,  farmer  of 
the  scite  of  the  late  Priory,  with  the  demesne  lands,  and  not 
paid.  Also  with  13^.  17$.  io\d.  received  from  the  said  Richard 
Brelby  of  the  issues  of  his  office  this  year.  Total,  14.11.  6s. 

And  he  charges  himself  with  I2/.  185.  4^.,  the  price  of  "  le 
plate  "  and  other  jewels  there,  as  appears  by  the  inventory  sub- 
scribed by  the  said  William  Emson,  late  Prior  there.  Also 
with  93/.  6s.  8d.,  the  lead  on  the  roof  of  the  Church  and  of  the 
other  houses.  Also  with  2o/.,  the  price  of  6  bells  hanging  in 
the  belfry  there.  Also  with  \l.  is.  for  the  grain  in  the  granary 
there  at  the  time  of  the  survey,  expended  by  the  said  Prior. 
And  with  26s.,  the  price  of  sundry  beasts,  expended  by  the 
Prior  between  the  survey  and  the  suppression,  viz.,  15  sheep 
15,9.,  i  pig  i2d.,  2  young  cattle  105.  Also  with  355.  o^d.  for 
sundry  things  sold  by  the  Prior  and  expended  in  his  inn,  not 
charged  in  the  inventory,  viz.,  I  horse  2os.,  and  the  hides  and 
pelts  of  the  cattle  and  sheep  expended  there  155.  o^d.  Also 
with  j6l.  i$s.  id.,  the  value  of  the  rest  of  the  goods  according 
to  the  said  inventory,  sold  by  the  Commissioners  to  Sir  Mar- 
maduke Constable  the  elder,  knight,  farmer,  of  the  site  of  the 
Priory,  with  the  demesne  lands,  with  TOO,?,  increase.  Total, 
2io/.  35.  i^c/.,  with  61.  155.  o^d.  increase. 

20  July,  28  Henry  VIII.  (1536). 

LEASE  of  the  site  of  Drax  Priory  surrendered  to  Sir  Marma- 
duke Constable,  knight,  for  21  years  at  the  rent  of  8/.  19$.  6d. 
(Augmentation  Books,  vol.  209,  p.  96.) 

20  May,  29  Henry  VIII.  (1537). 

LEASE  to  Wm.  Babthorpe  of  Osgodby  of  the  Rectory  of 
Drax  for  21  years  at  the  rent  of  22/,  125.  (Augmentation 
Books,  vol.  209,  p.  85.) 


.  .  .  .,  29  Henry  VIII.  (1537). 

LEASE  to  John  and  Simon  Scoley  of  the  Rectory  of  Bingley. 
(Augmentation  Books,  vol.  210,  p.  4.) 

22  July,  30  Henry  VIII.  (1538). 

GRANT  in  fee  to  Sir  Marmaduke  Constable,  sen.,  of 
Everingham,  for  2Ool.  of  the  house  and  site  of  the  dissolved 
Priory  of  Draxe,  the  Church,  steeple,  churchyard,  lands  in 
Draxe,  the  fishery  of  New  Hey  now  in  the  tenure  of  Robt. 
Okes  and  Margaret  his  wife,  and  the  passage  of  the  water  of 
the  Ouse  in  New  Hey  now  in  the  tenure  of  Wm.  Ryecroft,  in 
as  full  manner  as  Wm.  Emson,  the  late  Prior,  held  them. 
Clear  annual  value  2i/.,  rent  of  42,9.  as  tenth.  (Calendar, 
xiii.,  569.)  (Pat.,  p.  3,  in.  12.) 

8  Dec.,  32  Henry  VIII.  (1540). 

GRANT  to  Ric.  Wylkynson  of  Bradford,  Lands  in  Bingley, 
Presthorp,  and  Mykylthwayte,  which  belonged  to  Drax. 
(Calendar,  xvi.,  174.) 

19  April,  34  Henry  VIII.  (1543)- 

LEASE  to  Anthony  Dunwyche  of  London,  merchant,  of  the 
Rectory  of  Wresyll,  late  belonging  to  the  Prior  of  Drax,  for 
2i  years  at  the  rent  of  lol.  3$.  ^d.  (Augmentation  Books, 
vol.  215,  p.  636.) 

31  Aug.,  35  Henry  VIII.  (1543)- 

GRANT  to  Wm.  Babthorpe,  the  lordship  and  manor  of 
Newhey,  which  belonged  to  Drax  Priory,  and  all  possessions 
there.  (Calendar,  xvi.,  p.  60.) 


Dedicated  to  St.  Agatha. 

Founded  by  Roald,  Constable  of  Richmond  Castle,  about 
1152.  His  estates  passed  to  the  Scropes,  who  were  great 
donors  to  the  Abbey,  many  of  that  family  being  buried  there. 

At  the  Dissolution  Lord  Scrope  was  considered  the  founder. 

1  One  mile  from  Richmond,  on  the  left  bank  of  the  river  Swale.  The 
ruins  were  excavated  by  W.  St.  John  Hope,  M.A.,  in  1886,  and  an  account  of 
the  buildings  was  written  by  him  and  printed  in  the  "  Yorkshire  Archaeological 
Journal,"  vol.  x.,  p.  117. 

H    1 


POSSESSIONS. — Churches  of  Easby,  Stanwix,  and  Manfield. 

VALUATION. — nil.  17.9.  nd.  (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  vol.  v., 
P-  237-) 

SURRENDER. — 1536. 

PENSION. — Robert  Bampton,  Prior,  40  marks.  (Augmen- 
tation Books,  vol.  232,  p.  30.) 

SURVEY. — Site,  with  demesne  lands,  occupied  by  the  monas- 
tery, ijl.  1 8s.  ^d. 

Total  value,  with  granges  of  Wathecoote,  Huddeswell  and 
Watewath,  and  Langmores,  lordships  or  townships  of  Ease- 
bye,  Bronton,  Skebye,  etc.,  246^.  6s,  $\d. 

The  spiritualities  include  rectorial  tithes  of  Manfelde,  Stan- 
wikes  (with  Chapel  or  Church  of  St.  Cuthbert  of  Barton  and 
Chapel  of  Cleisbye),  and  Easeby,  yjl.  'js.  6d. 

Total,  283^  135.  nc?. 

Rents,  etc.,  paid,  61.  i6s.  8d. 

Pensions,  salaries,  synodals,  53^.  75.  zd. 

Fees  of  stewards  and  bailiffs,  66s.  8d. 

Total  of  the  reprises,  6%l.  los.  6d. 

Clear  annual  value,  22O/.  35.  5^.     (Paper  Surveys,  No.  401.) 

ACCOUNT  of  William  BIytheman,  the  King's  Receiver  in 
the  Archdeaconry  of  Richmond,  from  4  Feb.,  27  Henry  VIII. 
(1535-6),  to  Michaelmas,  29  Henry  VIII.  (1537). 
[Arrears:  none,  because  this  is  the  first  account.] 
He  charges  himself  with  giol.  i6s.  received  for  goods  sold, 
viz.,  23  oxen  and  a  heifer  sold  by  the  late  abbot  from  the  store  at 
Kyplyng;  stocks  of  grain  sold  to  Lord  Scroope ;  6  bulls, 
56  cows,  and  other  stock  sold  to  him;  ig/.  145.  6d.  for  the 
utensils  and  furniture  in  the  hall,  chambers,  melting-house, 
brewing  and  malt  house,  and  kitchen,  with  all  the  cloth  of 
linen  and  wool,  sold  to  Lord  Scroope;  28  horses  and  foals  of 
divers  ages  sold  to  Robert  Akeryg,  Chaplain  there;  22/.  49.  for 
vestments  and  ornaments  found  in  the  vestry  ;  i6/.  13,?.  ^d., 
the  estimated  value  of  the  bells;  52O/.,  the  estimated  value  of 
302  pieces  of  lead,  i.e  ,  151  fothers,  and  5  fothers  in  the  ashing 
in  milling  the  same,  arising  from  the  pulling  down  of  the  said 
Abbey  and  Church,  with  other  houses  there,  remaining  at 
York,  and  there  reserved  for  repairs,  except  one  fother  in  "  Cez 
Welbez";  74/.  $s.  6d.,  the  estimated  value  of  448  oz.  of  silver 
plate,  remaining  to  the  King's  use;  lot.  for  74  stones  of 
wool,  etc, 


For  materials  derived  from  the  pulling  down  of  the  building, 
exclusive  of  the  timber  used  in  milling  the  lead,  6/.  135.  8d. 

In  debts  due  to  the  monastery  64.1.  8s.  for  the  28th  year, 
and  in  issues  of  lands,  etc.,  i6ol.  45.  2d.  for  the  28th  year,  and 
2i8L  4$.  io^d.  for  the  29th  year,  including  sums  due  from 
Robert  Collinson,  the  price  of  wood  sold  to  Ralph  Gower  of 
Rechemond  ;  \6l.  135.  4^.  from  the  executors  of  the  wills  of 
Sir  William  Bulmer,  knight,  and  Elizabeth  Ashe,  widow, 
remaining  out  of  legacies  of  100  marks,  to  have  services  in  the 
Church  of  Eisby,  besides  2ol.  paid  by  the  said  Sir  William 
himself;  rents  from  Lord  Scroope  in  Garresdale,  and  for  the 
farms  of  the  rectories  of  Manfeld,  Stanwyk,  Easby,  Keplyng, 
Sadington,  and  Barford.  Sum  total,  1360^  6s. 

10  Dec.,  29  Henry  VIII.  (1537). 

LEASE  to  John,  Lord  Scrope,  of  St.  Agatha's  Monastery, 
except  the  Rectories  of  Manfield,  Stanwykes,  and  tithes. 
(Calendar,  xiii.,  588.) 

2  May,  i  Edward  VI.  (1547). 

GRANT  to  Edmund  Boughtell,  after  the  expiration  of  Lord 
Scrope's  lease,  the  site  and  lands  at  an  annual  rent  of 
igl.  8s.  4d. 

8  Nov.,  i  Mary  (1554). 

GRANT  to  Henry  Sidney  of  Wathcote,  grange  belonging  to 
St.  Agatha.  (Palmer's  "Index,"  p.  126.) 

16  Dec.,  4  and  5  P.  and  M.  (1557). 

GRANT  to  Henry,  Lord  Scrope,  and  Henry  Tirrell,  gent.,  of 
lands  in  Kipling  belonging  to  St.  Agatha.  (Palmer's  "  Index/' 
p.  147.) 

5  Dec.,  4  and  5  P.  and  M.  (1557-8). 

GRANT  of  the  site,  etc.,  of  St.  Agatha's  to  Ralph  Gower/ 
generosus.  (Palmer's  "  Index,"  p.  145.) 

Ralph   Gower,  dying  in   1567,  bequeathed  the  same  to  his 

1  3  July  1-557-  Site  of  the  monastery  let  to  John,  Lord  Scrope,  for  30  years 
10  Dec.,  29  Hen.  VIII.,  and  reversion  to  Edmund  Boughtell  for  21  years  after. 
The  most  part  of  the  possessions  of  St.  Agatha's  is  very  good  profitable  land 
and  lieth  about  the  town  of  Richmond.  Clear  value  igl.  8s.  4d.,  and  rated  at 
34  years'  purchase  amounting  to  66o/.  35.  40?.,  to  be  paid  before  16  July. 
Town  of  Skeby  rated  to  Gower,  81.  12s.  lod.  at  34  years,  amounting  to 
293/.  165.  4^.  (Harl.  MS.  607,  36.) 


son  John  Gower,  who,  being  attainted  for  high  treason  in  1569 
for  being  concerned  in  the  Rising  of  the  North,  had  all  his 
estates  confiscated  to  the  Crown.  (Clarkson's  "  Richmond.") 

10  March,  14  Elizabeth  (1571-2). 

GRANT  of  the  above  to  John  Stanhope,  ar.,  Richard  Hughes 
and  heirs  of  John.  (Palmer's  "  Index,"  p.  215.) 

21  Elizabeth  (1578-9). 

GRANT  of  the  above  to  Henry  Scrope,1  brother  of  Thomas, 
Lord  Scrope. 

Dedicated  to  St.  Mary  and  St.  John  Baptist. 

One  account  states  that  it  was  founded  by  Conan,  Earl  of 
Richmond;  another  that  Ralph  de  Multon  was  the  founder  in 
the  latter  part  of  Henry  I.  or  beginning  of  Richard  I. 

At  the  Dissolution  Lord  Dacre,  who  represented  the  Lords 
Multon,  was  considered  the  founder. 

POSSESSIONS. — Churches  of  Rokeby,3  Great  Ouseburn,4 

VALUATION. — 36/.  8s.  3^.  (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  vol.  v., 
p.  236.) 

30  Jan.,  28  Henry  VIII.  (1536-7). 

Premonstratensian  Abbey  of  St.  John  the  Baptist  in  the 
Archdeaconry  of  Richmond,  exemption  from  Suppression. 
Th.  Dranton,  Abbot.  (Calendar,  xii.,  i,  143.) 

1  He  died  5  Sept.,    1625,  and  left  the  same  to  his  son  Emanuel,  Earl  of 
Sunderland.     He  bequeathed  the  property  to  his  natural  daughter  Annabella, 
who  had  been  granted  the  precedency  of  an  Earl's  daughter.     Lady  Annabella 
married  John  Grubham  Howe  of  co.  Gloucester.     Their  grandson,  2nd  Viscount 
Howe,  sold  the  manors,  etc.,  to  William  Burton  of  Luffenham,  co.  Rutland. 
They  seem  to  have  been  divided  and  partly  sold,  but  Rev.  William  Smith 
bought  the  manor  and  abbey  of  Easby  and  built  the  present  mansion.    Thomas 
Smith,  in   1775,  bequeathed  them  to  his  natural  son  Thomas  Smith  als.  King, 
who  sold  them  in  1780  to  Robert  Knowsley  of  Wighill  Park  for  .£15,000.     He 
sold  them  in   1788  to  Cuthbert  Johnson,  and  that  family  again  parted  with 
them  in   1810  to  Robert   Jaques,   Esq.,  for    ^45,000,    in    whose  family  they 
remain.     (Clarkson's  "  Richmond.") 

2  In  the  Wapentake  of  Gilling  West,  parish  of  Rokeby.     There  is  a  long 
account  of  the  Abbey,  by  Rev.  J.  E.  Hodgson,  in  the  "  Yorks  Arch.  Journal," 
vol.  xviii.,  p.  129. 

3  At  the  Dissolution  the  patronage  came  to  the  Crown. 

4  Came  to  the  Crown.     Present  patron,  Mrs.  Scolfield. 

5  Patron,  the  Earl  of  Lonsdale.     (Ripon  Calendar.) 


5  Jan.,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539-40). 

SURRENDER  (by  Thomas,  Abbot  of  Egleston,  in  co.  Rich- 
mond, and  the  convent)  of  the  Monastery  and  its  possessions 
in  cos.  Richmond,  York,  and  Durham.  Acknowledged  same 
day  before  Ric.  Layton,  one  of  the  clerks  of  Chancery. 

PENSIONS. — Thos.  Shepard,  Abbot,  13^.  6s.  80?.;  Robt. 
Redshawe,  sub-prior,  4/. ;  Hen.  Clacton,  Wm.  Mason,  Win. 
VVrighte,  Thos.  Hildereth,  Ralph  Cootes,  and  Thos.  Eggleston, 
priests,  405.  each  ;  John  Clappam,  sub-deacon,  26s.  8d.  Signed 
by  Hendle,  Legh,  Belassys,  and  Warkyns.  (Calendar,  xv.,  28.) 

SURVEY  made  5  Jan.,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539-40). — Site  of 
the  houses  within  the  walls,  containing  2  acres  with  the  out 
orchard  there  to  the  mill,  is  worth  los. 

Value  of  the  demesne  lands,  with  a  water  corn-mill,  2il.  2s. 

Two  corn-mills  under  one  roof  at  Stratford,  405.,  and  at 
Barnardcastell,  6s.  8d. — 2/.  6s.  8d. 

Tithes  of  Stratforthe  and  Argyllgarthedale  (letten),  61. 
Total  value,  zgl.  8s.  8d.  (Paper  Surveys,  No.  401.) 

28  Feb.,  32  Henry  VIII.  (1540-1). 

LEASE  to  Alan  Kynge  of  London  of  lands  in  Egleston  and 
tithes  of  Arkelgarthdale  Rectory  belonging  to  Egleston.  (Aug- 
mentation Misc.  Books,  vol.  313,  p.  21  b.) 

24  May,  2  Edward  VI.  (1548). 

SALE  to  Robert  Strelley  of  the  site  of  the  Monastery  ot 
Eggleston,  with  sundry  premises,  the  parsonages  and  advow- 
sons  of  the  vicarage  of  Startforth  and  Arkelgarthdale,  and 
sundry  mills.  (Calendar  of  Deeds,  Edward  VI.,  2,  68,  i86a.) 

3  Aug.,  3  P.  and  4  M.  (1556). 

GRANT  to  Fredeswide  Strelley,1  vid.  and  heirs,  the  house  and 
site  of  the  Monastery  of  Egleston  in  the  Archdeaconry  of 
Richmond.  (Palmer's  "  Index,"  p.  138.) 

1  After  the  death  of  the  Strelleys  Eggleston  is  said  to  have  come  to  Robert 
Strelley's  nephews,  children  of  his  sister  Elizabeth,  wife  of  George  Savile 
("  Yorks  Arch.  Journal,"  xviii.,  175).  He  may  perhaps  be  the  George 
Savile  of  Grantham  who  heads  the  pedigree  in  the  "  Visitation  of  Lincoln- 
shire "  (Harleian  Soc.,  vol.  Hi.,  860).  According  to  the  fines  it  passed 
through  members  of  several  lines  of  Savile.  Afterwards  the  property  got  into 
many  hands,  and  in  1770  was  sold  by  Sir  Thomas  Robinson,  Bart.,  to  John 
Morritt,  from  whom  it  has  descended  to  the  present  owner  of  the  same  name. 


5  Eliz.  (1562-3). 

FINE. — William  Saville,  Plaintiff,  and  Robt.  Strelley,  Jeffrey 
Wayse,  Giles  Porter,  Ric.  Porter,  Win.  Porter,  and  John 
Saville,  Deforciants,  manor  of  Eggleston,  tithes,  advowsons  of 
churches  of  Arclegarthdale  and  Stratforde.  (Yorks  Rec.  Ser., 
i.,  274.) 

5  Eliz.  (1563). 

FINE. — John  Savyle,  Plaintiff",  and  William  Savyle,  Defor- 
ciant,  manor  of  Eggleston,  mills,  advowsons  (as  above).  (Yorks 
Rec.  Ser.,  i.,  278.) 

22  Eliz.  (1580). 

FINE. — John  Savile,  Esq.,  Plaintiff,  and  Edward  Savile  and 
Katherine  his  wife,  manor  of  Egglestone,  mills,  advowsons 
(as  above).  (Yorks  Rec.  Ser.,  ii.,  151.) 

23  Eliz.  (1581). 

FINE. — Robert  Savile  and  Michael  Pearson,  Plaintiffs,  John 
Savile,  Esq.,  Edward  Savile,  gent.,  and  Katherine  his  wife, 
and  Henry  Savile  and  Ann  his  wife,  manor  of  Egglestone, 
mills,  advowsons  (as  above).  (Yorks  Rec.  Ser.,  ii.,  164.) 

28  Eliz.  (1586). 

FINE. —  Henry  Savile,  gent.,  Plaintiff,  and  Edward  Savile, 
gent.,  and  Katherine  his  wife,  Deforciants,  4O/.  rent  out  of 
Egleston,  Stratford,  and  Arkyngarthdale.  (Yorks  Rec.  Ser., 
"i->  550 

39  Eliz.  (1597). 

FINE. — Richard  Smyth,  Doc.  Med.,  Plaintiff,  and  Henry 
Savile  and  Ann  his  wife,  Deforciants,  manor  of  Eglestone, 
mills,  lands,  rectories  of  Stratforde  and  Arkilgarthdale,  with 
advowsons  of  the  vicarages.  (Yorks  Rec.  Ser.,  iv.,  74.) 

44  and  45  Eliz.  (1602). 

FINE. — Peter  Broughton,  gent.,  Plaintiff,  and  Paul  Smythe, 
gent.,  Deforciant,  manor  of  Eglestone,  mills,  rectories,  and 




Dedicated  to  the  Virgin  and  St.  Lawrence. 

Founded  1221  as  a  Priory  of  Canons  of  the  Order  of  Sem- 
pringham  or  St.  Gilbert. 

POSSESSIONS. — Churches  of  Ellerton,  Aughton,  East  Cot- 

VALUATION. — 62l.  8s.  lod.  (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  vol.  v., 
p.  128.) 

SURVEY. — Site,  with  orchards  and  two  small  gardens, 
Ss.  Sd. 

Total  value  of  the  demesne  lands,  including  a  tenement 
called  "Woodhouse,"  13^.  6s. 

Rents  in  divers  townships,  8/.  I'js.  nd. 

Total  value,  22/.  35.  nd. 

Rents  resolute,  45.  Sd. 

Clear  yearly  value,  2i/.  igs.  ^d. 

A  second  Survey  (n  Dec.,  30  Henry  VIII.)  values  the  site 
at  ios.,  and  records  a  fishery  in  the  Darwent  worth  i2d. 

Total  (with  farms  of  tithes  of  North  banke  in  Aughton, 
of  Ellerton  and  Estcottingwith),  2jL  Sd.  (Paper  Surveys, 
p.  401.) 

SURRENDER. — n  Dec.,  30  Henry  VIII.  (1538).  Signed 
by  the  Prior  and  Convent. 

PENSIONS. — 8  Apr.,  1539.  John  Goldyng,  Prior,  13^.  6s.  Sd., 
Roger  Dow,  Richard  Symson,  Robert  Mychylson,  William 
Spens,  priests,  4/.  each.  (Augmentation  Books,  vol.  233, 
p.  112.) 

ACCOUNT  of  the  said  William  Blitheman  upon  the  dissolu- 
tion, ii  Dec.,  30  Henry  VIII.,  made  there. 

[Arrears :  none,  because  this  is  the  first  account.] 

f  r     (\  ^  ^e  answers  f°r  69$-  &d.  received  by  him  for 

LroodS  I  divers  vestments  found  there,  to  wit,  one  suit 

2ls'  3  of  "Blod"  velvett  40^.;   one  tunicle  of  white 

and  red  say  2s.  4d.;   i  suit  of  "livid"  velvet,  old,  and  i  suit 

of  green   "  Bawdekyng   Counterfet,"  sold    to  John   Horseley, 

1  In  Holme  division  of  Harthill,  eight  and  a  half  miles  from  Pocklington. 


26s.  Sd.,  the  whole  being  6gs.  8d.  as  above;  and  for  205.  the 
price  of  i  "fetherbed,"  2  "  Mattressez/'  2  "  blankettes," 
3  "  Coverynges,"  i  "Bolster,"  i  "pillow,"  i  "  teister  "  of  old 
dornyx,  and  other  furnishings  of  the  chamber  of  the  late  prior, 
sold  to  John  Herbert  ;  and  8s.  for  the  furnishings  of  the  lower 
chamber  there,  sold  to  the  said  John;  and  105.  for  the  fur- 
nishings of  the  chambers  called  "Highe  Chambre,"  sold  as 
above;  and  izd.  for  i  old  "  Matteresse  "  and  i  coverlet  there; 
and  135.  8d.  for  the  kitchen  utensils;  and  2od.  for  the  utensils 
in  the  promptuary;  and  30^.  for  the  utensils  in  the  brew-house; 
and  66s.  Sd.  for  divers  "  Stampez  >}  or  "  Mowez  "  of  grain, 
remaining  in  sheaf  in  the  granaries;  and  i6s.  for  a  "stampe" 
of  peas  tound  in  the  barns  there;  and  2os.  for  a  "stampe"  of 
oats  and  435.  4^.  for  6£  quarters  of  siligo;  and  6s.  Sd.  for  a 
quarter  of  wheat;  and  2,2s.  for  6  quarters  of  oats;  and  145.  for 

6  quarters  of  oat  malt;  and  45.  for   i^  quarters  of  barley  malt; 
and  135.  4^.  for  hay  in  the  grange;  and  iSs.  Sd.  for  hay  in  the 
"  Oxehovvse  Barne";  and  6s.  Sd.  for  3  old  waggons,  with  the 
"  teymez  3>  and  other  appurtenances  ;  and  zos.  for  one  cistern 
and  other  vessels  in  the  melting-house   (domo  ustrina)  ;  and 
4/.    i6s.  for  oxen  found   there,  at   izs.  a  head;  and  56,9.  for 

7  cows  ;  and  485.  for  eight  beasts  of  various  ages  ;  and  los.  for 
3  two-year-olds  ;  and  65$.  for  5  heifers,  4  "  stagges,"  and  2  mill- 
horses;  and  135.  <\.d.  for  pigs  and  sucking-pigs;  and  645.  for 
16  acres  of  land  sown  with  corn;  and  40^.  for  i  "  horsmyll," 
all  sold  to  the  said  John  Herbert.     Total,  39^.  175.  Sd. 

SI       f  1    d  not  answer  f°r  tne  Price  of  2  fothers  of 

,  I    |,e      >lead  estimated  to  be  on  .the  roofs  of  the  houses 
3  there,  because  it  remains  reserved   to  the  King 
till    his   pleasure  be  known  ;    nor  for  any   bells,  because  the 
Church  there  forms  the  Parish  Church. 

0  ,      r  T       ,    I  Nor  for  the  price  of  i  chalice  weighing  0  oz., 
Sale  of  Jewels.  >•  ,  , 

)  because  it  is  reserved  among  the  others,  and 

delivered  to  the  Master  of  the  King's  Jewelhouse.     Total  of 
the  Receipts,  39^.  17^. 

Whereof  he  accounts  in  payments  to  John  Goldyng,  late 
Prior  there,  iocs.,  Roger  Dewe,  Richard  Sy  meson,  Robert 
Michelson,  and  William  Spencer  265.  Sd.  apiece,  by  the  King's 
grace,  in  all  io/.  6s.  Sd.  And  in  rewards  to  divers  servants 
there,  to  wit,  to  Charles  Poole,  Robert  Wyld,  Richard  Daye, 
Ralph  Duffeld,  and  Robert  Clarke,  4$.  each  ;  to  William 
Ramesey  2s.  6d.-}  George  Kyrke  35.;  Henry  Killington  2s.  6d.; 
John  Dewre  35.  ^d.  ;  the  kitchen  boys  2s.  ;  Simon  Johnes, 


John  Brighame,  and  Agnes  Cowper,  2od.  each ;  Robert  Wil- 
liamson is. ;  Reginald  Speke  3,9. ;  John  Wald  35.  $d. ;  Richard 
Bonobye,  35.  4^.;  Roger  Hunt  and  Henry  Hude,  is.  6d.  each; 
Peter  Rede  35.  4^. ;  Richard  Cooke  lid.;  a  poor  man  &d. ; 
John  Ustwhaitt  2od. ;  Margaret  Leche  35.  4^. ;  Isabell 
Thoineson  35.  ^.d. ;  and  to  Isabell  Hall  $s.  4^. — in  all  735.  4^. 
Total,  i4/.  (Minister's  Accounts,  No.  7453.) 

9  March,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1540). 

LEASE  to  John  Herbert  of  Ellerton,  gen.,  of  the  house  and 
site  of  the  Priory  of  Ellerton,  lately  dissolved,  with  Ryddyng 
Grange  and  Rectories  of  Ellerton  and  East  Cottingwith  for 
21  years  at  a  rent  of  2y/.  8s.  (Augmentation  Books,  vol.  21 2, 
p.  yob.) 

jy  April,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1540). 

GRANT  to  Sir  Thomas  Heneage  and  Katherine  his  wife  of 
the  grange  called  Ryddyng  Grange  in  Ellerton,  belonging  to 
the  late  Priory  of  Ellerton,  and  lands  there,  and  a  parcel  of 
meadow  called  the  "North  Hyll,"  in  the  fields  of  West  Cot- 
tingwithe,  in  as  full  manner  as  the  last  Prior  of  Ellerton  held 
the  same.  (Calendar,  xv.,  289.) 

i  April,  33  Henry  VIII.  (1542). 

GRANT  to  John  Aske1  of  Aughton,  Yorks  (in  exchange  for 
manors  in  Sussex),  of  the  late  Priory  of  Ellerton,  lands  in  the 
parishes  of  Ellerton  and  Aughton,  the  fishery  in  the  water  of 
Derwent  and  other  lands  there,  and  in  Lathome,  West  Cot- 
tingwith, Thorganby,  Holme,  Goodmadam  and  Huggate,  and 
in  the  City  of  York,  which  belonged  to  the  Priory.  (Calendar, 
xvii.,  283.) 

34  Eliz.  (1592). 

FINE. — George  Sayntpoole,  Kt.,  and  Martin  Brighouse, 
Esq.,  Plaintiff,  and  John  Aske,  Esq.,  Deforciant,  manor  of 
Ellerton.  (Yorks  Rec.  Ser.,  iii.,  177.) 

1  There  is  a  pedigree  of  Aske  in  "  Glover's  Visitation."  It  would  seem 
that  John  Aske  was  a  brother  of  Robert  Aske,  the  unfortunate  leader  of  the 
"  Pilgrimage  of  Grace,"  who  was  executed.  His  great-grandson  is  said  to 
have  sold  away  all  his  lands.  It  then  probably  came  into  the  hands  of  the 
Bethell  family,  who  continued  for  some  generations.  Hugh  Bethell,  Esq., 
died  in  1747,  leaving  his  estates  to  his  nephew  Sir  William  Codrington,  who 
assumed  the  name  of  Bethell.  In  1840  Sir  Christopher  Codrington  Bethell 
was  the  owner. 


38  and  39  Eliz.  (1596). 

FINE. — John  Robinson,  senr.,  Plaintiff,  and  John  Aske, 
Esq.,  Deforciant,  manor  of  Dighton  and  the  site  of  the  late 
priories  of  Thykhed,  and  lands  and  free  fishing  in  the  Derwent. 
(Yorks  Rec.  Ser.,  iv.,  57.) 

41  Eliz.  (1599). 

FINE. — Hugh  Bethell,  Esq.,  Plaintiff,  and  Thomas  Knevit, 
Esq.,  and  Elizabeth  his  wife,  Deforciants,  manor  of  Ellerton. 
(Yorks  Rec.  Ser.,  iv.,  125.) 


Said  to  have  been  founded  by  Warnerius,  the  dapifer  to  the 
Earl  of  Richmond  in  the  reign  of  Henry  II. 

VALUATION. — 15^.  los.  6d.  (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  vol.  v., 
p.  244.) 

SUPPRESSION. — In  the  list  as  under  2Ool.  per  annum. 
SURRENDER. — By  Johanna,  last  Prioress. 

ACCOUNT  of  William  Blytheman,  the  King's  Receiver  in 
the  Archdeaconry  of  Richmond,  from  4  Feb.,  27  Henry  VIII. 
(1535-6),  to  Michaelmas,  29  Henry  VIII.  (1537). 

[Arrears :  none,  because  this  is  the  first  account.] 

He  answers  for  I5O/.  9^.  iod.,  the  value  of  goods  and  chat- 
tels, viz.,  61.  4s.  id.  for  34!  oz.  of  silver  plate,  remaining  in 
the  King's  hands;  8i/.  13$.  4^.,  the  estimated  value  of  24^ 
fothers  of  lead  derived  from  the  pulling  down  of  the  said  Priory, 
and  i  fother  in  the  ashes  at  the  burning  and  milling  of  the 
same  lead ;  40$.,  the  price  of  4  small  [?  pTTTJ  [sic]  bells,  and 
1065.  8d.,  the  price  of  stock,  etc.,  consumed  by  the  nuns.  Also 
for  145.  zd.  for  glass,  timber,  etc.  (besides  the  timber  used  for 
melting  the  lead),  obtained  in  pulling  down  the  buildings. 

In  issues  of  lands,  etc.,  for  the  28th  year  nZ.  25.,  for  the 
29th  year  2il.  gs.  3^.,  including  rent  for  the  demesne  lands 

1  In  the  parish  of  Catterick,  on  the  south  bank  of  the  Swale.     It  is  often 
confused  with  the  Priory  of  Ellerton  on  Spalding  Moor. 


from  Anne  Cleisby,  the  farm  of  Woodehouse  from  Ralph 
Cleisby,  and  rents  from  divers  other  tenants.  Sum  total, 
/.  15$.  %d.  (Minister's  Account,  7467.) 

31  July,  30  Henry  VIII.  (1538). 

LEASE  to  Ralph  Cleseby  of  the  household  of  the  King, 
gen.,  of  the  house  and  site  of  the  late  Priory  of  Kllerton  in  the 
Archdeaconry  of  Richmond  for  21  years  at  the  rent  of 
12,1.  IQS.  8d.  (Augmentation  Books,  vol.  210,  p.  39.) 

31  July,  10  Elizabeth  (1568). 

GRANT  to  Percivall  Bowes  and  John  Moysier  and  their 
heirs,  the  house  and  site  of  the  late  Priory  of  Ellerton,  with 
lands,  etc.,  to  be  held  in  capile.  (Palmer's  "Index,"  p.  201.) 

24  Elizabeth  (1581-2). 

TRANSFER  to  Gabriel  Drax,  in  whose  family  it  has  con- 
tinued to  recent  times. 

Dedicated  to  St.  Mary  and  St.  Leonard  or  St.  James. 

Founded  by  Galfred  Haget  and  Simon  Ward  and  Maud  his 
wife  and  William  their  son. 

SUPPRESSION. — In  the  list  as  being  under  2OO/. 

VALUATION. — I3/.  55.  4d.     (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  vol.  v., 
P-  *50 
29  Aug.,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539)- 

SURVEY. — Site,  with  8  acres,  is  worth  20^.  Total  value  of 
the  lands  in  Essholte,  Geisley,  and  Otley  worth  I4/.  9,9.  4^. 
(Paper  Surveys,  No.  401.) 

29  Aug.,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539). 

SURRENDER. — By  the  Prioress  and  10  nuns. 

1  In  the  parish  of  Guiseley,  West  Riding.     A  few  pointed  arches  alone 
remain.    There  is  a  description  of  the  buildings  in  "Small  Yorkshire  Priories," 
by  W.  Brown,  F.S.A.  ("  Yorks  Arch.  Journal,"  vol.  ix.,  p.  321). 

2  There  is  an  account  of  the  Ward  family  in  Slater's  "  Guiseley," 


PENSIONS. — Joan  Jenkynson,  Prioress,  61.  •  Agnes  Collyn, 
Joan  Burton,  Barbara  Dogeson,  Agnes  Dogeson,  Agnes  Bayne, 
Eliz.  Mandy,  Agnes  Woodd,  and  Joan  Huson,  26s.  Sd.  each. 
(Augmentation  Misc.  Books,  vol.  234,  p.  349.) 

ACCOUNT  of  Leonard  Bekvvith,  Esq.,  the  King's  particular 
Receiver,  Mich.  33  to  Mich.  34  Henry  VIII. 

He  answers  for  33/.  6s.  2d.  received  from  Richard  Derloue, 
collector  of  the  rents  and  farms  belonging  to  the  said  late 
Priory,  for  this  year.  (Minister's  Accounts,  4644.) 

No  date. 

LEASE  to  William  Knevett  of  the  household  of  the  King, 
the  house  and  site  of  the  late  Priory  of  Esholt  with  lands  there, 
and  in  Guiseley  and  Otley,  for  21  years  at  the  rent  of  14^.  gs.  ^d. 
(Augmentation  Books,  vol.  212,  p.  79.) 

12  March,  36  Henry  VIII  (1544-5). 

REQUEST  by  Henry  Thompson  to  purchase  the  farm  of  the 
site  of  the  Priory  of  Esholt  with  its  demesnes.  (9th  Report  of 
the  Deputy  Keeper.) 

25  Aug.,  i  Edward  VI.  (1547). 

GRANT1  to  Henry  Thompson,  one  of  the  King's  gentlemen- 
at-arms  at  Boulogne,  of  the  Priory  of  Esholt  for  79i/.  ios.  lod. 
(Palmer's  "  Index,"  p.  87.) 


A  Priory  of  Knights  Templars  founded  by  Eustace  de  Vesci, 
which,  on  the  suppression  of  the  Order,  seems  to  have  become 
an  Augustin  Priory. 

VALUATION. — 6ol.  is.  2d.  (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  vol.  v., 
p.  T«8.) 

1  Copy  of  the  Grant  in  Slater's  "  Guiseley,"  p.  83.  According  to  "  Glover's 
Visitation  "  (Foster  Edition,  300),  he  had  by  Elene  Towneley  a  natural  son 
William  Thompson,  who  became  of  Esholt,  whose  great-grand-daughter 
Frances  married  Walter  Calverley,  Esq.,  of  Calverley,  and  carried  the  estates 
into  that  family.  Walter's  son.  Sir  Walter,  built  the  present  house  on  the 
site  of  the  nunnery.  In  1755  it  was  sold  to  Robert  Stansfeld  of  Bradford, 
ancestor  of  the  present  Miss  Stansfeld,  who  has  been  compelled  to  hand 
it  over  to  the  Bradford  Corporation  for  municipal  purposes. 

*  Four  and  a  half  miles  from  South  Cave;  eight  miles  from  Hull. 


SURRENDER.  —  1536. 

PENSION.  —  John  Bawdewyne,  lol.  (Augmentation  Misc. 
Books,  vol.  232,  p.  330.) 

ACCOUNT  of  the  Receiver,  Leonard  Beckvvith,  from  the 
Feast  of  St.  Michael  the  Archangel  27  Henry  VIII.  (1525)  to 
the  same  Feast  28  Henry  VIII.  (1536). 

He  charges  himself  with  13^.  12,9.,  the  price  of  "  le  plate  " 
and  other  jewels  there,  as  appears  by  the  inventory  signed  by 
the  said  John  Bawdewyn,  late  Prior.  Also  with  qol.  for  the 
lead  on  the  roof  of  the  Church  and  of  the  other  houses  there. 
Also  with  2os.  for  two  small  bells  hanging  in  the  belfry  there. 
Also  with  261.  135.  4.d.  for  the  grain  in  the  granary  at  the  time 
of  the  Survey,  and  expended  by  the  Prior  in  his  household 
before  the  dissolution.  Also  with  40,9.,  viz.,  26s.  Sd.  for 
4  horses,  135.  <±d.  for  i  waggon  delivered  there  for  the  carriage 
of  the  King's  "  le  plate  "  and  other  goods  this  year,  and  after- 
wards stolen,  as  appears  by  the  inventory.  Also  with  4/.  15,9. 
for  divers  things  expended  by  the  Prior  between  the  Survey  and 
the  Suppression,  viz.,  4  cows  36^.,  i  bull  js.  6d.}  i  old  horse 
6s.  Sd.,  2  pigs  2s.,  31  sheep  415.  ^d.,  other  things  i$d.  Also 
with  8/.  for  40  stones  of  wool,  sold  or  expended  by  the  Prior  in 
the  same  time  and  not  charged  in  the  inventory.  Also  with 
()6l.  gs.  6d.  for  divers  goods  sold  by  the  Commissioners  to  Sir 
William  Fairfaxe,  Knight,  farmer,  of  the  site  of  the  priory,  with 
the  demesne  lands,  with  61.  135.  \d.  increase.  Also  with 
4/.  i6s.  Sd.  received  from  the  accountant  himself  for  2  vest- 
ments with  their  appurtenances.  Total,  247/.  6s.  6d.,  with 
I4/.  135.  4^.  increase. 

He  charges  himself  with  6ol.  i6s.  q^d.,  the  issues  of  the 
Priory  at  St.  Martin  (as  above),  as  appears  by  the  account  of 
Ambrose  Bekwith,  collector  of  the  rents  there.  Also  with 
23/.  los.  id.  due  at  Whitsuntide,  received  and  expended  by  Sir 
John  Bawdewyn,  late  Prior  there.  Also  with  I7/.  45.  lid.  due 
from  Sir  William  Fayrefax,  Knight,  farmer,  of  the  site  of  the 
Priory,  with  the  demesne  lands,  and  of  the  Rectory  of  North- 
feryby,  and  not  paid.  Also  with  2O/.  I2s.  o^d.  received  from 
the  said  collector  of  the  issues  of  his  office  this  year.  Total, 
I22/.  35. 

20  July,  28  Henry  VIII.  (1536). 

LEASE  to  Sir  Wm.  Fairfax,  Knight,  of  Ferriby  Priory  and  of 
the  Church  of  North  Ferriby,  of  Styton  (Steeton)  for  21  years 
at  the  rent  of  jl.  os.  2d.  (Augmentation  Books,  vol.  209,  p.  6.) 


12  June,  32  Henry  VIII.  (1540). 

GRANT  in  fee  to  Thomas  Culpeper  in  consideration  of  his 
true  and  faithful  services,  of  the  reversion  in  the  Lease,  20  July, 
28  Henry  VIII.  (1536),  to  Will.  Fairfax  of  the  site  of  the  late 
Priory  of  Fereby  in  the  county  of  the  town  of  Kingston  upon 
Hull,  term  21  years,  rent  y/.  3.9.  2d.1  (Calendar,  xv.,  405.) 

i  and  2  P.  and  M.  (1553). 

FINE. — William  Fairfax,  knt.,  and  Thomas  Mitton,  Plain- 
tiffs, and  Arthur  Darcy,  knt.,  and  Mary  his  wife,  Deforciants, 
site  and  grange  of  the  late  priory  of  Fereby  and  lands. 

9  Eliz.  (1567). 

FINE. — Francis  Bakon,  Plaintiff,  Gabriel  Fairfax,2  Esq.,  and 
Elizabeth  his  wife,  Deforciants,  2  parts  of  the  site  of  the  late 
priory  of  Fereby,  and  lands  there  and  in  Hessell  and  Swanland. 
(Yorks  Rec.  Ser.,  ii.,  334.) 


In  the  beginning  of  the  time  of  King  John,  Joan,  daughter 
of  William  Fossard,  wife  of  Robert  de  Turnham,  gave  a  parcel 
of  land  in  the  forest  of  Egheton,  since  called  Eskdale,  to  the 
abbot  and  convent  of  Grandimont  in  Normandy,  who  there- 
upon sent  monks  of  their  own  order  to  settle  here,  when,  by 
reason  of  the  wars  with  France,  the  Kings  of  England  bore 
hard  upon  these  alien  priories,  the  abbot  of  Grandimont  got 
leave  to  sell  the  advowson  in  this  cell  to  John  Hewit  alias 
Serjeant,  and  thereupon  it  seems  to  have  become  "  prioratus 
indigana,"  and  to  have  subsisted  till  the  dissolution.  (Burton's 
"  Monasticon,"  275.) 

VALUATION. — 12/.  2s.  8d.  (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  vol.  v., 
p.  86.) 

1  It  came  into  the  hands  of  the  Lillingston  family ;  part  came  to  Alderman 
Ferris  of  Hull.     (Tickell's  "  Hull,"  882.) 

2  Son  of  Sir  William  Fairfax. 

3  In  the  parish  of  Egton,  wapentake  of  Langbarugh,  on  the  banks  of  the 
Esk.     There  is  a  description  of  the  buildings  in  "  Twelve  Small  Yorkshire 
Priories,"  by  W.  Brown,  F.S.A.  ("Yorks  Arch.  Journal,"  vol.  ix.,  p.  213), 

SUPPRESSION. — In  the  list  as  under  2Ool.  per  annum. 

SURVEY  made  2  June,  28  Henry  VIII.  (1536). — The  site 
worth  35.  4-d. ;  a  watermill  in  decay,  $s. 

Total  farms  of  demesne  lands,  113$.  6d. 

Rents  in  Egton  and  herbage  of  woods,  515.  id.  (Paper 
Surveys,  No.  401.) 

SURRENDER. — Aug.,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539).  (Calendar, 
xvi.,  30.) 

4  Sept.,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539). 

PENSIONS. — James  Richardson,  Prior,  4/.;  Edward  Skelton, 
3/.  6s.  8d.  -,  W.  Alatson,  4/. ;  Robt.  Holland  and  Laur.  Birde, 
Canons,  each  3/.  6s.  Sd.  (Augmentation  Books,  vol.  234, 
p.  425.) 

ACCOUNT  of  Leonard  Bekwith,  Esq.,  the  King's  particular 
Receiver,  Mich.  33  (1541)  to  Mich.  34  Henry  VIII.  (1542). 

He  answers  for  2^.1.  gs.  6d.  received  from  Edmund  Wright, 
collector  of  the  rents  and  farms  belonging  to  the  said  late 
Priory,  for  this  year.  (Minister's  Account,  4644.) 

2O  Nov.,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539). 

LEASE  to  Edmund  Wrighte  of  Egton,  arm.,  the  house  and 
site  of  the  priory  of  Friars  called  Bonhonnnes  of  the  order  of 
St.  Mary  of  Grandmonte,  lately  dissolved,  with  certain  closes 
and  a  mill  in  Egton  for  21  years  at  the  rent  of  6L  5,9.  (Aug- 
mentation Books,  vol.  2i 2,  p.  i8b.) 

6  May,  35  Henry  VIII.  (1543)- 

REQUEST  of  Edmund  Wright  to  purchase  the  farm  of  the 
site  and  demesne  lands  of  the  late  Priory  of  Gran  demon  te. 
(Deputy  Keeper's  loth  Report.) 

15  Feb.,  35  Henry  VIII.  (i  543-4)- 

GRANT  in  fee  to  Edmund  Wright  for  184^.  13$.  id.  of  the 
site,  etc.,  of  the  late  Priory  of  Grandemonte  or  Groin oute  and 
all  possessions  of  the  Priory  in  Egton  parish,  viz.,  a  watermill 
at  Egton  Brigge  and  lands  and  pastures  in  the  forest  called 
Egton  Woode,  which  were  in  the  Prior's  lands,  except  leaden 
roofs  and  tenements  in  Egton  parish.  (Palmer's  MS.,  44; 
Calendar,  xix.,  i.) 



4  Feb.,  36  Henry  VIII.  (i 544-5)- 

LICENCE  to  Edmund  Wright  to  alienate  the  site  of  the 
Priory  of  Gromonte  and  a  watermill,  etc.,  in  Egton  parish  to 
Sir  R.  Cholmeley.1  (Calendar,  xxi.,  128.) 


Dedicated  to  the  honour  of  the  Nativity  of  our  blessed  Saviour, 
the  Annunciation  of  the  Virgin  Mary,  and  the.  Exaltation  of  the 
Holy  Cross. 

Thomas,  Lord  Wake  of  Lyddel,  on  26  June,  15  Edward  II. 
(1322),  obtained  licence  from  the  King  and  on  8  July  from  the 
Pope  to  build  a  monastery  for  the  order  of  St.  Augustin  in  his 
manor  of  Cottingham.3  But  because  a  perpetual  title  could 
not  be  made  to  this  site  the  monastery  was  removed  to  a  hamlet 
called  Newton,  since  called  Haltem price  or  Altaprisa.4 

POSSESSIONS. — Churches  of  Kirk  Ella  and  Wharram  Percy. 
SUPPRESSION. — In  the  list  as  under  2OO/.  per  annum. 

VALUATION. —  lool.  os.  ^d.  (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  vol.  v., 
p.  127.) 

SURRENDER. — 1536  or  1537,  when  there  were  a  Prior  and 
eleven  or  twelve  canons. 

PENSION. — Robert  Colynson,  Prior,  2o/. 

1  It  continued  in  the  possession  of  the  Cholmeley  family  till  1668,  when  it 
passed  by  purchase  to  Sir  John  D'Oyley,  whose  sister  soon  after  marrying 
John  Saunders,  Esq.,  of  Coatbank  Lodge  in  Egton,  now  enjoys  a  considerable 
part  of  the  demesnes,  but  the  cell  and  lands  adjoining  became  the  property  of 
Richard  and  Matthew  Agar  and  Mr.  John  Linskill.  (Graves'  "  Cleveland," 
p.  288.)  Whether  Mr.  Graves  is  correct  in  assuming  that  it  belonged  to  the 
Cholmeley  family  till  1668  seems  uncertain.  There  is  a  Fine  2  and  3  P.  and  M. 
between  Henry  Scrope,  Esq.,  and  Jas.  Phyllyppe,  gent.,  and  Richard  Cholmley, 
knt.,  and  Cath.  his  wife,  of  the  manor  of  Grossmont,  messuages,  cottages,  and 
2  water-mills. — J.  W.  C. 

3  In  the  parish  of  Cottingham,  4^  miles  from  Hull  and  Beverley.  There 
are  no  remains  of  the  Priory. 

3  For  the  souls  of  his  own  and  of  Blanch  his  wife,  daughter  of  Henry,  Earl 
of  Lancaster,  of  John  his  father,  and  of  Joan  his  mother.     He  died  s.p.  31  May, 
23  Edward  III.  (1349).     ("  Dugdale's  "  Baronage,"  p.  541.) 

4  Burton,  Tanner, 


SURVEY.  —  Michaelmas,  29  Henry  VIII.  (1537).  Site  with 
orchard,  dovecot,  etc.,  worth  2os.  ;  total  value  of  demesne  lands, 
i8/.  14$.  yd.  ;  farm  of  tithes  in  Elley,  I5/.  Total,  33^.  14$.  yd. 
(Paper  Surveys,  p.  401.) 

ACCOUNT  of  the  Receiver,  Leonard  Beckwith,  from  the 
Feast  of  St.  Michael  the  Archangel,  27  Henry  VIII.  (1535)  to 
the  same  Feast,  28  Henry  VIII.  (1536). 

And  he  charges  himself  with  ^23  3^.  8d.,  the  price  of  "le 
plate"  and  other  jewels  there,  as  appears  by  the  inventory 
signed  by  the  said  Richard  Collynson,  late  Prior  there.  Also 
with  6ol.  for  the  lead  on  the  roof  of  the  Church  and  of  the 
other  houses  there.  Also  with  26/.  13^.4^.  for  4  bells  hanging 
in  the  belfry  there.  Also  with  i3/.  6s.  Sd.  for  grain  in  the 
granary  at  the  time  of  the  survey,  and  expended  by  the  Prior  in 
his  household  before  the  dissolution.  Also  with  7  /.  us.  2d,, 
the  price  of  goods  sold  and  expended  as  above,  between  the 
survey  and  suppression,  viz.,  2  horses  i8s.,  12  heifers  52^., 
40  sheep  73$.  4^.,  9  pigs  6s.  ,  other  things  22d.  Also  with  9,?., 
the  increase  on  the  price  of  the  sheep  actually  sold  and  expended 
by  the  Prior  for  4/.  2s.  ^d.  Also  with  445.  received  by  the 
Prior,  viz.,  for  15  hairy  hides  of  young  oxen  30,9.,  for  45  sheep's 
pelts  45.,  for  3  stones  of  wool  los.  Also  with  76/.  5.$.  $d.  for 
the  rest  of  the  goods  specified  in  the  inventory,  sold  by  the 
commissioners  to  Sir  Ralph  Ellerker,  the  younger,  knight, 
farmer  of  the  site  of  the  priory  with  the  demesne  lands.  Total, 
209^.  13^.  ^d.,  with  53^.  increase. 

He  charges  himself  with  IO3/.  2s.  6^d.,  the  issues  of  the 
Priory  at  St.  Martin  (as  above),  as  appears  by  the  account  of 
Christopher  Wright,  collector  of  the  rents  there.  Also  with 
97/.  8s.  8d.  due  at  Whitsuntide,  received  and  expended  by 
Sir  Robert  Collynson,  late  Prior  there.  Also  with  i67.  17,?.  4^. 
due  from  Sir  Ralph  Ellerker,  the  younger,  knight,  farmer  of  the 
site  of  the  Priory  with  the  demesne  lands,  and  of  the  rectory  of 
Elley,  and  not  paid.  And  with  igl.  los.  id.  received  from  the 
said  collector  of  the  issues  of  his  office  this  year.  Total, 

1.  i8s.  8d. 

8  June,  30  Henry  VIII.  (1538). 

LEASE  to  Sir  Ralph  Ellerker,  jun.,  of  Rysby,  of  the  house 
and  site  of  the  Priory  of  Haltemprice  and  the  demesnes  for 
21  years  at  the  rent  of  33^.  14^.  gd.  (Augmentation  Misc. 
Books,  vol.  210,  p.  47.) 

I  2 


12  June,  32  Henry  VIII.  (1540). 

GRANT  in  fee  to  Thomas  Culpeper  in  consideration  of  his 
true  and  faithful  service,  of  the  reversions  in  the  Crown  lease, 
8  June,  30  Henry  VIII.,  to  Sir  Ralph  Ellerker  of  Rysby, 
Yorks,  of  the  house  and  site  of  the  late  Priory  of  Haltamprice 
and  divers  lands  in  Haltamprice  and  Cotingham ;  term, 
2i  years;  rent,  i8/.  14?.  gd.  (Calendar,  xv.,  405.) 

20  Nov.,  36  Henry  VIII.  (1544). 

REQUEST  by  Thomas  Culpeper  to  purchase  the  farm  of  the 
site  of  the  Priory  of  Haltemprice.1  (9th  Report  of  the  Deputy 

18  March,  36  Henry  VIII.  (1544-5). 

GRANT  to  Sir  Ralph  Ellerker  of  the  Rectory  of  Kirk-Elley* 
and  sundry  tithes.  (Calendar,  xx.,  i.) 

28  Dec.,  i  P.  and  2  M.  (1554). 

GRANT  to  Walter  Jobson  of  lands  in  Cottingham,  Willerby, 
Wolfreton,  Anlaby,  Kirk  Ella,  belonging  to  Haltemprice. 
(Palmer's  "Index,"  p.  129.) 

Dedicated  to  the  Virgin  Mary. 

Founded  by  William  de  Clairfait  and  Avicia  de  Taini  about 
1170*  for  14  or  15  nuns. 

1  It  afterwards  appears  to  have  been  granted  to  the  Ellerkers,  in  which 
family  it  continued.     Roger  Mainwaring  Ellerker  died  leaving  several  sisters. 
Miss   Harriet  Mainwaring  Ellerker  seems  to  have  been  the  owner  in   1840. 
Her  sister  Arabella  married  the  Earl  of  Onslow.     In  Overton's  "  History  of 
Cottingham,"  1862,  the  Hon.  Colonel  Onslow  is  named  the  proprietor.     (See 
Oliver's  "  Beverley  "  and  Poulson's  "  Holderness,"  i.,  394.) 

2  The  patronage  of  Kirk  Ella  passed  from  the  Ellerkers  in   1686  to  the 
Bradshaws  and  in  1794  came  to  the  Sykes  family,  Rev.  J.  Foord,  Patron  (York 
Calendar).     That  of  Wharram  Percy  was  in  1618  in  the  hands  of  Sir  Thomas 
Hutton,  and  in   1668  Sir  John  Buck  presented,  in  whose  family  it  continued. 
In    1737   the   two    sisters   and  coheiresses    of   Sir   Charles    Buck    presented. 
Lord  Middleton  is  the  present  patron.     (Lawton's  "  Collections.") 

*  In  the  parish  of  Adwick-le-Street,  six  and  three-quarter  miles  from  Don- 
caster.  There  are  still  some  remains  of  the  Priory  buildings  converted  into 
cottages.  Four  shields  might  lately  be  discovered  with  the  following  devices  : 
i,  A  fess  between  three  escallops  (Isabella  Arthington,  last  Prioress);  2,  Five 
fusils  in  fess,  probably  the  heraldic  distinction  of  the  house  of  Hampole. 
(Hunter's  "  South  Yorkshire,"  vol.  i.,  p.  359.) 

4  At  least  fourteen  years  earlier.     (Hunter.) 


POSSESSIONS. — The  Churches  of  Adwick,  Melton,  and 

SUPPRESSION. — In  the  list  as  under  2ool.  per  annum. 

VALUATION. — 6$l.  $s.  8d.  (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  vol.  v., 
P-  44-) 

ii   March,  29  Henry  VIII.  (1537-8). 

EXEMPTION  from  Suppression. — Isabella  Arthyngton  to  be 
Prioress.  (Calendar,  xiii.,  i,  242.) 

19  Nov.,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539). 

SURRENDER  (by  Isabella  Arthyngton,  Prioress,  and  the 
Convent)  of  the  Monastery  and  all  its  possessions.  Acknow- 
ledged same  day  before  Thos.  Leigh,  one  of  the  clerks  of 

PENSIONS. — Assigned  same  day.  Isabel  Arthyngton, 
Prioress,  io/. ;  Joan  Gascon,  sub-prioress,  3^.  6s.  Sd. ;  Alice 
Alan,  Joan  Haryson,  Kath.  Stokes,  Eliz.  Wetherall,  Joan 
Roclyflf,  Magdalen  Walton,  Agnes  Frobysher,  Isabel  Lazyng, 
Marg.  Thurland,  Alice  Pykhaver,  Agnes  Cutler,  Kath.  Tyas, 
Ellen  Standiche,  Agnes  Horseman,  Joan  Pullane,  Isabel  Cox- 
son,  and  Eliz.  Arthyngton,  535.  4^.  to  405.  each.  (Augmenta- 
tion Misc.  Books,  vol.  234,  p.  387.) 

ACCOUNT  of  Leonard  Bekwith,  Esq.,  the  King's  particular 
Receiver,  Mich.  33  to  Mich.  34  Henry  VIII. 

He  answers  for  92/.  35.  id.  received  from  John  Warde, 
collector  of  the  rents  and  farms  belonging  to  the  said  late 
Priory,  for  this  year. 

He  credits  himself  with  payment  of  the  annuity  of  405.  of 
Leonard  Bekwith,  the  learned  Steward  of  all  the  manors  of  the 

And  with  payment  of  61.  13,?.  4^.  to  Robert  Skott,  Chap- 
lain, Curate  of  the  Church  or  Chapel  of  Marre  (according  to  a 
deed  under  the  Priory  seal  of  12  July  1522),  and  William 
Watson,  Chaplain,  Curate  of  the  parish  church  of  Melton. 
(Minister's  Account,  4644.) 

1  Adwick  Church  was  granted  to  the  Saviles  of  Methley,  F.  S.  H.  Fuller- 
ton,  Esq.,  present  Patron.  Marr  Church  followed  with  the  manor  to  the 
Thellusons.  The  Queen  had  the  presentation  of  Melton  Church  in  1571 ;  it  after 
came  to  the  Fountaynes ;  F.  J.  O.  Montagu,  Esq.,  present  Patron. 


8  Aprij,  1536.     Sir  John  Nevile  writes  to  Cromwell : — 

"  I  understand  that  Sir  Thomas  Wyntworth,  Knight  Mar- 
shal, had  a  Grant  from  the  King  of  the  Priory  of  Ampall  for 
his  money.  Be  so  good,  master,  to  my  son  Gervase  Clyfton, 
one  of  the  King's  wards,  whom  I  had  of  the  King  for  one  of 
my  daughters,  that  he  may  have  it  for  his  money.  His  ances- 
tors were  the  founders  of  that  place."  (Calendar,  x.,  256.) 

8  March,  32  Henry  VIII.  (1540-1). 

LEASE  granted  to  William  FitzWilliam,  gen.,  of  the  whole 
house  and  site  of  the  late  Priory  of  Hampall,  lately  dissolved, 
with  lands  and  tithes  there,  and  in  Owston,  for  21  years  at  a 
rent  of  3/.  us.  lod.  (Augmentation  Misc.  Books,  vol.  213, 
p.  42b.) 

8  Nov.,  6  Edward  VI.  (1552). 

GRANT  of  the  site  and  demesnes  of  the  Priory  to  John 
Dudley,  Duke  of  Northumberland1 ;  rent  to  the  Crown,  495.  $d. 
(Calendar  of  Deeds  of  Purchase,  Edward  VI.,  105.) 

10  July,  5  Elizabeth  (1563). 

GRANT  to  Robert  Hichcock,  ar.,  and  John  Gifford,  gen.,  of 
lands  in  Melton  and  the  Church  of  Marr  belonging  to  Hampall. 
(Palmer's  "Index,"  p.  186.) 


Dedicated  to  St.  Mary,  St.  Michael,  and  St.  Thomas  of 

Sir  William  de  la  Pole,  knight  banneret,  intended  to  have 
built  a  hospital  here,  and  afterwards  resolved  to  found,  instead 
of  it,  a  house  for  nuns  of  the  Order  of  St.  Clare,  but  being 

1  The  Duke  was  attainted.  In  the  reign  of  Queen  Elizabeth  it  was  divided 
between  Francis  Holmes  and  James  Washington.  Holmes  made  it  his  resi- 
dence. In  1666  the  Stanhopes  were  residing  there.  Thomas  Stanhope  was 
a  brother-in-law  of  James  Washington,  but  may  have  been  only  a  tenant. 
The  Washingtons  sold  it  to  George,  Earl  of  Kinnoul.  It  descended  with 
Brodsworth  to  the  trustees  of  Peter  Thellusson,  Esq.  (Hunter's  "South 
Yorkshire,"  vol.  i.,  p.  359-) 


prevented  by  death  his  son  Michael  de  la  Pole,  afterward  Earl 
of  Suffolk  and  Lord  Chancellor,  founded  without  the  north  gate 
a  Carthusian  priory  for  thirteen  monks,  2  Richard  II.  (I378).1 

VALUATION. — 174^.  i8s.  ^d. 

SUPPRESSION. — In  the  list  as  under  2oo/.  per  annum. 

28  Aug.,  28  Henry  VIII.  (1536). 

EXEMPTION. — Carthusian  Priory  of  St.  Michael  near  Hull 
to  continue,  notwithstanding  the  Act  of  27  Henry  VIII.,  with 
Ralph  Malyvere,  professus  of  the  order,  as  Prior.  (Calendar, 
xi.,  157.) 

9  Nov.,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539). 

SURRENDER  by  Ralph  Malevery,  Prior,  and  the  convent 
of  the  monastery  and  all  its  possessions  in  Hull  and  elsewhere. 
Acknowledged  same  day  before  Thomas  Leigh,  one  of  the 
clerks  in  Chancery.  (Calendar,  xv.,  n,  174.) 

9  Dec.,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539). 

PENSIONS. — Ralph  Malevourie,  Prior,  50  marks ;  Robt. 
Hall,  Adam  Rede,  Wm.  Remyngton,  Wm.  Browne,  Robt. 
Brewet,  and  Thos.  Synderton,  Priests,  61.  135.  ^d.  each. 
Signed  by  Hendle,  Legh,  Bellasys,  and  Watkyns,  Commis- 
sioners. (Calendar,  xiv.,  n,  242.) 

ACCOUNT  of  Leonard  Bekwith,  Esq.,  the  King's  particular 
Receiver,  Mich.  33  to  Mich.  34  Henry  VIII. 

Kingston  on  Hull. — He  answers  for  2i6/.  iSs.  gd.  received 
from  Edmund  Pepper,  collector  of  the  rents  and  farms  belong- 
ing to  the  said  Priory,  for  this  year. 

He  credits  himself  with  payment  of  fees  and  annuities  to 
John  Wood,  clerk  of  the  court  of  Sculcotes  and  Remysworth; 
Richard  Aiscough,  gent. ;  William  Bapthorpe,  Esq. ;  Richard 
Smethley,  Esq.,  and  his  son  Anthony;  Edmund  Pepper,  late 
servant  there;  Leonard  Bekwith,  Esq.;  Joan  Whelpedale, 
widow;  Christopher  Smyth,  gentleman  of  the  King's  Exche- 
quer; Christopher  Wright,  late  servant  there;  William  Robin- 
son, Gilbert  Robson,  John  Denys,  Peter  Hik,  Bryan  Rutter, 
and  Richard  Lyon,  late  servant  there;  amounting  altogether 
to  28/. 

1  Tanner's  "  Notitia,"  693.  It  is  not  mentioned  in  Burton's  "  Monasticon." 
There  is  a  copy  of  the  charter  in  Tickell's  "  Hull,"  24. 


Also  with  $61.  i$s.  4d.  paid  in  salary  to  John  Holay,  Vicar 
of  Skulcotes;  Thomas  Browwik,  Chaplain  in  a  chantry  in  the 
parish  Church  of  Great  Kelke;  William  Mygeley,  Vicar  of 
Foston;  Henry  Goodwyn,  Vicar  of  Hoggesthorpe ;  and  Richard 
Browne,  Vicar  of  North  Cave. 

And  with  40,?.  to  John  Swyfte  for  a  corrody.  (Ministers' 
Accounts,  4644.) 

7  June,  5  Edward  VI.  (1551). 

GRANT  of  the  site  of  Charter  House  to  Edward  Sey- 
mour, Duke  of  Somerset.1  (Calendar  of  Deeds  of  Purchase, 
Edward  VI.,  116.) 

19  March,  6  Edward  VI.  (1552-3). 

GRANT  to  Edward,  Lord  Clinton,  the  site  of  the  Charter 
House  at  Hull.  (Calendar  of  Deeds,  Edward  VI.,  117.) 

2,  July,  2  Mary  (1554). 

GRANT  to  John  Greene  and  William  Jenyns,  gen.,  the  site 
of  the  Priory  of  the  Carthusians  in  Hull,  in  tenure  of  Ralph 
Constable,  lately  the  lands  of  John,  Duke  of  Northumberland, 
attinct.2  (Palmer's  "Index,"  p.  127.) 

8  June,  4  P.  and  5  M.  (1558). 

GRANT  to  Sir  Henry  Gate3  and  Thomas  Dalton,3  mercator, 
the  Priory  of  the  Carthusians,  Hull,  and  site  of  the  mansion  of 
Sculcotes.  (Palmer's  "Index,"  p.  156.) 

1  He  was  beheaded  22  Jan.  1551-2. 

2  He   was   beheaded   18   Aug.   1553,   when    his   estates  probably  came  to 
the  Crown. 

3  Right  trustie  and  welbeloved  we  grete  you  well,  letting  you  understonde 
that  aswell  in  consideracon  of  the  good  service  heretofore  done  to  us  by  our 
loving  servaunt  Sr  Henry  Gate,    knight,  as   for  -the   consideracon   hereafter 
followyng,  our  will  ys  that  he  shale  have  of  us  by  waye  of  purchase  all  that 
our  manner  of  Sculcotes  sometyme  parcell  of  the  late  dissolved  monastery  of 
Hull  Charterhouse  and  all  our  messuages,  landes,  etc.,  yelding  to  us  so  muche 
ready  money  as  the  same  shall  after  the  rate  of  twentie  yeres  purchase  come 
unto,  over  the  woodes  upon  the  premisses,  to  have  the  manner  to  Sr  Henry 
Gates  his  heires  for  ever,  to  hold  the  same  by  the  xlth  parte  of  a  Knightes  fee. 
These  are  therefore  to  requyre  you  to  conclude  with  Sr  Henry  Gates.     At  our 
mannor  of  Est  Grenewiche  the  viij"'  day  of  Maye  in  the  fourth  and  fyfte  yeares 
of  our  Raignes. 

To  our  ryght  trusty  and  welbeloved  counsellors  Thomas  Cornewallis, 
Knyght,  controller  of  our  houshold,  Sr  Edward  Walgrave,  Knyght,  Chaunceler 
of  our  Duchie,  Sr  Fraunces  Englefield,  Knyght,  Mr  of  Wardes  and  lyveryes, 




Dedicated  to  the  Virgin  Mary. 

Founded  by  William,  son  of  Richard  de  Perci,  1133. 
(Tanner's  "  Notitia,"  655.) 

SUPPRESSION. — In  the  list  as  under  2OoZ.  per  annum. 

VALUATION. — i$l.  19^.  (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  vol.  v., 
p.  87.) 

SURRENDER. — 23  Aug.,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539),  when 
there  were  8  or  9  nuns. 

PENSIONS. — Anne  Lutton,  prioress,  61.  135.  ^.d. ;  Alice 
Branton,  Agnes  Pykeham,  Margaret  Logan,  Isabel  Norman, 
Cecily  Watson,  Anne  Bennyson,  Emma  Smyth. 

SURVEY  OF  RENTAL. — 23  Aug.,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539). 
Site  with  small  orchard  and  graveyard,  worth  35.  4^.;  a  water- 
mill  next  the  priory,  5,?.;  total  value  of  the  lands,  4/.  125. 
(Paper  Surveys,  401.) 

ACCOUNT  of  Leonard  Bekwith,  Esq.,  the  King's  particular 
Receiver,  Mich.  33  to  Mich.  34  Henry  VIII. 

He  answers  for  2O/.  i^s.  ^.d.  received  from  Ambrose  Bek- 
with, collector  of  the  rents  and  farms  belonging  to  the  said 
late  Priory,  for  this  year. 

He  credits  himself  with  payment  of  an  annuity  of  405.  to 
Thomas  Henryson,  Chaplain.  (Minister's  Account,  4644.) 

Sr  William  Peter,  Knyght,  Sr  William  Cordell,  Knyght,  Mr  of  our  Rolles,  and 
Sr  Jhon  Baker,  Knyght,  Chauncellor  of  our  Exchequier,  or  to  any  v,  iiij  or  iij 
of  them.  (Harl.  MS.  607,  187.) 

12  May  1558,  rated  for  Sir  Henry  Gates,  Kn4,  lands  in  Hull  and  Sculcotes, 
yearly  value  97'  15*  io(1  at  xx  yeres  purchase  1955'  16"  8d. 

Soon  after  it  was  divided  into  three  parts,  of  which  Dalton  had  two  parts 
and  Sir  Henry  Gates  one  part.  In  1560  Dalton  sold  one  of  his  shares  to 
Alexander  Stockdaile,  the  other  to  Thomas  Alured,  who  ultimately  appears 
to  have  got  the  whole.  In  1656  John  Alured  sold  part  to  John  Clement  of 
Hull,  remainder  to  Charles  Vaux,  Esq.  (TickelPs  "  Hull,"  896.) 

1  In  the  parish  of  Lofthouse,  nine  miles  from  Guisborough.  There  is 
a  description  of  the  buildings  in  "  Twelve  small  Yorkshire  Priories,"  by 
W.  Brown,  F.S.A.  ("Yorkshire  Archaeological  Journal,"  vol.  ix.,  p.  211). 
Little  now  remains  except  the  west  end  of  the  chapel  and  some  of  the  walls 
in  the  farm-house.  (Graves'  "  Cleveland.") 


20  Dec.,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539). 

LEASE  to  Robert  Kyrke,  Clerk  of  the  Market  to  the  King's 
household,  of  the  site  of  the  Priory  of  Handale,  lately  dissolved, 
for  21  years  at  the  rent  of  4/.  I2s.  (Augmentation  Books, 
vol.  212,  p.  360.) 

10  July,  35  Henry  VIII.  (1543). 

GRANT  to  Ambrose  Beckwith,1  the  house  and  site  of  the 
Priory  of  Handale  with  lands  and  a  mill.  (Calendar,  xviii., 


.  .  .  May,  36  Henry  VIII.  (1544). 

LICENCE  to  Ambrose  Beckwith2  to  alienate  to  William  Percy 
and  Thos.  Saltmarshe  to  be  regranted  to  the  said  Ambrose  and 
Elizabeth  his  wife  and  their  heirs  the  house  and  site  of  the 
Nunnery  of  Handale.  (Calendar,  xix.,  383.) 

Dedicated  to  St.  John  the  Evangelist. 

An  hermitage  in  the  wood  or  park  of  Helagh,  with  liberty 
to  clear  the  grounds  about  it,  was  granted  to  Gilbert,  a  monk 
of  Marmonstier,  in  order,  as  it  seems,  to  found  a  religious 
house  by  Bertram  Haget  before  1203,  when  the  convent  dis- 
claimed any  right  in  the  hermitage,  and  thereupon  a  Church 
was  built  and  some  religious  fixed  here  by  Jeffrey  Haget,  son 
of  Bertram.  About  2  Henry  III.  (1218)  a  convent  of  regular 
black  canons  was  established  by  Jordan  de  St.  Maria  and  Alice 
his  wife,  grand-daughter  of  Bertram  Haget. 

At  the  Dissolution  Sir  John  Dykbdeyn  was  called  the 

1  Brother  of  Sir  Leonard  Beckwith,  who  had  a  grant  of  Selby  Abbey.  (See 
Dugdale's  "Visitation,"  continued,  I.) 

-  Ambrose  Beckwith  therefore  obtained  possession  of  the  Priory,  and  it  con- 
tinued in  his  family  till  his  descendant  Roger  Beckwith  sold  it  to  Mr.  Sander- 
son of  Staithes  27  or  28  Jan.  1758,  from  whose  daughter  it  passed  to  Thomas 
Richardson.  It  was  sold  after  to  Stevenson  Thomas  and  Thomas  Rowland. 
In  1819  it  was  transferred  to  Edmund  Turton,  Esq.,  and  from  him  to  his 
cousin  John  Bell,  Esq.,  of  Thirsk,  and  is  now  the  property  of  his  great-nephew 
Reginald  Bell,  Esq.,  of  Thirsk. 

3  In  the  Ainsty,  three  miles  from  Tadcaster.  The  conventual  buildings 
were  in  a  great  part  pulled  down  and  used  in  the  erection  of  the  existing 
sixteenth-century  manor  house.  It  is  now  a  farm  house.  (Skaife's  "Lower 
Wharfedale,"  359.) 

POSSESSIONS.  —  The  Churches  of  Healaugh  and  Wighill. 
SUPPRESSION.  —  In  the  list  as  under  2OO/.  per  annum. 

SURRENDER.  —  1536,    before     10    Oct.,    30    Henry    VIII. 
(Calendar,  xiii.,  n,  502.) 

PENSION.  —  Richard  Roundall,  Prior,  i8Z.  (Augmentation 
Misc.  Books,  vol.  232,  p.  34.) 

ACCOUNT  of  the  Receiver,  Leonard  Beckwith,  from  the 
Feast  of  St.  Michael  the  Archangel  27  Henry  VIII.  to  the 
same  Feast  28  Henry  VIII.  (1536). 

He  charges  himself  with  22/.  [4.9.,  the  price  of  "le  plate  " 
and  other  jewels  there,  as  appears  by  the  inventory  under  the 
hand  of  Richard  Roundale,  late  Prior  there.  And  with 
261.  135.  4cL,  the  price  of  the  lead  on  the  roofs  of  the  Church 
and  other  houses  there.  And  with  i$l.  6s.  8d.,  the  price  of 
4  bells  hanging  in  the  belfry.  And  with  6os.,  the  price  of  the 
grain  in  the  granary  at  the  time  of  the  survey,  expended  by  the 
ijrior.  And  with  i7/.  15,9.,  the  price  of  sundry  goods  and 
chattels  sold  and  expended  between  the  survey  and  the  suppres- 
sion, viz.,  12  oxen  8/.,  6  cows  605.,  8  young  oxen  and  heifers 
40,9.,  3  young  mares  ios.,  2  foals  20*.,  i  heifer  6s.  8d., 
47  sheep  47.9.,  other  goods  us.  ^.d.  Also  with  8/.  13,9.  ^d.  of 
increase  of  price  on  the  above  items,  charged  above  as  17^.  15,9. 
and  sold  and  expended  by  the  Prior  at  a  higher  rate,  viz.,  an 
increase  on  the  12  oxen  of  61.  i6d.,  on  the  4  cows  225.,  the 
8  young  oxen  205.,  the  3  young  mares  called  "  fillies"  ios. 
Also  with  I2/.  6s.  id.,  the  price  of  sundry  things  sold  and 
expended  and  money  received  by  the  said  Prior  and  not  charged 
in  the  inventory,  the  price,  to  wit,  of  3  pigs  6s.,  6  stones  of 
wool  235.  ^.d.,  10  lambs  ios.,  the  rent  of  7  acres  of  meadow 
305.,  of  i^  acres  of  meadow  6s.,  the  price  of  i  old  pan  3,9.,  of 
i  "kymnell"1  i6d.,  for  wood  sold  to  sundry  persons  81.  6s.  $d. 
Also  with  661.  13.9..  the  value  of  the  residue  of  the  goods  speci- 
fied in  the  said  inventory,  and  sold  by  the  Commissioners  to 
Sir  Thomas  Wharton,  knight,  farmer,  of  the  site  of  the  priory, 
with  the  demesne  lands,  with  100,9.  increase.  Total,  I7O/. 
us.  $d,,  with  25^.  195.  $d.  increase. 

And  he  charges  himself  with  54^.  10,9.  $d.,  the  issues  of  the 
said  Priory  due  at  St.  Martin  (as  above),  as  appears  by  the 

1  A  tub  or  brewing  vessel. 


account  of  Thomas  Fale,  collector  of  the  rents  there.  Also 
with  i4/.  185.  zd.,  due  at  Whitsuntide  and  received  and 
expended  by  Sir  Richard  Roundale,  late  Prior  there,  with 
4/.  i6s.  id.  received  at  the  time  of  the  removal.  And  with 
i6/.  2s.  8d.  received  from  Sir  Thomas  Wharton,  knight,  farmer, 
of  the  site  of  the  Priory  and  Rectory  of  Helaugh,  due  this  year 
but  not  yet  paid.  Also  with  281.  iqs.  jd.  received  from  the 
said  collector  of  the  issues  of  his  office  this  year.  Total, 
ii4/.  i  os.  lod. 

13  July,  28  Henry  VIII.  (1536). 

LEASE  to  Sir  Thomas  Wharton  of  Wharton,  knight,  of 
the  Priory  of  Healaugh  Parke,  surrendered  and  dissolved,  and  of 
the  Church  of  Healaugh  at  a  rent  of  23/.  os.  ^d.  (Augmenta- 
tion Misc.  Books,  vol.  209,  p.  4^.) 

20  March,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1540). 

GRANT  to  James  Gage  of  the  King's  household  in  fee  for 
5147.  185.  4-d.  of  the  house  and  site  of  the  late  Priory  of 
Helaugh,  the  Church,  steeple,  and  churchyard,  closes,  the 
rectory  and  advowson  of  the  Vicarage  of  Helaugh,  except 
certain  woods,  to  hold  by  a  rent  of  57$.  <$d.  (Calendar,  xv., 


17  April. 

LICENCE  to  James  Gage  to  alienate  the  above  to  Sir  Arthur 
Darcy  and  his  heirs  for  ever.  (Calendar,  xv.,  289.) 

i  Dec.,  32  Henry  VIII.  (1540). 

LICENCE  to  Sir  Arthur  Darcy  to  alienate  the  late  Priory  of 
Helaugh,  with  lands  (specified)  in  Helaugh,  Hagney,  Hagneby, 
and  Tadcaster  belonging  to  it,  and  the  rectory  and  advowson 
of  the  Vicarage  of  Helaugh  to  Sir  Thomas  Wharton.  (Calen- 
dar, xvi.,  172.) 

26  Feb.,  36  Henry  VIII.  (1544-5). 

GRANT  to  Sir  Thomas  Wharton,  Lord  Wharton,  for  366^. 
6s.  8cL,  of  woods  in  Helaugh,1  Hagnebye,  etc.  (Calendar,  xx., 

1  Helaugh  has  passed  from  the  Wharton  family  to  that  of  Brooksbank,  who 
still  possess  it. 


Dedicated  to  the  Virgin  Mary. 

Founded  by  Robert  de  Stuteville,2  temp.  Henry  I.  The 
patronage  descended  to  the  Wakes.  At  the  dissolution  it  was 
called  of  the  foundation  of  Lord  Westmorland. 

VALUATION. — zgl.  6s.  id. 

SUPPRESSION. — In  the  list  as  under  2Ool.  per  annum. 

No  Ministers'  Accounts. 

SURRENDER. — 1536.     By  Elizabeth  Lyon,  last  Prioress. 

PENSION. — 1005.  per  annum.  (Augmentation  Books,  vol. 
234,  p.  278b.) 

ACCOUNT  of  the  Receiver,  Leonard  Beckwith,  from  the 
Feast  of  St.  Michael  the  Archangel  27  Henry  VIII.  (1535)  to 
the  same  Feast  28  Henry  VIII.  (1536). 

ACCOUNT  of  Leonard  Beckwith,  Esq.,  the  King's  Receiver. 

He  charges  himself  with  74,9.  6d.,  the  price  of  "  le  plate " 
and  other  jewels  there,  as  appears  by  the  inventory  under  the 
hand  of  the  abovesaid  Elizabeth  Lyon,  late  Prioress.  And  with 
2ol.  for  the  lead  on  the  roof  of  the  Church  and  of  the  other 
houses  there.  Also  with  ios.,  the  price  of  2  small  bells  hanging 
in  the  belfry.  Also  with  ios.,  the  price  of  the  grain  in  the 
granary  at  the  time  of  the  survey,  expended  by  the  Prioress 
before  the  dissolution.  Also  with  2O/.  qs.  6d.,  the  price  of 
sundry  things  sold  and  expended  by  the  Prioress  between 
the  survey  and  suppression,  viz.,  4  oxen  44?.,  2  cows  iSs., 
2  young  oxen  of  3  years  12s.,  13  young  oxen  of  2  years  52$., 
4  calves  9^.,  one  mare  called  "a  fillie "  4$.  6d.,  444  muttons 
I2/.,  12  ewes  i6s.  8d.,  other  small  things  35.  j.d.  Also  with 
31?.  6d.  increase  on  the  above,  viz.,  on  the  oxen  4?.,  on  the 
three  year  olds  4$.,  on  the  two  year  olds  225.,  on  the  filly  i8d. 

1  In  the  parish  of  Kirkby  Moorside,  and  a  mile  from  the  town. 

2  Robert  de  Stutville  of  Cottingham,  who  also  founded  Rosedale  Abbey. 
He  died  circ.  1186.    His  great-grandson,  Nicholas  de  Stutville,  had  a  daughter 
Joan,   who  married  Hugh  le  Wake.     Not  a  vestige  of  the  house  remains ;  on 
the  site  is  erected  an  oil  and  flax  mill. 


Also  with  114^.  for  goods  sold  and  expended  by  the  Prioress  in 
the  same  period  and  not  charged  in  the  inventory,  viz.,  2  three 
year  old  oxen  i6s.,  T  heifer  6s.,  2  oxen  245.,  i  bull  8s.,  i  cow 
ios.,  12  stones  of  wool  at  3,9.  lod.  a  stone — plus  i8d.  on  the 
whole — 47$.  6d.,  16  sheep's  pelts  2s.,  2  calves'  pelts  6d.  Also 
with  44^.  8s.  lod.  received  for  the  rest  of  the  goods  of  the 
said  priory  sold  [sic].  Total,  g6l.  i8s.  4^.,  with  7/.  55.  6d. 

He  charges  himself  with  205.  received  by  Dame  Elizabeth 
Lyon,  late  Prioress  there,  from  Anthony  Aisson,  farmer,  of  the 
corn-mill  there,  for  the  half-year  ended  at  Whitsuntide,  and  by 
her  expended,  according  to  her  acknowledgment.  He  does  not 
answer  for  any  other  issues,  because  Ralph,  Earl  of  Westmor- 
land, has  received  the  same  for  the  whole  period,  by  what 
warrant  the  accountant  does  not  know,  and  the  Earl  ought  to 
answer.  He  does  answer  below.  Total,  zos. 

9  July,  30  Henry  VIII.  (1538). 

GRANT,  along  with  that  of  Rosedale  Priory,  to  Ralph  Nevile, 
Earl  of  Westmorland,1  the  site  and  lands  of  Keldhome  Priory. 
(Calendar,  xiii.,  i,  564.) 


Dedicated  to  the  Virgin  Mary  and  St.  James. 
Founded  by  Reiner  le  Fleming  in  the  reign  of  Henry  II. 

POSSESSIONS. — The  Church  of  Mirfield. 

VALUATION. — igl.  8s.  2d.     (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  vol.  v., 
p.  67.) 

SUPPRESSION. — In  the  list  as  under  2OO/.  per  annum. 

1  The  Earl  of  Westmorland  was  attainted,  and  his  estates  confiscated. 
They  remained  in  the  hands  of  the  Crown  till  the  reign  of  James  I.,  when  they 
were  granted  to  George  Villiers,  Duke  of  Buckingham,  whose  son  sold  them 
to  Sir  Charles  Duncombe,  ancestor  of  the  Earl  of  Feversham. 

'  In  the  township  of  Hartshead  cum  Clifton  and  parish  of  Dewsbury. 
Mr.  S.  J.  Chadwick,  F.S.A.,  has  printed  in  the  "  Yorkshire  Archaeological 
Journal,"  vol.  xvi.,  a  complete  account  of  this  nunnery,  with  full  copies  of  the 
various  documents. 


13  May,  30  Henry  VIII.  (1538), 

EXEMPTION.  —  The  Cistercian  Priory  of  Kirklees,  exemption 
from  suppression.  Cecilia  Topclyffto  be  Prioress.  (Calendar, 
xiii.,  410.) 

24  Nov.,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539). 

SURRENDER.  —  By  Joan  Kyppes,  Prioress,  and  the  convent 
of  the  monastery  and  all  its  possessions  in  cos.  York  and 
Lane,  and  elsewhere.  Acknowledged  same  day  before  Ric. 
Layton,  one  of  the  clerks  of  Chancery. 

26  Nov. 

PENSIONS.  —  Janet  Kyppes  and  Joan  Lenthorpe,  405.  each  ; 
Isabel  Hopton,  Agnes  Broke,  Isabel  Rodys,  Kath.  Grice,  and 
Isabel  Sautenstall,  33$.  ^d.  each.  Signed  by  Hendle,  Legh, 
Belassys,  and  Watkyns,  Commissioners. 


LEASE  to  Robert  Freeston  of  Warmefeld  of  the  tithes  of 
Mirfield  Rectory  for  21  years.  (Calendar,  xiii.,  582.) 

23  Feb.,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539-40). 

LEASE  to  James  Rokeby,  gen.,  of  the  house  and  site,  late 
the  Priory  or  Nunnery  of  Kirkleys,  lately  dissolved,  with  one 
water-mill,  etc.,  for  21  years  at  the  rent  of  13^.  (Augmentation 
Misc.  Books,  vol.  212,  p.  66.) 

24  April,  32  Henry  VIII.  (1540). 

GRANT  in  fee  to  Thomas  Savell  of  Clifton  of  the  Rectory 
of  Mirfield,  of  the  value  of  61.  6s.  8d.,  at  a  rent  of  12s.  Sd. 
(Patent  Roll.) 

3  July,  35  Henry  VIII.  (i543)- 

GRANT  in  fee  to  Ric.  Andrewis  and  Wm.  Romsden,  all  lands 
in  Heaton,  Denbye,  Darton,  Shelf,  Liversage,  Scoles,  Hekyn- 
wyke,  Shepeley,  Emeley,  Sadelworth,  belonging  to  Kirklees 
Priory.  (Calendar,  xviii.,  part  i.,  526.) 

35  Henry  VIII.  (i543'4-) 

REQUEST  by  Richard  Androys  and  William  Kamsden  to 
purchase  the  possessions  of  Kirklees  Priory. 


31  May,  36  Henry  VIII.  (1544)- 

GRANT  of  the  site  of  Kirklees  Priory  to  John  Tasburgh, 
Esq.,  and  Nicholas  Savell,  gent.,  for  9877.  155.  yd.  (Patent 

12  Sept.,  36  Henry  VIII.  (1544). 

LICENCE  to  John  Taseborough  and  Nicholas  Savell  to 
alienate  to  William  Romsden  of  Longley  and  James  More, 
clerk,  the  site,  etc.,  of  Kirkleys  Priory,  lands,  and  woods  in 
tenure  of  Thos.  Savell.  (Calendar,  xix.,  ii.,  196.) 

29  March,  i  Edward  VI.  (1547). 

LICENCE  to  William  Ramsden  of  Longley,  gentleman,  and 
James  More,  clerk,  to  dispose  of  the  site  and  lands  to  Thomas 
Gargrave,  Esq.  (Patent  Roll.) 

20  Feb.,  2  Edward  VI.  (1548). 

TRANSFER  of  the  site,  etc.,  from  Thomas  Gargrave,  Esq., 
to  Robert  Pilkington,  by  deed. 

8  July  1547- 

LICENCE  to  Cuthbert  Savile,  son  of  the  above  Thomas 
Savile,  to  dispose  of  the  Rectory  of  Mirfield  to  William  Rams- 
den,  who,  14  Oct.,  had  licence  to  convey  it  to  John  Dyghton  of 

26  Oct.,  7  Elizabeth  (1565). 

SALE  of  the  site,  etc.,  by  Robert  Pilkington  and  his  wife 
Alice,  daughter  of  Thomas  Savile,  to  John  Armytage,  Esq.,  of 
Farnley  Tyas,  yeoman,  ancestor  of  Sir  George  Armytage, 
Bart.,  the  present  owner. 

2  June  1601. 

CONVEYANCE  of  the  Rectory  of  Mirfield  by  Thomas  Savile 
of  Whitley,  gent.,  to  John  Armytage,  Esq.  (It  was  sold  nearly 
50  years  ago  to  Joshua  Ingham,  Esq.,  of  Blake  Hall.) 



"  Robert  Flower,  son  of  Robert,,  twice  Mayor  of  York, 
some  time  a  white  monk  at  Newminster,  afterward  a  hermite 
in  a  chapel  of  the  Holy  Cross  here.  There  was  a  great  opinion 
of  his  sanctity.  King  John  gave  him  forty  acres  of  land  in 
Swinesco.  He  was  the  first  beginner  of  the  Priory  here,  and 
instituted  his  company  in  the  sect  of  friars  of  the  Holy  Trinity 
de  redemptione  captivorum,"  of  which  order  there  was  a  con- 
vent settled  here  in  the  chapel  of  St.  Robert  in  the  reign  of 
King  Henry  III.,  chiefly  by  the  beneficence  of  Richard,  Earl  of 
Cornwall  and  King  of  the  Romans.  These  religious  were  little 
better  than  mendicants. 

VALUATION. — 35^.  los.  nd.  (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  vol.  v., 
P-  355-) 

SUPPRESSION. — In  the  list  as  under  2OO/.  per  annum. 

i  Dec.,  1538. 

SURRENDER  of  the  house.  Signed  by  Thomas  Kent, 
Minister;  7  priests,  one  of  whom  signs  with  a  mark,  and  one 
undescribed.  (Deputy  Keeper's  8th  Report.) 

8  April  1539. 

PENSIONS. — Thos.  Kente,  Minister,  i3/.  6s.  8d. ;  John 
Turnbulle,  5/. ;  John  Trystrame,  Thos.  Yorke,  John  Sterkbone, 
Ric.  Walshe,  John  Ailmer,  Robt.  Gybson,  Thos.  Grene,  Ric. 
Mallynge,  Ric.  Burnyston,  brethren.  (Augmentation  Misc. 
Books,  233,  no.) 

ACCOUNT  of  William  Blithman,  the  King's  Receiver,  upon 
the  dissolution  made  there  20  Dec.,  30  Henry  VIII.  (1538). 
[Arrears :  none,  because  this  is  the  first  account.] 
Sales  of  goods  and  chattels :  He  answers  for  6s.  8d.}  the 
price  of  utensils  found  by  the  King's  Commissioners  in  the  hall 
of  the  late  house  there,  and  sold  to  Hugh  Askewe;  los.  for  the 
utensils  and  furniture  in  the  promptuary ;  415.  2d.  for  those  in 
the  kitchen;   6s.  Sd.  for  those  in  the  dry  larder;    los.  for  those 
in  the  wet  larder;  375.  for  those  in  the  malt  and  brew-house; 

1  Tanner's  "  Notitia,"  p.  681.     There  is  no  mention  of  the  Friary  in  Bur- 
ton's "  Monasticon."    There  is  a  long  account  in  Wheater's  "  Knaresborough." 



95.  Sd.  for  those  in  the  Knightes  Chambre;  9.9.  Sd.  in  the 
Kynges  Chambre;  2s.  in  the  Littell  Chambre;  6s.  Sd.  in  the 
Butterye  Chambre;  6.9.  Sd.  for  a  "counter"1  in  the  hall,  and 
the  like  [for  another?]  in  Huntes  Chambre;  also  for  the  prices 
of  3  "  cartehorses,"  8  working  oxen,  4  draught  horses,  6  cows, 
2O  pigs,  2  wains,  3  "  cowpes,"2  2  ploughs,  and  of  divers  stores 
of  grain  and  hay,  and  the  crops  sown,  all  sold  as  above;  6s.  Sd. 
for  the  utensils  of  the  forge,  sold  to  the  said  Blithman  ;  785.  iod., 
the  price  of  vestments  and  ornaments  found  in  the  Church 
there,  sold  to  Blithman;  and  ijl.  2s.  Sd.  for  stores  of  grain  at 
Whyxley;  in  all  6^1.  Ss. 

Sale  of  lead  and  bells :  He  does  not  account  for  lead,  esti- 
mated at  1 8  fothers,  found  on  the  roof  of  the  Church,  because 
it  is  reserved  by  the  King's  command;  the  five  bells  found  in 
the  belfry,  weighing  about  7000  Ibs.,  are  likewise  reserved  until 
the  King's  pleasure  be  known. 

Jewels:  The  jewels,  estimated  at  about  80  oz.,  viz., 
2  chalices  weighing  26  oz.,  and  a  cross  weighing  56  oz.,  were 
delivered  to  the  Master  of  the  King's  jewel-house. 

He  accounts  for  jl.  iSs.  Sd.  received  in  debts  due  from 
Peter  Curror  of  Hampstwayte,  William  Birkebek,  William  Hill, 
Thomas  Barker,  Robert  Huntroute,  and  John  Wright,  for 
arrears  of  farms  and  rents. 

Total  of  the  receipts,  jil.  6s.  Sd. 

He  has  paid  out  i6/.  6s.  Sd.  in  sums  distributed  by  the 
King's  grace  to  the  late  Master  Thomas  Kent,  and  to  the 
brethren,  viz.,  John  Turnebull,  John  Trusteram,  Thomas  Yorke, 
John  Starkebone,  Richard  Walsse,  John  Millyn,  Robert 
Gybson,  Thomas  Grene,  John  Mallen,  and  Richard  Burne- 
stone;  and  61.  6s.  in  like  manner  given  to  the  servants  of  the 
said  late  monastery  for  their  wages  in  arrear,  viz.,  Anthony 
Aldeburghe,  gent.,  Robert  Straker,  Richard  Gill,  John  Benson, 
Richard  Atkynson,  Roger  Oundall,  John  Pilley,  John  Prynce, 
Stephen  Pollarde,  Thomas  Chateforrh,  William  Massey,  Robert 
Tunstall,  Roger  Glassonbye,  William  Geffray,  Thomas  Broun, 
John  Wray,  Christopher  Bowlyng,  John  Hallman,  William 
Rawe,  Richard  Judson,  Thomas  Fa wcett,  William  Ganesburgh, 
John  Tayllor,  Henry  Burrell,  James  Roose,  Margaret  Mathew, 
Ralph  Hyll,  John  Nicholson,  John  Dyxson,  William  Wyke, 
John  Yate,  Thomas  Tynney,  six  choristers,  Peter  Waryng, 
James  Lofthouse,  Oswald  Straker,  and  Oswald  Hardestye. 

Also  4/.  IQS.  in  the  pensions  due  to  the  Vicars  of  Wyxlay 
and  Fewyston. 

1  A  table,  *  Carts  that  can  be  tilted, 


The  expenses  of  the  Commissioners,  who  were  there  for  a 
day  and  a  half  in  execution  of  their  commission,  165.  ^.d. 

Memorandum  that  all  maner  edifices  and  byjdynges  there 
doo  remayn  not  prostrate.  (Ministers'  Account,  7452.) 

12  March,  30  Henry  VIII.  (1538-9). 

LEASE  to  Hugh  Askue  of  the  household  of  the  King,  gen., 
the  house  of  the  Crutched  Friars  of  St.  Robert  of  Knares- 
borough  for  21  years  at  the  rent  of  ill.  i6s.  (Augmentation 
Books,  vol.  211,  p.  60.) 

12  March,  33  Henry  VIII.  (1541-2). 

GRANT  to  Hugh  Ascue  in  fee  of  the  woods  called  the  Sykes 
Coppes  and  Chappell  Garth  in  Knaresborough,  which  belonged 
to  the  Priory  of  St.  Robert  of  Knaresborough.  (Calendar, 
xvii.,  220.) 

30  June,  7  Edward  VI.  (1553). 

GRANT  of  the  site  of  the  house  of  St.  Robert,  with  mill, 
etc.,  to  Francis  Talbot,  Earl  of  Shrewsbury.  (Palmer's 
"  Index,"  p.  113.) 

3  and  4  P.  and  M.  (1556). 

FINE. — Francis  Slyngesbye,1  Esq.,  Francis  Tankard,  and 
Thomas  Slyngesbye,  son  and  heir-apparent  of  Francis,  Plaintiffs, 
Francis,  Earl  of  Salop,  and  Lady  Grace  his  wife,  Deforciants, 
manor  of  Seynt  Robert  near  Knaresburghe,  messuage,  and 
2  water-mills,  with  lands  there  and  in  Follygate  and  Pannall. 
(Yorks  Rec.  Ser.,  ii.,  198.) 


Dedicated  to  the  Virgin  Mary. 
Founded  by  Eustace  Fitz-John  about  1150. 

POSSESSIONS. — Churches  of  Norton,  Old  Malton,  Langton, 
Winteringham,  Brompton,  Marton. 

1  The  estates  then  passed  into  the  hands  of  the  Slingsby  family. 

2  Very  little  remains  of  the  conventual  buildings,  and  only  part  of  the 
Church,  now  used  as  the  parish  Church  of  Old  Malton.    "  What  does  survive  is 
a  magnificent  remain  of  the  noblest  period  of  mediaeval  art."     (Sir  Gilbert 

SUPPRESSION. — In  the  list  as  under  tool,  per  annum. 
VALUATION. — 197/.  19$.  zd. 

ii  Dec.,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539). 

SURRENDER. —  By  Robert,  Bishop  of  Llandaff,  President  of 
the  Council  in  the  North  and  Commendatory  of  the  whole 
Order  of  St.  Gilbert  in  England.  John,  Prior  of  Malton  and 
the  convent,  of  the  monastery  and  all  its  possessions.  Acknow- 
ledged same  day  before  John  Uvedale,  King's  Commissioner. 

9  Dec. 

PENSIONS  assigned. — John  Crawshawe,  Prior,  40^. ;  Robt. 
Laverok,  Sub-prior,  61. ;  Wm.  Rygwall,  Anthony  Swynebanke, 
Robt.  Emerson,  John  Todde,  John  Jackson,  Henry  Bayneley, 
Robt.  Paytes,  Wm.  Bawdekyn,  4/.  each ;  John  Scott,  lunatic, 
405.  Signed  by  Hendle,  Legh,  Belassys,  and  Watkyns,  Com- 
missioners. (Augmentation  Misc.  Books,  vol.  234,  p.  290, 
and  Calendar,  xiv.,  ii.,  243.) 

ACCOUNT  of  Leonard  Bekwith,  Esq.,  the  King's  particular 
Receiver,  Mich.  33  to  Mich.  34  Henry  VIII. 

He  answers  for  72^.  5$.  id.  received  from  Thomas  Spenser, 
collector  of  the  rents  and  farms  of  Malton,  with  its  members, 
for  this  year ;  and  for  divers  (specified)  sums  from  William 
Atterton  and  the  said  Thomas  Spenser,  collectors  for  the  rents 
and  farms  of  Rillyngton,  Lynton,  Mowethorpe,  Wynteryng- 
ham,  Knapton,  Snaynton,  Brompton,  Synnington,  and  divers 
hamlets  in  the  county  of  York,  Winterton  and  Ancaster  in  co. 
Lincoln,  and  rents  and  farms  in  the  counties  of  Leicester  and 

He  credits  himself  with  payment  to  the  Dean  and  Chapter 
of  York,  tithes  for  tenements  in  Eberston,  due  to  their  rectory 
of  Pykerynge;  and  to  King's  College,  Cambridge,  a  pension  out 
of  the  rectory  of  Marton  in  Burghshire,  co.  York. 

And  with  8/.  19*.  Sd.  for  corrodies  to  William  Gascoigne 
and  Agnes  his  wife,  Thomas  Norman  and  Agnes  his  wife. 
(Ministers'  Account,  4644.) 

15  June,  32  Henry  VIII.  (1540). 

LEASE  to  George  Dakyns  of  Settrington,  gen.,  of  the 
Rectory  of  Old  and  New  Malton  for  21  years  at  the  rent  of  i6l. 
(Augmentation  Misc.  Books,  vol.  212,  p. 


26  June,  32  Henry  VIII.  (1540). 

GRANT  to  Rob.  Holgate  alias  Halgate,1  Bishop  of  Llandaff, 
in  fee  for  2j6L,  of  the  house  and  site  of  the  late  Priory  of 
Malton  ;  the  Church,  steeple,  and  churchyard,  etc.,  and  the 
demesne  lands  of  the  said  late  Priory  in  Old  Malton,  and  the 
fishery  of  the  Darewent  ;  the  grange  called  Sutton  Graunge  in 
the  parish  of  Norton  next  Malton,  and  certain  lands  in  the 
parish  of  Kyrkby  Overkarr  in  the  lordship  of  Ryton  ;  all 
which  belonged  to  the  late  priory  in  as  full  manner  as  the  last 
Prior  or  the  general  Master  of  the  Order  of  St.  Gilbert  of  Sem- 
pryngham  held  the  same.  Rent  305.  Sd.  (Calendar,  xv., 

10  July,  33  Henry  VIII.  (1541). 

LEASE  to  John  Thorpe  of  the  tithes  of  Wintringham 
Rectory.  (Augmentation  Misc.  Books,  vol.  212,  p.  I7ob.) 

14  March,  36  Henry  VIII.  (1544-5). 

GRANT  unto  Robert  (Holgate),  Archbishop  of  York,  of  the 
Rectory  of  Old  Malton  and  tithes  there,  and  at  New  Malton, 
Wykeham,  in  tenure  of  George  Dakyns.2  (Calendar,  xx.,  i., 

17  March,  3  P.  and  4  M.  (1556-7). 

GRANT  to  the  Master,  Brothers,  and  Sisters  of  the  Hospital 
at  Hemsworth,  the  Priory  of  Old  Malton,  2  mills,  a  house 
called  Fish  House,  all  the  fishery  in  the  water  of  Derwent  and 
Rye,  and  20  mess,  and  cottages,  lands  in  Swynton,  Pickering, 
Hovingham,  Pickering  Lythe.  (Palmer's  "Index,"  p.  141.) 

1  Robert  Holgate  died  in  1556.     He  left,  by  his  will,  27  April  1555,  to  his 
executors  the  site  of  the  late  Priory  of  Malton,  with  the  land,  and  the  site  of 
the  Priory  of  Yeddingham,  with  other  estates,  to  found  a  hospital  at  Hems- 
worth  for  a  master  and  20  brethren  and  sisters — the  master  to  be  in  priest's 
orders,  the  poor  to  be  chosen  by  the  parson  and  churchwardens ;  the  master 
to  have  20  marks  a  year,  and  the  poor  535.  $d.      The  executors  built  the 
hospital,  which  is  still  in  existence,  though  new  buildings  have  been  erected. 
(See  Hunter's  "  South  Yorkshire.") 

2  The  patronage  of  the  Church  of  Old  Malton  was  exchanged,  by  Act  of 
Parliament,  by  the  Archbishop  of  York  with  the  Marquis  of  Rockingham,  and 
now  belongs  to  Earl  FitzWilliam.     (Lawton.) 


Dedicated  to  St.  Andrew  or  the  Virgin. 

Founded  in  the  latter  end  of  the  reign  of  King  Stephen,  or 
beginning  of  Henry  II.,  by  Roger  de  Aske. 

POSSESSIONS.  —  The  Church  of  Marrick. 

VALUATION.  —  48/.  181.  id.     (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  vol.  v., 

9  Sept.,  28  Henry  VIII.  (1536). 

SUPPRESSION.  —  In  the  list  under  zool.  per  annum.  Bene- 
dictine House  or  Priory  of  St.  Andrew,  Marrick,  to  continue, 
notwithstanding  the  Act,  with  Christabel  Cowper  as  Prioress. 
(Calendar,  xi.,  209.) 

15  Sept.,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539). 

SURRENDER  by  Christabel  Cowper,  Prioress,  and  the  con- 
vent of  the  Priory  of  Maryke.  Enrolled  same  day  before  John 
Uvedale  and  Leonard  Beckwith,  King's  Commissioners. 

PENSIONS.  —  Christabell  Cowper,  Prioress,  1005.  ;  Marg. 
Lovechild,  Joan  Norres,  Marjory  Conyars,  Eliz.  Dalton, 
Eleanor  Maxwell,  Joan  Barnyngham,  Joan  Marton,  Grace 
Rotherforde,  Eliz.  Close,  Eliz.  Robynson,  Anne  Ledeman, 
Eliz.  Syngleton,  from  665.  to  2O.v.  each.  Signed  by  Jo.  Uvedale, 
Leonard  Bekwith.  Countersigned  by  Sir  Ric.  Riche.  (Aug- 
mentation Books,  vol.  234,  p.  no.) 

8  Jan.,  29  Henry  VIII.  (1537-8). 

John  Uvedale  asks  Cromwell  to  obtain  for  him  the  farm  of 
the  house,  demesnes,  and  parsonage  of  Marrick  Nunnery. 
(Calendar  State  Papers,  vol.  xiii.,  p.  15.) 

6  June,  34  Henry  VIII.  (1.542). 

LEASE  to  John  Uvedale,  arm.,  of  the  house  and  site  of  the 
Priory  of  Marrick,  lately  dissolved  ;  lands  in  Downham,  Rectory 
of  Marrick.  (Augmentation  Books,  vol.  214,  p.  38.) 

1  On  the  banks  of  the  River  Swale,  three  miles  from  Reeth,  eight  miles 
from  Richmond. 


8  June,  37  Henry  VIII.  (1545). 

GRANT  in  fee  for  364^.  os.  6d.  to  John  Uvedale,1  one  of  the 
King's  Counsellors  in  the  north,  of  the  house,  site,  etc.,  of 
Marrych  Nunnery  and  lands  there;  Rectory  of  Marrycke,  in  the 
Prioress'  own  hands  at  the  dissolution,  now  all  in  tenure  of 
John  Uvedale.  (Calendar,  xx.,  i.,  524.) 


Dedicated  to  the  Virgin  Mary. 

Founded  by  Bertram  de  Bulmer  (who  lived  in  the  reign  of 
Stephen  and  beginning  of  Henry  II.)  for  men  and  women,  but 
the  nuns  were,  not  long  after,  removed  to  Molesby. 

POSSESSIONS. — Churches  of  Marton3  (given  by  Bertram 
Bulmer) ;  Sheriff  Hutton  (given  by  the  Mauleys) ;  and  Sutton 
in  the  Forest. 

VALUATION. — i5i/.  55.  4^.  (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  vol.  v., 
p.  94.) 

9  Feb.,  37  Hen.  VIII.  (1535-6). 

SURRENDER.4 — Thomas  Yodson,  Prior  (signed  by  the  Prior 
and  five  others).  Acknowledged  before  Ric.  Layton,  one  of 
the  clerks  of  Chancery,  the  same  day.  (Calendar,  ix.,  816.) 

1  John  Uvedale  left  his  estates  to  his  son  Alverey  Uvedale,  who  held  Marrick 
till  1583,  after  which  his  sons  John  and  Thomas  sold  it,  with  the  advowson  of 
the  vicarage,  to  Richard  Brackenbury,  Esq.,  of  London,  for  200  marks.     On 
8  March   1592  Richard  Brackenbury  conveyed  the  estate  to  Timothy  Hutton, 
gent.,  of  Bishop   Auckland.      20  Nov.  1630   Matthew   Hutton,   Esq.   (son  of 
Timothy),  had  licence  to  alienate  it  to  Robert  Blackburne,  gent.,  and  John  and 
Gyles,  his  sons,  for  the  sum  of  328o/.     It  remained  in  the  Blackburne  family 
for  some  years,  till  it  was  sold,  23  Oct.  1671,  to  Charles  Powlett,  after  Marquis 
of  Winchester,  who  settled  it  on  his  second  son,  Lord  William  Powlett.     The 
manor  of  Marrick  was  sold  by  his  descendant,  19  Aug.  1817,  to  Josias  Morley, 
Esq.,  but  part  of  the  estate,  with  the  site  of  the  priory,  became  the  property  of 
James  Pigott  Ince,  Esq.     (See  "Collectanea  Top.  et  Gen.,"  vol.  v.) 

2  In  the  wapentake  of  Bulmer,  five  miles  from  Easingwold.     There  are  no 
remains  of  the  buildings,  only  a  farm-house  erected  with  part  of  the  stone. 

3  Present  patrons :   Marton,  the  Archbishop  of  York ;  Sheriff  Hutton,  the 
Archbishop  alternately ;  Sutton,  the  Lord  Chancellor. 

4  This  was  the  first  Priory  which  surrendered.     (See  page  9.) 


ACCOUNT  of  the  Receiver,  Leonard  Beckwith,  from  the 
Feast  of  St.  Michael  the  Archangel,  27  Henry  VIII.  (1535),  to 
the  same  Feast  28  Henry  VIII.  (1536). 

He  charges  himself  with  24^.  185.  id.,  the  price  of  "  le 
plate"  and  other  jewels  there,  as  appears  by  the  inventory. 
Also  with  38^.  165.  yd.  for  sums  received  by  George  Burgh  and 
George  Sutton,  late  Canons  there,  the  price  of  sundry  goods 
sold  by  them  and  expended  in  their  household  between  the 
survey  and  suppression  of  the  Priory,  and  not  charged  in  the 
inventory,  viz.,  4  oxen  4/.  6s.  8d.,  4  cows  585.,  3  heifers  305., 
17  young  bullocks  61.  55.,  7  pigs  8s.  id.,  92  sheep  gl.  175.  iorf., 
6  mares  4^.  2s.  gd.,  8  lambs  125.,  and  for  divers  parcels  of 
plate  8/.  165.  3^.  He  also  charges  himself  with  247^.  85.  lod. 
for  the  whole  of  the  lead  and  the  bells  and  the  residue  of  the 
moveables,  as  appears  by  the  said  inventory,  with  6jl.  85. 
increase.  Total,  3ii/.  y.  jd.,  with  io6l.  45.  yd.  increase. 

He  charges  himself  with  6gl.  145.  l\d.,  the  issues  of  the 
Priory  at  St.  Martin  (as  above),  according  to  the  account  of 
Ralph  Bekwith,  collector  of  the  rents  there.  Also  with  40^. 
igs.  ^d.,  issues  at  the  Feast  of  the  Annunciation,  received  and 
expended  by  Sir  Thomas  Yodson,  late  Prior  there.  Also  with 
3 il.  14$.  6d.  due  at  Whitsuntide,  received  by  the  said  Sir 
Thomas  Yodson,  Rector  of  Shirrevehuton  and  Sutton,  by  virtue 
of  the  King's  letters  patent.  And  with  j6l.  ijs.  *]\d.  received 
from  the  said  collector  of  the  issues  of  his  office  this  year. 
Total,  2igl.  5.9.  8d. 

9  Sept.,  28  Henry  VIII.  (1536). 

LEASE  to  Henry  Seymer  of  the  household  of  the  site  of  the 
Priory  of  Marton  for  21  years  at  the  rent  of  28/.  6s.  8d.  (Aug- 
mentation Books,  vol.  209,  p.  10.) 

29  Henry  VIII.  (1537-8). 

LEASE  to  Wm  Styllyngfeld  alias  Strynger,  Chaplain  of 
Marton  Rectory.  (Calendar,  xiii.,  589.) 

16  Feb.,  34  Henry  VIII.  (1542-3). 

GRANT  (in  exchange  for  the  manor  of  Beverley,  etc.)  to 
Edward  [Lee],  Archbishop  of  York,  of  the  house  and  site  of 
the  late  Priory  of  Marton  with  lands,  2  mills,  and  lands  in 
Sutton.  (Calendar,  xviii.,  128.) 


2i  Feb.,  2  P.  and  3  M.  (1555-6). 

GRANT  to  Nicholas  [Heath],  Archbishop  of  York,  of  the 
Priory  of  Marton,  with  water-mill  and  lands.  (Palmer's 
"Index,"  p.  131.) 

14  March,  36  Henry  VIII.  (1545). 

GRANT  to  Robert  [Holgate],  Archbishop  of  York,  the 
rectories  of  Sheriff  Button  and  Sutton  in  the  tenure  of  Tho8 
Yodson,  late  Prior.  (Calendar,  xx.,  i.,  214.) 

i  Feb.,  33  Henry  VIII.  (1541-2). 

GRANT  to  Charles,  Duke  of  Suffolk,  of  lands  in  Thripland, 
Crakehowe,  and  Appultrewyke,  which  belonged  to  Marton 
Priory.  (Calendar,  xvii.,  58.) 1 


In  the  time  of  King  Henry  I.  or  King  Stephen,  Robert  de 
Brus  and  Agnes  his  wife  gave  the  Church  of  St.  Hilda  at 
Middlesburgh,  with  its  appurtenances  and  two  carucates  and 
two  oxgangs  in  Newham,  to  the  monks  of  St.  Peter  and  St. 
Hilda  of  Whitby,  that  some  of  them  should  always  reside  and 
perform  Divine  Service  at  Middlesburgh. 

VALUATION. — 25/.   175.  5^. 

SURRENDER. — Only  two  or  three  monks  there. 

ACCOUNT  of  the  bailiffs,  reeves,  collectors  of  rents,  etc.,  for 
the  late  monastery  of  Whitby,  co.  York  (with  its  cell  of  Mid- 
dleburgh),  Mich.,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539),  to  Mich.,  32  Henry 
VIII.  (1540). 

1  The  soil  is  held  by  a  number  of  owners,  but  the  Archbishop  of  York 
is  lord  of  the  manor.  (White's  "  Directory.") 

'  There  are  only  about  three  cells  mentioned  in  the  list  of  priories  to  be  first 
surrendered  (page  23).  Middleburgh  must  have  been  considered  more  inde- 
pendent, not  being  mixed  up  with  the  parent  Abbey  of  Whitby. 


ACCOUNT  of  John  Hexham,  occupier  of  all  the  lands  and 
tenements  to  the  said  late  cell  belonging. 

[Arrears :  none,  because  this  is  the  first  account.] 

He  answers  for  jgs.  8d.  for  the  farm  of  the  site,  with  dove- 
cot, orchards,  and  gardens,  and  the  demesnes,  including  closes 
called  Westley  Close,  the  House  Close,  Angram  Close,  West 
Feld,  Est  Feld,  South  Felde,  and  Brakyn  Hille. 

Also  for  61.  2s-  4d'  for  rents  of  cottages  and  crofts  in  the 
township  of  Middilburgh  in  the  tenures  of  William  Pottes, 
....  Wadrynge,  Lionel  Ansell,  Richard  Tayrell,  William  Har- 
ringson,  Richard  Harringson,  Thomas  Theker,  Thomas  Burton, 
and  John  Whithed;  to/,  for  the  farm  of  Neweham  Grange, 
demised  to  Sir  George  Conyers,  knight;  235.  %d.  for  rents  of 
land  in  Linthorpe,  in  the  tenures  of  William  Hudson,  .... 
Hornalt,  Robert  Ansell,  and  William  Stuppes;  igs.  6d.  for 
land  in  Marton  in  Cleveland,  in  the  tenure  of  Christopher 
Marton ;  5$.  for  land  in  Ormesby,  in  the  tenure  of  Christopher 
Robinson ;  66s.  Sd.  for  the  farm  of  the  tithes  belonging  to  the 
Chapel  of  Middilburgh.  (Minister's  Account,  4624.) 

23  Feb.,  34  Henry  VIII.  (1542-3). 

LEASE  to  John  Harrys  of  the  household  the  cell  of  Middle- 
burgh  for  30  years  from  the  expiration  of  a  lease,  i  Jan.,  30 
Henry  VIII.  (1538-9),  by  which  Thos.  Brooke,  merchaunt 
tailor  of  London,  Wm  Davell,  Wm  Jackson,  and  John  Kylden 
hold  the  same  from  Whitby  Abbey,  rent  free,  during  the  life  of 
John  Lexham,  late  Abbot  of  Whitby,  at  a  rent  of  25/.  ijs.  $d. 
(Augmentation  Misc.  Books,  vol.  215,  p.  13.) 

14  July,  6  Elizabeth  (1564). 

GRANT  to  Thomas  Reve,  William  Ryvett,  and  William 
Hochins,  and  their  heirs  of  the  site  lately  the  house  or  cell  of 
Middleburgh.  (Palmer's  "Index,"  p.  188.) 

Dedicated  to  St.  John  the  Evangelist. 

This  nunnery  was  founded  before  1167  by  Henry  II.  for 
nuns  who  had  removed  from  Marton  Priory,  founded  by  Bertram 
de  Bulmer. 

1  Now  called  Moxby  in  the  parish  of  Marton,  five  miles  from  Easingwold. 

POSSESSIONS. — Churches  of  Whenby1  and  Thormanby.2 
SUPPRESSION. — In  the  list  as  under  2OO/.  per  annum. 

VALUATION. — 261.  2s.  lod.  (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  vol.  v., 
P-  95-) 

SURRENDER. — Before  10  Oct.,  30  Henry  VIII.  (1538). 
(Calendar,  xiii.,  ii.,  502.) 

PENSION. — Philippa  Jenison,  10  marks.  (Augmentation 
Misc.  Books,  vol.  232,  p.  33b.) 

ACCOUNT  of  the  Receiver  from  the  Feast  of  St.  Michael 
the  Archangel,  27  Henry  VIII.  (1525),  to  the  same  Feast  28 
Henry  VIII.  (1536). 

He  charges  himself  with  2i/.  js.  j^d.,  the  issues  of  the 
Priory  at  St.  Martin  (as  above),  as  appears  by  the  account  of 
Robert  Hill,  collector  of  the  rents  there.  And  with  ill.  ics.  Sd., 
the  issues  due  at  Whitsuntide,  received  and  expended  by  Dame 
Philippa  Jenyson,  late  Prioress  there.  Also  with  61.  2s.  6d. 
due  from  Sir  Roger  Cholmeley,  knight,  farmer  of  the  site  of 
the  Priory  with  the  demesne  lands,  and  not  paid.  Also  with 
8/.  \2d.  received  from  the  said  collector  of  the  issues  of  his 
office  this  year.  Total,  47 /.  21  \d. 

He  charges  himself  with  I3/.  12s.  lod.,  the  price  of  "le 
plate"  and  other  jewels  there,  as  appears  by  the  inventory 
under  the  hand  of  John  Home,  chaplain  of  the  abovesaid 
Philippa  Jenyson,  late  Prioress.  Also  with  2ol.,  the  price  of 
the  lead  on  the  roof  of  the  Church  and  of  the  other  houses 
there.  Also  with  4^.,  the  price  of  the  grain  in  the  granary  at 
the  time  of  the  survey,  expended  by  the  Prioress.  Also  with 
jl.  12*.  for  divers  cattle  sold,  and  expended  by  the  Prioress 
between  the  survey  and  the  suppression,  viz.,  6  oxen  66s.  8d., 
6  cows  46,?.,  7  young  oxen  14$.,  20  sheep  235.  40?.,  2  pigs  2s. 
Also  with  525.  lod.  increase  on  the  same,  viz.,  on  5  oxen 
24?.  iod.,  on  6  cows  14^.,  on  3  young  oxen  145.  Also  with 
4iZ.  155.  4^.,  the  price  of  the  other  goods  specified  in  the 

1  Whenby  Vicarage  came  into  the  hands  of  the  Archbishop  till  the  time  of 
Queen  Mary,  when  it  passed  into  private  hands,  viz.,  Edward  Barton  in  1602 ; 
Thomas  Crofts  in  1639;  John  Cook  in  1690;  Trustees  of  Lord  Derwentwater 
in  1720;  1724,  the  Garforth  family.  (Lawton's  "  Collections,"  472.)  The  Hon. 
H.  W.  Fitzwilliam  is  the  present  patron. 

1  Thormanby,  since  the  dissolution,  has  been  in  the  alternate  presentation 
of  the  Lords  Downe  and  the  Cayleys.  (Lawton.) 


inventory  and  sold  by  the  Commissioners  to  Sir  Roger  Chol- 
meley  the  elder,  knight,  farmer  of  the  site  of  the  Priory  with 
the  demesne  lands,  with  66s.  Sd.  increase.  Also  with  a  farther 
155.  received  by  him,  viz.,  from  Sir  Roger  5.9.  for  one  frontal 
for  the  altar,  and  los.  from  Hugh  Fuller  for  one  vestment. 
Total,  8jl.  12s.,  with  119$.  6d.  increase. 

16  Feb.,  34  Henry  VIII.  (1543). 

GRANT  to  Edward,  Archbishop  of  York,  in  exchange  the 
site,  etc.,  of  the  late  Priory  of  Molsby  alias  Molesbye  and 
lands  there,  and  in  Sutton,  Stillyngton,  Farlyngton,  Sheriff 
Hutton,  Whenbye  belonging  to  the  Priory.  (Calendar,  xviii., 
part  i.) 

21  Feb.,  3  P.  and  3  M.  (1555-6). 

GRANT  to  Nicholas,  Archbishop  of  York,  and  his  succes- 
sors, the  site  of  the  late  Priory  of  Molesby  and  messuages 
and  lands  in  Sutton,  Stillington,  Farlington,  Sheriff  Hutton, 
Whenby.  (Palmer's  "  Index/'  p.  131.) 

Dedicated  to  the  Virgin  and  St.  John  the  Evangelist. 

Founded  by  Adeliza  or  Alice  de  St.  Quintin,  with  the  con- 
sent of  Robert  her  son  and  heir,  about  the  latter  end  of  King 
Stephen.  (Burton's  "  Monasticon,"  376.) 

VALUATION. — j^l.  95.  lod. 

SUPPRESSION. — In  the  list  as  under  tool,  per  annum. 

12  July,  30  Henry  VIII.  (1538). 

EXEMPTION  FROM  SUPPRESSION. — Anne  Langton  to  be 
Prioress.  (Calendar,  xiii.,  567.) 

5  Dec.,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539). 

SURRENDER. — By  Anna  Lanketon,  Prioress,  and  the  Con- 
vent, of  the  monastery  and  possessions;  acknowledged  same 
day  before  Thomas  Leigh,  one  of  the  clerks  of  Chancery. 
(Calendar,  xiv.,  ii.,  232.) 

1  In  the  parish  of  Bolton  Percy,  six  miles  from  Tadcaster. 


i  March,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539-40). 

PENSIONS. — Agnes  Snaynton  3/.,  Eleanor  Normabell, 
Prioress,  46$.  8d.,  Agnes  Ardyngton  46,9.  Sd.,  Joan  Gore  405., 
Isabella  Gaston  405.,  Jane  Watson  40,?.,  Marg.  Carter  40^., 
Eliz.  Carter  405.,  Agnes  Simpson,  Magdalen  Kylborne  40$., 
Agnes  Aunger  40^.,  Dorothy  Man  40,9.,  Anne  Johnson  405., 
Margery  Elton  40,?.,  Alice  Sheffelde  405.  Jane  Fayrefax 
33$.  4^.,  Agnes  Asselabye  33,9.  4^.,  Eliz.  Parker  335.  ^d.,  and 
Ellen  Bayne  336'.  \d.,  nuns.  (Augmentation  Books,  vol.  234, 
p.  398.)  ' 

1 8  March,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539-40). 

LEASE  to  Robert  Darkenall,  of  the  household  of  the  King, 
of  the  Priory  of  Nun  Appleton,  lately  dissolved,  with  lands  in 
Col  ton  and  Steton,  for  21  years  at  the  rent  of  io/.  95.  Sd. 
(Augmentation  Books,  vol.  21 2,  p.  78.) 

28  Nov.,  33  Henry  VIII.  (1541). 

GRANT  in  fee  to  Robert  Darkenall  of  the  site  of  the  Priory 
of  Nun  Appleton,  with  the  Church  and  lands  pertaining  in 
Apleton,  Acastre,  Bolton  Percy,  and  Stillingfleet  for  369/. 
2s.  6d.  (Calendar,  xvi.,  642.) 

33  Henry  VIII.  (1541). 

LICENCE  to  Robert  Darkenall  to  alienate  the  late  Priory  of 
Noune  Appleton,  with  the  Church  and  lands  (specified)  in 
Appleton,  Noune  Appleton,  Acastre,  Bolton  Percy,  and  Styl- 
lingflete,  which  were  granted  to  the  said  Robert  by  patent, 
21  Nov.,  33  Henry  VIII.  (1541),  to  Guy  Fayrefax  and  Thos. 
Fayrefax  and  the  heirs  of  the  said  Guy  for  ever.  Pat.,  p.  3, 
m.  9.  (Calendar,  xvii.,  163.) 

8  Aug.,  5  and  6  P.  and  M.  (1558). 

GRANT  to  Sir  William  Fairfax,  kn4,  and  Guy  Geffreson, 
possessions  of  Nun  Appleton,  lands  in  Bilburghe.  (Palmer'-s 
"Index,"  p.  1 7 1.)1 

1  Upon  the  site  Thomas,  Lord  Fairfax,  built  a  handsome  house  which 
was  purchased  by  Alderman  Milner  of  Leeds,  and  continued  in  his  family 
till  it  was  recently  sold  to  Sir  Angus  Holden,  Bart. 


Dedicated  to  St.  Mary. 

Probably  founded  by  the  ancestors  of  Roger  de  Merlay, 
Lord  of  Morpeth,  or  of  Thomas  de  Greystock,  before  1206. 

SUPPRESSED. — In  the  list  as  under  2OO/. 

VALUATION. — SI.  155.  $d.  (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  vol.  v., 
p.  129.) 


20  Nov.,  29  Henry  VIII.  (1537). 

PENSION. — Elizabeth  Kilbourne  5  marks.  (Augmentation 
Misc.  Books,  vol.  232,  p.  2.) 

ACCOUNT  of  the  Receiver,  Leonard  Beckwith,  from  the 
Feast  of  St.  Michael  the  Archangel,  27  Henry  VIII.  (1535),  to 
the  same  Feast,  28  Henry  VIII.  (1536). 

He  charges  himself  with  4/.  145.  iod.,  the  price  of  "  le 
plate "  and  other  jewels  there,  as  appears  by  the  inventory 
signed  by  John  Hessey,  deputy  of  the  above-said  Elizabeth 
Kilborne,  late  Prioress.  And  with  io/.  for  the  lead  on  the 
roof  of  the  Church  and  of  the  other  houses  there.  And  with 
IDS.  for  2  bells  hanging  in  the  belfry  there.  Also  with  235.  4^. 
for  the  grain  in  the  granary  there  at  the  time  of  the  survey, 
expended  bv  the  said  late  Prior  [sic~\  before  the  dissolution. 
Also  with  165.  Sd.  for  certain  things  likewise  expended  between 
the  survey  and  the  suppression,  viz.,  8  sheep  los.  Sd.,  5  lambs 
35.  4^.,  2  ewes  2s.  Sd.  Also  with  555.  Sd.,  money  received  by 
the  said  late  Prioress  for  divers  things  sold  and  expended  there, 
not  charged  in  the  inventory,  viz.,  403  fleeces  of  wool,  weighing 
ii^  stones,  at  45.  %d.  a  stone,  475.  lid. ;  for  3  sheep's  pelts 
gd.,  and  for  the  agistment  of  cattle  js.  Also  with  35^.  145.  lid., 
the  price  of  the  residue  of  the  goods  specified  in  the  inventory, 
sold  by  the  Commissioners  to  William  Hungate,  farmer,  ot 
the  site  of  the  Priory  with  the  demesne  lands,  with  205. 
increase.  Total,  55^.  149.  ^d.,  with  75$.  Sd.  increase. 

He  charges  himself  with  61.  i6s.,  issues  of  the  Priory  due 
at  St.  Martin  (as  above),  as  appears  by  the  account  of  Ambrose 

1  In  the  Wilton-Beacon  division  of  Harthill,  three  miles  from  Pocklington. 
Burton  does  not  seem  to  mention  the  nunnery,  and  there  is  little  known  of  it, 
and  there  are  no  remains. 

There  has  lately  been  published  "  Nunburnholme  and  its  History,"  by  Rev. 
M.  C.  F.  Morris,  M.A.,  Rector  of  Nunburnholme,  York,  1907. 


Bekwith,  collector  of  the  rents  there.  Also  with  625.  gd.  due 
at  Whitsuntide,  received  and  expended  by  Darne  Elizabeth 
Kilborne,  late  Prioress  there.  Also  with  52$.  6d.  received  from 
the  said  collector  of  the  issues  of  his  office  this  year.  Total, 
ill.  us.  $d. 

31  Oct.,  30  Henry  VIII.  (1538). 

LEASE  to  William  Hungate  of  Nonneborneholme  of  the 
site  of  the  Priory  of  Nunburnholm,  dissolved,  for  21  years  at 
the  rent  of  4/.  135.  od.  (Augmentation  Books,  vol.  211,  p.  4.) 

6  July,  33  Henry  VIII.  (1541). 

GRANT  to  Thomas,  Earl  of  Rutland,  and  Robert  Tirwhite, 
esquire  of  the  body,  the  late  Priory  of  Nunborne  Holme  and 
its  demesnes  there  in  the  tenure  of  Will.  Hungate.  (Calendar, 
xvi.,  506.) 

8  Dec.,  33  Henry  VIII.  (1541). 

LICENCE  to  Thomas,  Earl  of  Rutland,  and  Robert  Turwit, 
esquier  of  the  body,  to  alienate  the  site  and  precinct  and  chief 
messuage  of  Nunborne  Holme  to  Sir  Arthur  Darcy.  (Calen- 
dar, xvi.,  696.) 

12  May,  35  Henry  VIII.  (1543). 

LICENCE  to  Sir  Arthur  Darcy  to  alienate  lands  in  Nonne 
Burnholme  to  Roger  Sotheby.1  (Calendar,  xviii.,  i.,  365.) 

Dedicated  to  St.  Mary  Magdalene  and  St.  Helen. 

Founded  by  Agnes  de  Arches  (de  Catfosse)  in  the  time  of 
King  Stephen,  1152. 

1  Roger  Sotheby  appears  to  have  been  son  of  John  Sotheby  of  Pock- 
lington,  and  to  have  made  his  will  8  April  1544;  proved  York,  20  Sept. 
1546  (Test.  Ebor.,  vi.,  207).  He  left  an  only  daughter,  Margaret. 

In  1840  Nunburnholme  belonged  partly  to  Lord  Muncaster,  but  mostly  to 
the  Duke  of  Devonshire,  lord  of  the  manor  (White's  "  Directory").  It  seems 
to  have  passed  into  the  hands  of  Charles  Henry  Wilson,  Esq.,  who  was  created, 
i6Jan.  1906,  Lord  Nunburnholme. 

^  In  Holderness,  six  miles  from  Hornsea.  There  is  a  description  of  the 
Church,  etc.,  in  "Twelve  Small  Yorkshire  Priories,"  by  W.  Brown,  F.S.A. 
("Yorks  Arch.  Journal,"  ix.,  269).  There  is  an  engraving  of  the  Church  in 
Poulson's  "  Holderness,"  i.,  386, 

POSSESSIONS. — The  Church  of  Nunkeeling. 

VALUATION. — 35/.  155.  5^.  (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  vol.  v., 
P-  "5-) 

SUPPRESSION. — In  the  list  as  under  2oo/.  per  annum. 

14  Dec.,  28  Henry  VIII.  (1536). 

EXEMPTION. — Monastery  or  Priory  of  SS.  Mary  and  Helen 
to  continue  with  Joan  Alenson,  Prioress. 

10  Sept.,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539). 

SURRENDER. — By  Christina  Burgh,  Prioress,  and  the  Con- 
vent, of  all  its  possessions  enrolled  (Close  Rolls,  p.  3,  No.  32), 
as  acknowledged  same  day  before  John  Uvedale  and  others, 
King's  Commissioners.  (Calendar,  xiv.,  ii.,  43.) 

PENSIONS. — Christiana  Burgh,  Prioress,  81.,  Agnes  Hall 
465.  8d.,  Alice  Stapleton  465.  8d.,  Mary  Sigiswicke  465.  Sd., 
Isabel  Boyne  or  Baute  465.  Sd.,  Joan  Mason  40.9.,  Isabel 
Methame  30^.,  Alice  Thomlynson  305.,  Dorothy  Wylberfosse 
305.,  Johanna  Bowman  305.,  Alice  Sygeswyke  305.,  Johanna 
Hewthwaite  305.,  and  Joan  Clevynge  40*.,  nuns.  (Augmenta- 
tion Books,  vol.  234,  p.  2y8b.) 

ACCOUNT  of  Leonard  Bekwith,  esq.,  the  King's  particular 
Receiver,  Mich.  33  to  Mich.  34  Henry  VIII. 

He  answers  for  261.  "js.  6d.  received  from  William  Grimsbon, 
collector  of  the  rents  and  farms  belonging  to  the  said  late  Priory, 
and  from  Sir  Richard  Gresham,  knight,  farmer  of  the  rectory 

He  credits  himself  with  payment  of  565.  8d.,  the  fee  of 
Giles  Burgh,  steward  of  all  the  manors  of  the  said  Priory;  40$., 
the  fee  of  Leonard  Bekwith;  and  5^.,  the  fee  of  John  Wood, 
clerk  of  the  Court  of  Silkeston. 

And  with  6s.  8d.  to  the  said  Sir  Richard  Gresham  for  bread, 
wine,  and  wax  expended  in  the  Church.  (Minister's  Account, 

20  Aug.,  32  Henry  VIII.  (1540). 

LEASE  to  Sir  Richard  Gresham,  kn1,  of  the  Rectory  of 
Nunkeeling  for  21  years  at  the  rent  of  8/.  (Augmentation 
Books,  vol.  212,  p.  216.) 


26  Aug.,  32  Henry  VIII.  (1540). 

GRANT  to  Sir  Richard  Gresham,  kn*,  of  the  site  of  the 
Priory  of  Nunkeeling  with  lands  appertaining,  and  in  Buholme, 
Beningholme,  Catwyke,  Waghen.  (Calendar,  xvi.,  96.) 

18  April,  35  Henry  VIII.  (1544). 

GRANT  to  Sir  Richard  Gresham,  knl,  of  the  Rectory  of 
Nunkeeling.  (Calendar,  xix.,  i.,  280). 

28  and  29  Elizabeth  (1585). 

FINE. — Thomas  Cecill,  kl,  (first  Earl  of  Exeter),  and  Thomas 
Reade,  Esq.,  plaintiffs,  and  Ann  Gresham,  widow,  deforciant, 
the  tithes  and  moiety  of  the  manor  and  site  of  the  late  Monas- 
tery of  Nunkeeling.  (Yorks  Rec.  Ser.,  iii.,  59.)! 

Dedicated  to  the  Virgin  Mary. 

Probably  founded  by  William  de  Arches  and  Ivetta  his  wife, 
temp.  King  Stephen. 

POSSESSIONS. — Churches  of  Askham-Richard,3  Kirk-Ham- 
erton,  Walton  Chapel,  St.  George,  York,  Kirkby  juxta  Ouse- 
burn,  Naburn. 

1  Sir    Richard    Gresham    was    an    eminent    merchant    in    the    reign    of 
Henry  VIII.,  with  whom  he  had  great  financial  dealings.     He  was  a  large 
purchaser  of  abbey  lands.      He  died    1556.      His  second  son,   Sir  Thomas 
Gresham,  founder  of  the  Royal  Exchange,  London,  seems  to  have  been  pos- 
sessed of   Nunkeeling   Priory.      According  to   the   "  Dictionary   of    National 
Biography"  his  wife  was  Anne,  widow  of  William  Read.    Dame  Anne  Gresham 
levied  a  fine  of  a  moiety  of  Nunkeeling,  31   Elizabeth,  on  the  marriage  of  her 
grandson  Thomas  Read  with  Mildred,  daughter  of  Sir  Thomas  Cecil,  ist  Earl 
of  Exeter.     There  are  many  abstracts  of  deeds  after  that  time  in  Poulson's 
"  Holderness  "  regarding  the  Berkeley,  Devereux,  and  other  families,  till  it  was 
sold  about  1707  to  the  Hudsons.     It  remained  with  them  for  a  considerable 
time.     T.  C.  Dixon,  Esq.,  appears  to  be  the  present  owner  and  patron  of  the 
living  of  Nunkeeling. 

2  In  Claro  wapentake,  eight  miles  from  York.     The  beautiful  church  still 
remains,  and  there  are  interesting  accounts  of  it  in   "  Yorkshire  Churches," 
1844,  and  Skaife's  "  Nidderdale,"  p.  27. 

3  Present  patrons :  Askham  Richard,  W.   F.  Wailes  Fairbairn,  Esq.;   Kirk 
Hamerton,   E.  W.  Stanyforth,  Esq.;  Walton,  G.   L.  Fox,  Esq.;    St.  George, 
the  Archbishop  ;  Naburn,  Rev,  G.  Palmes. 



VALUATION. — 75^.  i2s.  4^.  (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  v., 

SUPPRESSION. — In  the  list  as  under  2OO/.  per  annum. 
SURRENDER. — 1536. 

28  Henry  VIII. 

PENSION. — Joan  Slingsby,  Prioress,  i$l.  6s.  Sd.  (Aug- 
mentation Books,  vol.  232,  p.  576.) 

29  Henry  VIII. 

PAPER  SURVEY  of  Income,  etc.,  amounting  to  I32/.  155.  o|c?. 
(Copy  "  Yorkshire  Churches,"  ii.,  iii.) 

ACCOUNT  of  William  Blytheman,  the  King's  Receiver  in 
the  Archdeaconry  of  Richmond,  from  4  Feb.,  27  Henry  VIII. 
(1535-6),  to  Michaelmas,  29  Henry  VIII.  (1537). 


[Arrears :  none,  because  this  is  the  first  account.] 

He  answers  for  335/.  Ss.  id.,  the  price  of  goods  and  chattels 
sold,  which  do  not  include  the  jewels,  lead,  bells,  and  house- 
hold goods  found  in  the  monastery  at  the  time  of  the  suppres- 
sion, ii  June,  28  Henry  VIII.,  as  appears  by  indenture  made 
by  the  King's  Commissioners,  because  these  were  afterwards 
sold  separately  by  the  said  Commissioners  or  reserved  for  the 
King's  use.  The  goods  sold  comprise  grain  growing  on  the 
demesne  lands  at  Kyrkehamerton ;  2  wains  and  ploughs,  with 
12  draught  oxen  and  other  stock  there,  sold  to  the  said  Blithe- 
man  ;  grain  at  Nonne  Monkton,  sold  to  Sir  Marmaduke  Con- 
stable, the  younger,  knight;  3  wains,  3  ploughs,  26  draught 
oxen,  21  horses,  sheep  and  other  live  stock  there,  sold  to  the 
said  Constable ;  utensils  in  the  house  of  the  brethren,  the  hall, 
the  great  chamber,  the  kitchen,  the  chamber  adjoining  the  great 
chamber,  the  parlour,  the  promptuary,  the  lower  chamber,  the 
brew-house,  bake-house,  and  melting-house  (ustrina),  sold  to 
Constable.  But  he  has  received  from  the  Commissioners,  and 
includes  in  the  above  sum,  59/.  135.  ud.,  the  value  of  28if 
of  silver  found  there,  viz.,  of  gold  [sic]  107  oz.,  of  parcel  gilt 
147^  oz.,  and  of  ungilt  52^  oz. ;  also  136^  135.  4^.,  the 
estimated  value  of  41  fothers  of  lead,  viz.,  80  pieces  arising 
from  the  pulling  down  (prostratione)  of  the  houses  of  the  said 

1  There  is  a  detailed  account  of  the  valuation  in  "  Yorkshire  Churches," 
ii.,  1 08. 


Priory,  and  one  fother  found  in  the  ashes  in  burning  and  rolling 
(molacione)  the  said  lead;  and  4/.  135.  4^.  for  3  bells,  estimated 
to  weigh  700  Ibs. ;  and  iocs.,  the  estimated  value  of  the  timber, 
glass,  and  stone  obtained  at  the  pulling  down  aforesaid. 

In  wool  (48  stones)  by  shearing,  and  in  hides  and  pelts 
sold,  9/.  2s.  6d. 

In  rents,  issues  of  land,  etc.,  he  received  j^l.  Js.  6d.  in  the 
28th  year,  and  I2O/.  13,9.  8fd.  in  the  29th  year  for  farms  due 
from  Sir  Marmaduke  Constable  for  the  demesne  lands,  the 
mill  of  Hamerton,  and  the  Rectory  of  Monketon,  for  the 
Rectory  of  Kirkehamerton  occupied  by  the  accountant,  for 
tithes  of  grain  to  Walton  Chapel  from  William  Gascon,  for 
the  issues  of  the  Rectory  of  St.  George  of  York,  the  farm  of 
the  Rectory  of  Askam  Richard  occupied  by  Christopher 
Norton,  and  rents  of  divers  tenants.  Sum  total,  809^.  us.  g%d. 
(Minister's  Account,  7467.) 

19  Sept.,  28  Henry  VIII.  (1536). 

LEASE  to  Sir  Marmaduke  Constable  of  Flamburgh,  the 
site  of  the  Priory  of  Nunmenkton  for  21  years  at  the  rent  of 
5/.  6s.  2d.  (Augmentation  Books,  vol.  209,  p.  9b.) 

i  Feb.,  29  Henry  VIII.  (1537-8). 

LEASE  to  William  Blytheman,  gen.,  of  lands  in  Kirk 
Hamerton,  late  of  the  Monastery  of  Nun- Monk  ton,  for 
21  years  at  the  rent  of  40,9.,  and  of  the  Rectory  of  Kirk- 
Hamerton  at  the  rent  of  icm.  (Augmentation  Books,  vol. 
210,  p.  60.) 

12  Feb.,  29  Henry  VIII.  (1538). 

GRANT  in  exchange  to  Sir  John  Nevell,1  Lord  Latymer,  of 
the  reversions  of  the  possessions  leased  to  Sir  Marmaduke 

1  John  Neville,  3rd  Lord  Latimer  of  Snape,  died  n  March  1542-3.  His 
will,  mentioning  Nun  Monkton,  was  proved  at  York  22  May  1543  (Test. 
Ebor.,  vi.,  159).  His  son  John,  4th  Lord,  left  only  daughters.  The  eldest, 
Katherine,  married  firstly  Henry  Percy,  ist  Earl  of  Northumberland,  and 
secondly,  to  the  disgust  of  her  family,  Francis  Fitton  of  Binfield,  co.  Berks, 
her  steward.  She  had  Nun  Monckton  from  her  father,  and  died  1596.  Fitton 
alienated  or  sold  it  to  John  Carvill.  He  proved  his  pedigree  in  1612 
(St.  George's  Visitation),  being  then  described  of  Nun  Monckton.  It  then 
passed  to  the  Payler  family.  George  Payler  died  1678,  having  married  Lady 
Maria  Carey;  their  son  or  grandson  Nathaniel  Payler  came  into  possession, 
and  his  daughter  Mary  Anne  married  George  Cresener;  their  daughter  Eliza- 
beth married  Samuel  Tufnell,  Esq.,  and  had  two  sons,  John  and  William 
Jolliffe,  who  had  assumed  that  name  and  who  appear  to  have  had  Nun 
Monckton,  and  died  1797.  His  nephew  Samuel  succeeded,  dying  1820.  In 
•  1860  Isaac  Crawhall,  Esq.,  bought  the  estate  from  the  Tufnells.  (Burke's 
"Commoners,"  ii.,  182,  and  Skaife's  "  Nidderdale.") 

L   2 


Constable  of  Flamburghe  and  Will.  Blytheman,  and  the  rents 
reserved  in  the  leases  of  2$l.  6s.  2d.,  iois.,  and  405.,  viz.,  the 
house  and  site  of  the  late  Priory  of  Nonnemonketon,  the  church, 
steeple,  and  all  messuages,  granges,  etc.,  a  corn  mill  and  two 
grain  mills  on  the  water  of  Nydde,  a  fishery,  the  Rectories  of 
Nonnemonketon  and  Kirkehamerton,  of  St.  George  in  York, 
Walton,  and  Askham  Richard,  the  manors  of  Monketon, 
Nonnemonketon,  Kirke  Hamerton,  and  various  lands  in 
Benynghurgh,  Benyngton,  Flyxton,  Marton,  Newton,  Ripon, 
Thorp  Underwood,  Kirkleventon,  Thorp  Arch,  City  of  York, 
etc.,  in  as  full  manner  as  the  late  Prioress  held  the  same,  of  the 
annual  value  of  I49/.  6s.  4\d.,  and  are  to  be  helcl  by  an  annual 
rent  of  I4/.  i8s.  8d.  in  the  name  of  tenth.  (Calendar,  xiii., 
136.  Pat.,  p.  i,  m.  8.) 

ST.     MARTIN'S,     RICHMOND.1        CELL    TO     THE 

Founded  about  noo  by  Wymer,  Lord  of  Aske,  sewer  or 
chief  steward  to  Stephen,  Earl  of  Richmond,  who  gave  the 
Chapel  of  St.  Martin  of  Richmond,  lands  in  Edlingthorp, 
Thornton,  Forset,  Scotton,  etc.,  to  St.  Mary's  Abbey,  York. 
That  monastery  sent  nine  or  ten  Benedictine  monks,  who 
founded  a  cell.  Other  lands  were  added  by  the  Earls  of  Rich- 
mond. The  Priory,  though  a  cell  subordinate  in  spiritual 
matters  to  St.  Mary's  Abbey,  acted  in  other  matters  as  an 
independent  society.  It  was  richly  endowed,  and  generally 
contained  about  nine  or  ten  monks,  who  paid  a  yearly  pension 
as  acknowledgment  of  subjection.  As  for  the  rest  of  the 
revenues  they  had  them  for  their  own  use,  as  appears  from 
their  own  rent  roll  or  compotus  distinct  from  that  of  the  mother 
Church,  and  from  several  grants  of  a  late  date  to  the  Priory 
of  St.  Martin,  without  any  mention  of  the  Abbey  of  St.  Mary.2 

VALUATION. — 43^.  i6s.  8d. 

SUPPRESSION. — In  the  list  under  2oo/.  per  annum. 

1  About  half  a  mile  from  Richmond,  on  the  southern  bank  of  the  river. 
There  are  but  few  remains.  There  is  a  copy  of  the  charters  in  Clarkson's 
"  Richmond,"  and  a  list  of  possessions,  which  is  also  in  Burton's  "  Monasticon." 

?  Clarkson's  "  Richmond,"  335. 

SURRENDER. — By  John  Mathew,  last  Prior. 

ACCOUNT  of  Sir  Roger  Cholmeley,  knight,  the  King's 
farmer  there,  from  Mich.  31  (1539),  to  Mich.,  32  Henry  VIII. 

[Arrears :  none,  because  this  is  the  first  account.] 

He  answers  for  4/.  5$.  \d.,  the  farm  of  the  demesne  lands, 
including  the  site  of  the  said  late  cell,  which,  with  orchard 
and  gardens,  covers  about  an  acre,  closes  called  Rampeynge 
riddyng,  Bordall  close,  Estcote  leez,  Mawde  rayne,  Thortyard 
ba[nke?],  Bakehouse  flatte,  the  Holme,  the  Ooce  pasture,  the 
Ortyardes,  Monkegarthes  and  Pounde  garthes,  and  Catell 
flattes,  as  demised  to  the  said  farmer  by  lease  under  the  seal  of 
the  Court  of  Augmentations. 

Also  for  Z2l.  2s.  lod.  for  rents  of  tenements  in  Monkeby 
with  Sandbek,  in  the  tenure  of  Richard  Carter,  James  Mamie 
(who  rents  the  water-mill),  Richard  Swaledale,  John  Wilkynson, 
Thomas  Sissotson,  Thomas  Carthwayte,  William  Swaledale, 
William  Hewbanke,  John  Sympson,  Elizabeth  Clerkeson, 
widow,  Thomas  Cooke,  William  Colynge,  Anthony  Teesdale, 
William  Hawthorne,  John  Teesdale,  Elizabeth  Calverd,  widow, 
Thomas  Corner,  and  William  Neleson ;  and  of  tenements  in 
Hawkyswell,  Langton,  Huddeswell,  the  borough  of  Richmond, 
Oldeburgh,  and  Kirkeby  (part  of  these  entries  being  illegible). 

Also  for  1 135.  in  tithes  from  the  late  Priories  and  Monas- 
teries of  Marrik,  Coverhame,  St.  Agatha,  and  St.  Gervasia. 
(Minister's  Account,  4595.) 

[No  date.] 

LEASE  to  Sir  Roger  Cholmeley  of  London,  of  the  house  and 
site  of  the  Priory  or  cell  of  St.  Martin  near  Richmond,  belonging 
to  the  Monastery  of  the  Blessed  Mary,  city  of  York,  with  all 
its  possessions,  at  the  rent  of  44/.  9$.  8d.  (Augmentation 
Misc.  Books,  212,  p.  i46b.) 

10  June,  4  Edward  VI.  (1553). 

GRANT  of  the  Priory  and  cell  of  the  Blessed  Mary,  with 
lands  in  Monkeby,  Sandbeck,  Hawkswell,  Richmond,  East 
Appleton,  to  Edward  Fynes,  kn4,  Lord  Clinton  and  Saye,1  Lord 
High  Admiral,  on  his  paying  rent  of  3^.  19$.  ud.  to  the 

1  Edward  Fiennes,  Lord  Clinton  and  Saye,  created  Earl  of  Lincoln  4  May 
1572,  K.G.,  Lord  High  Admiral,  had  many  grants  of  Abbey  lands.  He  died 
16  Jan.  1584-5.  (See  "  Diet.  Nat.  Biog.") 


King  yearly,  and  $1.  a  year  to  a  priest  to  perform  the  cure 
within  the  Church  of  St.  Martin  and  Monkby.  (Palmer's 
"Index/'  p.  98.)1 



Dedicated  to  St.  Mary  and  St.  Lawrence. 
Founded  by  Robert  de  Stutville  in  the  reign  of  Richard  I. 
SUPPRESSION. — List  under  2oo/.  per  annum. 
VALUATION. — 37/.  12*.  $d. 

SURRENDER. — Before  10  Oct.,  30  Henry  VIII.  (1538). 
(Calendar,  xiii.,  ii.,  502.) 

PENSION. — Mary  Marshall,  Prioress,  61.  (Augmentation 
Books,  p.  232.) 

ACCOUNT  of  the  Receiver  from  Mich.  1539  to  Mich.  1540. 

He  charges  himself  with  261.  ijs.  iod.,  issues  of  the  Priory 
at  St.  Martin  (as  above),  as  appears  by  the  account  of  Robert 
Hill,  collector  of  the  rents  there.  Also  with  23/.  35.  g\d.  due 
at  Whitsuntide,  received  and  expended  by  Dame  Mary  Marshall, 
late  Prioress  there.  Also  with  74$.  6d.  due  from  Richard 
Thomson,  farmer  of  the  site  of  the  Priory,  with  the  demesne 
lands,  and  not  paid.  Total,  53/.  i6s.  i^d. 

He  charges  himself  with  9/.,  the  price  of  "le  plate"  and 
other  jewels,  as  appears  by  the  inventory  under  the  hand 
of  the  said  Mary  Marshall,  late  Prioress.  Also  with  i3/.  6s.  Bd. 
for  the  lead  on  the  roof  of  the  Church  and  of  the  other  houses 
there.  And  with  105.  for  2  bells  hanging  in  the  belfry.  Also 
with  9/.  8s.  $d.  for  sundry  things  expended  by  the  Prioress 

1  8  Nov.,  i  Mary  (1553).     Lord  Clinton  sold  the  same  soon  after  for  8oo/. 
to  William  Pepper,  Esq.,  and  to  Cuthbert  Walker  and  William  his  son  of  Rich- 
mond, yeomen.     The  estate  was  then  divided,  William  Pepper  to  have  the  site 
of  the  cell  with  garden  and  orchards.     His  descendants  have  sold  them  to 
various  persons.    William  Walker  sold  his  part  to  the  Hospital  of  St.  John  the 
Baptist  at  Kirby  Ravensworth,  which  it  enjoys  at  the  present  day.    (Clarkson's 
"  Richmond,"  343.) 

2  In  the  parish  of  Middleton  in  the  wapentake  of  Pickering  Lythe,  seven 
miles  from  Kirkby  Moorside.     There  are  some  remains. 


between  the  survey  and  the  suppression,  viz.,  i  cow  gs., 
3  young  oxen  15*.,  2  calves  4?.,  2  mares  135.  4^.,  78  sheep 
61.  i  os.,  and  divers  other  small  things  175.  id.  Also  with 
32^.  8s.,  the  price  of  the  rest  of  the  goods,  specified  in  the 
inventory,  sold  by  the  Commissioners  to  Richard  Thomson  of 
London,  farmer  of  the  site  of  the  Priory  with  the  demesne 
lands,  with  405.  increase.  Total,  64^.  135.  id.,  with  405. 

20  July,  28  Henry  VIII.  (1536). 

LEASE  to  William  Smythdeyke,  of  the  household  of  the 
King,  the  site  of  the  Priory  of  Rosedale  for  21  years  at  the  rent 
of  jl.  95.  od.  (Augmentation  Books,  vol.  209,  p.  9.) 

10  June,  29  Henry  VIII.  (1537). 

LEASE  to  John  Barwyk,  of  the  household  of  Rosedale  Priory 
and  lands  there  which  were  leased  20  July,  28  Henry  VIII. 
(1536),  to  Wm  Smythwyk  ;  transferred  to  Sir  John  Bowmer 
(Bulmer),  and  by  him  forfeited.  (Augmentation  Books,  vol. 
209,  p.  103.) 

6  July,  30  Henry  VIII.  (1538). 

GRANT  to  Ralph,1  Earl  of  Westmorland,  in  tail  of  the 
reversions  and  rents  received  of  the  Crown  leases,  viz.,  to  John 
Berwyke  of  the  household,  10  June  1537,  of  the  house  and 
lands  of  the  dissolved  Priory  of  Rosedale  for  21  years  at 
103^.  ^.d. ;  to  the  said  John  of  a  tenement  in  Rosedale  for 

21  years  at  465.  Sd.  rent;  and  of  the  Manor  of  Rosedale  and 
the  Rectory  of  Thorpenowe,  belonging  to  the  said  Priory,  and 
the  house,  site  of  the  late  Priory  of  Keldom,  and  all  lands  in 
Rosedale,  Thorpenowe,   Keldom,  Thornton,   Pikring,  Newton, 
and  Swynyngton  Regis  belonging  to  the  said  Prioress  of  Rose- 
dale  and  Keldom,  clear  annual  value  90^.   155.  yd.;    rent  of 
24^.  25.  $d.     (Calendar,  xiii.,  564.) 

23  Feb.,  13  Elizabeth  (1570-1). 

GRANT  to  Ambrose,2  Earl  of  Warwick,  and  his  heirs,  of  the 

1  Ralph  Nevile,  4th  Earl  of  Westmorland.     He  died  21  April  1549  ;  buried 
at  Staindrop.     Grandfather  of  the  last  Earl,  who  was  in  the  "  Rebellion  of  the 

2  Younger   son    of    John    Dudley,    Duke   of    Northumberland,    who   was 
beheaded   1553.     He  was  a  favourite  of  Queen  Elizabeth,  and  was  created, 
25  Dec.  1561,  Lord  Lisle,  and  the  next  day  Earl  of  Warwick.     He  died  s.p., 
when  his  honours  became  extinct,  20  or  21  Feb.  1589-90. 

In  1840  nearly  all  the  property  in   Rosedale  belonged  to   Rev.  Geo.   S. 
Penfold,  Lord  of  the  Manor.     (White's  "  Directory.") 


Manor  of  Rosedale,  part  of  the  possessions  of  Charles,  late 
Earl  of  Westmorland,  attinct,  belonging  to  the  late  Priory. 
(Palmer's  "  Index,"  p.  305.) 

1 8  Elizabeth  (1576). 

FINE. — The  Queen,  plaintiff,  and  Ambrose,  Earl  of  War- 
wick, K.G.,  and  Anne  his  wife,  deforciants.  Manor  of  Rose- 
dale,  40  messuages,  6  mills  with  lands.  (Yorks  Rec.  Ser., 
v.,  88.) 


Dedicated  to  the  Virgin  Mary. 
Founded  by  William  de  Perci,  the  third  Lord  Perci.2 

POSSESSIONS. — Churches  of  Tadcaster  and  Gargrave, 
Chapel  of  Hazlewood. 

SUPPRESSION. — As  under  2oo/.  per  annum. 

VALUATION. — itfl.  $s.  icd.  (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  vol.  v., 
p.  144.) 

SURRENDER. — 1536. 

28  Henry  VIII. 

PENSION. — Thomas  Bolton,  2O/.  (Augmentation  Misc. 
Books,  vol.  232,  p.  27.) 

ACCOUNT  of  the  Receiver,  Leonard  Beckwith,  from  the 
Feast  of  St.  Michael  the  Archangel,  27  Henry  VIII.  (1535), 
to  the  same  Feast,  28  Henry  VIII.  (1536). 

He  charges  himself  with  J2l.  2s.  iod.,  the  price  of  "le 
plate"  and  other  jewels  there.  Also  with  300^.  i8s.  id.,  the 
price  of  the  rest  of  the  goods,  together  with  the  lead  and  bells, 
sold  by  the  King's  officers  to  Sir  Arthur  Darcy,  knight.  Total, 
373/.  lid. 

He  does  not  charge  himself  with  any  profits  thereof,  because 

1  Three  miles  from  Clitheroe,  on  the  east  bank  of  the  river  Ribble. 
a  He  is  said  to  have  been  buried  at  Sawley. 


Sir  Arthur  Darcye,  knight,  has  received  the  same  for  the  whole 
time  of  this  account,  by  what  warrant  the  accountant  does  not 
know,  and  Sir  Arthur  ought  to  answer  the  same  to  the  King. 
And  he  answers  below.  Total,  nothing. 

9  May,  30  Henry  VIII.  (1538). 

GRANT  to  Sir  Arth.  Darcye  in  fee  simple  (in  exchange  for 
the  Manor  of  Grenesnorton  Northt.,  granted  him  28  May, 
27  Henry  VIII.),  viz.,  the  site,  circuit,  and  precinct  of  the 
Monastery  of  St.  Mary,  Sawley,  Yorks,  dissolved ;  the  lordships 
or  manors  of  Staynforth,  LangclifT,  and  Stanton ;  the  manor  and 
forest  of  Gisbourne ;  a  moiety  of  the  manor  of  Bolton  ;  annual 
rent  of  4/.  6s.  od.  from  the  vill  of  Grynleton ;  tenements  and 
messuages  in  Brandford,  Chepyng,  Waddyngton,  Wourston, 
Chatsbourne,  Downham,  Renyngton,  Gaisgill,  Lytton,  Barneby, 
Rassemell,  Cottill,  Pathern,  Newstune,  Swynden,  Ilklaye, 
Farneleaye,  Halton,  par.  of  Whitkirk,  Catterton,  Sledebourne, 
Dutton;  rents  in  Whitwourthe ;  the  advowsons  and  rectories 
of  Tadcaster  and  Gargrave;  a  rent  of  535.  ^d.  due  to  the  late 
Abbot  by  the  Abbot  of  Fornes ;  and  all  other  lands  which 
belonged  to  the  said  Monastery  of  Sawley.  (Calendar,  xiii., 

1 6  Sept.,  2  Elizabeth  (1560). 

Sir  Arthur  Darcy  leaves  by  his  will  "  the  demeane  landes  of 
the  late  monasterie  of  Salley  "  to  his  son  Henry  Darcy. 

3  Elizabeth  (1560-1). 

INQUISITION  found  that  Henry  Darcy  held  the  site  of  Salley 
and  manor  of  Langcliffe  by  Knight's  service. 

12  Elizabeth  (1569-70). 

INQUISITION  that  the  above  Henry  Darcy  held  the  manors 
of  Grangemoor  and  Gisborne,  granges  of  Ellingthorpe  and 
Pathorne  and  the  rectory  of  Gargrave. 

24  Elizabeth  (1582). 

FINE. — The  Queen,  plaintiff;  Henry  Darcye,  k4,  and 
Katherine  his  wife,  deforciants.  Manor  of  Sawley1  and  60 
messuages,  etc.  (Yorks  Rec.  Ser.,  ii.,  185.) 

1  Sawley  Abbey  must  have  reverted  to  the  Crown,  for  in  13  James  I. 
(1615-6)  Sir  James  Hay,  Knt.,  created  Baron  Salley  and  Earl  of  Carlisle, 
owned  the  monastery,  probably  by  grant  from  the  Crown.  He  died 



The  Chapel  of  All  Saints  with  some  lands  here,  being  given 
to  the  Priory  of  Nostell  by  Geffrey  Fitz-Pain  before  A.D.  1114, 
some  Canons  were  sent  to  reside.  (Tanner's  "Notitia,"  646.) 

VALUATION. — 8/.     (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  vol.  v.,  p.  64.) 
SUPPRESSION. — In  the  list  as  under  2OO/.  per  annum. 

2  March,  30  Henry  VIII.  (1539). 

GRANT  to  Thomas  Legh,  LL.D.,  of  the  whole  house  and 

i  and  2  P.  and  M.  (1544-5). 

FINE. — Thomas  Ferneham,  gent.,  and  Thomas  Wright, 
plaintiffs,  and  Thomas  Leigh,2  Esq.,  deforeiant.  Manors  of 
St.  Oswold  de  Nostell  and  Bramham  Byggyng;  also  the  Manor 
of  Skewkirke  and  3  messuages,  2  cottages,  and  a  water-mill, 
with  lands  there  and  in  Merstone  and  Tolwyth.  (Yorks  Rec. 
Ser.,  ii.,  184.) 

8  and  9  Elizabeth  (1566). 

FINE. — John  Browne,  Esq.,  plaintiff,  and  James  Blunt,  k1, 
Lord  Mountjoye,3  and  Katherine  his  wife,  deforciants.  Manors 

25  April  1636,  and  his  son  James  Hay  succeeded  as  2nd  Earl  of  Carlisle,  and 
married  Margaret  Russell,  daughter  of  4th  Earl  of  Bedford.  In  his  will  (1660) 
he  left  Sawley  to  Edward  Russell  and  Arthur  Fleetwood  equally,  but  there 
seem  to  have  been  very  complicated  arrangements,  as  the  Greville  family  got 

William  Weddell  afterwards  purchased  Sawley,  and  left  it  to  Lord  Grant- 
ham,  from  whom  it  has  descended  to  Lord  Lucas,  the  present  owner. 

1  In  the  township  of  Tockwith,  parish  of  Bilton,  deanery  of  Ainsty.     There 
is  now  a  farm-house  built  out  of  the  remains  (see  Skaife's   "  Nidderdale"). 
Skewkirk  was  a  cell  to  Nostell,  but  it  must  have  been  in  a  certain  independent 
position  so  as  to  be  separately  placed  in  the  list  of  Priories  to  be  dissolved. 

2  Sir  Thomas  Leigh,  the  original  grantee,  left  by  will,  9  March  1544-5,  his 
estates  to  his  nephews  Thomas  and  William.     Thomas  the  nephew  conveyed 
his  interest  in  Skewkirk  to  Jane,  wife  of  Sir  Thomas  Chaloner,  widow  of  his 
uncle.     Her  daughter  Catherine  Leigh  married  Lord  Mountjoy,  who,  as  by  the 
above  fines,  appears  to  have  sold  Skewkirk.     (Hunter's  "  South  Yorkshire," 
ii.,  211.) 

J  James  Blount,6th  Lord  Mountjoy,  married  about  1568  Catherine,  daughter 
of  Sir  Thomas  Leigh  of  St.  Oswald's.  She  was  buried  25  June  1576,  at  the 
Grey  Friars,  London.  Lord  Mountjoy  died  about  1581.  (G.  E.  C.'s  "Peer- 


of   Skokyrk   and   Bramam    Byggyng,   and    13   messuages   and 
2  mills,  etc.     (Yorks  Rec.  Ser.,  i.,  327.) 

9  Elizabeth  (1566). 

FINE. — Edward  Beseley,1  gent.,  plaintiff,  and  James  Blunte, 
k4,  Lord  Mountjoye,  and  Katherine  his  wife.  "  De  scitu  sive 
Cella"  de  Skewkyrke  als.  Skokyrke,  and  6  messuages,  6  cot- 
tages, and  a  water-mill,  with  lands  and  free  fishing  in  the  water 
of  the  Nydde  in  the  same,  and  in  Bylton,  Tockwith,  Merston, 
and  Grenehamerton.  (Yorks  Rec.  Ser.,  ii.,  340.) 

15  Elizabeth  (1573). 

FINE. — Christopher  Neleson,  plaintiff,  and  Edward  Beseley, 
gent.,  and  Brigitt  his  wife,  deforciants.  Manor  of  Skewkirke 
and  6  messuages  and  2  mills,  fishing  in  the  Nydd,  lands  in 
Bilton,  Tockwith,  Marston,  and  Kirkehamerton.  (Yorks 
Rec.  Ser.,  v.,  33.) 

19  and  20  Elizabeth  (1577). 

FINE. — Thomas  Harryson,2  Esq.,  plaintiff,  and  Christopher 
Nelson,  Esq.,  and  Mary  his  wife,  deforciants.  Manor  of  Skew- 
kyrke and  messuages,  lands,  etc.  (as  above).  (Yorks  Rec. 
Ser.,  v.,  107.) 

Dedicated  to  the  Virgin  Mary. 

Founded    by    Robert   de   Verli    before    the   end   of    King 

POSSESSIONS. — The  Church  of  Swine. 

1  There  is  a  pedigree  of  Besley  of  Skelton  in  Glover's  "  Visitation  "  (Foster's 
Edition,  218),  in  which  it  is  stated  that  Edward  Besley  married  Bridget,  daughter 
of  William  Nelson  of  Skelton,  as  his  second  wife. 

2  Skewkirk  was  bought  about   1600  by  one  John  Tennant  from  Thomas 
Harrison,  and  continued  in  the  Tennant  family  for  some  generations.     The 
last  one  to  hold  the  property  was  Henry  Tennant,  who  sold  it  to  Andrew 
Montagu,  Esq.,  in  1832.    It  now  belongs  to  F.  J.  O.  Montagu,  Esq.    (Informa- 
tion, F.  W.  Slingsby,  Esq.) 

3  In   Holderness.      There  is  a  description  of   the  buildings  by  William 
Brown,  F.S.A.    ("  Yorks  Arch.  Journal,"  ix.)    See  also  Tanner's  "  Notitia,"  and 
Burton's  "  Monasticon,"  253. 

Most  of  Swine  is  the  property  of  the  Earl  of  Shaftesbury. 


VALUATION. — 35^.  155.  5^.  (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  vol.  v., 
P-  1 15-) 

SUPPRESSION. — In  the  list  as  under  aoo/. 

i  Oct.  1537. 

EXEMPTION. — The  Priory  of  Swine  to  be  exempt  from  sup- 
pression. Helen  Deyne  to  be  Prioress.  (Calendar,  xii.,  ii., 

9  Sept.,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539). 

SURRENDER  by  Dorothy,  the  Prioress,  and  the  convent  of 
the  Priory  and  all  its  possessions.  Acknowledged  before  John 
Uvedale  and  others.  King's  Commissioners.  (Calendar,  xiv., 
ii.,  42.) 

ao  Feb.,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1540). 

PENSIONS. — Dorothea  Knyght,  Prioress,  13^.  6s.  Sd.,  Alice 
Smyth,  Eliz.  Clyfton,  665.  Sd.,  Eliz.  Clytheroo,  Barbara  Pulley, 
535.  4ct.,  Marg.  Whitefeld,  Eliz.  Thorne,  6os.,  Isabella  Jen- 
kynson  53,?.,  Martha  Battell,  Eliz.  Grymston,  Eliz.  Arte, 
46$.  S>d.}  Dorothea  Stapleton,  Eliz.  Ellesley,  Eliz.  Patrike,  Eliz. 
Copelay,  Eliz.  Tyas,  Mary  Banke,  Cecilia  Swale,  Dorothy 
Tomlynson,  Alice  Nicolson,  40^.,  nuns.  (Augmentation  Misc. 
Books,  vol.  234,  p.  345.) 

ACCOUNT  of  Leonard  Bekwith,  Esq.,  the  King's  particular 
Receiver,  Mich.  33  to  Mich.  34  Henry  VIII. 

He  answers  for  147^.  19$.  n^d.  received  from  Thomas 
Constable,  collector  of  the  farms  and  rents  belonging  to  the 
said  late  Priory,  and  from  Sir  Richard  Gresham,  knight,  farmer 
of  divers  lands  and  tenements  there,  and  of  the  rectory  for  this 

He  credits  himself  with  payments  of  annuities,  viz.,  to 
William  Escryke,  Chaplain,  4/.,  Leonard  Bekwith  40^.,  Wil- 
liam Babthorpe,  Esq.,  26,?.  Sd.,  Marmaduke  Faux  4^.,  John 
Wood,  clerk  of  the  Court  of  Swyne  and  Skirlaugh,  135.  ^d. 

And  with  i6l.  135.  ^d.  to  Richard  Wryght,  Vicar  of  Swyne, 
for  bread,  wine,  and  wax,  according  to  a  composition  made 
between  him  and  Dorothy,  late  Prioress,  8  Jan.  1538  [-9]  ;  and 
565.  Sd.  to  William  Walder,  Chaplain,  celebrating  in  the 
chapel  of  South  Skirlagh,  for  the  inhabitants  of  South  and 


North  Skirlagh,  Arnold,  and  Runton  in  the  parish  of  Swyne, 
in  which  chapel  there  were  formerly  two  chaplains  celebrating 
in  the  two  chantries  founded  there  [etc.].  (Minister's  Account, 

20  Aug.,  32  Henry  VIII.  (1540). 

LEASE  to  Sir  Richard  Gresham  of  London  of  39  cottages 
in  Swine;  South  Skyrlegh  Manor  with  certain  cottages  ;  lands 
in  Riston  and  Holme  on  the  Wold ;  Benyngholme  Grange  in 
the  parish  of  Swyne,  and  Swyne  Rectory  and  tithes.  (Aug- 
mentation Misc.  Books,  vol.  212,  p.  195.) 

i  Oct.,  32  Henry  VIII.  (1540). 

GRANT  to  Sir  Richard  Gresham,  kn*,  of  the  site  of  the 
Monastery  and  Church,  with  lands  appertaining,  and  in 
Dripole,  Sutton,  Welburgh,  Lound,  Lanthorpe.  (Calendar, 
xvi.,  96.) 

9  APril>  35  Henry  VIII.  (1544)- 

GRANT  to  Sir  Richard  Gresham  and  Sir  Richard  Southwell 
of  the  site  and  demesnes  of  Swine  Priory,  granges,  and  lands. 
(Calendar,  xix.,  i.,  279.) 

18  April,  35  Henry  VIII.  (1544). 

EXCHANGE  to  the  Crown  by  Sir  Richard  Gresham  of  Swine 
Priory  for  Nunkeeling  Priory  and  other  lands.  (Calendar,  xix., 
i.,  280.) 

15  June,  38  Henry  VIII.  (1546). 

GRANT  in  fee  to  Sir  Richard  Gresham  of  the  Rectory 
of  Swine,  the  advowson  of  the  vicarage  which  used  to  be 
retained  in  the  hands  of  the  Prioress.  (Calendar,  xxi.,  i.) 

3  July,  3  and  4  P.  and  M.  (1557). 

GRANT  to  Sir  John  Constable  and  Henry  his  son  of  the 
site  of  the  Monastery  of  Swyne,  late  the  lands  of  Sir  Richard 
Gresham,  knl,  to  be  held  of  the  Queen  in  capite.  (Palmer's 
"  Index,"  p.  139.) 


4  May  1557. 

VALUATION. — Farm  and  site  of  the  monastery  containing 
by  estimation  172  acres;  a  parcel  of  land  called  Banstede; 
Wolburghe  Grange,  297  acres;  pasture  in  Sutton,  37  acres, 
let  to  William  Bolton  and  Richard  Fayrecliff  in  reign  of 
Edward  VI.  for  21  years.  The  premises  lyethe  not  nere  any 
of  the  King  and  Queenes  houses  reserved  for  their  accesse; 
what  woodes  or  mynes  belongethe  to  the  premisses  I  knowe  not. 
The  seid  parcell  lyethe  in  a  good  soyle. 

Exd  by  me  Anthonius  Rowe,  Auditor. 

The  clere  yerely  value  of  the  premisses  lij11  xv8  iiijd,  which 
rated  at  xxix  yeres  purchase  amountethe  to  mSxxx11  iiij"  viijd, 
the  money  to  be  paid  in  hand  before  the  32  of  May  1557.  The 
King  and  Ouenes  Maiesties  to  discharge  the  purchaser  of  all 
charges  and  incumbrances  made  or  done  by  their  Majesties 
except  leses.  The  purchaser  to  discharge  the  King  and  Quene 
of  all  fees  and  reprises  goyng  out  of  the  premisses.  The  tenure 
in  chefe  by  knightes  servyce.  The  purchaser  to  have  thissues 
from  the  fest  of  the  Annunciation  of  our  Lady  last  past.  The 
purchaser  to  be  bound  for  the  woodes,  the  leade,  belles,  and 
advousons  to  be  excepted,  the  mynes  to  be  excepted. 
Willm  Petre,  Francis  Englefylde,  Jo.  Bakere,  Edm.  Waldgrave. 
(Harleian  MS.  606,  22.) 

Dedicated  to  the  Virgin. 

Founded  by  Bertram  Haget  about  1160.  Confirmed  by 
Roger  de  Mowbray,  his  lord,  and  the  Archbishop  of  York. 

POSSESSIONS. — Church  of  Bilton,  given  by  Gundred, 
daughter  of  Bertram  Haget. 

SUPPRESSION. — In  the  list  under  2OO/.  per  annum. 

1  In  the  parish  of  Bilton,  four  miles  from  Wetherby.  "The  little  house  of 
Sinningthwaite  was,  if  I  may  be  allowed  to  use  the  term,  the  most  aristocratic 
of  the  Yorkshire  nunneries.  Ladies  who  had  in  their  veins  some  of  the  best 
blood  in  the  north  of  England,  were  always  to  be  found  within  its  walls." 
(Canon  Raine,  Test.  Ebor.,  ii.,  272.)  It  is  now  only  a  farm-house,  but  a  beau- 
tiful Norman  doorway  is  still  in  existence. 


VALUATION. — 6ol.  gs.  id.  (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  vol.  v., 
p.  4.) 

SURRENDER. — 1536. 

13  Nov.,  28  Henry  VIII.  (1536). 

PENSION. — Katherine  Foster,  Prioress,  10  marks.  (Aug- 
mentation Books,  vol.  232,  p.  29.) 

ACCOUNT  of  the  Receiver,  Leonard  Beckwith,  from  the 
Feast  of  St.  Michael  the  Archangel,  27  Henry  VIII.  (1535),  to 
the  same  Feast,  28  Henry  VIII.  (1536). 

He  charges  himself  with  42^.  4^.,  the  price  of  "  le  plate" 
and  other  jewels  there,  as  appears  by  the  inventory  subscribed 
by  the  said  Katherine  Foster,  late  Prioress.  Also  with  33^.  6s.  8d,, 
the  price  of  the  lead  on  the  roof  of  the  Church  and  of  the  other 
houses.  And  with  35.  ^d.}  the  price  of  one  small  bell  hanging 
in  the  belfry.  And  with  95.,  the  price  of  9  sheep  in  the  pasture 
there  at  the  time  of  the  survey,  expended  by  the  Prioress  before 
the  suppression.  And  with  47^.,  the  price  of  divers  things  sold 
and  expended  by  the  Prioress  and  not  charged  in  the  inventory, 
viz.,  hides  and  pelts  of  beasts  and  sheep  bought  and  expended 
there  by  the  Prioress,  gs.;  for  a  certain  parcel  of  wood  sold,  8s.; 
two  cows,  305.  Also  with  52/.  os.  iod.,  the  price  of  the  rest 
of  the  goods  and  chattels,  according  to  the  inventory,  sold  by 
the  Commissioners  to  Sir  Thomas  Tempest,  knight,  farmer  of 
the  site  of  the  Priory  and  of  the  demesne  lands,  with  1065.  Sd. 
increase.  Total,  gol.  gs.  2d.,  with  jl.  135.  $d.  increase. 

And  he  charges  himself  with  29^.  145.  7\d.  of  the  issues  of 
the  Priory  due  at  St.  Martin  (as  above),  as  appears  by  the 
account  of  Ambrose  Bekwith,  collector  of  the  rents  there.  Also 
with  2i/.  los.  ioc?.  due  at  Whitsuntide,  and  received  and 
expended  by  Dame  Katherine  Foster,  late  Prioress  there.  Also 
with  61.  I2d.  due  from  Sir  Thomas  Tempest,  knight,  farmer 
of  the  site  of  the  said  Priory  with  the  demesne  lands,  but  not 
paid.  Also  with  <)l.  14$.  2\d.  received  from  the  said  collector 
of  the  issues  of  his  office  this  year.  Total,  6^1.  os.  Sd. 

He  charges  himself  with  i8/.  19$.  ^d.  due  from  divers 
persons  for  arrears  of  rent  at  the  dissolution,  viz.,  from  Sir 
Oswald  Willesthroppe,  knight,  i6L ;  John  Calbek,  los. ;  Wil- 
liam Taylor,  living  in  Conystreate  in  the  city  of  York,  135.  $d.  -, 
Robert  Abney  of  VVomwell,  36$. 

10  June,  29  Henry  VIII.  (1537). 

LEASE   to   Chr.    Joye  of   London,   of  Bykerton  (?  Bilton) 


Rectory  for  21    years  at   the   rent   of    1005.     (Augmentation 
Books,  vol.  209,  p.  87.) 

23  Dec.,  30  Henry  VIII.  (1538). 

GRANT  to  Robert  Tempest  of  Holmesett,  Durham,  nephew 
of  Sir  Thomas  Tempest  of  Holmesett,  of  the  dissolved  Priory 
of  Synningthwaite  in  the  city  of  York,  and  certain  closes  in 
Synningthwaite,  Walton,  Bikerton,  and  Bilton  as  fully  as 
Katherine  Foster,  the  late  Prioress,  enjoyed  the  same.  (Calendar, 
xiii.,  496.) 

5  July,  5  and  6  P.  and  M.  (1558). 

VALUATION  of  the  house  and  site  of  Synnyngthwaite,  rated 
for  the  lords  Wharton,  which  had  been  granted  17  Sept., 
30  Henry  VIII.,  to  Robert  Tempest  of  Holmsett,  ar.  The 
estate  of  the  tenant  is  before  mencyoned  durynge  which  estate 
the  Quenes  Matie  hathe  no  further  comodytie  but  the  rent 
reserved  and  the  tenure  of  Knyghtes  service.  I  am  enformed 
aswell  by  the  reporte  of  credable  persones  as  by  thothe  of 
Michaell  Tempest,  gent.,  sone  and  heyre  to  the  above  Robte 
Tempest,  that  he  ys  yet  lyvynge  and  hathe  also  foure 
other  sones  all  lyvynge.  The  clere  yerely  value  of  the 
seyte  xij/.  ijs.  which  ratyd  at  iiij  yeres  purchase  amountythe  to 
xlviij/.  viijs.  and  the  clere  yerely  value  of  the  rente  reservyd 
xxiiijs.  iij5.  which  rated  at  xxu  yeres  amountyth  to  xxiiij/.  vs., 
and  so  thole  ys  Ixxij/.  xiijs.,  the  money  to  be  paid  in  viij  dayes. 
The  tenure  in  chyef  by  Knightes  service.  The  purchaser  to 
have  the  issues  of  the  seyte  of  the  priorye  from  the  deathe 
of  the  foresaid  Robte  Tempest,  Esq.,  and  his  heyres  males  and 
the  rente  reservyd  from  the  feaste  of  St.  John  Baptyst  last 
paste.  The  leade,  belles  and  advowson  to  be  exceptyd. 

Tho"  Cornwalleys,  John  Bakere,  Wa.  Myldmaye. 

Exd  viij  June  1558  per  me  Antho.  Rowe,  Auditor.  (Harl. 
MS.  608,  56.) 

8  Aug.,  5  and  6  P.  and  M.  (1558). 

GRANT  to  Thomas,  Lord  Wharton,1  of  the  Priory  of  Syn- 
nyngthwaite, with  lands  in  Walton,  Bickerton,  Bilton,  etc. 
(Palmer's  "Index,"  p.  179.) 

1  Syningthwaite  was  bequeathed  by  Philip,  Lord  Wharton,  to  trustees  for 
the  support  of  a  Bible  Charity.  The  "Bible  Lands  "  were  sold  in  1871  to 
A.  F.  W.  Montagu,  Esq.  (Speight's  "  Lower  Wharf edale,"  357.) 


Dedicated  to  the  Virgin  Mary. 

Founded  by  Roger  Fitz-Roger  in  the  time  of  King 
Richard  I. 

VALUATION. — 2o/.  185.  lod.  (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  vol.  v., 
p.  94.) 

SUPPRESSION. — In  the  list  under  2OO/.  per  annum. 
SURRENDER. — 27  Aug.,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539). 

PENSIONS. — Agnes  Bekwyth,  Prioress,  61.  135.  ^d.,  Alice 
Yong  335.  4-d.,  Marg*  Kychynman  and  Ellene  Starkye  26s.  8d. 
each,  Matilda  Chapman,  Agnes  Hunsley,  Marjory  Swale, 
Isabella  Cawton,  and  Elene  Fysher,  nuns,  zos.  each.  (Aug- 
mentation Books,  vol.  234,  p.  268b.) 

ACCOUNT  of  Leonard  Bekwith,  Esq.,  the  King's  particular 
Receiver,  Mich.  33  to  Mich.  34  Henry  VIII. 

He  answers  for  2O/.  15$.  6d.  received  from  William  Horom, 
collector  of  the  rents  and  farms  belonging  to  the  said  late 
Priory  for  this  year. 

He  credits  himself  with  payment  of  535.  ^d.  for  a  corrody 
to  Henry  Wilkynson,  Chaplain.  (Ministers'  Accounts,  4644.) 

20  Feb.,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539-40). 

LEASE  to  William  Wytham  of  Derlyngton  in  the  bishopric 
of  Durham,  the  house  and  site  of  the  Priory  of  Thikhede,  lately 
dissolved,  at  the  rent  of  61.  us.  lod.  (Augmentation  Books, 
vol.  212,  p.  49b.) 

33  Henry  VIII.  (1541-2). 

REQUEST  by  John  Aske  to  purchase  the  site  and  demesnes 
of  Thickhead.  (Deputy  Keeper's  gth  Report,  159.) 

1  Thicket  is  in  the  parish  of  Thorganby,  nine  miles  from  York  and  Pock- 
lington.  There  is  an  account  of  the  buildings  in  "  Twelve  Small  Yorkshire 
Priories,"  by  W.  Brown,  F.S.A.  ("Yorks  Arch.  Journal,"  ix.,  201.) 



i  April,  33  Henry  VIII.  (1542). 

GRANT  to  John  Aske  of  Aughton  of  the  late  Priory  of 
Thykhede  with  its  windmill  and  lands  there,  and  at  West  Cot- 
tviigworth,  at  rent  of  135.  ^d.  (Calendar,  xvii.,  p.  283. )l 


Dedicated  to  St.  James. 
Founded  by  Geoffrey  Fitz-Payn  or  Trusbut  in  1132. 

POSSESSIONS. — Churches  of  Lund  and  Warter. 

VALUATION. — 1441.  js.  Sd, 

SUPPRESSION. — 1536,  when  there  were  about  ten  canons. 

PENSION. — William  Holme  22/.  (Augmentation  Books, 
vol.  232,  p.  33.) 

ACCOUNT  of  the  Receiver. 

He  charges  himself  with  8oo/.  due  from  Thomas,  Earl  of 
Rutland,  to  the  King,  as  the  price  of  all  and  singular  the  goods 
and  chattels  belonging  to  the  Priory,  as  appears  by  the  inventory 
under  the  hand  of  Sir  William  Holme,  late  Prior  there,  therein 
valued  at  524/.  13*.  4^.,  and  sold  to  the  Earl  by  Sir  Richard 
Rich,  kt.,  Chancellor  of  the  Court  of  Augmentations,  for  8oo/., 
with  an  increase  of  275/.  65.  Sd.  Total,  8oo/.,  with  275/.  6s.  8d. 

He  does  not  charge  himself  with  any  profit  therefrom, 
because  Thomas,  Earl  of  Rutland,  has  received  all  the  issues 
and  profits  thereof  by  virtue  of  the  King's  letters  patent,  not 
yet  delivered  to  the  King's  auditor.  But  he  charges  himself 

1  It  afterwards  came  to  the  Robinson  family.  Humphry  Robinson,  son  of 
John  Robinson  of  London,  was  of  Thicket,  and  was  buried  at  Wheldrake  1626. 
The  fourth  in  descent,  Nicholas  Robinson,  died  1754,  leaving  his  property  to 
his  illegitimate  daughter  Sarah  Brearer,  with  reversion  to  his  nephew  Hugh 
Palliser.  (Dugdale's  "Visitation  Continued,"  iii.,  171.)  In  Burton's  time  the 
proprietor  was  Henry  Waite,  Esq.  It  now  belongs  to  the  Jefferson  family. 

*  In  the  division  of  Harthill,  five  miles  from  Pocklington.  The  site  was 
excavated  in  1899  by  W.  St.  J.  Hope,  M.A.  (See  "  East  Riding  Society's 
Transactions,"  viii.,  40.) 


with  i2iZ.  i8d,  due  from  the  said  Earl,  and  reserved  to  the 
Crown  in  the  name  of  a  tithe,  payable  yearly  at  Michaelmasr 
as  in  the  said  letters  patent  more  at  large  appears.  Total, 

INVENTORY  of  the  vestments,  jewels,  plate,  etc. 

Thes  er  the  westimentes,  coppes,  with  all  other  orna- 
mentes  belongyng  onto  monastery  of  Wartre. 

Furst  one  sute  of  reid  welvet,  one  for  the  prest,  decane 
and  sub-decaiie,  and  one  coppe  of  the  seid  reid  welvet,  and 
for  the  chanters  two  coppes  of  flowred  damaske  with  vij  other 
coppes  appertenyng  on  the  resydew  of  the  mynysteres  of 
the  qweire  of  redde  satan  of  burgions. 

Also  one  sute  of  sanguine  welvet,  one  coppe,  vestimentes 
for  the  prest,  decane  and  sub-decane  of  the  same.  Also  two 
copes  of  blew  welvet  for  the  chanters. 

Also  one  sutte  of  blew  sylke  called  the  watter  bowges  (the 
arms  of  the  Roos  family],  a  cope  for  the  prest,  also  westi- 
mentes for  the  seid  prest,  sub-decane,  decane,  and  also  coppes 
for  the  chanteres  of  the  forseid  watter  bowges. 

Also  for  the  prest,  decane,  and  sub-decane,  westimentes 
of  blew  welvet  purfeild. 

Also  copes  of  blew  satan,  other  wais  callyed  Catt  of 
Montans,  for  the  prest  and  for  the  chanteres,  with  westi- 
mentes for  the  prest,  decane  and  sub-decane  of  the  forseid 
sathan,  with  no  more  of  thes  remanyng. 

Also  one  old  sute  of  blew  sattan  off  burgions,  coppes  for 
the  prest  and  chanteres,  and  also  for  the  prest, 
parish  of'wartre      decane  and  sub-decane,  westimentes  of  the  seid 
blew  sattan,  with  no  more  of  thes  remanyng. 

Also    one    sute    for    the   prest,  decane  and  sub-decane,  of 

One  giffin  to         whitt  sylke,  and  one  cope  for   the   prest,  and 

Seton,  anoder  to      vj  copes  of  whitt  buschan  for  the  chanteres  and 

Lmton.  for  t^e  resydew  of  tne  ministeres  of  the  qwere. 

Also  one  sute  of  blake  worseitt  coppes  and  westimentes  for 
the    prest,    decane    and    sub-decane,  with   the 
chanteres  and  viij  for  the  resydew  of  the  minis- 
teres   in    the    qwere,    with    no   more    of    thes 
with  us  remanyng. 

Also  one  sute  copes  and  westimentes  for  the  prest,  decane 
and  sub-decane,  with  the  chanteres  of  grene  sattan.  No  more 
of  thes  with  us  remanyng. 

.Also  one  cope  and  westimentes  of  gold  cloth  of  tyssue  for 
the  prest,  deca,n,e  and  sub-decane, 

M  Z 


Also   one  westiment    and    the    ornamentes    to    prest    and 

Of  no  value.       decane  for  festival  dayes    and   Sundayes,  and 

Given  to         also  for  the   prest   and  decane  of   ....    and 

the  Chanons.      one   westment    of    blake    worseid    for    morow 

messe  of  requiem  dayly. 

Also    for   vij    auters    with    vij   westimentes  with  all  other 
ornamentes  necessarye  belongyng  to  them  singulerlye. 

Thes  er  the  jewelles  with  the  platt  belongyng  to  the  monas- 
tery of  Wartre. 

In  primis  one  salte  with  coveryng     xxviij  onces. 
C  Item  one  calix  xxxj        „ 

xix  et  dimid  onces. 
xv  onces. 

xlviij  onces. 

xv          „ 

xv  et  dimid  onces. 

xvij  onces. 

xv         „ 

xiij        „ 

xx  vij  et  dimid  onces. 

xxxiij  onces. 

handes.  ]  Item  one  peice 

(_  Item  one  gret  masser  called  Jacob 
Item  thre  dowsan  sponnes 
Item  alter  calix 
Item  alius  calix 
Item  alter  calix 
Item  alius  calix 
Item  alter  calix 
Item  Saynt  Jamys  hand 
Item  one  paire  of  sensores 

Item  thre  saltes  with  one  coverynge   xx 

Item  one  scheipe 

Item  one  paire  candilstykes 

Item  one  croce 

Item  one  flatt  pyce 

Item  one  croce  fote  with  the  stalke 

Item  one  salte  and  two  cruettes 

Item  one  calix 

Item  one  peice  with  the  coveryng 

Item  alter  peice 

Item  one  paire  sensores 

XHJ          „ 




XXX  „ 

xxxj        „ 

xix  et  dimid  onces. 

xxiiij  onces. 

xxviij      „ 
INVENTORY  of  oxen,  calves,  horses,  sheep,  and  swine. 

"  This  is  a  trew  certificacion  of  the  lenthe  and  breid  of  our 
church,  with  all  other  howses  coveryd  with  leyd  belongyng  onto 
the  monastery  of  Wartre. 

The   croce   church,    of  breid   xij    yerdes;    of   lenthe 

xl  yerdes. 
Item  the  qwere    in    lenthe    xxviij    yerdes;    of    breid 

ix  yerdes. 

Item  the  clauster  rundaboute  Ixxxxvj  yerdes;  of  breid 
iiij  yerdes. 


Item  the  chapiter,  of   lenthe    xiiij    yerdes;    of   breid 

vij  yerdes. 
Item  the  dorter,  of   lenthe  xxxiiij    yerdes;    of   breid 

ix  yerdes. 
Item    the    hall,    of   lenthe    xxxiiij    yerdes;    of    breid 

ix  yerdes. 
Item  Master  Prior's  chawmier,  of  lenthe  xvj  yerdes ; 

of  breid  ix  yerdes. 
Item    one    garner,   of   lenthe    xvij   yerdes;    of  breid 

viij  yerdes. 
Item  the    fratry,    of  lenthe    xxvij    yerdes ;    of  breid 

ix  yerdes. 
Item  a  nother  garner,  of  lenthe  xxxiiij   yerdes;    of 

breid  xiij  yerdes. 

Of  thes  hows  afore  writtyng,  thre  are  scupe  ruffid,  that  is 
the  churche,  dorter,  and  the  hall,  and  other  thre  of  these  are 
basterd,  that  is  the  Master  Prior  chawmer  and  the  two  garners, 
and  the  fratry  flatt  ruffid. 

Of  thes  iiijor  [sic]  are  up  rewifd,  that  is  the  croce  churche, 
the  chapitor,  the  quere,  and  the  hall,  and  all  other  are  flatt 
ruffid.  (The  Duke  of  Rutland's  MSS.,  Historical  Manuscripts 
Commission,  vol.  i.,  aS.)1 

2  Sept.,  28  Henry  VIIL  (1536). 

GRANT  to  Thomas,2  Earl  of  Rutland,  in  tail  of  the  site,  etc., 
of  the  dissolved  Priory  of  St.  James  Wartre  alias  Waulter,  and 
of  the  dissolved  hospital  and  free  chapel  of  St.  Giles  in  Beverley, 
the  Church,  bell  towers,  bells,  lead,  and  churchyard  of  the 
Priory,  and  the  Church  and  churchyard  of  the  hospital ;  and 
all  messuages,  houses,  etc.,  belonging  to  the  said  Priory  and 
hospital,  the  lordships  or  manors  of  Wartre,  Seton,  Wheldrake, 
Preston  in  Holdernes,  Waxham,  Frasthorp,  and  Awbourne; 
the  rectories  of  Wartre,  Lound,  and  St.  Giles  in  Beverley ; 
Barton  and  Askkam,  Westmor ;  the  moiety  of  the  rectory  of 
Ulsby,  Line.;  the  advowsons  of  the  churches  of  Wartre  and 
Lounde,  Barton  and  Askham;  and  all  messuages  and  lands 
which  belonged  to  Wm.  Holme,  late  Prior  of  the  said  Priory, 
and  to  Th.  Smith,  late  master  of  the  said  hospital,  in  right  of 
their  houses  in  Wartre,  Seton,  Holme  in  Spawdyngmore, 
Northcave,  Meltyngby,  Rudston,  Burneholme,  Burneby,  Hay- 

1  It   has   been    thought   worth   while   to    print    the   above   Inventory,   as 
it  shews  what  valuable  vestments  and  plate  some  of  the  small  priories  must 
have  had. 

2  Thomas  Manners,  2nd  Duke  of  Rutland,  died  20  Sept.  1543- 



ton,  Beilby,  Southclyflf,  Thexer,  Riplyngham,  Bentley,  Busshop- 
burton,  Riddyngs,  Moscrofte,  Cheriburton,  Etton,  Neuton 
Garth,  juxta  Garthum,  Beswyke,  Sorbrugh,  Cransvvyke, 
Lounde,  Middelton,  Northdalton,  Hugget,  Hobbescroft,  New- 
ton, Wilbertosse,  Sutton,  Wheldrake,  Lyngcrofte,  Fowforth, 
Nabourne,  Kylwike  Percy,  Preston  in  Holdernes,  Waxham, 
Tunstall,  Frasthorp,  Awbourne,  Risby,  Skitby,  Cotyngham, 
Aldbrugh,  and  Cheriburton ;  in  the  city  of  York ;  in  Feryby, 
Willerby,  Heysell,  Swandland,  and  Elley,  in  Ulsby,  Line.; 
and  in  Barton,  Askham,  and  Clifton,  Westmer;  with  views  of 
Frankpledge,  etc.  Annual  value  i8y/.  145.  iod.,  to  be  held  at 
a  rent  of  nil.  i8d.  by  way  of  tenth.  (Calendar,  xi.,  207.) 

8  March,  32  Henry  VIII.  (1541). 

Grant  in  fee  of  the  above.     (Calendar,  xvi.,  325.) 

17  Elizabeth  (1575). 

FINE. — Juliana  Holcroft,  wid.,  Thomas  Manners,  kt., 
John  Manners,  Esq.,  Gilbert  Gerrard,  Esq.,  Attorney-General 
to  the  Queen,  Thomas  Holcrofte,  Esq.,  and  Thomas  Markham, 
plaintiffs,  and  Edward,  Earl  Rutland,  deforciant.  Manors  of 
Warter,  etc.,  and  the  late  Priory  of  Warter  and  the  rectories  of 
Warter  and  Lownde.  (Yorks  Record  Ser.,  ii.,  68.) 

Dedicated  to  the  Virgin  Mary. 

Founded,  it  is  said,  before  1 153,  by  Alan  son  of  Helias  de 

POSSESSIONS. — Church  of  Wilberfoss,  Chapel  of  Newton 
upon  Derwent. 

VALUATION. — 2i/.  i6s.  iod.    (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  vol.  v., 
p.  142.) 

SUPPRESSION. — In  the  list  as  under  2OO/.  per  annum. 

1  In  Wilton-Beacon  division  of  Harthill,  five  miles  from  Pocklington. 
There  is  a  description  of  the  buildings  in  "  Twelve  Small  Yorkshire  Priories," 
by  Wm.  Brown,  F.S.A.  ("Yorks  Arch.  Journal,"  ix.,  204.)  # 

SURRENDER. — 20  Aug.,  21  Henry  VIII.  (1539). 

PENSIONS. — Eliz.  Lorde,  Prioress,  8/.,  Ellen  Rede  33$.  ^d., 
Agnes  Barton  33,9.  4^.,  Alice  Metcalf  26,9.  8d.,  Margery 
Broune  265.  80?.,  Alice  Thorneton  2,os.,  Joan  Andrewe  26s.  Sd., 
Isabel  Creik  26s.  8d.,  Beatrice  Hargill  26,9.  8d.,  and  Sitha 
Cotys  zos.,  nuns.  (Augmentation  Misc.  Books,  vol.  234, 
P-  345°-) 

ACCOUNT  of  Leonard  Bekwith,  Esq.,  the  King's  particular 
Receiver,  Mich.  33  to  Mich.  34  Henry  VIII. 

Wilberfosse  late  Priory. 

He  answers  for  37^.  155.  $d.  received  from  John  Bekwith 
the  elder,  deputy  of  John  Bekwith  the  younger,  collector  of  the 
rents  and  farms  belonging  to  the  said  late  Priory  for  this  year. 

He  credits  himself  with  payment  of  2O/.  in  pensions  to 
Elizabeth  Lorde,  late  Prioress,  Ellen  Rede,  Agnes  Barton, 
Alice  Metcalfe,  Beatrice  Hargill,  Isabel  Creik,  Margery  Browne, 
Joan  Andrewe,  Sithe  Cootes,  and  Alice  Thorneton,  late  nuns 

And  with  59$.  for  a  corrody  to  Edward  Harlynge,  Chaplain. 
(Minister's  Account,  4644.) 

8  April,  7  Edward  VI.  (1553). 

GRANT  to  George  Gale,1  Esq.,  and  Mary  his  wife  of  the  site 
of  Wilberfoss  Priory,  with  lands  in  Newton,  for  6i$l.  iBs.  id. 
(Palmer's  "  Index,"  p.  105.) 


William,  Earl   of  Warren,   Ralph   L'Isle  and  William  his 
son,  having  given  the  Church  of  St.  Mary  here  to  the  Priory  of 

1  George  Gale,  goldsmith,  of  York,  M.P. ;  Lord  Mayor  of  York,  1534  and 
1539.  He  died  12  July  1556;  buried  in  the  Minster.  His  wife  was  Mary, 
daughter  of  Robert  Lord  of  Kendal.  Her  sister,  Elizabeth  Lord,  was  the  last 
Prioress,  and  died  at  York  1550-1.  (Skaife's  "Corpus  Christi  Guild,"  Surtees 
Society,  174.)  The  Gales  afterwards  became  owners  of  Scruton,  near  Bedale, 
and  were  progenitors  of  a  long  line,  including  Roger  Gale,  the  antiquary,  and 
Thomas  Gale,  the  author  of  "  Registrum  de  Honoris  de  Richmond."  The  last 
of  the  family,  Henry  Gale,  died  in  1821,  leaving  a  daughter  who  married 
Colonel  Coore. 

3  Woodkirk,  or  West  Ardsley,  is  a  parish  in  the  Wapentake  of  Agbrigg,  six 
miles  from  Wakefield  and  Dewsbury.  The  Church  is  considered  by  Dr. 


Nostell,  temp.  Henry  I.,  some  black  canons  from  thence  were 
placed  here.     (Tanner's  "  Notitia,"  654.) 

VALUATION. — 4y/.  os.  ^d.  (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  vol.  v., 
p.  64.) 

ACCOUNT  of  all  the  bailiffs,  reeves,  collectors,  etc.,  for  the 
late  Monastery  of  St.  Oswald  with  its  cells,  Mich.  33  (1541)  to 
Mich.  34  (1542)  Henry  VIII. 

The  late  cell  of  Woodkirk  in  the  county  of  York. 

ACCOUNT  of  Sir  Henry  Savell,1  knight,  farmer  there. 

[Arrears :  none,  as  appears  at  the  foot  of  the  preceding 

He  answers  for  47/.  os.  4^.,  for  the  farm  of  the  whole  cell, 
with  all  the  lands,  tenements,  tithes  and  profits  thereto  belonging, 
as  demised  to  him  by  indenture,  besides  85.  paid  to  the  Arch- 
bishop for  procurations  and  synodals,  65.  8d.  to  Sir  John 
Wentworth,  knight,  26s.  8d.  to  Thomas  Grice,  steward  there, 
and  6s.  Sd.  to  Thomas  Beamond,  bailiff. 

No  wood  has  been  sold  during  the  period  of  this  account  in 
the  parish  of  Woodkirk,  in  the  woods  and  coppices  called  Falle 
Woode,  Master  Ynge  or  Shavynrode,  or  the  coppice  in  Preste- 
flatte;  and  no  perquisites  of  court  have  accrued  during  the 
period.  (Minister's  Account,  4879.) 

12  April,  7  Edward  VI.  (1553). 

GRANT  of  Woodkirk  belonging  to  St.  Oswald's  to  Lord 

Whitaker  to  have  been  both  conventual  and  parochial.  It  has  lately  been 
restored.  The  grounds  seem  to  have  been  extensive.  The  cloister  court  was 
on  the  north  side,  now  completely  destroyed.  The  remains  of  large  reservoirs 
for  the  canons'  fish  are  very  conspicuous  in  the  valley  beneath,  and  may  have 
been  used  also  for  a  corn  mill.  (Whitaker's  "  Leeds.") 

1  Sir  Henry  Savile,  Knt.,  of  Thornhill,  died  25  April  1558. 

2  He  would  be  probably  George,  Lord  Talbot  (eldest  son  of  Francis,  5th 
Earl),  who  became  6th  Ear!  of  Shrewsbury.     The    5th   Earl  had  the  chief 
management  of  the  Savile  property  for   many  years.     It  may  have  been  by  a 
family  arrangement  that  Woodkirk    came  into    the  Howley  branch  of  the 
Saviles,  where  it  remained  till  all  their  estates  passed  to  the  Earls  of  Cardigan. 
The  Countess  of  Cardigan  is  the  present  patroness  of  Woodkirk  Church. 


Dedicated  to  the  Virgin  Mary. 

Founded  by  Pain  Fitz-Osbert  or  de  Wickham  about  1253. 
(Tanner's  "  Notitia,"  666.) 

VALUATION. — 25^.  ijs.  6d.  (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  vol.  v., 
P-  1450 

SURRENDER. — 21  Aug.,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539). 

PENSIONS. — Kath.  Nandyke,  Prioress,  61.  135.  4^.,  Agnes 
Thotnlynson  465.  $d.,  Emma  Buttry  535.  \d.,  Alice  Sorell, 
Isabel  Nendyk,  Anne  Seloo,  335.  ^d.  each,  Ellen  Kereston, 
Felicia  Chapman,  Kath.  Gayle,  Joan  Kyrby,  Eliz.  Gyll,  Joan 
Barthwayt,  and  Eliz.  Peyrey,  nuns,  %6s.  8d.  each.  (Augmen- 
tation Books,  vol.  234,  p.  359b.) 

ACCOUNT  of  Leonard  Bekwith,  Esq.,  the  King's  particular 
Receiver,  Mich.  33  to  Mich.  34  Henry  VIII. 

He  answers  for  55^.  6s.  8d.  received  from  Christopher 
Nendike,  collector  of  the  rents  and  farms  belonging  to  the  said 
late  Priory,  for  this  year. 

He  has  paid  an  annuity  of  135.  ^.d.  to  Christopher  Nendyke, 
Clerk  of  the  Court  belonging  to  the  said  late  Priory.  And  8/. 
to  Ralph  Harrington  and  Nicholas  Robynson,  Chaplains  in  the 
Chantry  founded  in  the  parish  Church  there,  for  the  soul  of  John 
Wykehame,  in  addition  to  a  dwelling-house,  four  cottages  and 
land  in  Brompton  Felde,  etc.  (Ministers'  Accounts,  4644.) 2 

10  Sept.,  34  Henry  VIII.  (1542). 

REQUEST  by  Francis  Poole  to  purchase  the  site  and  demesnes 
of  the  late  Monastery  of  Wykeham.  (Deputy  Keeper's  9th 

15  Feb.,  35  Henry  VIII.  (1543-4)- 

GRANT  to  Francis  Poole  the  King's  servant,  the  site  of  the 
late  Priory  of  Wykeame,  and  its  lands  in  the  parish,  and  a 

1  Seven  miles  from  Scarborough.     There  is  an  account  of  the  buildings  in 
"  Twelve    Yorkshire    Priories,"    by    Wm.    Brown,     F.S.A.      ("  Yorks    Arch. 
Journal,"  ix.,  325). 

2  The   Prioress  was   bound   by  an  agreement  to  find  book,  bell,   chalice, 
vestments,  and  all  necessaries  for  the  said  chapel,  wine,  wax,  and  "syngyng- 
breade  "  only  excepted. 


grange    called  Wykeame    Grange,    leased    to    Edw.    Dakyns, 
which  were  in  the  occupation  of  the  Prioress.  (Calendar,  xix.,  i.) 

LICENCE  to  Francis  Poole  and  Katherine  to  alienate  to 
Richard  Huchenson  and  Ellen  his  wife,  Wykeham  Manor.1 

24  April,  38  Henry  VIII  (1546). 

GRANT  to  William  Ramsden  of  Longley2  and  Richard 
Vavasour  of  Ripon,  the  Rectory  of  Wykham,  with  the 
advowson  and  tithes  in  the  Prioress'  hands  at  the  dissolution, 
afterwards  leased  to  Geo.  Dakyns.  (Calendar,  xxi.,  i.) 

2  May,  1546. 

LICENCE  to  Win.  Ramsden  and  Richard  Vavasour  to 
alienate  the  rectory  and  vicarage  leased  to  Geo.  Dakyns. 

Dedicated  to  St.  Mary. 

Roger  or  Heliwisia  de  Clere  founded  before  1168, 
9  Henry  II.,  a  small  monastery  for  eight  or  nine  Benedictine 
nuns.  (Burton's  "  Monasticon,"  285.) 

VALUATION. — 2il.  i6s.  Sd.  (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  vol.  v., 
p.  144.) 

POSSESSIONS. — The  Churches  of  Yeddingham4  and  Sin- 

1  Richard    Hutchinson    died    1559-60.      Wykeham    Abbey    continued    in 
the  family  through   several  generations.     Boynton   Hutchinson  changed  his 
name  to  Langley,  and  his  son  Richard  Langley   left  his  estates  to  his  cousin, 
the  Honourable  Marmaduke    Dawnay,  from    whom    they  have  come  to  the 
present  Viscount  Downe. 

2  He  was  a  great  speculator  in  abbey  lands. 

3  Called  also  Little-Mareis  or  De  Parvo  Marisco.     In  the  Wapentake  of 
Buckrose,  nine  miles  from  Malton,  thirteen  miles  from  Scarborough.     There  is 
an  account  of  it  in  "  Twelve  Small  Yorkshire  Priories,"  by  Wm.  Brown,  F.S.A. 
("  Yorks  Arch.  Journal,"  ix.,  206.) 

4  Present  patron,  Earl  Fitzwilliam. 

5  Present  patron,  Mrs.  Kendall. 

SURRENDER. — 20  Aug.,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539). 

PENSIONS. —  Airnes  Bradrigge,  Prioress,  61.  13$.  \d.,  Agnes 
Butterfelde,  Kath.  Flecher  405.,  Alice  Pecocke,  Johanna  Foster, 
Anne  Pecocke,  Eliz.  Fermam,  Joan  Orton,  and  Kliz.  Sutton, 
nuns,  26s.  Sd.  each.  (Augmentation  Books,  vol.  234,  p.  353.) 

ACCOUNT  of  Leonard  Bekwith,  Esq.,  the  King's  particular 
Receiver,  Mich.  33  to  Mich.  34  Henry  VIII. 

He  answers  for  44^.  us.  id.  received  from  John  Bekwith, 
collector  of  the  rents  and  farms  belonging  to  the  said  late 
Priory  for  this  year. 

He  credits  himself  with  payment  of  335.  for  corrodies  to 
John  Pykeringe  and  Agnes  his  wife,  Richard  Dobson  and 
Maud  his  wife.  (Ministers'  Accounts,  4644.) 

20  Jan.,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539-40). 

LEASE  to  William  Thwaytes  of  Lownde  upon  the  Wold  of 
Yeddingham  Priory,  lately  dissolved,  with  tithes  of  Synnyngton 
Rectory  and  Yeddingham  Rectory  and  messuages  in  Yedding- 
ham, fcberston,  and  Swaynton  in  Pyckeringlyth  for  21  years. 
(Augmentation  Books,  vol.  212,  p.  58.) 

26  July,  35  Henry  VIII.  (1543). 

GRANT  to  Robert  Holgate  alias  Halgate,  Bishop  of 
Llandaff,  of  the  reversion  and  rent  reserved  on  a  Crown  lease  to 
Wm.  Thwaytes  of  Lound-upon-the-Wolde,  20  Jan.,  31  Henry 
VIII.,  of  the  site,  etc.,  of  Yeddingham  Nunnery  and  its 
demesnes.  (Calendar,  xviii.,  i.,  542.) 

30  Aug.,  36  Henry  VIII.  (1544). 

GRANT  in  fee  to  Robert  Holgate.,  Bishop  of  Llandaff,  King's 
Counsellor,  of  the  rectories  with  tithes  of  Yeddingham1  and 
Synnyngton.  (Calendar,  xix.,  ii.,  85.) 

17  March,  3  P.  and  4  M.  (1556-7). 

GRANT  to  the  master,  brothers  and  sisters  of  the  Hospital 
of  Hemsworth,  of  the  house,  Church,  campanile  and  lands  of 
the  Priory  of  Yeddingham.  (Palmer's  "  Index,"  p.  142.) 

1  Theadvowson  of  Yeddingham  passed  through  various  hands  till  it  came 
to  the  Marquis  of  Rockingham,  from  whom  it  came  to  its  present  patron, 
Earl  Fitzwilliam.  (Lawton,  286.) 



Dedicated  to  St.  Clement. 
Founded  by  Archbishop  Thurston  about  1130. 

POSSESSIONS. — Churches  of  Horton  in  Ribblesdale,  Bishop- 

VALUATION. — 55^.  115.  nd.  (Valor  Ecclesiasticus,  vol.  v. 
p.  2.) 

SUPPRESSION. — In  the  list  as  under  2OO/.  per  annum. 
There  were  a  prioress  and  thirteen  nuns.     (Tanner.) 

SURRENDER. — 13  June  1536,  the  Commissioners  arrived, 
and  on  31  Aug.  the  nuns  were  turned  out. 

28  Henry  VIII.  (1536-7). 

PENSION. — Isabel  or  Elizabeth  Warde  10  marks.  (Aug- 
mentation Books,  vol.  232,  p.  20.) 

ACCOUNT  by  the  Receiver. 

He  charges  himself  with  66s.  6d.,  part  of  61.  135.  iod.,  the 
price  of  "  le  plate,"  and  other  jewels  there,  as  appears  by  the 
inventory,  signed  by  Dame  Elizabeth  Warde,  late  Prioress. 
Also  with  6js.  4^.,  the  residue  of  the  price  of  "  le  plate/'  sold 
by  the  Prioress,  between  the  survey  and  the  suppression,  viz., 
one  chalice  of  silver  gilt,  weighing  12  oz.,  445. ;  one  silver  cup, 
weighing  5  oz.,  i6s.  8d.;  two  "owches"  of  silver  gilt,  weighing 
^  oz.,  2od. ;  and  3  "  birralt  glasses "  with  relics  enclosed  in 
silver,  $s.  Also  with  i3/.  6s.  8d.}  the  price  of  the  lead  on  the 
roof  of  the  Church  and  other  houses.  And  with  ijs.,  the 
price  of  3  small  bells  hanging  in  the  belfry.  And  with  405.  Sd.} 

1  On  the  west  side  of  the  river,  opposite  the  Priory  of  St.  Andrew.  A 
small  part  of  the  ruins  yet  remains,  and  in  the  adjoining  field  is  a  very  fine 
spring  of  clear  water,  probably  resorted  to  by  the  nuns.  (Hargrove's  "  York," 
1818.)  "  One  of  the  most  favoured  sanctuaries  of  the  widow  and  the  orphan." 
(Canon  Raine.) 

3  At  the  dissolution  Bishopthprpe  came  to  the  Crown,  but  by  Act  of  Par- 
liament, 2O  George  II.,  it  was  restored  to  the  Archbishop  by  exchange.  (Law- 
ton,  54.) 


the  price  of  grain  in  the  granary  at  the  time  of  the  survey, 
expended  by  the  Prioress.  Also  with  48/.  55.  \od.,  the  value 
of  the  rest  of  the  goods  and  chattels  specified  in  the  said 
inventory,  sold  to  William  Maunsell,  farmer  of  the  site  of  the 
Priory,  with  4<D/.  increase.  Total,  JiL  45.,  with  id.  increase. 

He  charges  himself  with  24/.  185.  of  the  issues  of  the  said 
Priory,  due  at  St.  Martin  in  the  Winter  (as  above),  as  appears 
by  the  account  of  Ralph  Bekwith,  collector  of  the  rents  there. 
Also  with  32^.  js.  6d.  due  at  Whitsuntide,  and  received  and 
expended  by  Dame  Elizabeth  Warde,  late  Prioress  there,  with 
4/.  IQS.  id.  received  at  the  time  of  the  removal.  Also  with 
4/.  145.  3^.  received  by  the  accountant  from  the  same  Ralph 
Bekwith  of  the  issues  of  his  office  this  year.  Total, 
6  1  1.  195.  gd. 

13  July,  28  Henry  VIII.  (1536). 

LEASE  to  William  Maunsell  of  Huntyngton  of  the  site 
of  Clementhorpe  Priory.  (Augmentation  Books,  vol.  209, 
p.  7ib.) 

20  April,  33  Henry  VIII. 

GRANT  to  Edward  Skipwith,  Clementhorpe  Priory. 
(Palmer's  "  Index,"  p.  36.) 

1  May,  34  Henry  VIII.  (1542). 

LICENCE  to  Edward  Skypwyth  and  Margaret  his  wife  to 
alienate  the  Priory  of  Clementhorpe,  etc.,  to  Sir  Arthur  Darcy 
and  Mary  his  wife.  (Calendar,  xvii.,  362.) 

2  May,  35  Henry  VIII.  (1543)- 

LICENCE  to  Sir  Arthur  Darcy  and  Mary  his  wife  to  alienate 
the  house,  etc.,  of  Clementhorpe  and  lands  there  to  Richard 
Goldthorp1  and  Joan  his  wife.  (Calendar,  xviii.,  i.,  360.) 

41  and  42  Elizabeth  (1599). 

FINE.  —  Lawrence  Wade  and  George  Rosse,  plaintiffs,  and 
Richard  Goldethorpe  and  Lucy  his  wife,  deforciants.  The 
house  and  site  of  the  late  Priory  of  Clementhorpe  and  messu- 
ages there,  etc.  (Yorks  Rec.  Ser.,  viii.,  126.) 

1  Richard  Goldthorpe,  haberdasher;  Lord  Mayor,  1556;  M.P.,  York, 
1558-9;  died  16  March  1559-60;  buried  York  Minster.  (Skaife's  "Corpus 
Christi  Guild,"  Surt.  Soc.,  p.  232.) 



Dedicated  to  the  Holy  Trinity. 

In  the  west  part  of  York  was  a  Church  dedicated  to  the 
Holy  Trinity,  in  which  were  formerly  canons  endowed  with 
lands,  but  these  being  dispersed  and  their  house  almost  ruined, 
Ralph  Painell,  or  Paganell,  by  the  favor  of  William  the  Con- 
queror, got  possession  of  it,  and  in  1089  gave  it  to  the  monks 
of  St.  Martin  Marmonstier,  at  Tours  in  France,  who  made  it  a 
cell  to  that  abbey.  Upon  the  dissolution  of  these  alien 
Priories  this  was  made  denison,  4  Henry  VI.  (Tanner's 
"Notitia,"  641.) 

POSSESSIONS. — Churches  given  by  Ralph  Paganel.  Holy 
Trinity,  York,  St.  Helen's  in  Fishergate,  All  Saints  in  North 
Street,  St.  Bridget's  in  Micklegate,  St.  James'  Chapel, 
Bilbrough  Free  Chapel,  Adel,  Barton  in  Rydale,  Crambe,  a 
Mediety,  Hoton  in  Bilsham,  Holbeck  Chapel,  Leeds,  Monkton, 
Newton,  St.  Helen's,  Thuruscoe,  with  Churches  in  Lincoln- 
shire. (Lawton's  "  Religious  Houses,"  49.) 

VALUATION. — 169/.  95.  lod. 

SUPPRESSION. — In  the  list  under  2OO/.  per  annum. 

SURRENDER. — Before  n  Feb.,  29  Henry  VIII.  (1537-8). 
(Calendar,  xiii.,  ii.,  502.) 

PENSIONS. — Richard  Speyght,  Prior,  22/.  (Augmentation 
Books,  vol.  232,  p.  34b.) 

ACCOUNT  of  the  Receiver. 

Charge  of  the  sums  due  to  the  abovesaid  houses  at  the 
time  of  their  dissolution. 

He  charges  himself  with  7/.  iSs.   nd.,  part  of  $61.  8s.  lid. 

1  In  Micklegate.  This  Priory  stood  in  the  gardens,  yet  called  Trinity 
Gardens.  The  circuit  of  the  ground  is  very  extensive,  being  bounded  by 
Micklegate  in  front,  by  Trinity  Lane  on  the  east,  the  city  walls  on  the  west, 
and  its  own  wall  on  the  south.  (Hargrove's  "  York.")  The  remains  consist 
of  a  gateway  and  part  of  the  gatehouse  over  it.  (York  vol.  of  the  Archae- 
ological Institute,  1848,  which  also  contains  a  long  history  of  the  Priory.) 


due  from  farmers  of  certain  lands,  at  the  time  of  the  survey  for 
the  half  year,  payable  at  Whitsuntide,  28  Henry  VIII.,  viz., 
from  John  Abbotte  iSs.  ^d.,  the  Abbot  of  Fountains  465.  Sd., 
....  Wraye  of  Clifford  55.,  Master  .  .  .  Vavasor  of  Hesilwoode 
55.,  the  wife  of ....  Grene  of  Bramham  2s.,  ....  Rawson  of 
Cleyton  and  Firkeley  25.,  the  Prioress  of  Hampalle  ild., 
....  Monketon  of  Knapton  I2d.,  ....  Gill  of  Acome  7^., 
Richard  Oglisthorpe  8d.}  from  divers  persons  for  rents  in  the 
city  of  York  66s.  Sd.  The  remainder,  viz.,  28/.  ios.,  is  due  for 
arrears,  viz.,  from  Richard  Oglisthorpe  i6d.,  Sir  Henry 
Everingham,  knight,  4^.  135.  ^d.,  Edward  Jakson  335.  4^.,  the 
Vicar  of  Ledes  ios.,  John  Gascoyne  and  ....  Ellis,  executors 
of  John  Vavasor  of  Skarburgh  2o/.,  John  Hill,  butcher,  205., 
and  John  Petty  iis. 

Goods  and  chattels,  late  belonging  to  all  and  singular  the 
abovesaid  late  Priories,  now  suppressed  and  dissolved.  But  he 
charges  himself  with  ijl.  i8,y.  4^.,  the  price  of  "le  Plate"  and 
other  jewels,  parcel  of  the  goods  late  belonging  to  this  Priory,  as 
appears  by  an  inventory  thereof,  subscribed  by  the  hand  of  the 
aforesaid  Richard  Spight,  late  Prior,  and  remaining  with  the 
Auditor,  so  valued  by  Sir  Marmaduke  Constable  and  Sir  Roger 
Cholmeley,  knights,  and  other  Royal  Commissioners.  Also 
with  43/.  6s.  8d.,  the  price  of  the  lead  on  the  roofs  of  the 
Church  and  other  houses  there.  Also  with  2,61.  13.$.  ^d.,  the 
price  of  the  six  bells  hanging  in  the  belfry.  Also  with  445., 
the  price  of  the  grain  remaining  in  the  granary  there,  at  the  time 
of  the  survey  of  this  Priory,  and  expended  by  the  Prior.  Also 
with  1 1 8s.,  the  price  of  divers  goods  sold  and  expended  by  the 
Prior,  between  the  days  of  the  survey  and  the  suppression,  viz., 
four  oxen  535.  \d. ;  articles  of  husbandry,  2os. ;  forty-eight 
pieces  of  f(  pewter/'  22.?.  6d. ;  sundry  other  goods,  22s.  2d. 
Also  with  355.  id.,  the  increase  in  the  price  of  the  last  said 
goods  and  chattels,  charged  as  above,  and  sold  and  expended  by 
the  Prior  at  a  higher  rate,  viz.,  on  four  oxen  charged  at  53$.  ^d., 
and  sold  for  4/.  6s.  Sd.,  335.  Sd. ;  likewise  on  the  articles  of 
husbandry,  22cL  Also  with  68s.  Sd.,  the  price  of  goods  sold 
and  expended  by  the  said  Prior,  and  not  charged  in  the  said 
inventory,  viz.,  66,$.  Sd.,  the  price  of  a  "  goblett/'  with  a  cover 
and  a  reliquary  [?  reliqua]  parcel  gilt,  and  is.  for  a  piece  of 
lead.  And  he  charges  himself  voluntarily  with  28/.  55.  id., 
received  from  himself  for  the  residue  of  the  goods  and  chattels 
specified  in  the  said  inventory,  appraised  by  the  said  Com- 
missioners, and  sold  to  him,  together  with  535.  4^.,  the  price  of 
a  pair  of  organs  not  charged  in  the  inventory.  Total, 
I2gl.  gs.  40?.,  with  y/.  175,20?.  increase. 


15  July,  28  Henry  VIII.  (1536). 

LEASE  to  Leonard  Beckwith1  of  Styllyngflete,  of  tithes  of 
Drynghouses,  Knapton,  Bylbrughe  and  Standwith,  oblations  in 
St.  Nicholas  Church,  York,  and  a  croft  called  Morcroft, 
belonging  to  the  Holy  Trinity.  (Augmentation  Books,  vol. 
209,  p.  5b.) 

15  Oct.,  30  Henry  VIII.  (1538). 

GRANT  to  Tho8  Culpeper2  in  fee  of  the  advowson  of  the 
Parish  Church  of  Leeds,  which  belonged  to  the  dissolved 
monastery  of  Holy  Trinity,  York,  to  hold  oy  the  hundredth  part 
of  a  knight's  fee.  (Calendar,  xiii.,  ii.,  282.) 

9  May,  30  Henry  VIII.  (1538). 

GRANT  to  Sir  Arthur  Darcy,  the  Manors  of  Stirton, 
Conyngethorp,  and  lands  there,  and  in  Ledes,  Holbekke, 
Awstrop,  Secrofte,  Kirkestell,  Wortelave,  Thornewell  and 
Morelay,  possessions  of  Holy  Trinity,  York.  (Calendar,  xiii., 
i.,  409.) 

23  April,  34  Henry  VIII.  (1541)- 

Leonard  Beckwith  requests  to  purchase  the  site  of  the 
chapel  of  St.  James',  York.  (Deputy  Keeper's  9th  Report,  166.) 

6  March,  34  Henry  VIII.  (1542-3). 

GRANT  to  Leonard  Bekwith  and  Elizabeth  his  wife,  the 
house  and  site  of  the  late  Priory  of  Holy  Trinity  in  York,  with 
all  buildings,  etc.,  a  windmill,  and  the  chapel  of  St.  James', 
near  York,  belonging  to  the  Priory.  (Calendar,  xviii.,  part  i.) 

1  Probably  Sir  Leonard  Beckwith  of    Selby,    High  Sheriff  of  Yorkshire 
1551  ;  buried  in  York  Minster.      He  was  a  great   trafficker  in  abbey  lands, 
and  had  also  a  grant  of  Selby  Abbey,  which  his  son  Roger  sold. 

2  His  son  Alexander  Culpeper  sold  it.     (Thoresby's  "  Vicaria  Leodiensis," 



Dedicated  to  St.  Andrew. 

Founded  about  1200  by  Hugh  Murdac,  near  the  parish 
Church  of  St.  Andrew,  for  twelve  Canons  of  the  Sempringham 
order.  (Tanner's  "  Notitia/'  679.) 

SUPPRESSION. — In  the  list  under  2oo/.  per  annum. 
VALUATION. — 47/.  145.  3^. 

28  Nov.,  30  Henry  VIII.  (1538). 

SURRENDER  by  the  Prior  and  convent,  the  house  and  all 
its  possessions  in  England.  Signed  by  John  Lepyngton. 
(Deputy  Keeper's  8th  Report.) 

8  April,  31  Henry  VIII.  (1539). 

PENSIONS. — John  Lepington,  Prior,  io/.,  Wm  Bysset, 
Leonard  Sharpe,  and  John  Hogeson,  4/.  each.  (Augmentation 
Books,  vol.  233,  p.  127.) 

ACCOUNT  of  William  Blitheman,  the  King's  Receiver,  of 
sales,  etc.,  on  the  dissolution  of  certain  monasteries  (surren- 
dered between  September  and  January,  30  Henry  VIII.). 

Priory  of  St.  Andrew  of  the  Gilbertine  Order  at  York. 

ACCOUNT  of  the  said  William  Blitheman  upon  the  dissolu- 
tion made  there  28  Nov.,  30  Henry  VIII. 

[Arrears:  none,  because  this  is  the  first  account.] 
q  ,       P          ,  ~)  He  answers  for  345.  ^d.,  the  price  of  all  the 

,  ,  ° '  ,  >  vestments  in  the  vestry  there  found  at  the  dis- 
)  solution  of  the  said  house,  and  sold  as  a  whole 
to  Richard  Gowthrop;  and  for  29^.,  the  price  of  all  the  stuff 
and  ornaments  found  in  the  Church  there,  sold  to  the  said 
Richard,  except  one  clock  reserved  to  the  King's  use;  and  for 
33$.  4.d.,  the  price  of  all  the  kitchen  utensils,  sold  as  above ; 
and  8s.  for  8  bushels  of  corn  in  the  granary,  sold  as  above ; 
and  i6s.  Sd.  for  the  utensils  in  the  brew-house,  sold  as  above; 
and  12^.  for  divers  vessels  found  in  the  "law  buttry";  and 
23$.  4d.  for  vessels  in  the  melting-house  (domo  ustrina) ;  and 

1  Leland  says  it  stood  exactly  opposite  the  Nunnery  of  Clementhorpe.  No 
remains  of  the  Priory  are  now  to  be  seen,  not  even  so  much  as  to  mark  the 
site  of  the  ancient  building.  (Hargrove's  "  York.") 



20,9.  for  divers  furnishings  found  in  a  chamber  called  the 
"Priors  dynyng  Chambre,"  sold  to  the  said  Richard;  and 
75.  4^.  for  stuff"  found  in  the  "  upper  Buttrey,"  sold  to  the  said 
Richard;  and  i6d.  for  a  "Materesse"  late  being  in  the 
"Inner  Chambre";  and  8s.  for  the  furniture  of  the  "  Gest 
Chambre,"  sold  to  the  said  Richard;  and  Sd.  for  one  old 
" Mattresse "  found  in  the  "Law  parlor/'  sold  to  the  late 
Prior's  butler.  Total,  gl.  3.9. 

01      c  i      i^  He  does  not  answer  for  the  price  of  3      fothers 
bale  or  lead  r    r   i     j    r  r«.ur 

(\  h  II       f         e        from    that    part  of    the   roof  over  the 

3  "lelez"  of  the  Church  there,  because  it  was  not 

pulled  down,  but  reserved  to  the  King's  use  till  his  pleasure  be 
known ;  nor  for  the  price  of  two  bells  in  the  belfry  there, 
reserved  in  like  manner. 

o  I      c  •       i     )  Nor  does  he  answer  for  the  value  of  32  ounces 

'*  /of  jewels  found  by  the  King's  Commissioners 

at  the  dissolution,  to  wit,  one  chalice  there  mixed  with  lead, 

because  it  was  received  by  the  said  Blitheman  to  be  delivered  to 

the  Treasurer  of  the  Lord  the  King.    Total  of  the  receipts,  9/.  35. 

Whereof  he  accounts  in  payments  to  John  Lepyngton,  late 

Prior  there,  53,9.  4^.,  William  Bissell  26s.  Sd.,  Leonard  Sherp 

26s.  Sd.,  and  John   Hodsheson  26s.  Sd.     Total  of  payments, 

61.  135.  ^d.     (Ministers'  Accounts,  7452.) 

6  July,  33  Henry  VIII.  (1541). 

GRANT  to  Thomas,  Earl  of  Rutland,  and  Robert  Turwitt, 
the  chief  mess,  in  Sandhutton  in  tenure  of  Thomas  Aske, 
belonging  to  St.  Andrew's.  (Calendar,  xvi.,  506.) 

8  Dec.,  33  Henry  VIII.  (1541). 

LICENCE  to  alienate  it  to  Sir  Arthur  Darcy.  (Calendar, 
xvi.,  696.) 

10  Dec.,  37  Henry  VIII.  (1545). 

GRANT  in  fee  to  John  Broxholme  and  John  Bellowe,  the 
site  of  the  late  Priory  of  St.  Andrew,  York,  with  "le  orteyarde" 
and  lands  in  tenure  of  Ric.  Gowthorpe.  (Calendar,  xx.,  ii., 

2  July,  38  Henry  VIII.  (1546). 

LICENCE  to  Sir  Arthur  Darcy  to  alienate  to  Ant.  Thorpe 
of  Connesthorpe,  Hallgrange  in  Bugthorp  par.,  belonging  to 
St.  Andrew's.  (Calendar,  xxi.) 

(    179    ) 



Dates  of  Surrender. 
1539,  6  Dec. 

1539,  14  Dec. 


Selby  Abbey  (Mitred)  .... 
Cell,  Snaith 

Whitby  Abbey 

Cell,  Middlesborough. 
„      Hackness. 
„      All  Saints,  Fishergate,  York. 
St.  Mary's  Abbey,  York  (Mitred)  .         .         .       1539,  29  Dec. 

Cell,  St.  Martin's,  Richmond  .         .       1539,  fire. 
Holy  Trinity  Priory,  York      ....       1537-8,  arc. 


Arden  Priory 

Arthington  „ 

Handale  „ 

Marrick  „ 









York,  St.  Clement's  or  Clementhorpe  Priory  . 


1539,  26  Nov. 
1539,  23  Aug. 
!539>  J5  Sept. 
1538,  before  10  Oct. 


1539.  I0  Sept. 

1538,  before  10  Oct. 

1539,  27  Aug. 
1539,  20  Aug. 
1539,  20  Aug. 


Byland       Abbey 








1538,  3°  Nov. 

1539,  23  Nov. 
Seized  1.537. 
1539,  22  Nov. 
1539,  ii  Dec. 

1538,  3  Dec- 
1538,  23  Nov. 
1536,  circ. 
N   2 




Basedale  Priory 

Ellerton-on-Swale  Priory 









Dates  of  Surrender. 
'539»  24  Aug. 

1538,  before. 

1539,  29  Aug. 
1539,  19  Nov. 

15.39.  H  Nov- 
1539,  5  Dec. 
1539,  9  Sept. 


Coverham  Abbey 

Easby  (St.  Agatha's)       „ 

1 539-40.  5  Jan. 


Ellerton-on-Spalding  Moor      Priory  .         .       1538,  n  Dec. 

Old  Malton                                    ,,  .         .       1539,  n  Dec. 

Walton                                           ,,  .         .       1539,  9  Dec. 

York,  St.  Andrew's,  Fishergate    „  .         .       1538,  28  Nov. 
Ovington                                        „ 


Kingston-on-Hull  Priory 
Mountgrace  „  . 

1539,  1 8  Dec. 


Monk  Bretton  Priory     . 

1538,  21  Nov. 
1540,  23  Nov. 

Knaresborough      ......       1538,  i  Dec. 

Grosmont  Priory 1539,  Aug. 


Bolton  Priory     .... 

Bridlington  „         . '       .         .         . 

Drax  ,,.,,, 

1538,  29  Nov. 
Seized  1537. 


Dates  of  Surrender. 

Ferriby  Priory 

Guisborough  .         .         ...          .        J539>  22  Dec. 

Healaugh  Park 


1536  or  1537. 

1538,  8  Dec. 
1535-6,  9  Feb. 
1538-9,  22  Jan. 

1539,  20  Nov. 

Cell,  Skewkirk         ....       1539. 

„      Woodkirk       ....       1539. 

Waiter  Priory        ......       1536. 


Abbeys  and  Priories.  Cells.                    Nunneries. 

Benedictine  4                         5                         13 

Cistercian  8                                                    10 

Premonstratensian  3 

Gilbertine  5 

Carthusian  a 

Cluniac  2 

Trinitarian  i 

Alien  i 

Augustin  12                         2 

38  7  23 

N.B. — This  list  does  not  include  the  large  Hospital  of  St.  Leonard's, 
York,  with  other  hospitals,  the  friaries,  preceptories,  chantries. 


Abbotte,  Jno.,  175. 

Abney,  Robt.,  159. 

Acaster,  141. 

Acomb,  175. 

Adderbury,  3  n. 

Addeson,  Agn.,  94. 

Adel,  91  n.,  174. 

Adwick,  116  n.,  117. 

Agar,  Mat.,  114  n.;   Rich.,  114  n. 

Aglamby,  Edw.,  75. 

Ailmer,  Jno.,  129. 

Aiscough,  Ric.,  1 19. 

Aisson,  Ant.,  126. 

Akar,  Lord,  15. 

Akeryg,  Robt.,  100. 

Alan,  Alice,  117;  Niger,  1,2. 

Alatson,  W.,  113. 

Albemarle,  Earl,  14. 

Aldborough,  149,  166. 

Aldeburghe,  Ant.,  130. 

Alenson,  Joan,  30,  144. 

Allen,  Thos.,  97. 

Alured,  Jno.,  121  ». ;  Thos.,  121  n. 

Ancaster,  132. 

Ancram,  56. 

Andrewe  (Andrews),  Joan,  167  ;   Ric., 


Anlaby,  116. 

Ansell,  Lion.,  138;   Robt.,  138. 
Appleton,  149. 
Appletrewick,  137. 
Ap  Rice,  Jno.,  3. 
Arches    (Arche),    Agn.,    143 ;    Ivetta, 

145  ;   Wm.,  145  ;  Sir  W.,  15. 
Arden,  17,  24,  87 — 91. 
Ardsley,  167  n. 
Arkengarthdale,  103,  104. 
Armytage,  Sir  G.,  xi.,  128;  Jno.,  128. 
Arnold,  157. 
Arte,  Eliz.,  156. 
Arthington    (Ardington,    Ardyngton), 

14,  16,  23,  91,  92,  93;  Agn.,  141; 

Eliz.,   117;    Hy.,  16;  Isab.,    116   n.; 

117;  Laur.,  92;  Mr.,  14;  Pet.,  91 ; 

Robt.,  92. 
Aselby,  Wm.,  17. 
Ashe,  Eliz.,  101. 
Askam,  145,  147,  148,  165,  166. 
Aske,   148;    Jno.,    17,   107,   108,   161, 

162;     Robt.,    31,  33,   38,    107    n. ; 

R°g->  IS,  J345  Thos.,  178. 
Askewe  (Askue),  Hugh,  129,  131. 
Asselabye,  Agn.,  141. 
Aston,  25  n. 
Atkynson,  Ric.,  130. 
Atterton,  Wm.,  132. 
Auburn  (Awbourne),  165,  166. 
Aughton,  38,  105,  107,  162. 
Aunger,  Agn.,  141. 
Austhorpe,  176. 
Axholme,  24. 
Ayton,  94. 


Babthorpe    (Bapthorpe),     Wm.,    21, 

98,99,  119,  156. 
Baker  (Bakere,  Bakers),  Jno.,  97  n. ; 

Jo.,  158,  160 ;  Sir  J.,  121  n. 
Bakon,  Francis,  112. 
Bamburgh,  23,  24. 
Bampton,  Robt.,  100. 
Banks  (Banke),  Jno.,  88  ;  Mary,  156. 
Barforth,  101. 
Barker,  Thos.,  130. 
Barkston  Ash,  97  n. 
Barmston,  44  n. 
Barnard  Castle,  103. 
Barnby,  37,  153. 
Barningham,  25. 
Barnyngham,  Joan,  134. 
Barthwayt,  Joan,  169. 


Barton,  100,  165,  166,  174;  Agn., 
167  ;  Edw.,  139  n. 

Basedale,  16,  24,  37,  93,  94. 

Bashall,  38. 

Batley,  128. 

Battell,  Martha,  156. 

Baute,  Isab.,  144. 

Bavvdekyn,  W.,  132. 

Bawdewyne,  Jno.,  in. 

Bawyd,  Ra.,  75. 

Bayne,  Agn.,  no;  Ellen,  141. 

Bayneley,  Hen.,  132. 

Beamond,  Thos.,  168. 

Beck,  Jno.,  97. 

Beckwith  (Bekwith),  Amb.,  in,  121, 
122,  143,  159;  Agn.,  161  ;  Eliz., 
176;  Jno.,  167,  171;  Leon.,  21,  29, 
30,  41,  43,  44,  74,  87,  92,  94,  96,  98, 
no,  in,  113,  117,  119,  121 — 125, 
132,  134,  136,  142,  144,  152,  156, 
159,  161,  167,  169,  171,  176;  Ra., 
115,  136,  173;  Rog.,  122  «. 

Bedale,  167  n. 

Bedford,  Earl,  154  n. 

Beilby,  166. 

Bell,  Jno.,  Reg.,  122  n. 

Bellasis  (Bellycys),  Mr.,  65,  66,  67; 
Rich.,  53,  57,  65,  66,  74. 

Bellerby,  95,  96. 

Bellowe,  Jno.,  178. 

Beningbrough,  148. 

Benningholme,  143,  157. 

Bennyson,  Anne,  121. 

Benson,  Jno.,  130. 

Bentley,  166. 

Benyngton,  148. 

Berwick  (Barwyke),  4  n.,  68,69,70; 
Jno.,  151. 

Besley  (Beseley),  Edw.,  155. 

Beswick,  166. 

Bethell,  Hugh,  107  n.,  108;  Sir  Chr., 
107  n. 

Bewholme,  145. 

Beverley,  14,  15,  17,  39,  114  n.,  136, 

Bickerton,  160. 

Bigod  (Bygott),  Sir  F.,  17,  33,38,  39, 
50  n. 

Bilbrough,  141,  174,  176. 

Bilsham,  174. 

Bilton,  155,  158,  159,  160. 

Binfield,  147  n. 

Bingley,  97,  98,  99. 

Birde,  Laur.,  113. 

Birkbeck,  Wm.,  130. 

Birkin,  26,  26  n. 

Bishop  Auckland,  135  n. 

Bishop  Burton,  166. 

Bishopthorpe,  172. 

Bissell,  Wm.,  178. 

Blackburne,  Robt.,  135. 

Blanchland,  30. 

Blythman,  Wm.,  4,  n,  13,  18,  41,  43, 

45,  46,  54,  65,  66,  67,  ioo,  105,  108, 

129,  130,  146,  147,  148,  177. 
Blunt,  Sir  J.,  154. 
Bolton,    14,    15,    17,  66,   153;    Thos., 

152;  Wm.,  158. 
Bolton  Percy,  140  n.,  141. 
Boniface,  2. 
Bonobye,  Ric.,  107. 
Boroughbridge,  91  n. 
Bosvile,  Eliz.,  W,,  26  n. 
Boughtell,  Edm.,  101. 
Boulogne,  28  n.,  no. 
Bowes,   Mr.,  46;    Perc.,   109;    Robt., 


Bowlyng,  Chr.,  130. 
Bowman,  Joh.,  144. 
Bowser,  Jas.,  55. 
Boyne,  Isab.,  144;  Visct.,  94  n. 
Boynton,  Mat.,  44. 
Brackenborough,  96. 
Brackenbury,  Ric.,  135  n. 
Bradford,  99,  no  n. 
Bradley,  Marm.,  10. 
Bradrigge,  Agn.,  171. 
Branham,  154,  155,  175. 
Brancepeth,  60,  94  «. 
Brandford,  153. 
Brandsby,  37  n. 
Branton,  Alice,  121. 
Bray,  Bri.,  17. 
Brayton,  25  n. 
Brearer,  Sarah,  162  n. 
Brecknock,  3  ». 
Brelby,  Rich.,  98. 
Brewet,  Rob.,  119. 
Bridlington,  4,  5,   13,   17,  31,   33   n., 

38,  40—47,  50—57. 
Brighame,  Jno.,  107. 
Brighouse,  Mart.,  107. 
Brington,  3. 
Brodsworth,  118  n. 
Bromeley,  Barb.,  94. 
Brompton,  ioo,  131,  132,  169. 
Brooke    (Broke),   Agn.,    127 ;    Thos., 


Brooksbank  family,  124  n. 
Broughton,  Pet.,  104. 
Brown  (Browne,    Broun),   Jno.,    154; 

Marg.,  167;  Ric.,  120;  Thos.,  130; 

Wm.,40, 91  «.,  93  nv  109  «.,  112  n., 

119,   121  «.,   143  n.,  155  n.,  161  «., 

166  n.,  169  n.,  170  n. 
Browick,  Thos.,  120. 


Broxholme,  Jno.,  178. 

Brus,  Agn.,  137;  Robt.,  13,  137. 

Brussels,  3  n. 

Buck,  Sir  C.,  116  n.  ;  Sir  ].,  116  n. 

Buckingham,  Duke,  33  n.,  63,  126. 

Buckrose,  170  n. 

Buell,  Lord,  15. 

Bugthorp,  178. 

Bulmer,   135  n. ;   Anne,  44  ». ;    Bert., 

135,138;  Ralph,  38;  Sir  J.,  33,  37— 

40, 44  n.,  50  n.,  54,  94,  151;  Sir  R., 

94;  Sir  W.,  101. 
Burgh,  Christ.,  144;  Geo.,  136;  Giles, 


Burnby,  165. 
Burneholme,  165. 
Burnyngston,  Ric.,  129,  130. 
Burrell,  Hy.,  130. 
Burton,   14,  44  n.,  74,96;  Joan,  HO; 

Thos.,  [38 ;  Wm.,  107  n. 
Butterfelde,  Agn.,  171. 
Buttry,  Em.,  169. 
Byland,  13,  18,  66,  67. 
Bysset,  W.,  177,  178. 

Calbek,  Jno.,  159. 

Calton,  Alan,  166;  Helias,  166. 

Calverd,  Eliz.,  149, 

Calverley,   no  n. ;    Sir  W.,   110   n. ; 

Walt.,  1 10  n. 
Cambridge,  2,  3  ».,  132. 
Campsall,  38. 

Canterbury,  Archb.,  59,  93. 
Cardigan,  Countess,  Earl,  168  n. 
Carleton,  97. 
Carlisle,  10,   16,  34  n.,  69,  75;  Earl, 

153  »••  '54  it- 
Carter,  Eliz.,  Marg.,  141 ;  Ric.,  149. 
Garth wayte,  Thos.,  149. 
Carvill,  Jno.,  147. 
Gary  (Carey),  Lady  M.,  147  n. ;  Thos., 


Caryllton,  65. 
Castleton,  94  n. 
Catfoss,  143. 
Catterick,  108  n. 
Catterton,  153. 
Catwick,  145. 

Cave,  North,  120;  South,  no  n. 
Cawood,  12. 
Cawton,  Isab.,  161. 
Cayley  fam.,  139  n. 
Cecil,  Mild.,  Thos.,  145,  145  »• 
Chadwick,  S.  J.,  126  n. 

Chaloner,    Robt.,   21  ;    Sir   T.,   3    n., 

154  n. 

Chapman,  Pel.,  169;   Mat.,  17,  161. 
Chateforth,  Thos.,  130. 
Chatburn,  153. 
Chepyng,  153. 
Cherry  Burton,  166. 
Chester,  48. 

Chevet,  26  n.,  27,  61,  65,  72,  75. 
Cheyne,  Marg.,  38;  Wm.,  38. 
Cholmley,  Cath.,  114  n. ;  Fr.,  94  n. ; 
Joh.,  94  n. ;  Sir  R.,  21,  63,  1 14,  139, 

140,  149,  175. 
Clacton,  Hy.,  103. 
Clairfait,  Wm.,  116. 
Clappam,  Jno.,  103. 
Clarke,  Robt.,  106. 
Clayton,  175. 

Cleasby,  100 ;  Anne,  109;  Ra,,  109. 
Clement,  Jno.,  121  n, 
Clementhorpe,  17,  177  n. 
Clere,  Hel.,  170;  Rog.,  170. 
Clerkeson,  Eliz.,  149. 
Cleveland,  87  n. 
Cleves,  Ann  of,  81  n. 
Clevynge,  Joan,  144. 
Cliffe,  94  n. 

Clifford,  175;  Lord,  14,  15. 
Clifton  (Clyfton),   126  «.,   127,    166; 

Eliz.,  156;  Gerv.,  16,27,  118. 
Clinton,  Lord,  120,  149,  150  n. 
Clitherhoe,  152  n. 
Clytheroo,  Eliz.,  156. 
Close,  Eliz.,  134. 
Coatbank,  114  n. 
Codrington,  Sir  W.,  107  n, 
Cokerell,  Jas.,  38, 
Cokyll,  Kath.,  92. 
Collinson  (Colynson),  Ric.,  115  ;  Rob., 

101,  114,  115. 
Collyn   (Colynge) ,   Agn.,  no;  Wm., 


Colton,  141. 
Coneysthorpe,  176,  178. 
Constable,     Barb.,     17;      Hy.,     157; 

Marm.,    18,   29,   94  «.;    Ra.,    120; 

Rob.,  38;  Sir  J.,  157;    Sir  M.,   17, 

21,  53,  98,  99,   M6,   147,  J7S;    Sir 

R.,42,  50,  51  ;  Thos.,  156. 
Conyers,  Chr.,  26;    Greg.,  47;  Lady, 

25  n.;    Lord,    17,  25;    Marg.,   134; 

Sir  G.,  138. 
Cook  (Cooke),  Jno.,    139  n. ;    Rich., 

107 ;  Thos.,  149. 
Coore,  Col.,  167  n. 
Cortes  (Cotys),  Ra.,  103  ;  Sithe,  167. 
Copelay,  Eliz.,  156. 
Cordell,  Sir  W.,  121  n. 


Corner,  Thos.,  149. 

Cornwall,  Earl,  14,  129. 

Cornewallis      (Cornwalleys),     Thos., 

I2O  n.,  1 60. 

Cottingham,  71,  114,  116,  125  n.,  166. 
Cottingworth,  105,  107,  162. 
Coverdale,  35. 

Coverham,  15,  17,  24,  52,  95—97, 149- 
Cowgill,  153. 
Cowper  (Couper),  Agn.,  107  ;  Christ., 

134;  Eliz.,  Marg.,  94. 
Coxson,  Isab.,  117. 
Crakehow,  137. 
Crambe,  174. 
Cranmer,  Thos.,  58,  93. 
Cranswick,  166. 
Crawhall,  Is.,  147  n. 
Crawshawe,  Jno.,  132. 
Creik,  Isab.,  167. 
Crescy,  Master,  16. 
Cresener,  Ann,  Geo.,  Mary,  147  n. 
Crofte     (Crofts),     Ann,    Ralph,    97; 

Thos.,  139  n. 
Cromwell,  Gregory,   81   n. ;    Thomas 

Croxton,  76. 
Cudworth,  65. 
Culpeper,  Alex.,    176  n. ;    Thos.,   89, 

90,  91,  112,  116,  176. 
Cumberland,  Earl,  8,  16,  17. 
Curror,  Pet.,  130. 
Cusworth,  50. 
Cutler,  Agn.,  117, 

Dacre,  Lord,  15 — 6,  25  n.,  102. 

Dakyns,  Edw.,  170;  Geo.,  132 — 3, 

Dalemain,  3  n. 

Dalton,  Eliz.,  134;  Thos.,  120. 

Dalton,  North,  166. 

Danby,  Marg.,  87. 

Darcy,  Con.,  35  ».;  Hy.,  153  ;  Kath., 
153  n. ;  Lord,  25  ».,  29,  35,  37—9, 
42,  50  «.,  58,  75  ;  Mary,  173  ;  Mr., 
60;  Sir  A.,  25,  31—2,  35—6,  51— 
3,  95,  112,  124,  143,  152—3,  173, 
176,  178;  Sir  G.,  25. 

Darkenall,  Robt.,  96,  141. 

Darlington,  161. 

Darton,  127. 

Davell,  Wm.,  138. 

Dawnay,  Marm.,  170. 

Daye,  Rich.,  106. 

Delahaye,  Matild.,  15. 

De  la  Pole,  Lord,  14;  Mich.,  119;  Sir 

W.,  118. 

De  la  River,  Thos.,  36—7. 
Denby,  127. 
Denys,  119. 
Derby,  Earl,  31. 
Derlove,  Rich.,  no. 
Derwent,  105,  107 — 8,  133. 
Derwentwater,  Lord,  139  n. 
Devonshire,  Duke,  143  n. 
Dewre  (Dewe),  Jno.,  106;   Rog.,  106. 
Dewsbury,  126  n.,  167  n. 
Deyne,  Hel.,  156. 
Dighton,  108. 
Dixon,  T.  E.,  145  n. 
Dobson,  Maud,  Rich.,  171. 
Dogeson,  Agn.,  Barb.,  1 10. 
Doncaster,  34,  36,  39,  66,  116  n. 
Dover,  Bishop,  68 — 70. 
Dow,  Rog.,  105. 
Downe,  Lord,  139  n.,  170  n. 
Downham   (Downholme),  95 — 6,  134, 


D'Oyley,  Sir  J.,  144  n. 
Drawton,  Thos.,  102. 
Drax,  14,  18,  23,  97 — 9;  Gab.,  109. 
Dripole,  157. 
Dryebdeynes,  Jno.,  14. 
Dudley,  Ann,  152;  Jno.,  118,  151. 
Duffeld,  Ral.,  106. 
Dukke,  Jas.,  94. 
Duncombe,  Sir  C.,  126  n. 
Dunwyche,  Ant.,  99. 
Durham,  103. 
Dutton,  153. 
Dyghton,  Jno.,  128. 
Dykdeyn,  Sir  J.,  122. 
Dyxson,  Jno.,  130. 

Easby  (St.  Agatha's),  17,  34,  99,  100, 

101,  101  11.,  149. 
Easingwold,  9  n.,  135  n.,  138  n. 
Ebberston,  132,  171. 
Edlingthorp,  148. 
Eggleston,  15,  24,  75,  102—4;   Thos., 


Egton,  112  «.,  113,  114. 
Ella,  115,  166. 
Ellerker,  Harriet,  1 16;  Ra.,  29;  Rog., 

116;    Sir  R.,  21,  28,  34,  71,  90,  115, 


Ellerton,  17,  24,  66,  105 — 9. 
Ellesley,  Eliz.,  156. 
Ellingthorpe,  153. 
Ellis,-,  I75. 



Elton,  Marg.,  141. 

Em  ley,  127. 

Emerson,  Robt.,  132. 

Emson  (Empson),  Wm.,  98 — 9. 

Englefield,  Fr.,  158;  Sir  F.,  I2on. 

Escryke,  Wm.,  156. 

Esholt,  16,  23,  36,  109 — 10. 

Esk,  112  n. 

Eskdale,  112. 

Espec,  Walt.,  13. 

Essex,  Earl,  81  n. 

Etton,  166. 

Eure  (Evers),  Sir  R.,  16,  37,  56 — 7. 

Everingham,  99 ;  Sir  H.,  26,  175;  Sir 

J.,  26  ». 
Ewelme,  3  n. 
Ewood,  62  «. 
Exeter,  Earl,  45,  145  n. 

Fairbairn,  W.  F.,  145  n. 

Fairfax,  Anne,  26  w. ;  Eliz.,  112;  Gab., 
112;  Guy,  141;  Jane,  141;  Lord, 
141  n.,  143  n. ;  Mr.,  141  ;  Sir  N., 
29,  67;  Sir  W.,  26  n.,  ill — 2,  141 ; 
Thos.,  141. 

Fale,  124. 

Farlington,  140. 

Farnley,  128,  153. 

Fawcett,  Tho.,  130. 

Fawkes  (Faux),  Marm.,  156 ;  Thos., 
Walt.,  93. 

Fayrecliff,  Ric.,  158. 

Fenwick,  37  n. 

Ferman,  Eliz.,  171. 

Fermer,  M.,  52. 

Ferneham,  Thos.,  154. 

Ferrar,  Robt.,  58,  62,  62  «.,  64,  65,  67, 

Ferriby,  14,  16,  24,  100 — 12,  166. 

Ferris,  Aid.,  112  n. 

Feversham,  Earl,  126  «. 

Fewston,  130. 

Fitton,  Fr.,  147  n. 

Fitzhugh,  Lord,  15,  40  n. 

Fitz  John,  Eustace,  131. 

Fitzosbert,  Pain,  169. 

Fitz  Pain,  Geff.,  154,  162. 

Fitz  Robert,  Ra.,  95. 

Fitz  Roger,  Rog.,  161. 

Fitzwilliam,  Earl,  133  n.,  171  n. ; 
H.  W.,  139  n.-  Wm.,  118. 

Flamborough,  38,  39,  47,  147 — 8. 

Fleetwood,  Art.,  154  n. 

Fleming,  Reiner,  126. 

Fletcher  (Flecher),  Joan,  94;  Kath., 

Flodden,  28  «.,  33  n. 

Flower,  Rob.,  129. 

Flyxton,  148. 

Follygate,  131. 

Foord,  Rev.  J.,  116  n. 

Forbrigg,  57. 

Forcett,  148. 

Fossard,  Wm.,  112. 

Fosse,  37. 

Foster,  Johan,  171;  Kath.,  159 — 60. 

Foston,  1 20. 

Fotherley  family,  94  n. 

Fountains  Abbey,   12,   17,  40,  58,  63, 

63  «•,  74,  175;  Abbot  of,  7,  10,  n, 

34,  38,  40. 

Fountayne  family,  117  n. 
Fox,  G.  L.,  145  n. 
Fraisthorp,  165 — 6. 
Framlingham,  33  n. 
Freeman,  Thos.,  97. 
Freeston,  Rob.,  127. 
Frickley,  175. 
Frobisher,  Agn.,  117. 
Fnlford,  166. 

Fuller,  Hugh,  21,  29,  43,  74,  140. 
Fullerton,  T.,  S.  H.,  117  n. 
Furness  Abbey,  153. 
Fynes  (Fiennes),  Edw.,  Sir  E.,  149. 
Fysher,  Elene,  161. 

Gage,  Jas.,  124. 

Gaisgill,  153. 

Gale,  Geo.,  Hy.,  Mary,  Rog.,  Thos., 

167,  167  n. 

Ganesburgh,  Wm.,  130. 
Garfurth  fam.,  139  n. 
Gargrave,  152 — 3;  Thos.,  128. 
Garsdale,  101. 

Gaston,  Isab.,  141 ;  Wm.,  147. 
Gascoigne,  Agn.,  132;  Jno.,  175;  Sir 

W.,  15,  18,  29 ;  Wm.,  17,  50,  132. 
Gascon,  Joan,  117. 
Gasquet,  3  n. 
Gate,  Sir  H.,  120—1. 
Gateforth,  25. 

Gaunt,  Gilb.  de,  4;  Walt.,  13. 
Gawthorp,  29. 
Gayle,  Kath.,  169. 
Geffray,  Wm.,  130. 
Geffreson,  Guy,  141. 
Gerrard,  Gilb.,  166. 
Gifford,  Jno.,  118. 
Gill,  Ric.,  130;  — ,  175. 
Gilling,  67,  102  n. 
Gisburn,  153. 



Glanville  (Grandwell),  Elewysya,  15 ; 

Ranulph,  95. 
Glassonbye,  Rog.,  130. 
Goldthorp,    Joan,    Lucy,     Ric.,    173, 

173  ». 

Goldyng,  Jno.,  105 — 6. 
Goodmanham,  107. 
Goodwyn,  Hy.,  120. 
Gore,  Joan,  141. 
Gostwyk,  Mr.,  64. 
Gower,  Jno.,  102;  Ra.,  101. 
Gowthrop,  Ric.,  177 — 8. 
Grangemoor,  153. 
Grantham,  103  n. ;  Lord,  154  n. 
Graves,  Mr.,  114  n. 
Grendale,  121. 
Green  (Grene),  Jno.,  I2O;  Tho.,  129 — 

30 ;  — ,  175- 

Grenesnorton,  32,  133. 

Greenwich,  129  n. 

Gresham,  Ann,   145 ;  Sir  R.,  58,  63, 

70,  144— 5,  156—7;  Sir  T.,  145  «. 
Grey,  Mil.,  Thos.,  94  n. ;   Lord,  95. 
Greystock,  Thos.,  142. 
Grice,  Kath.,  127 ;  Thos.,  168. 
Grimsbon,  Wm.,  144. 
Grindleton,  153. 
Grosmont,  17,  24,  112 — 4. 
Grymston,  Eliz.,  156. 
Guisborough,  9,  13,  17,  24,  25,  38,  57, 

72,  75,  121  n. 
Guiseley,  36  n.,  109,  no. 
Gybson,  Robt.,  129 — 30;  Sir  J.,  73. 
Gyll,  Eliz.,  169 ;  Hy.,  33  «. 


Haget,  Bert.,  122,  158;   Gund.,  158; 

Jeff.,  109,  122. 
Hagneby,  124. 
Hagney,  124. 
Halesworth,  i  n. 
Halifax,  39,  62  n. 
Hall,  Agn.,  144;  Eliz.,  92;  Isab.,iO7; 

Robt.,  118. 
Hallman,  Jno.,  130. 
Hallom,  Jno.,  33. 

Haltemprice,  14,  16,  24,90,  114 — 6. 
Halton,  153. 

Hambleton  (Hambledon),  3  n.,  87. 
Hamerton  Green,  155. 
Hamerton,  Sir  S.,  32,  38 — 9,  50  n. 
Hampole,  16,  24,  27,  36,  37,  74,   116, 

118,  175. 

Hampsthwaite,  130. 
Handale,  17,  24,  121 — 2. 
Harbottle,  Elean.,  Guiscard,  32  n. 

Hardestye,  Osw.,  130. 

Harewood,  Ld.,  93. 

Hargill,  Beat.,  167. 

Harlynge,  Edw.,  167. 

Harringson,  Ric.,  Wm.,  131. 

Harrington,  Ralph,  169. 

Harrison      (Harryson),     Joan,     117; 

Thos.,  155. 
Harrys,  Jno.,  138. 

Harthill,  105  n.,  142  «.,  162  n.,  166  «. 
Hartley  Castle,  36  n. 
Hartshead,  126  n. 
Hastings,  Bryan,  37 — 8;  Sir  B.,  36 — 7  ; 

Sir  F.,  37. 
Hawkswell,  149. 
Hawthorne,  Wm.,  149. 
Hay,  Sir  Jas.,  153  n.,  154  n. 
Hayles,  Joan,  92. 
Hayton,  165. 
Hazelwood,  152,  175. 
Healaugh,  14,  18,  23,  122 — 4. 
Heath,  Nic.,  137,  140. 
Heaton,  127. 
Heckmondwike,  127. 
Helmsley,  87. 

Hemsworth,  76  n.,  133,  171. 
Heneage,  Kath.,  Sir  T.,  107. 
Henke,  Sir  B.,  71. 
Hendle   (Henley,  Hynnalay),   Walt., 


Henryson,  Thos.,  121. 
Herbert,  Jno.,  106 — 7. 
Hertford,  132. 
Hessle,  112,  166. 
Hessey,  Jno.,  142. 
Hewbanke,  Wm.,  149. 
Hewit,  Jno.,  112. 
Hewthwaite,  Joh.,  124. 
Hexham,  28,  34;  Jno.,  138. 
Hichcock,  Rob.,  118. 
Hik,  Pet.,  119. 
Hildereth,  Tho.,  103. 
Hildesley,  Fr.,  94  n. 
Hill    (Hyll),    Jno.,    175;    Ra.,    130; 

Robt.,  87,  139,  150;  Wm.,  130. 
Hobbescroft,  166. 
Hochins,  Wm.,  138. 
Hodgson,  J.  E.,  102  ». 
Hogeson,  Jno.,  177 — 8. 
Hoggesthorpe,  120. 
Hoghton,  73. 
Holay,  Jno.,  120. 
Holback,  174,  176. 
Holcroft,  Jul.,  Thos.,  166. 
Holden,  Sir  A.,  141  n. 
Holderness,  71 ;  Earl,  35  n. 
Holdsworth,  Robt.,  39. 
Holgate,  Rob.,  76,  133,  137,  171. 



Holland,  Rob.,  113. 

Holme,  107,  157,  165;  Wm.,  162,  165. 

Holmes,  Kr.,  118  n. 

Holmsett,  160. 

Hope,  W.  S.  J.,  99  «.,  162  n. 

Hopton,  Isab.,  127. 

Hornalt,  — ,  138. 

Hornby,  25  n.,  35  n. 

Home,  Jno.,  139. 

Hornsea,  71,  143  n. 

Horom,  Wm.,  161. 

Horseley,  Jno.,  105. 

Horsman,  Agn.,  117. 

Horton,  172. 

Hovingham,  133. 

Howard,  Lord,  13;  Thos.,  33  n. 

Howe.  J.  G.,  Visct.,  102  n. 

Hude,  Hy.,  107. 

Hudson,  Wm.,  138. 

Hudswell,  100,  149. 

Huggate,  107,  166. 

Hughes,  Ric.,  102. 

Hull,  10,  14,  24,  30,  33,  no  n.,  112, 

114  n.,  121  n. 

Hull,  Charter  House,  28,  30,  1 18 — 120. 
Hungate,  Wm.,  142 — 3. 
Hunsley,  Agn.,  161. 
Hunt,  Rog.,  107. 
Huntroute,  Rob.,  130. 
Huntwyke,  73. 
Huson,  Joan,  no. 
Hutchinson    (Hochenson),     Boynton, 

Ellen,  Rich.,  170,  170  n. 
Hutton  (Hoton),93,  140,  174;  Matt., 

135  n. ;  Sir  T.,  1 16  n. ;  Tim.,  135  n. 
Hyrst,  23. 


Ilkley,  153. 
Ince,  J.  P.,  135  n. 
Ingham,  Josh.,  128. 
Inglefeld,  Fr.,  97  n. 
Ingworth,  Dr.,  68. 
Ipswich,  i. 


Jackson,  Edw.,  175;  Jno.,  132;  Wm., 


Jaques,  Robt.,  102  n. 
enison,  Phil.,  130. 
enkynson,  Isab.,  156;  Joan,  no. 
enyns,  Wm.,  I2O. 

ervaulx,   15,  17,  31,  38,  40 — 8,  50  n,, 
51—2,  54—7,  149. 

Jobson,  Walt.,  116. 

Johnes,  Sim.,  106. 

Johnson,  Ann,   141  ;    Cuthb.,    102  n. ; 

Pet.,  92. 

Jolliffe,  Jno.,  Wm.,  147  n. 
Jolyment,  Mr.,  52. 
Joye,  Chr.,  159. 
Judson,  Ric.,  130. 


Keldhome,   13,   17,  24,  30  n.,  58,  60, 

125—6,  151. 
Kelk,  1 20. 

Kendal,  40  n.,  76,  167  n. 
Kendall,  Mrs.,  171  n. 
Kente,  Thos.,  129 — 30. 
Kereston,  Ellen,  169, 
Kettlewell,  35,  95 — 6. 
Kilborne  (Kylbourne),  Eliz.,   142 — 3  ; 

Mag.,  141. 

Killington,  H.  T.,  106. 
Kilmaynam,  81. 
Kilnwick  Percy,  166. 
Kinnoul,  Earl,  118  n. 
Kipling,  101. 
Kirkby,  149  ;  Edw.,  40  n. 
Kirk,  Ella,  114,  116. 
Kirkham,  13,  18,  66. 
Kirk  Hamerton,  145  —  8,  155. 
Kirk  Levington,  148. 
Kirkby  Moorside,  125,  150  n. 
Kirkby  jux  Ouseburn,  145. 
Kirkby  Overcar,  133. 
Kirkby  Ravensworth,  150  n. 
Kirklees,  16,  24,  126—8. 
Kirkstall,  14,  17,  176. 
Knapton,  132,  175—6. 
Knaresborough,     14,     24,     34,     129, 

Knevit  (Knevett),  Eliz.,  Thos.,  108; 

Wm.,  no. 
Knowsley,  102  n. 
Knyght,  Dor.,  156. 
Kychynman,  Margt.,  161. 
Kylden,  Jno.,  138. 
Kynge,  Alan,  75,  103. 
Kyrby,  Joan,  169. 
Kyppes,  Janet,  127. 
Kyrke,  Geo.,  106;   Rob.,  122. 

Lacy,  Lord  R.,  14. 

Lancaster,  68— 9 ;  Duke  of,  18;  Earl, 
1 14  n. 


Lanercost,  34. 

Langley,  70;  Ric.,  170. 

Langcliffe,  153. 

Langton,  131,  149;  Ann,  140. 

Lanthorpe,  157. 

Langmores,  100. 

Lascelles,  Chr.,  96;  Jno.,  96. 

Lasyng,  Eliz.,  117. 

Lathome,  107. 

Latimer,    Lord,    13,    17,   29   n.,    147, 

147  n. 

Laverock,  Rob.,  132. 
Lawson,  Mr.,  53;    Sir  G.,  4,  21,  41, 

43,  46,  58,  63—8,  70. 
Layton,  Dr.  R.,  3,  3  n.,  4,  5,  6,  7,8,  9, 

10,  12,  1 6,  18,  43,  48 — 9,  74 — 6,  92, 

103,  127,  135. 

Leche,  — ,  34—5  ;  Margt.,  107. 
Ledeman,  Anne,  134. 
Lee,  Edw.,  12  ».,  18,  136. 
Leeds,  91  n.,  174,  176. 
Legh  (Leigh),  Dr.,  3,  5—9,  10,  11,  12, 

16,  18,  24—5,  48—9,  62,  73—5,  117, 

119,  154;  Cath.,  154  n. 
Leicester,  2,  132. 
Leith,  3  n. 
Lentall,  Mr.,  54. 
Lenthorpe,  Joan, 127. 
Lepington,  Jno.,  177 — 8. 
Lewes,  81  n. 
Lexham,  Jno.,  138. 
Lillingston  fam.,  112  n. 
Lincoln,  3  n.,  132  ;   Earl,  149  n. ;  St. 

Mary,  23. 
Lingcroft,  166. 
Linskill,  Jno.,  114. 
Linthorpe,  138. 
Linton,  132. 
Lisle,  Ld.,  151  n. 

Lister,  Jno.,  39  n. ;  Ralph,  Wm.,  167. 
Liversedge,  127. 
Llandaff,  Bishop,  132—3,  171. 
Lofthouse,  121  n. ;  Jas.,  130;  Thos.,  97. 
Logan.  Margt.,  121. 
Longley,  128,  170. 
Lonsdale,  35  ;  Earl,  102  «. 
London,  Crutched  Friars  Church,  32  n. 
Dr.,  3. 

Fleet  Street,  3  n. 
Newgate,  40. 
St.  Botolph's,  35  n. 
St.  Leonard,  Shoreditch,  3  n. 
Smithfield,  40. 

Lord,  Eliz.,  167,  167  n. ;  Robt.,  167  n. 
Lound,  157,  165—6,  171. 
Lovell,  Lord,  16. 
Lovechild,  Marg.,  134. 
Lowther,  Sir  J.,  76. 

Lucas,  Lord,  154  n. 

Ludlow,  18. 

Luffenham,  102  n. 

Lumley,  Geo.,  38 — 9. 

Lund,  162. 

Lutton,  Anne,  121. 

Lyddel,  114. 

Lyme,  3  «. 

Lynley,    26    n. ;    Eliz.,   26   n. ;    Thos., 

26  n. 

Lyon,  Eliz.,  125 — 6;  Rich.,  119. 
Lythe,  38. 
Lytton,  153. 


Magnus,  Mr.,  41,  43,  51,  55,  71. 

Maleverey  (Malquereere),  Ra.,3O,  119. 

Mallen,  Jno.,  130. 

Mallynge,  Jno.,  129. 

Malory,  Sir  W.,  10 — I,  95. 

Maltby,  92. 

Malton,  13,  24,  67,  76*1.,  131,  132—3, 

135,  170  n. 
Man,  Dor.,  141. 
Mandy,  Eliz.,  1 10. 
Manfield,  100 — i. 
Mann,  Jas.,  149. 
Manners,  Jno.,  Tho.,  166. 
Mareis,  Little,  170  ». 
Markham,  Thos.,  166. 
Marmonstier,  S.  Martin,  174. 
Marr,  117,  118. 
Marrick,  15,  24,  30,  77,  77  n.,  134—5, 


Marshall,  Mary,  150. 
Marston,  154 — 5. 
Marton,   9,    10,    15,    17,    24,     131 — 2, 

J35— 8.  148;  Chr.,  138;  Joan,  134; 

Launc.,  95—6. 
Masham,  96. 
Mason,    Hy.,   92;    Joan,    144;    Wm., 


Massey,  Wm.,  130. 
Masson,  Jno.,  96. 
Mathew,  Jno.,  149  ;  Marg.,  130. 
Mauleys,  135. 
Maunsell,  Wm.,  42,  173. 
Maxwell,  Elean.,  134. 
Meaux,  14,  16. 
Mekelowe,  Mr.,  63. 
Melmerby,  97. 
Melton,  117,  1 18  ;  Dor.,  25  n.  ;  Sir  J., 

1 6,  25  n. 
Meltonby,  165. 
Merlay,  Rog.  de,  142. 
Meschines,  Lord,  14. 



Metcalfe,  Alice,  167;  Mich.,  96. 

Metham,  Isab.,  144. 

Methley,  117  n. 

Middleham,  15,  95. 

Middlesburgh    (Middlesborough),    17, 


Middleton,  150  n.,  166;   Lord,  116  n. 
Midgley,  62  n. 
Millyn    (Mallynge),   Jno.,    130;    Ric., 


Milner,  Aid.,  141  n. 
Mirfield,  126 — 128. 
Mitchell,  Robt.,  Sar.,  63. 
Mitton,  Thos.,  112. 
Mygeley,  Wm.,  120. 
Mykylthwayte,  99. 
Molesby,  18,  24,  135,  138,  140. 
Monk  Bretton,  16,   18  «.,  58,  61,  65, 


Monkeby,  149 — 50. 
Monketon  (Monkton),  148,  174 — 5. 
Montagu,  A.,  155  «.,  160  n. ;   F.  J.  O., 

117  n.,  155  n. ;   M.,  52. 
Monteagle,  Lord,  14,  16. 
More,  Jas.,  128. 
Morley,  176;  Jos.,  135  n. 
Morpeth,  142. 
Morritt,  Jno.,  103  n. 
Moscroft,  166. 
Mountgrace,  13,  18,  74. 
Mountjoy,  Lord,  154 — 5. 
Mowbray,  Lord,  13;  Rog.,  87,  158. 
Mowthorp,  132. 
Moxby,  138  n. 
Moysier,  Jno.,  109. 
Multon,  Alice,  Ra.,  15  ;  Ra.,  102. 
Muncaster,  Lord,  143  n. 
Murdac,  Hugh,  177. 
Musgrave,  Sir  E.,  Sir  W.,  36,  36  n. ; 

Wm.,  37. 
Mychylson     (Michelson),     Rob.,     105 

Myldmaye,  Wa.,  160. 


Naburn,  148,  166. 

Nandyke     (Nendyke),     Chr.,      Isab., 

Kath.,  169. 
Nelson    (Neleson),    Bridg.,     155    n.  ; 

Chr.,  Mary,  155  ;  Wm.,  149,  155  n. 
Nellis,  Agn.,  94. 
Nevile  (Nevell),  Kath.,  147  n.  •   Mary, 

17;  Ral.,  30  n.,  98;  Sir  J.,  26 — 7, 

58,60—2,65,71—2,74—5,  118,  147; 

Ralph,  126,  151  n. 
Newburgh,  13,  16,  67. 

Newcastle,  70. 

Newell,  Thos.,  96. 

Newham,  137 — 8. 

New  Hey,  99. 

New  Laithes,  18  n. 

Newminster,  34,  129. 

Newstune,  153. 

Newton,  148,  151,  166 — 7,  174. 

Newton-Garth,  166. 

Nicholson  (Nicolson),  Alice,  156;  Jno., 


Nidd.,  148,  155. 
Norfolk,  Duke  of,  13,  17,  31  n.,  33 — 4, 

41—4,  46,  48,  50—2,  54—5,  87. 
Normabell,  Elean.,  141. 
Norman,  Agn.,  Tho.,  132;  Isab.,  121  ; 

Mr.,  ii. 

Norres,  Joan,  134. 
Norresse,  Mr.,  n. 
Northampton,  Marq.,  40  n. 
Northcave,  163. 
Northumberland,     Duke,     118,     120 ; 

Earl,  17 — 8,  147  n.,  151  «. 
Norton,  131,  133  ;  Chr.,  147. 
Nostell  (St.  Oswalds),  3  n.,  16,  23 — 4, 

58,  62,  64—5,  68,  70,  73—4,   154, 


Nun-Appleton,  18,  23,  74,  140 — i. 
Nunburnholme,     15 — 6,    24,    142 — 3; 

Lord,  143  n. 
Nunkeeling,    17,    24,  30,  71,   143—5, 

Nun-Monckton,  15,  18,  24,  29,  29  n., 

145,  6,  7,  7  n.,  8. 
Nunthorp,  93 — 4. 


Oakham,  81  n. 
Oglesthorpe,  Ric.,  175. 
Okes,  Marg.,  Robt.,  99. 
Oldeburgh,  149. 
Onslow,  Col.,  Earl,  169  n. 
Orme,  Cec.,  Humf.,  97. 
Ormesby,  138. 
Orton,  Joan,  171. 
Osgodby,  98. 
Otley,  109 — 10. 
Oundall,  Rog.,  130. 
Ouse,  99. 

Ouseburn,  102,  143. 
Overton,  72. 
Owston,  118. 
Oxford,  i,  3. 


Paganel,  Ra.,  174;  Wm.,  97. 

Palmes,  Rev.  G.,  145  n. 

Palliser,  Hugh,  162  n. 

Pannal,  131. 

Pannell,  Mast.,  14. 

Parker,  Eliz.,  141  ;  Robt.,  17. 

Parr,    Mast.,    13;     Kath.,   Lord,   40; 

Sir  T.,  40  n. ;   Sir  W.,  17,  40—1. 
Patrike,  Eliz.,  156. 
Payler,  Geo.,  Nat.,  147  n. 
Paytes,  Robt.,  132. 
Paythorne,  153. 
Pearson,  Mich.,  104. 
Pecock,  Al.,  Anne,  171. 
Penfold,  Geo.,  151  n. 
Pepper,  Edm.,  119;  Wm.,  150  n. 
Percy  (Perci),  Hy.,  147  n.  •   Lady  M., 
29  n. ;  Ingel,  31  n. ;  Lord  Wm.,  13, 
14;   Ric.,  121;   Sir  T.,  31 — 2,  34, 
38;  Wm.,  121 — 22,  152. 
Peter,  Sir  W.,  121  n. 
Petty  (Pettye),  Agn.,  92  ;  Jno.,  175. 
Petre,  Wm.,  97  n.,  151. 
Peyrey,  Eliz.,  169. 
Phyllyppe,  Jas.,  114  n. 
Pickering,  132 — 3,  150  n.,  151  ;  Agn., 
171  ;  Jno.,  38,  171  ;  Wm.,  67. 

Pickhall,  95. 

Pictaviensis,  Sir  P.,  14. 

Pierson,  Ann,  Brad.,  Wm.,  94  n. 
Pilkington,  Alice,  Rob.,  128. 

Pilley,  Jno.,  130. 

Pocklington,   105   n.,    142  n.,    143  n., 
161  n.,  162  n.,  166  n. 

Pollard,  Mr.,  46,  48;    Rich.,   52—6; 
Ste.,  130. 

Pontefract  (Pomfret),   14,   18,  36,  52, 
58,  66—7,  74- 

Poole,     Chas.,     106;      Fr.,     169 — 70; 
Kath.,  170. 

Poppleton,  4  n. 

Porter,   Dor.,  92;    Giles,  Rich.,  Wm., 

Portington,  Agn.,  Thos.,  37  n. 

Pottes,  Wm.,  138. 

Pountepel,  39. 

Powlett,  Chas.,  Lord  Wm.,  135  n. 

Presthorp,  99. 

Preston,  165 — 6. 

Prynce/  Jno.,  130. 

Pudsey,  Rowl.,  95. 

Pullane,  Joan,  117. 

Pulley,  Barb.,  156. 

Pykeham,  Agn.,  121. 

Pykhaver,  Alice,  117. 

Pymond,  Ric.,  70. 


Radclyff,  Eff.,  92. 

Raine,  Canon,  158  n.,  172  n. 

Ramesey,  Wm.,  106. 

Ramsden    (Romsden),  Wm.,    127 — 8, 


Rathmell,  153. 
Raper,  Chr.,  95. 
Raute,  Rog.,  203. 
Ravenspor,  14. 
Rawe,  Wm.,  130. 
Rawson,  Sir  J.,  81. 
Read  (Rede),  Ad.,  1 19  ;  Anne,  145  n. ; 

El.,    167 ;    Pet.,    107 ;    Thos.,    145 ; 

Wm.,  145  n. 
Redshaw,  Robt.,  103. 
Reeth,  134  n. 
Remyngton,  Wm.,  119. 
Remysworth,  1 19. 
Resco,  ii. 
Reve,  Thos.,  138. 
Ribble,  152  n. 
Ribblesdale,  172. 
Rich  (Riche),  Sir  R.,  134,  162;  Wm., 


Richardson,  Jas.,  113;  Thos.,  122  n. 

Richmond,  i,  8,  10,  95,  99,  101 — 2, 
134  n.,  148 — 9,  150  n.  ;  Earl 
of,  15—6,  102,  108,  148;  St.  Mar- 
tin's, 18,  23,  63,  63  «.,  148 — 9, 

Riddyall,  Jno.,  92. 

Riddyngs  (Ryddyng),  107,  1 66. 

Rievaulx,  13,  17,  40,  66. 

Rillington,  132. 

Rimington,  153. 

Riplingham,  166. 

Ripon,  8,  12,  15,  75,  148,  170. 

Risby,  28  «.,  90,  115 — 6,  166 

Riston,  157. 

Rither,  Maud,  26  n. 

Roald,  99. 

Robinson  (Robynson),  Chr.,  138; 
Eliz.,  134;  Humf.,  162  n. ;  Jno., 
16,  108,  162  n.;  Nic.,  162  n.,  169; 
Sir  Thos.,  103  n.  •  Wm.,  119. 

Robson,  Gilb.,  1 19. 

Roche  Abbey,  15 — 6,  62. 

Rockingham,  Marq.  of,  133  n., 
171  n. 

Roclyff,  Joan,  117. 

Rodys,  Isab.,  127. 

Rokeby,  102,  102  n.  ;  Jas.,  54,  66,  95, 
127;  Ralph,  95 — 6;  Thos.,  75. 

Romeley,  Cec.,  14. 

Ros  (Rosse),  Geo.,  173;  Jas.,  130; 
Lord,  13. 



Rosedale,  17,  24,  58,  90,  125  ».,  126, 


RotherfieW,  95. 
Roth  erf  ord,  Grace,  134. 
Roundall,  Ric.,  123 — 4. 
Rous,  Ant.,  41,  43,  46. 
Rowe,  Ant.,  97  n.,  158,  160. 
Rowghton,  Eliz.,  94. 
Rowland,  Thos.,  122  n. 
Roxby,  95.  f 
Royston,  65. 
Rudston,  165. 
Rumburgh,  i. 
Runton,  157. 
Rupa,  16. 

Russell,  Edw.,  154  n. ;  family,  94  n. 
Rutland,  Earl,  16 — 18, 143,  162,  165 — 

6,  178. 

Rutter,  Bry.,  119. 
Ryddyn  Grange,  107. 

Rye,  133- 

Ryecroft,  Wm.,  99. 
Rygwall,  Wm.,  132. 
Ryton,  133. 
Ryvett,  Wm.,  138. 

Sadber,  Ad.,  43  n. 

Saddelar,  Mr.,  75. 

Saddleworth,  127. 

Saltmarshe,  Thos.,  122. 

Salvayn,  Geo.,  17. 

Sandbeck,  149. 

Sanderson,  Mr.,  122  n. 

Sand  Hutton,  178. 

Saunders,  Jno.,  114  n. 

Sauntenstall,  Isab.,  127. 

Savile    (Savell),   Ann,    104;     Cuthb., 

128;  Edw.,  104;  Eliz.,  Geo.,  103  «.; 

Jno.,  Hen.,  Kath,,   104;  Nic.,   128; 

Rob.,    104;    Sir   H.,  39,   40,    168, 

i68w. ;  Thos.,  127 — 8;  Wm.,  91  n. , 

104,  117  n. 
Sawley  (Salley),   14,  24,  31 — 36,  52, 

152—3  ;   Lord,  153  n. 
Sayntpoole,  Geo.,  107. 
Scarborough,  33,  39,  56  ».,  69,  169  n., 

170  n.t  175. 
Scargyll,  Marg.,  26  n. 
Scoler,  Jno.,  55. 
Scoles,  127. 
Scoley  (Scolaye),  Jno.,  Sim.,  99;  Sir 

J-,  98- 

Scolfield,  Mrs.,  102  n, 
Scorborough,  166. 
Scott,  Jno.,  132  ;  Sir  G.,  131  n. 
Scotton,  148. 

Scrope, Annabel],  102 n.;  Henry,  102, 
114  n. ;  Lord,  15,  17,  95,99,  100 — 
2  ;  Sir  R.,  95. 

Sculcoates,  119 — 21. 

Seacroft,  176. 

Seamer,  38. 

Scruton,  167  n. 

Sedbar,  Adam,  38. 

Sedbergh,  95 — 6. 

Seham,  96. 

Selby,  14,  18,  61,  74 — 5,  122  n.,  176  n. 

Seloo,  Anne,  169. 

Sempringham,  133,  177. 

Seton,  165. 

Settrington,  38,  39,  132. 

Seymer,  Hy.,  136. 

Seymour,  Edw.,  120. 

Shaftesbury,  Earl,  155  «. 

Shap,  76. 

Sharpe,  Leo.,  177 — 8. 

Shepard,  Thos.,  103. 

Sheffelde,  Alice,  141. 

Shelf,  127. 

Shepard,  Thos.,  103. 

Shepley,  127. 

Sherburn,  38. 

Sheriff  Hutton,  42—3,  51,  53,  54— 5, 

135— 7,  HO. 

Shrewsbury,  Earl,  18  «.,  31,  131,  168  «. 
Sidney,  Hy.,  101. 
Sigiswicke,  Alice,  Mary,  144. 
Silkstone,  144. 
Simpson  (Sympson),  Agn.,  141  ;  Jno., 

149  ;  Ric.,  105 — 6. 
Sinnington,  132,  170 — I. 
Sissotson,  Thos.,  149. 
Skeeby,  100,  101  «. 
Skelton,  25  ».,  155  n. ;  Edw.,  113. 
Skewkirk,  24,  73,  154 — 5. 
Skidby,  166. 

Skipwith,  Edw.,  Marg.,  173. 
Skirlaugh,  156—7. 
Skott,  Rob.,  1 17. 
Skyrack,  91  n. 
Slaidburn,  153. 
Slater,  109  «.,  no  n. 
Slingsby,    Francis,    131;    Joan,    146; 

Thos.,  131  ;  Wm.,  155  «. 
Smethley,  Ant.,  Rich.,  119. 
Smith  (Smyth),  Alice,  156;  Chr.,  119; 

Emma,   121  ;  Paul,   104;   Ric.,  104  ; 

Th.,  102  n.,  165  ;  Wm.,  102  «. 
Smythdeyke  (Smythwyk),  Wm.,  151. 
Smithfield,  40. 
Snaith,  97  n. 

Snainton,  132;  Agn.,  141. 
Snape,  147  «. 
Snowball,  Wm.,  94. 



Somerset,  Duke,  120. 

Sorell,  Al.,  169. 

Sotheby,  Jno.,  Marg.,  Rog.,  143,  143  n. 

Sothill,  39  «.,  40. 

Southcliff,  1 66. 

Southwell,  Sir  R.,  157. 

Spalding  Moor,  108  n.,  165. 

Speke,  Reg.,  107. 

Spens,  Wm.,  105. 

Spencer   (Spenser),   Ra.,    17;    Thos., 
132 ;  Wm.,  106. 

Speyght,  Ric.,  174 — 5. 

Stable,  Alice,  94. 

Staindrop,  151  n. 

Staithes,  122  n. 

Stainforth,  153. 

Standicke,  Ellen,  117. 

Stanhope,  Jno.,  102;  Thos.,  n8«. 

Stanley,  Edw.,  31. 

Stansfeld,  Miss,  Rob.,  no  n. 

Stanton,  153. 

Stanwick,  100 — i. 

Stanyforth,  E.  W.,  145  «. 

Stapleton,  Alice,  144;  Dor.,  156. 

Starkye,  El.,  161. 

Startforth,  102 — 4. 

Steeton,  in,  141. 

Stepney,  3  ».,  61. 

Sterkbone,  Jno.,  129,  130. 

Stillingfleet,  146,  176. 

Stillington,  140. 

Stirton,  176. 

Stockdaile,  Alex.,  121  n. 

Stokes,  Kath.,  117. 

Stokesley,  93  n. 

Straker,  Osw.,  Rob.,  130. 

Strelley,  Fred.,  Rob.,  103 — 4. 

Strickland,  Wm.,  77. 

Strynger,  Wm.,  136. 

St.  Bees,  23. 

St.  David's,  62  n. 

St.  Maria,  Alice,  Jord.,  122. 

Strangways,  Jas.,  17. 

St.  Quintin,  Alice,  Robt.,  140. 

Stuppes,  Wm.,  138. 

Stutville,    Nic.,    125    n.-    Robt.,    125, 


Styllyngfeld,  Wm.,  136. 
Suffolk,  Earl,  119;  Duke,  137. 
Sunderland,  Earl  of,  102  n. 
Surrey,  Earl  of,  33  n. 
Sutton,  133,  135—7,  HO,  157-8,  166; 

Eliz.,  171  ;  Geo.,  136. 
Swainby,  15,  95. 
Swainson,  Sir  A.,  14. 
Swale,  15,  99  n.,  108  «.,  134  n.  •  Cec., 

17,  156;  Marj.,  161. 
Swaledale,  Rich.,  Wm.,  149. 

Swarland,  112,  166. 

Swaynton  (Swynton),  133,  171. 

Swinden,  153. 

Swine,  15,  16,  24—5,  29,  155—7. 

Swyfte,  Jno.,  120. 

Swynebanck,  Ant.,  132. 

Swyneshead,  97. 

Swynyngton,  151. 

Synderton,  Thos.,  119. 

Syngleton,  Eliz.,  134. 

Syningthwaite,  18,  23,  158,  160. 

Tadcaster,  122  n.,  124,  140  «.,  152 — 3. 

Taini,  Avicia,  116. 

Talbot,   Fr.,   Grace,  131 ;    Lord,  168, 

168  n. 

Tamworth,  Jno.,  37. 
Tancred   (Tankard),    Fr.,    131  ;     Ra., 

Wm.,  91  «. 
Tasburgh,  Jno.,  128. 
Taylor   (Tayllor),  Jno.,    130;     Wm., 


Tayrall,  Rich.,  138. 
Teesdale,  Ant.,  Jno.,  149. 
Tempest,  Mich.,  160;  Nic.,  32, 38 — 9; 

Rob.,    160;    Sir   R.,    35;    Sir   T., 


Templehurst,  38 — 9. 
Tennant,  Hy.,  Jno.,  155  «. 
Teshe  (Trist),  50— 51. 
Theker,  Thos.,  138. 
Thelusson,  nj  n.  •  Pet.,  n8n. 
Thexer,  166. 

Thickhead,  17,  24,  108,  161— 2. 
Thinde,  Jno.,  37  n. 
Thirsk  (Thyrsk),  87  n.,  122  «.;  Wm., 

7,  38,  40. 

Thomas,  Ste.,  122  «. 
Thomlynson,  Agn.,   169;   Alice,   144; 

Dor.,  156. 
Thompson    (Thomson,    Thomesone, 

Tompson),    Hy.,     110;     Is.,    107; 

Janet,    92;     Ric.,    150 — i;     Wm., 

lion.;  —,37. 
Thorganby,  107,  161  «. 
Thormanby,  139. 
Thornbery,  52. 
Thome,  Eliz.,  156. 
Thornewell,  176. 
Thornhill,  39  «.,  168  n. 
Thornton,  63  «.,  148,  151 ;  Alice,  167. 
Thorp-Arch,  29,  148. 
Thorpenowe,  151. 
Thorp  Underwood,  148. 
Thorpe,  75;  Ant.,  178;  Jno.,  133- 


Threapland,  137. 

Thurland,  Marg.,  117. 

Thurnscoe,  174. 

Thurresby,  Wm.,  17. 

Thurston,  Archb.,  14—5,  170. 

Thwaytes,  Wm.,  171. 

Thwing,  38. 

Thynne,  Jno.,  94. 

Tickhi!!,  66. 

Timmes,  Mr.,  8. 

Tirrell,  Hy.,  101. 

Tockwith,  154 — 5. 

Todde,  Jno.,  133. 

Topclyff,  Cec.,  127. 

Tours,  174. 

Towneley,  Elene,  no  n. 

Trusbut,  Lord,  13,  162. 

Trystrame,  Jno.,  129 — 30. 

Tufnell,  Sam.,  147  «. 

Tunstall,  166;  Robt.,  130. 

Turnbulle,  Jno.,  129 — 30. 

Turnham,  Robt.,  112. 

Turton,  Edm.,  122  n. 

Turtylby,  Agn.,  94. 

Turwhit  (Tirwhit),  Robt.,  143,  178. 

Tyas,  Eliz.,  156;  Kath.,  117. 

Tyburn,  4  «.,  7  «.,  32  «.,  40. 

Tynney,  Thos.,  130. 


Ughtred,  Eliz.,  Mr.,  59,  60. 

Ulsby,  165—6. 

Ustwhaitt,  Jno.,  107. 

Uvedale,  41 ;   Alv.,  135  «. ;  Jno.,  77, 

78,   81,    132,    134,    135,    144,    156; 

Thos.,  135  n. 

Vaux,  Chas.,  121  n. 

Vavasor   (Vavasour),  Eliz.,  92 ;  Jno., 

175;  Ric.,  170;  — ,  175. 
Verli,  Rob.,  155. 
Vesci  (Vescy),  Eust.,   110;   Lord,  13, 

Villiers,  Geo.,  126  «. 


Waddington,  153. 
Wade,  Laur.,  173. 
Wadrynge,  — ,  138. 
Waghen,  145. 
Waite,  Hy.,  162  n. 

Wake,    fam.,    125 ;     Hugh,     125    «. ; 

Lord,  14,  114;  Thos.,  14. 
Wakefield,  58,  70,  167  n.  •  Jno.,  58. 
Walbran,  15. 
Wald,  Jno.,  107. 
Walder,  Wm.,  156. 
Waldegrave  (Walgrave),  Edm.,   158; 

Sir  E.,  120. 

Walker,  Cuthb.,  Wm.,  150  n. 
Wallingwells,  37. 
Walshe,  Ric.,  129 — 30. 
Walton,  147 — 8,  160;  Magd.,  117. 
Ward   (Warde),   Eliz.,   172 — 3;    Jno., 

95,97,117;    Nat.,  172;    Sir  C.,  36; 

Maud,  Sim.,  Wm.,  109. 
Warmfield,  127. 
Warmyngton,  Mr.,  45. 
Warren,  — ,  7,  8;  Earl,  167. 
Warter,  13,  16,  24,  33,  162 — 6. 
Warwick,  Earl,  151 — 2. 
Waryng,  Pet.,  130. 
Washington,  Jas.,  n8«. 
Watewath,  100. 
Wathecote,  100 — i. 
Watkyns,  Ric.,  73 — 5. 
Watson,  Cec.,  121 ;  Joan,  141  ;  Wm., 


Walton,  14,  31,  33,  76,  145. 
Waxham,  165 — 6. 
Weddell,  Wm.,  154  «. 
Welburye,  Ant.,  Anne,  94  «. 
Welburgh,  157. 
Welles,  Thos.,  88,90.- 
Wensleydale,  15,  35. 
Wentworth  (Wyntworth),  Sir  J.,  168; 

SirT.,  27",  118. 
Westerdale,  93  «. 
Westminster,  21 — 2,  89,  91. 
Westmorland,  Earl,  30,  58,  60,  151 — 

2  ;  Lord,  13,  125—6. 
Weston,  Sir  W.,  80— i. 
Wetherall,  23;  Eliz.,  117. 
Wetherby,  158  n. 
Whalley,  55 — 6. 
Wharram,  Percy,  114,  116  «. 
Wharton,    124;    Lord,    160;    Sir   T., 

Wheater,  129. 
Wheldrake,  162  n.,  165—6. 
Whelpdale,  Joan,  119. 
Whenby,  139,  140. 
Whitby,   8,    13,    17,   24,   57,   67,    77, 


Whitfeld,  Marg.,  156, 
Whithed      (Whytehed),     Isab.,      92; 

Jno.,  138. 

Whithow,  Bry.,  96. 
Whitkirk,  153. 



Whitley,  128. 

Whitworth,  153. 

Whixley,  130. 

Wigglesworth,  38. 

Wighill,  102  «.,  123. 

Wilberfosse,  15,  17,  24,  166—7;   Dor., 

Wilkynson    (Wylkynson),    Hy.,    161 ; 

Jno.,  149:  Ric.,  99. 
Willerby,  116,  166. 
Willesthorpe,  Osw.,  159. 
Williamson,  Rob.,  107. 
Wilson,  C.  H.,  143  n. 
Wilton,  38,  i66«. 
Winchester,  Marg.,  135  n. 
Winter,  Mr.,  12, 
Winteringham,  131 — 3. 
Winterton,  132. 
Wither,  Ralph,  96. 
Wode,  Wm.,  4  n. 
Wodeshall,  23. 
Wolburgh,  158. 
Wolfreton,  116. 

Wolsey,  Card.,  i,  2,  63  n.,  81  n. 
Womwell,  159. 
Wood,   (Woode,  Woodd),  Agn.,  no; 

Jno.,  119,  144,  156;  Wm.,  38,  40  n. 
Woodehouse,  Sir  T.,  63. 
Woodkirk,  24,  67,  167 — 8. 
Worksop,  66. 

Wormewell,  Eliz.,  Margt.,  92. 
Wortley,  176. 
Wourston,  153. 
Wray,  Jno.,  130;  — ,  175. 
Wressle,  97,  99. 
Wright,  Chr.,  115,  119;   Edm.,  113  — 

4;  Jno. ,130;  Ric.,  156;  Thos.,  154; 

Wm.,  103. 

Wyke,  Wm.,  130. 

Wykeham,  13,  17,  24,  133,  169—70; 

Jno.,  169. 
Wyld,  Rob.,  106. 
Wymer,  148. 
Wytham,  Wm.,  161. 
Wyvell  (Wyvel),  Jno.,  50  n.  •  Marm  , 


Yarborough,  Lady,  25  n. 
Yate,  Jno.,  130. 
Yedingham,  13,  17,  170 — I. 
Yodson,  Thos.,  9,  135—7. 
Yong,  Alice,  161. 
York,  passim. 

York,  Abbot  of,  1,2,4,63 — 4,  72,  140; 
Archbishop,  12,  27 — 8,  136 — 7;  All 
Saints,  174;  Austin  Friars,  70; 
Dean,  3  n.,  5 ;  Minster,  12  n.  • 
Micklegate,  174  «. 

St.  Andrew,  23,66, 172  «.,  177 — 8. 

St.  Bridget,  174. 

St.  Clement  or  Clementhorp,  23, 

30,  172—3. 
St.  George,  145,  147. 
St.  Helen,  174. 
St.  James,  174,  176. 
St.  Leonard,  18,  52,  74. 
St.  Mary,  i,  5,  15,  18,  23,  64,  73— 

4,  148—9. 
St.  Nicholas,  176. 
Trinity,  17,  174 — 176. 
Yorke,  Thos.,  129 — 30. 
Yoward,  Ralph,  Robt.,  Thos.,  94,  94  n. 

London  :  Mitchell  Hughes  and  Clarke,  Printers,  140  Wardour  Street,  W. 

DA  Yorkshire  Archaeological 

670  Society 

Y59Y6  Record  series